￼ UNI VERSIT Y COLLEGE, ￼ ABERYSTWITH. « MEETING- OF THE COURT OF I GOVERNORS AT LLANELLY. AN INTERESTING RETROSPECT BY THE PRINCIPAL. The half yearly meeting of the Court ef Governors of the University College of Wales, Aberystwith, was held at the Town Hall, Llanelly, on Friday last. In the absence of Lord Rendel, the Venerable Archdeacon Griffiths, of Llandaff, was votle(I to the chair, on the initiative of Principal Roberts. He was supported by the Principal, and the Registrar (Rev. T. Mortimer Green), and the other governors present were: Miss Ada Thomas,Sir J. Hills-Johnes, Sir Marteine Lloyd, Professor J. Brough, Dr. E. Evans, Revs. J. Austin Jenkins, Cardiff, H. Elvet Lewis, Llewellyn Edwards, Messrs. H. C. Fryer, E. Trubshaw, I-I. Herbert, Brynmalas, Ammanford, J, Alan Murray, Aberysfcwitb, J. Thomas, Bryn- dawr, C. M. Williams, Joseph Thomas, Lewis James, J. Thomas M. Lumbley Davies, D. C. Roberts, J. H. Davies, and T. Thomas. NON-ATTENDANCE. I The Registrar read letters of apology for non- attendance from Lord Rendel, Mr. L. J. Roberts, H.M.I., Miss E. P. Hughes (Cambridge), Mr. Humphreys-Owen. M.P., Sir Edward Davies, the Lord Mayor of Manchester, Lord Henry Vane Tempest, and others. AX BISECTION FORMULA. I Mr. Alan Murray asked it it was not usual for the result of the various elections conducted by the Court to be declared at the conclusion of the meetings. The Registrar replied that the proceedings of the last Court were unduly extended, and when the casting of the votes had been completed the Court had risen. Mr. Alan Murray asked why, as Miss Bell had received the required number of votes for the Council, she had not been declared elected. The Registrar stated that although Miss Bell had received the required number of votes it was necessary that candidates for the Council should be nominated by the governors. In this respect Miss Bell's nomination was faulty and she could | uot, therefore, be declared elected. I THE COURT OF THE UNIVERSITY. I Mr. Fryer proposed the re-election of the follow- I ing as representatives of the College on the Court of the University College of Wales :—Lord Rendel, Lieutenant-General Sir James Kills-Johnes, G.C.B., V.C., Dr. Edward Jones, Dolgelly, and Rev. T. Mortimer Green. Sir Marteine Lloyd seconded, and it was unani- mously carried. RETROSPECT AND OUTLOOK. Principal Roberts was then called upon to Submit a statement with special reference to the present session as marking the close of the first carter of a century since the College was founded. In his prefatory remarks Principal Roberts made <\11 appropriate reference to his predecessor in the Principalship, Dr. Edwards, who had occupied the Position of principal for 19 years out of the 25 of the existence of the College. They were proud of 1)1'. Edwards as a distinguished scholar and as a leader in the higher walk of the nation's life. In order to commemorate Dr. Edwards' connection I with the college it had been decided, as they were ?ware, to open a Portrait Fund, aud he had pleasure ¡n stating that the arrangements were now nearly Completed, and that the presentation would shortly ?e made. This was only a slight and very 111adequate expression of the debt that the College oWed to him for his heroic courage in times past in van ring the interests of higher education in Wales. rincipal Roberts proceeded to state that the berystwYth College was the first established in Wales for the purpose of imparting university Education to all classes, irrespective of sect and class. It had been in existence for 25 years, which, Perhaps, was not a long time, but all our national "latitutions were comparatively young and begin- ning their life. During that period about 1,500 students had passed through the College, and it I lxught not be without interest to give the governors Present some idea of the car eers of the students lfter completing their educational course. In this Connection he had been impressed with one fact, amely, how long a time it took for students, in certain professions especially, to enter into their Practical work in life. He would first of all ?mmarise the academic records. In relation to I ? University of London, the only university in ?cb students of the college could graduate ?"ile at Aberystwyth, 361 students had matricu- td, and of these 171 had graduated in arts, and v* In science. Of the total number of graduates a ery large proportion had passed with honours. t e 171 graduates in arts, 54 had obtained incurs and of the 39 in science, 23 had obtained honours. Case after case had occurred in which U^GntS the College, in competition with stMents from other colleges, had obtained the bigilest position in the honour's listpf the London t ^"ersitv. Sixteen former students proceeded to the higher degree of M.A., and 3 to that of (,oetor of science. In the same university 17 "Udents had graduated as bachelors of medicine, With first-class honours 7 bad become doctors _t medicine. 2 with gold medals 8 had become ?ehelors of surgery, and one a master of surgery jth a gold medal. In Oxford 44 former students ?graduated, 16 with first-class honours and 19 ?h second-class honours, and one had become .?ctor of medicine. At Cambridge the number :ts considerably less. Twenty had graduated, 5 lth first-class honours, and 4 with second-class 110¡;OUl's. -^teen had graduated in arts at Edin- bu-i and 7 at Glasgow, and one at each university ? ?. doctor of medicine. Three students had th:duated as Ph.D. at foreign universities. As to tlvi" ^areers of the students, 222 had become ? "a- sters of religion, not including 10 who had > 0rn° foreign missionaries. Of the 222, 49 had hen clergymen of the Established Church, a?? Nonconformist ministers. Of the 10 ￼ th f' ?i -??es, one was the son of the senior vice- Tj-p ?11 of the College, the Lord Mayor of ?Mhester. About 400 students had l) £ '.c °me various grades; 3 in theological "Ile es, 3 inspectors of schools, 25 headmasters or ^ea ?stresses of secondary schools, and 234 as*i-t masters or mistresses in secondary schools, head or assistant teachers in elementary Scho ? these, 105 had been sent out since the '?lisllri t of the day training department for ￼ teachers in 1892. Among the former "? working as elementary teachers one '?th ? ?°? distinguished, a woman, who held the <?. ? doctor of science, had elected to act as an UssW? ^t Stress under the London School Board ?? t,hu"?ustratingthe change of attitude on the pa ^onl\fndents to the great possibilitites which ?on S?d to the profession of elementary teacher, and iti ??cated the fact that we were arriving :m)j??y??solida.rity of thecalling of teachers in ?1 d- ??"s- Three former students were now well- !?Q b_rades. Three former students were now well- ku0n-, lnem^crs of Parliament. Eleven had become 33 solicitors, and 82 had qualified as '?''Hc ? Petitioners. Fifty-nine had entered various depp,.men'S business life. Twenty-two had ?.0? ??srs, and 25 teachers of music. Twelve ?I-le Journahsts. Very few had entered the ciy? SeIT7 A considerable number were now no ?ore Ut ^ose remaining were still at work in ?°? remaining were still at work in ?].-ions ?, '?'ss, assisted not only by the ordinary educa.t?; ??" ?qulpment which the college had helped th e rn to ??' but by the ideas and ideals which nn'vei-J7 college life was bound to form. He taoke<j or_ war^ to the next generation of work Av^h <s(-r ? eonf^ence and faith, which had been lll(,ch piw what bad taken place a,t the bad taken place at the r^etiocr the Council that morning. The Council decirl L^ ?t? proceed with the completion of the c°lieo'e v 111ldngs. ?'? one point of view, the '?Pictio # ?s college buildings might be ol eci as ?? secondary importance compared ^'th IJut. soul of the work carried on. I,, in th e present instance, it happened that the accommodation which the extensions would provide was closely bound up with eflicient work. It had been most strongly urged upon them by those who were competent to speak, that there was deep need for the extension of the .scientific department of the college, in order to enable the college authorities to successfully cope with the demands made upon them, especially in view of the significant fact that the college was now a con- stituent of the university of Wales. It was pro- posed to extend the physical, the biological and the agricultural departments. Towards this there was the Government grant of £ 10,000, together with £ 5,700 by public subscription. It had been thought that these sums would have sufficed for the purpose without incurring any debt. However, after an examination of the tenders received, it had been found that the work could not be completed with- out an additional expenditure of about £ 5,000. The Council had decided to go on with the com- pletion of the buildings and to trust to the public for the funds necessary for the work. An ap- peal had already been made to the public for a fund to cover the interest on the money, and P.200 a year had been promised for three years, very largely owing to the generous help of Sir Edward Davies, Llandinam, who had promised to subscribe £ 50 per annum for five years. Another great need of the college was the establishment of departmental libraries for special- ized study. They should aim at making the training not only one for tli3 acquisition of knowledge, but for research and investigation, and for increasing knowledge training that would enable Welsh students, without leaving their own country, to become specialised students. A gentle- man, who was not a Welshman, but took much interest in Welsh education, Mr. Henry Tate, had for providing books for a science section, and from another source had come F-100 for the provision of books in certain departments on the arts side. Very great liberality had been shewn towards the college in the past, £ 100,000 having been subscribed since its foundation. Unfortun- ately, however, little of that sum was still left, owing to the fact that much had been required for the maintenance of the work of the college from year to year. Great liberality was shewn to the cause of education nowadays, and in this respect he did not believe that the Welsh people tvould be found wanting. More important even than the financial situation was the call which this college made, and which the University of Wales made, that the flower of the Welsh youth should be entrusted to the institutions in Wales, to be trained for the work of life. However much might have been done in the past, he predicted that infinitely more would be done ifi the next 20 years if the Welsh people, without distinction of class or creed, would send their sons and daughters to the higher institutions which Wales now possessed for herself (applause). Sir James Hillls-Johnes moved the following resolution:—" This this Court, having heard the statement of the Principal, respecting the work accomplished by the College during the 25 years of its history, learns with much gratification that the Council have manifested their firm confidence in the future of the College by deciding to proceed immediately with the completion of the buildings, and pledges itself to do its utmost in paying off the debt thereby created." Mr. Fryer seconded this in a very telling speech. Dr. E. Evans supported the resolution, remarking that as an old science student at Aberystwyth, he fully appreciated the need of extending the labora- tories. In 1875, when he was at the College, there were practically no laboratories of any kind. Since then very good laboratories had been opened, but he agreed that there was need for extension, as there could be no doubt that science students at Aberystwyth had been handicapped in competition with students from other colleges more efficiently equipped. Sir Marteine Lloyd spoke to the resolution, re- ferring in particular to the agricultural depart- ment of the college. The Chairman also supported the resolution, and gave some most interesting reminiscences of the early days of the college. The resolution was put to the meeting and unanimously passed. The Principal moved a vote of thanks to the ¡ Llanelly Borough Council for the use of the room. Rev. Lewis James (Narberth) seconded, remark- ing that the chamber, excepting the library at the college, was the finest in which the governors had ever assembled. The motion was carried. The proceedings closed with a vote of thanks to the chairman, passed on the initiative of the Rev. Elvet Lewis. PRINCIPAL EDWARDS'S PORTRAIT FUND. It was reported that the above fund had now reached JE116. Principal Roberts intimated that. it would be closed as soon as possible, so that intending subscribers had better lose no time.
OCCASIONAL POLICE COURT. I SEQUEL TO A VISIT TO NEATH. A SCENE AT THE RAILWAY STATION. At the Town Hall, on Monday, (before Messrs. S. Bevan and H. Wilkins), Charles Davies, 9, Cilwr- fa-row, Swansea-road, Llanelly, was charged with using obscene language on the property of the G.W.R. Company, refusing to show his ticket or give his name and address, and also committing a common assault on Isaac Davies, a porter in the employ of the company, on Saturday last. Mr. T. 11. Ludford appeared for the company. Mr. Ludford, in opening the case, said that the defendant was charged under Section IX. of the Bye-laws, for using obscene language on the pro- perty of the comp tny. The next charge was that of refusing to show his ticket, to pay his fare, or give his name and address, under the Railway Act, 1889. The other charge was that of a common assault on Isaac Davies, a porter in the employ of the G. W.R. Company. Mr. Roger Thomas, ticket collector at the Llanelly railway station, deposed that he saw the defendant on Saturday night last at the Llanelly Station on the down platform. He was collecting tickets from two men, and he also demanded the excess fare, when the defendant came forward and asked, "What is the matter?" The men said they had to pay the excess fare. The defendant told them not to pay the excess. Defendant then used very foul language. He asked defendant for his ticket and he refused it. Defendant had an excur- sion ticket in his possession, but he refused to part with it. Defendant was then asked to pay the lid. difference for returning by the express, but did not feel inclined to do so. Mr. T. H. Evans, the station-master, deposed that he saw the defendant on the platform after the Cork express had arrived. He noticed the defendant first of all. There was a crowd round him. He heard the defendant using bad language, and he was also an annoyance to respectable persons on the platform at the time. He told the ticket collector to take the defendant to his office, but he refused to go and he (witness) then had four men to carry him over. Mr. Isaac Davies, a porter at the Station, deposed that he remembered last Saturday. He saw the defendant on the down platform at the foot of the bridge lying on his back. The defendant was swearing and said they should not take him across. They put him to sit down and he got up and struck him on the left side. Mr. Brodie asked the defendant what he had to say in reply to the charge. The defendant replied that he knew nothing about it. He preferred being tried that day to being remanded. The Bench Are you troubled very much, Mr. Evans, by these annoyances? Mr. Evans said he was every Saturday night to a great extent. The Bench supposed the disturbers were foot- ballers. Mr. Evans said they were the football followers. The Bench Could you not raise the fare? There was no reply to the question. The Bench asked the defendant not to do the same thing again, as it induced others to follow suit and also caused great inconvenience to the officials. They would fine him 10s. and costs, l'is, 4d., and give him a fortnight to pay; or in default 7 days.
j PBOFESSOB AN WYL AT LLAN- ELLY. Professor l, of University College, Aberystwyth, preached both morning and evening at Park Congregational Chlircii on Sunday last.
CARMARTHENSHIRE CONSER- VATIVE ASSOCIATION. The tour of Mr. Morgan James, B.A., with his lecture, entitled History of the British Empire," which is being made through the county of Carmarthen under the auspices of the above association, is progressing. The tour was opened on Tuesday of last week at Highmead, Llanybyther, the charming residence of Colonel Davies-Evans, lord-lieutenant of Cardiganshire. The gathering was held in the grand organ hall attached to the house, the chair being taken by Mr. Bertie Davies-Evans. The western portion of the county was finished at Llangeler, with Colonel Lewes as chairman, on Saturday. This week the eastern portion of the county is being visited. The lecture is profusely illustrated by means of a powerful lime-light, and this is most effectively manipu- lated by "Mr. J. Morgan, of Kidwelly.
EMMANUEL CHAPEL, NEW DOCK ROAD. A PRESENTATION.—Sunday evening, March 14th, Miss Jennet Protheroe, New Dock, was presented by the Church with a handsome morocco-bound Bible as a token of esteem for her Christian service on the occasion of her departure from Llanelly for America. The Rev. Enos George on behalf of the Church presented it in feeling words, wishing her and family God's blessing. Miss Protheroe was also presented by her Sunday-school teacher, Miss Alice Nurse, with a nice Bible. BAND OF HOPE.—On March 17th, tea and cake and other eatables, were provided for the members of the Band of hope, which institution is in a nourishing condition, under the presidency of Mr. Edward Bowen, assisted by Mr. Henry Sweetland and others. The following ladies and gentlemen worked in right earnest to make the event a success —Mrs. Thomas (Sea view), Mrs. Sweetland, Mrs. Price, Mrs. Richards, Mrs. Roberts, Mrs. Howells, Misses E. Davies, A. Nurse, Emily and Jinnie Lloyd, — Courts, Millie James and Lucas. The gentlemen were the Rev. Enos George, Messrs. William James, E Bowen, H. Sweetland, D. H. Sweetland, Alfred Sweetland, W. Charles, George Nurse, G. Williams, and John Williams. All workea wiui a will to entertain the the children. An excellent entertainment was held in the even- ing under the presidency of Mr. William James, Amos-street. After a good address by the chair- man the following programme was gone through Recitations Misses Minnie Rogers, Martha A. Bowen, Lilian Davies, Maggie Morgan, Sarah A. Griffiths, Jennie Hillick, Lizzie and Grace Dodd Mr. Alfred Davies. Songs: Misses Rosanna Harries, Minnie Jenkins, Alice Morgan, Carrie Rees and friends, Edith Thomas, and Lilian Davies. Party Miss Minnie Rogers and friends. Duet: Messrs. Luther Evans and Henry Sweetlandi THE ANNUAL CONCERT.—Emmanuel's grand concert was held on Tuesday, of last week, when a large and appreciative audience came together. In the unavoidable absence of the chairman, Mr. T. J. Williams, B.A., through indisposition, Mr. George, the esteemed pastor, was voted to the chair. He opened the meeting with some very appropriate words. The following artistes appeared :—Soprano, Miss Emily Williams contralto, Miss Lizzie Richards (Blodwen Elli) tenor, Gwyn Alaw bass. Mr. Evan Lewis accompanist, Miss M. A. Davies, 23 Brynymor-road, Llanelly. The programme was as follows :-Pianoforte Solo, Miss Millie James, the promising organist of Emmanuel; song, Once Again," (Sullivan) Mr. David Howells (Gwyn Alaw) song, "Llarn y Cariadau," (R. S. Hughes), Miss Emily Williams song, Gwlad y delyn," (W. Davies), Miss Lizzie Richards song, "Cymru," Mr. Evan Lewis duet, "A.B.C. Miss Emily Williams and Mr. Evan Lewis pianoforte solo, Miss M. A. Davies, a promising young lady duet, Mr. Evan Lewis and Miss Richards song, Bedd Llewellyn," (Emlyn Evans), Gwyn Alaw song, Hear ye Israel," (Mendelssohn), Miss Emiiy Williams song, The tempest," Mr. Evan Lewis song, Ora Pro Nobis," Miss Lizzie Richards song, "Llwybr yr Wyddfa (W. Davies), Mr. D. Howells duet, "In the dusk of the twilight," Misses Lizzie Richards and Emily Williams song, Good Shepherd," Gwyn Alaw quartette, Good evening (Smith) Misses Lizzie Richards and Emily Williams and Messrs D. Howells and Evan Lewis. After the usual vote of thanks, by TaImai,"to the chairman, the artistes, Mrs. James, Marine Hotel, for kindly lending the piano, and to the ladies who tastily decorated the chapel, and seconded by Mr. Owen Thomas, the large audience, standing, sang heartily "God save the Queen." Mrs. Price and Mrs. Roberts adorned the building with choice flowers. Miss M. A. Davies, the accompanist, assisted by Mr. Andrews, did their work in a praiseworthy manner.
WHY WOMEN ARE ATTRAC- TIVE. Why is one woman attractive and another not ? It isn't entirely a question of age, or features, or intellect. The most admirable and attractive thing about an attractive woman is her womanli- ness. Everybody admires a womanly woman. She must have health, of course, because without it she would lose the brightness of her eyes, the fulness of her cheeks, and her vivacity. Health brings all these things, but health means more than most people think of. If pale, nervous, and weak, a woman lacks good health. Women who are pale and wan should not resort to iron, drugs, and tonics, except by the advice of a properly qualfied medical man. They should try instead to nourish and build up their blood by the vital nourishment imparted by Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa. And so rosy cheeks and comeliness may be attained. Surely this road is plea.santcr than the thorny and nasty path paved with drngs. Nurse Tillotsoc, Alexander Hotel, St. Leonard's- on-Sea, writes: "I have tried Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa, and like it very much. I shall have much pleasure in recommouding it to my patients." Miss S. Pcrsival, Po^t Office, Burgh, writes:— I do not think any other can equal your's. My father has been taking ordinary cocoa, but I think Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa is better. I will tell my friends of your Vi-Cocoa." Mrs. King, Linden Cottage, Wimbledon Hill, Surrey, writes" I think Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa is delicious, and quite fulfils all said about it." Mrs. Budden, Bradwardine, Bournemouth, writes:—"I am pleased with Dr. Tibbies' Vi- Cocoa, and like it, and will certainly use it in future." Merit, and merit alone, is what we claim for Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa, and we are prepared to send to any reader who names the Llanelly Mercury a dainty sample tin of Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa free and post- paid. There is no magic in all this. It is a plain, honest, straightforward offer. It is done to intro- duce the merits of Vi-Cocoa into every home. Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa, as a concentrated form of nourishment and vitality is invaluable; nay, more than this, for to all who wish to face the strife and battle of life with greater endurance and more sustained exertion, it is absolutely indispensable. Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa. is made up in Gd. packets, and 9d. and Is. 6d. tins. It can be obtained from all chemist, grocers, and stores, or from Dr. Tibbies' Vi-Cocoa, Limited, Suffolk House, Canon 1 Street, London, E.C. Write for free sample.
TINPLATERS DECIDE ON A STOP-WEEK IN MAY. I TO RESTRICT OUTPUT IN TINPLATES. ANNUAL COUNCIL MEETING AT SWANSEA. ADDRESS BY THE VICE-PRESIDENT. The annual meeting of the council of the Tin- plate Workers' Union of South Wales and Mon- mouthshire was held at the Bird-in-hand Hotel, High street, Swansea, on Saturday. The chair was occupied by the president (Mr. Thomas Benjamin, Abercarn), who was supported by the following members of the executive:—Messrs J. H. John, H. Davies, W. Walker, Jonathan Jones, W. Hughes, Ivor Gwynne, R, Vanstone, and Thomas Phillips (general secretary). There was a large and repre- sentative attendance of delegates, The Vice-president (Mr. Henry Davies) delivered the opening address to the members, in which he remarked that the position of the tin-platers of South Wales and Monmouthshire was not entirely encouraging, nor quite discouraging, but there were elements of both kinds in the consideration of their condition at the present moment. If they looked at the discouraging elements, they saw the efforts of American legislators to further increase the tariff on their commodity. He would remind those i legislators that they who played with the fire some- times burnt their fingers, and he should not be surprised if the American Legislator learnt this lesson. In the second place, they were discouraged by threatened demands for reduction in wages, and this should, he thought, be a warning to those who, by reckless driving ahead, imperilled the wages of the workers. A third cause for discouragement was presented by the large number of unemployed now amongst them. There was much consequent. distress, and some persons, doubtless, thought that the Union ought to do much towards alleviating it. But he reminded them that their Union wasformed for the purpose of wage-protection. They had in times past frittered some of their strength on charity, and afterwards, when they found the imperative need of fighting to maintain the wage- rate, had not the means to do so. Turning to th other side of the picture, he would point out, how- ever, that they met that day under particularly cheering circumstances with regard to the way in which they had maintained the wags-rate. Under trying conditions, and after a very Hard and severe struggle they had succeeded, with but few exceptions, in maintaining the 1874 list throughout the trade. Their financial position was that day healthier, the status of their Union had gradually, but surely, improved, and they were able to withstand attacks that might be made from any quarter on their wage-rate (hear, hear). A second cause for enconagement was that the dislo- cation of trade caused by the tariff imposition was being partially restored by increased trade to other countries, and, slowly as it might be, it required no great prophet to foresee that the near future had a good time again in store for them (applause). There were two important questions before them for consideration that day-the question of the restriction of output and that of their finances. The question of "make" was always with them. Replying to the argument that restriction of out- put was injurious to the trade, the speaker remarked that, though employers had been twitted with their inability to bring about restriction themselves, he contended that it was as beneficial to employers as workmen, and, if they were wise, employers would join hands with them in preventing the middlemen beating down prices to the intolerable degree they had. They all deplored and condemned the "driving" indulged in by individuals at certain works. Speaking of old age pensions, Mr. Davies said they would be of HO use unless they awarded the pensions much earlier than the Bill proposed. FINANCIAL REPORT. Mr. Thos, Phillips presented the financial report. It was pointed out that this was of a most satis- factory character, and that it was an imperative necessity that the Union should be placed as far as possible in an impregnable position. The contri- butions to the Union funds of 5 percent, had been paid up better than they had ever been before, and, after clearing off liabilities, they had in this short space of time a sum of £ 2,BOO now in hand- The proposal was that they should go on saving till the fund reached 920,000.-The report was adopted. ELECTION OF OFFICERS. The following executive was elected by ballot, Messrs. J. Richards, Rees Jones, and John Owens being scrutineers:—Messrs. Wm. Walker, assorter, Aberdare; Henry Davies, millman, Cwmavon; Jonathan Jones, tinman, Brynamman; Wm. Hughes, rollerman, Llanelly; Ivor H. Gwynne, shearer, Birton Ferry; Dd. Jenkins, rollerman, Glanyrafon and Wm. Roberts, rollerman, Llanelly, the two last named being new members. WAGE-RATE. A discussion took place on the wage-rate, and it was resolved:—" That this council declares its de- termination to uphold those who have re-gained the list of 1874, and, with regard to the works which have not secured the list, the executive be advised to help those men entitled to Union benefits as far as they can possibly do so." A STOP WEEK. The question of over production was then dis- cussed at great length, the various arguments for and against a stoppage of work being again reiter- ated, but, on the whole, there was a practical unanimity in favour of a stoppage, and it was at length decided that all works should cease opera- tions for one week, viz., the first week in May next. OTHER SUBJECTS. A discussion arose as to the printing of the general secretary's book on sizes, and it was agreed that it be printed if enowgh subscribers could be obtained. Resolved that a meeting of picklers be convened, under the auspices of the Union, The meeting adjourned at six p.m., after sitting nearly seven hours. WORKS CLOSED AT PONTARDULAIS. A GLOOMY OUTLOOK. The Glamorgan Works, Pontardulais, have been stopped through lack of orders, and at present it is unknown when operations will be resumed. Hendy Works are owned by the same company, and notices have been posted to the effect that those works will stop as soon as the orders on the books are completed. The other works are going full swing in the mills, but the tinning departments are anything but brisk at the Clayton and Teilo Works, in consequence of a quantity of blackplate being manufactured.
SLY'SIMPROVED PATENT TRUSS (44 prize medals, diplomas, and royal appointments awarded). Ex- perience shows that the old-fashioned steel-spring trusses necessarily press upon and often disease parts of the body that before were in a perfectly healthy condition. To those suffering from rupture any invention that gives positive relief is a real blessing. Thefollowing valuable testimonials prove the worth of our Special Patent Truss." Sir B. Ward Richardson, the eminent physician, writing to the Medical Guardian, says Sly's truss is one which I should advise patients to try. It is one that is more comfortable to wear, always adapts itself to every movement of the body, and can be worn with every degree of comfort. It will in all cases be found effectual." In the following, the names are not given for obvious reasons—the originals can be seen on application After wearing your Truss for six months the hernia failed to appear on stand- ing up without the Truss, even though I coughed, M.D." "Your Truss is more curative than any I know, M.D." Truss answers admirably; is a great improvement on the old patterns. M.R.C.S." "I must congratulate you on your success your speciality alone will be recommended by me. M.D. It was worn and recommended by Sir Andrew Clark (late President of the Royal College of Physicians) and is simple, rapid and effective. 44 prize medal diplomas, and royal appointments awarded. Partic- ulars and prices of SLY^BBOS. Oxford.
I SIR J. J. JENKINS, M.P., ON CURRENT AFFAIRS. I REPLY TO THE LLANELLY LIBERAL EXECUTIVE. J I A few weeks ago the Llanelly Liberal Execu- tive forwarded a series of resolutions to Sir John Jones Jenkins, M.P., for the Carmarthen Boroughs, dealing with the Cretan and the education questions, appealing for liberty and humanity in respect to the former and un- sectarianism and equality of Government grant in respect to the latter. Sir John has replied to Mr. William David, the secretary of the Llanelly Liberal Executive as follows:—" I hove the copies of resolutions passed by the execu- tive committee of the Llanelly Liberal Associa- tion. The Cretan question is a very difficult and very important one, und one which I think in the present juncture should be left entirely in the hands of our Government who, you are doubt- less aware, are acting in concert with the other Powers. You will doubtless have uoticed from newspaper reports that the sympathy of the Government is as strong towards the oppressed Christians as ours individually is, and therefore the matter can safely be left in their hands. The Education Bill vis, as you are aware, one promoted for necessitous Voluntary schools; and I am in favour of this as well as in favour of the Bill which is to follow it-to grant the same concessions to necessitous Board schools, thus doing justice to every district all round who are in need of Government assistance.—Yours faithfully, JOHN J. JENKINS."
A LOUGHOR DIVORCE CASE. THE ABSENCE OF A CO-RESPON- DENT. On Wednesday, Lords Justices Lindley, A L. Smith, and Rigby heard an appeal by the petitioner in the divorce action from an order made by Mr. Justice Gorell Barnes dismissing an application for leave to proceed with his petition for a divorce without naming a co-respondent;. The petitioner, William Saunders, of Waun-road, Loughor. in the county of Glamorgan, coal miner, was married to the respondent, then Mary Jones, spinster, on the 27th of October, 1888, at the registry office, Llan- 11 s t i? v elly, and there were four children of the marriage.— Mr. Priestley, who appeared in support of the appeal, stated that the petitioner left this country on the 17th of April, 1894, and got work in America. On his return, in May, 189G, he found that his wife had given birth on the 27th of the previous month to a child, of which he could not be the father. He made inquiries, which resulted in nothing more than this—that she took out a summons against a person who, as she alleged, was the father of the child, but that person denied that he had ever been guilty of misconduct with her, and she did net appear to support the summons. The petitioner submitted that, under the circumstances, it was reasonable that he should be at liberty to proceed without naming a co-respondent, feeling that the' petition would probably be undefended, and he might not be able to establish any case against the man who was summoned by the wife.- Lord Justice Lindley: Is it in accordance with the ordinary practice of the Divorce Court to allow proceedings to go on without a co-respondent when there is a man whom you suspect ?—Mr. Priestley said there were decisions both ways, and to those decisions he proceeded to refer in detail.—The respondent was not represented.—Lord Justice Lindley said the point raised was of importance, and it was necessary to be very careful about it. The court would take time to consider the matter, and would give judgment in a few days. -J
THE PUUE SEED QUESTION. I As promised in our last issue, we intend this week describing as simply as possible the methods we adopt in determining the purity of seeds in order that buyers may adapt certain of them for use at home, and so may obviate any possibility of exten- sive fraud. Of the germinating test we wrote so fully a few weeks ago that very little remains to be said. The method of taking a sample of seed for testing purposes is of the utmost importance, and as far as possible it is bestto use the ordinary clover samplers for small seeds, and a corn sampler for larger ones. Grass and similar seeds should be spread out on a floor, previous to small samples being taken from different parts of the bulk. On receiving a sample, it is customary to place it in a wide-necked bottle, from which it is slowly poured into a dish, while portions are taken from the stream of seed at regular intervals with a small born spoon. Some experts prefer to mix the seeds in the bottom of a flat dish, and to take samples' thence at hap- hazard. Perhaps this latter method will be found most convenient for home application. This smaller sample of seed is known as the "smaller average sample," and is what the analyst will work with unless the seed is found to contain dodder, in which case the whole bulk submitted will be tested. The quantities generally employed for a test are five grams of foxtail grass, sweet vernal grass, yellow oat grass, alsike and white clover 10 grams of cocksfoot, crested dogstail, meadow foxtail, rye grasses, timothy, kidney vetch, lucerne, red clovers and trifoliums 25 grams of turnips, swedes, cab- j bages, and rape 30 grams of cereals, buckwheat, flax, &c. and 50 grams of such larger seeds as beets, beans, peas, maize, and lupins. The trueness to name of any variety of seed is generally to be ascertained with tolerable ease from an examination of the exterior of the seed itself; and in this connection the fnll value of some stan- dard samples and a powerful magnifying glass are apparent. Still in many cases genuineness can be determined only by a trial in the greenhouse or experiment grounds. The rule we adopt is to con- sider all chaff and foreign admixtures as impurities, and these seeds which have been so injured in the process of threshing or cleaning as to have lost their power of germination must be included under the same heading. The "average smaller sample" should be spread out on a smooth glazed surface, black or white being best: and by means of a horn snatula the impurities are separated. They are then weighed very carefully so that their percentages may be presently determined. As far as possible, each weed seed is identified and noted, this latter point being one of no slight importance, since there is a great difference in the noxious character of weeds. Thus a few seeds of some special kind may be far more objectionable than many of another variety. Coming now to the germinating test, which is well within the reach of everyone, we will add only a few hints supplementing our previous article. It is a good plan to soak seeds in rain water for from 6 to 15 hours before they are placed in a germinator, as the absorption of moisture is the natural commencement of germina- tion. This to some extent prevents the seeds growing mouidly by lying too long in a warm, moist, close situation. The actual sprouting bed may consist of a porous saucer, earth, sand, flannel, or stout blotting paper, so long as the amount of heat and moisture can be controlled, and the necessary quantity of fresh air can be admitted. Though a constant temperature of about 68 degrees is to be desired, the temperature of an ordinary living room will be founclsufficient for tests which are not intended to be of scientific accuracy. Ex- periments cease after ten days for cereals, clovers, peas, beans, vetches, lupins, rape, cabbages, mustard, flax, chicory, &c. after 14 days for mangel and other beet seeds, timothy, rye grasses, and carrots; after 21 days for grasses generally after 28 days for meadow grasses; and after 42 days for most tree seeds. Every day the sprouted seeds should be removed, a careful record being- kept of them and at the close of the experiment all the dead or mouldy seeds must be counted. Those only which have sprouted are reckoned in I the actual value of the sample, which is obtained by multiplying the percentage of purity by the per- centage of germination, and dividing the result by 100. This gives the percentage of pure and germinating seeds. Any seeds that remain hard must be counted and mentioned in the report, because it is probable that many of them would germinate if given sufficient time. Southampton. WILLIAM TOOGOOD.
I TIlE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH LITERARY GUILD. On Tuesday evcning of last week the ifrst session of this society was closed with a very successful soiree. Mr. Evan Evans, President of the Guild, presided over a very large audience. The schoolroom had been most tastefully decorated for the occasion and the refreshments provided were of the highest order. The tea arrangements were in the hands of Mrs. Evan Evans, Mrs. Christopher Williams, Mrg. William Davies, and Miss Maude Evans. The ladies were assisted by Misses May and Gertie Randell, Maggie Evans, Ada Thomas, Bertha Price, Lettie Wade, Annie S. Williams, and Messrs. Harry Harries, Willie Evans, David Thomas, J. Santa Evans, J. Richards, Frank Anthony, J. Hancock, J Randell, D. H. Thomas, and others. The man- ner in which the arrangements were carried out reflected great credit on all therewith connected. The following very interesting programme had been provided by Mr. Luther Owen, who in his usual form acted as accompanist: Pianoforte duett, Miss Wynne Williams, and Mr. Luther Owen; song, "Know you the valley," Miss Richards; clarionet solo, Mr. Edwin Davies: song, "Golden Harvest," Miss Clement; song, Mavourneen," Mr. Protheroe: recitation, Mrs. Jones's Lodgar," Miss Alice V. Thomas song, Robin," Miss Hilda Morgan duett, 0 that we two were maying," Miss Clement and Mr. Protheroe violin solo, Miss Elsie Owen; song, The heavenly song," Miss Clement. The usual vote of thanks concluded a most enjoyable evening.
I JOINT COUNTIES' ASYLUM. I THE STATUTORY MEETING. The statutory meeting of the committee of visitors of the Joint Counties' Lunatic Asylum, Carmarthen, was held at the Institution on Thurs- day.—Dr. Howell Rees (Glangarnant), the retiring chairman, having taken the ciiairpro tern., proposed the appointment of Dr. Stamper (Pembroke Dock), as chairman for the ensuing year.—This was seconded simultaneously by several members.— Dr. Stamper proposed an amendment that Mr. W. O. Brigstocke (Parkygorse) be elected, and the amendment was seconded. Mr. Brigstocke, however, withdrew, and Dr. Stamper was unanimously appointed.—A vote of condolcnce was ordered to be sent to the relatives of the late Dr. J. A. Jones, Llanelly, who had acted on the committee for several years.—The clerk (Mr. Morgan Griffiths) read a letter he had received from Mr. Brigstocke in reference to a resolutio? in reference to a resolution passed by the committee at its last meeting expressing approval of his conduct in connection with the resignation of his post as representative of Cardiganshire. He was deeply obliged to them for their opinion.—Mr. C. M. Williams said he wished to make a personal explanation. A statement had been made in a local paper that Cardiganshire had kicked out Mr. Brigstocke from the committee. Cardiganshire, as a matter of fact, did nothing of the kind. Mr. Brigstocke had sent a letter of resignation, and the County Council simply accepted it.—The weekly charge to the unions for the maiatenanoe of pauper patients was fixed at 8s. 2d. per ht-ad, Mr. C. M. Williams stating that the rate was the third lowest in the kingdom.—Dr. Howell Rees thought some- thing should be done to commemorate the Queen's Diamond Jubilee in a way purely applicable to the institution itself.—The Chairman pointed out that any member could give notice of any proposal for the next meeting.—The Commissioners in Lunacy, in their annual report, state: The state of the asylum main building as regards the accommodation fur patients is greatly inferior to that of most of the asylums which we visit. The corridors and day-rooms are most of them, dull, bare, and gloomy, and large arrears of furnishing, painting, and decorating have to be madeup. Dr. Goodallis evidently desirous of improv- ing the condition of the asylum, and we hope that they will afford him early facilities foran extension of the process fo the rest of the asylum." The Commissioners, after ieferring to minor matters as to the building, approve the site of the proposed isolation hospital for infectious cases.-Dr. Goodall remarked that the majority of the suggestions made by the Commissioners in the report had been since attended to by the House Committee, and Were in process of being attended to when the report was made.
CARMARTHENSHIRE AGRI- CULTURAL SOCIETY. ANNUAL MEETING AT THE THOMAS ARMS* HOTEL. The sixth annual meeting of the Carmarthenshire Agricultural Society was held at the Thomas Arms' Hotel, on Thursday last. Mr. D. Evans, Llangen- nech Park, occupied the chair, there being also present Messrs. E. Trubshaw, W. Buckley Roderick, W. B. Valentin. W. S. Marsh, R. H. Sampson, F. R. Nevill. Jeremiah Williams, W. Griffiths (Metropolitan Bank), W. Griffiths (archi- tect), J. Randell, J. Richards, W. Jones, A. P. Lewis, (London and Provincial Bank), Harry Wilkins, (Cwmbach), and R. S. Seymour, together with the secretary (Mr. Rhys W. Harry). PRESIDENT. Mr. W. Buckley Roderick was uuanimocsly ap- pointed president for the year. VICE-PRESIDENTS. Messrs. C. W. M. Lewis and W. S. Marsh were elected vice-presidents of the society. TREASURER. I The appointed treasurer of the society for the year I is Mr. W. Griffiths (Metropolitan Bank). I SECRETARY. I Mr. Rhys W. Harry was re-elected secretary of the society. I VETERINARY SURGEON. The elected veterinary surgeon of the society is IUr. Hill, Upper Park-Street. I SHOW COMMITTEE. The following gentlemen were appointed Show Committee:—Messrs. R. H. Sampson, R. S. Seymour, T. W. A. Evans, J. Randell, W. W. Brodie. W. J. Buckley, E. Trubshaw, D. Evans, J. R. Thomas, (Towyn). F. N. Powell, W. Jones, D. Thomas, W. D. Rock, F. R. Nevill, G. F. Blake, H. T. Wilkins, J. Richards, J. James, D. White, W. B. Valentin, W. J. Wilson, Jeremiah Williams, J. Davies. GENERAL PURPOSES COMMITTEE; The above committee was re-elected with the exceptions of Messrs. Walter Evans and A. Stone. Messrs. T. Rees, Victoria House, and J. Thomas, (Towyn), were elected to fill their places. [ THE RETIRING PRESIDENT. I Mr. W. B. Roderick proposed a vote of thanks to the retiring president. Mr. Evans bad filled the office with general satisfaction and to the best of his ability. Mr. F. JR. Nevill seconded, and it was put to the meettng and carried with cheers. Mr. D. Evans responded and said that it had been a labours love for him in filling the office and when- ever he was amongst horses or anything in reference to agriculture, he forgot everything else.
SALE OF THE LLANELLY THEATRE. Mr. S. N. Powell offered for sale at the Roval Hotel, Cardiff, on Thursday afternoon the Royalty Theatre, Llanelly. The premises are situate on the corner of Market-street and Water-street, and have seating accommodation for 1,190 people. The bidding started at £ 1,500, and the theatre was subsequently knocked down to Mr. J. E. Noakes, of Dowlais, for £ 2,650.