COUNTY COURT. I 1 Town Hall. before His Honour Judge Bishop. The undefended case: were •disposed of j", the learned registry Mr. J. Walton Bishop. ADMIN I .^T RAT ION i George Robert tailed to answer a nunibet I ■of administration judgment summonses, and I His Honour made a c-omirjittak JrDCi E AJJ FUNERALS. There weiv uearlv thirty adiiiialis:tya:ilon 1 debtors, many ( f tl\en» giving unemployment or irregular work ••*? an excuse for non-pay- ment. One of the -slated tlii-i lie had only recently Ijum-i] a -child, and this meani heavy expens"? tl',at His Honour expre-??d the opinioM that people were i pxuayagant '?"i?M funerals.. In most K n order of committal for 21 days was tv TO PAY FORTHWITH. Messrs Pudrier mid Thome sued Messrs J. damage and Son for goods supplied. Eleanor Gamagfe said her son was Indebted to the plaintiffs, and was "prepared to pay. 'His Honour: What can you pay? Witness: four shillings per month. Plaintiff said he wanted the money at once. Witness said her son bought a c-art from Mr f'udner, while his father was at sea. His Honour: You have no defence at all. You buy a cart worth e7. and offer four shil- lings a month. That will not do. You must Dav forthwith A SERVANT'S CLAIM. Minnie Butt. Burry Port, sued Geo smith. Station Road, Burry Port. Plaintiff said that she was engaged as a servant by the defendant, at five shillings per week. She was given notice about three weeks ago to leave, and she now claimed her wages. Smith said 'he gave the plaintiff a week's notice, but she went away at once. His Honour dismisised the case, ftnd, said the plaintiff had forfeited her wages hy leaving without, notice. PAID OUT OF COURT. Mr. Carson made an application on behalf of Moriah Darius and Thoma.s Davies for the payment out of court of the sum of R39. which had been 7pdid in respect of the death of Oswald Davies. The applicants were the father and mother of the deceased, who was partially dependent upon fhem. His Honour (onsented to the payment. A DISPUTED AGREEMENT. Mrs Vivian West View Terrace, sued L. Roes and Emily Reos for £22 16s. in respect of rent and damage. Mr. J. Lewis Phillips appeared for the plaintiff, and Mr. David Jennings defended. Mary Matilda Vivian said she owned the premises recently occupied by the defen- dants. She did not either agree to let or sell the house to them. Previous to the defen- dants occupyiii g the house witness received a rental of 8s. per week. Some alterations had been made to the house, to which she objec- ted. If she were desirous of re-altering the premises it would c-ost her about zElO. Mr. Jennings: Alcs. Rees and yourself are very friendly ? His Honour: She is hot daughter, and I think she ought to be. Continuing, u-'ifn« £ « said That in June of last year there- was a conversation with regard to the purchasing of the house She did not, however, agree to it.. She denied that she had told Mrs. Rees that she: would selli the house. was willing, loi* Mrs Rees to occupy the r house, providing «h">> would recompense her, be cause this Vkist- the only means she haji to live '-Alr. Je-.itiirigz:: T know that Mr. Rees has spent £10 on *hfd?—For his own Leneftf Don't you remember Mr. Rees^jliowing you n skeieh of whnt he proposed to do with the Do you suggest dwt your son-in-law forcibly took the house from you ?—He never paid me any rent. Joseph Llewellyn, builder, said he estima- ted the cost "of re altering the premises to its original state at £ 10. Replying to his Honour, Mr. JennÜlgs said trrere was a counter-claim. His Honour: I do not think it would be I legally worth your proceeding with it, be- cause you do not. think I should pay you for work which I did not ask you to do. Mr. Jennings said the plaintiff verbally agreed to sell The premises to the defendants for £ 250,. and the defendants, in p-Lirsuance,-of that agreement, took possession Lewis Rees, painter, son-in-law of the plain- tiff, said he contemplated purchasing the house, and offered to buy it for R250. When lie made the agreement, Mrs. Rosser and his wife were present. Witness subsequently look possesssion of the premises. On Sept. 24th the plaintiff refused to accept the con- tract, and he left the house. His Honour said it seemed to him there was 'a discussion with regard to the purchas- ing of the house, but he could not understand why Rees went out. He gave verdict to the plaintiff for Z12 16s. on the claim and also on the counter-claim.
OBITUARY. FORMER LLANDEBIE MINISTER. The Rev. Gwilym Evans, Baptist minister, of Port oh ester, New York, died suddenly of heart trouble on April 22nd. He was one of five brothers, all of them Baptist. ministers, well known in South Wales. Frederick Evans, D.D., John Evans, M.A., and George Evans, pre,deceascd him, and the only brother now living is the Rev. T. V Evans, of Clydach. Swansea. Tlfe deceased gentleman was con- templating a visit to his native village, Llan- debie, this summer, where the old home is still kept by his eldest sister, Mrs. Marv Painter. Mr Evans leaves a widow and a son and daughter.
ROYALTY THEATRE. Holding a laudable reputation, Mr. Harry Tilbury (the author of "His Dishonoured Wife," which proved such a success at Llan- elly Tocently) and his principal company are paying a return visit to the Royalty Theatre this week, in the new and original romantic drama-, entitled "The Blind Foundling." The title role IS assumed by Little Phyllis, who executes the important part allotted to her with tact andahility. The whole caste dis- plays conspicuous histrionic talent, and the noting and staging of the piece find popular favour with those who frequent the Theatre. I There arc some interesting passages, and the I singing is of rar.e quality. Next week another musieal comedy drama, entitled "Rags," will occupy the boards. I
3? bcf,Dre they coine ￼ ￼ ￼ ￼ ?' tL ?O-day and prove it. ￼ BONN.. & A I
EUROPEAN POLITICS. I TWO VIEWS. TA.RSHISH IDENTIFIED. We ar-o told by the prophet Eekiel (xxvii. 12) that Tyre was the crowningoity-,the mart of nations. All the world traded with it. Amongst others, we learn in this verse Tars hi sh was thy merchant by re aeon of the multitudes of all kinds of riches: with silver, iron, un, and lead they traded in thy fairs, or for thy wares." Can this Tarshish be identified? Yes, by collecting the scattered evidence of history as to the country from whence the, ancients ob- tained their metals. Abundance of this evi- dence is found to an anonymous work, "The Kings of the East," published in 1842, and it is intended to largely select therefrom for the I purpose of identification. Here are some facts. Moore in hie first volume of the tory of Ireland points out that the original inhabitants of Britain, Wales, and Ireland, were Celt. This is seen by the names of the mountains and rivers having a similarity. and that the Phoenicians placed colonies all on the British Isles It will be found that I the names Albion, Britain and Ireland have f a Phoenician origin. Among the tribes marked by Ptolemy on his map of Ireland were the Iverni, whose chief city was Ivernis, or Hy- bernis, and who occupied districts around Cork and Kerry as far as the river Kenmare, which was anciently called the Iernus. The origin of the name Iernus, which means in Celtic the uttermost point," can be traced to the Phoenicians. On the north-west of Spain there is a river and a promontory Irene, which suggests that the progress of these ancient traders was westward from Spain to Ireland. In a poem," Argonantics," written five hundred years before the Christian era, there is a vague reference to the Atlantic, and also a reference to Ireland under the Celtic name of Irenis. There is no reference to Britain. Probably not even the Cassiterides, or British Isles, were known in Greece at the time of Herodotus, and it is only one fact the latter historian has to say about them—that is, they were the islands from which tin was imported. The whole of the Cassiterides were in those days called the Britannic Isles. The name "Britannia"' 'in Celtic means land of metals," and was applied generally to the whole cluster of the Tin Isles-the Isles of Man r.nd those of Seilly included. The Phoenicians jealously concealed the secret of their remote sources of wealth, and it is not till the time of Aristotle that we find the first- authentic mention of these islands in a trea- tise dedicated to Alexander the Great, and under the old Celtic names of Albion and Irene. Aristotle mentions that the Athenians had been advised to secure to themselves the monopoly of the Tyrian market by buying up all the. lead. (This reminds us of modern corners in various commodities, such as wheat, etc., and of the remark of an American that the only authentic" corner" which ever succeeded in corn was the one related in the Bible and brought about by the Jew—Joseph.) It appears that various curious and costly articles have been dug up in various parts of Ireland, which suggest a more advanced state of things amongst the inhabitants than that found at the era of the introduction of Chris- tianity. Amongst theser are swords .which are exactly the same as those known to have a Phoenician origin, which serve to corrobo- rate the opinion that the Phoenicians once had a. footing in Ireland Moore's history points out that there seems to be an interval of time in Ireland's history after the Phoeni- cians, during which historians or writers make no reference to it. They seem unac- quainted with it. Ptolemy, who ba/seu his knowledge of its geography upon a Tyrian atlas, seems to have known far better the locality of the island than Strako or later Greek authorities. This suggests that the ties of intercourse between the Irish and other nations had been interrupted. The inferenrro .from this is that Tyre ceasing to tnde ix-ifil I other nations, these distant isles were for- Erotten. ¡ BRASS. I The mining excavations in Ireland exhibit appearances similar to the surface workings of the most ancient mines in Cornwall which are generally attributed to the Phoenicians. Swords have been found, which seem to have been fabricated before iron had been brought into use for such purposes, and they are of a mixed metal, chiefly copper, admitting of a remarkably high polish, and of a temper to fi&rvy a very sharp edge. Similar swords haw found in Cornwall, and are of ihe same origin. Copper being too soft to be employed for "weapons and instruments requiring -a sharp edge, without alloy, the ancients mixed it with tin. in which state it was called brass—the f.in.. 71 of the Romans. Iron seems to have been seldom used and little known. Copper is rarely mentioned in any other than the mixed state; in the whole of the ancient Scriptures it is only once named, and then with a description which at once proves that- fine brass, and not pure copper, was meant. The passage is in Ezra viii. 27, "Also twenty basons of gold of a thousand drams, and two vessels of fine copper, precious as gold." The marginal reading has "yellow or shining I brass, desirable as gold," which seems to be the proper reading From the following passage of Scripture, says Sir W. Hawkins in his observation of the trade of the ancients in Cornwall, we have reason to believe that the brass of Moses was alloyed with tin:—"And he made the laver of brass, and the foot of it with brass, of the looking-glasses of the women assembling, that- assembled at the door of the tabernacle oi the congregation (Exod. xxxviii. 8). As copper, alloyed with a proportion of tin, about two parts to one, as is used in the spe- cula or reflectors of telescopes, is alone cap- able of taking and retaining a high polish, and reflecting objects, we may conclude that the reflecting mirrors of the Israelites were com- ¡ posed of a mixture of tip with copper: and as these reflecting mirrOfs,- which' were very small, we-M required for making the laver, they were necessary either for the great pro- portion of tin they contained, in. order to give a high polish and lustre to the laver, or for the general purposes of making brass. From the researches of Mr Klaproth, Maga- zin. Encycloped., June, 1800, page 298, the I mixture of tin with copper in the brass of the I' ancients is fully confirmed. We know from I ancient authors, as well as from the weapons and utensils dug up in modern times, that men in the earliest ages, and even in those which succeeded them. employed copper in preference for the fabrication of metallic utensils and weapons—swords, Spear-heads, helmets, and shields, as well as various domestic utensils, were all copper. We know I that copper by itself is not fit, for the pur- ¡ poses the ancients employed it for. When cast ¡ its porous and brittle, and when forged it is I too soft. The weapons, instruments, and i statues which have been dug out. of the j ground evidently prove that the property of tin to impart hardness and density to the ¡ metalalloyed with hlvas known and em-I ployed by the moot ancient nations. All these objects occur in bronze, but none in pure I copper. Now, it is astonishing thai the practice of imparting hardness to copper by alloying it j with a certain portion of tin. sufficient for sword blades and other cutting instruments, ¡ should have been so generally followed by the ancients, notwithstanding the want n'f tin mines All the tin they used they were ￼ obliged to procure from the CasaueTidcs. fh ¡ present Cornwall, and the trade was exclusive- Iy in the hands of the Phoenicians. "Having had an opportunity of assaving several fragments of metallic antiquities. T conceive (savs Mr. Klaproth) it may he of J some public utility to make known the results as a supplement to the few accurate analyses hitherto made." "Analysis of an ancient sword. This analy- sis gave the following proportions:—Of tin, eleven parts; copper, eighty-nine." Other analyses of ancient swords are given, which vary in their proportions, but every one con- tained from eighty-five to ninety of copper, and from ten to fifteen of tin. These ancient swords were cast, not forged like our weapons of steel. Some Grecian brass found in Sicily, and an ancient cup found in a Grecian tomb near Naples, contained tin and copper in the same proportions as the swords. A fragment of an ancient mirror contained 32 per cent. of tin. a little lead, and the rest of copper. (To be continued, God willing.)
I PROFESSIONAL SERVICES. -1)- J AN UNPAID SOLICITOR. ￼ At the County Court on Monday, Mr. D. R. Edmunds, solicitor, made a claim of R37 against Capt. J. T Llewellyn Davies, Milford Haven, for professional services rendered. Mr. W. Llewelyn Williams, M.P., who ap- peared on behalf of the plaintiff, said that Mr. Edmunds had found the sum of £ 2000 upon mortgage for the defendant, but there was some dispute as to the title after the money had been found, and the mortgage did not go through. There was another sum of £ 600 acquired by Mr Davies, which was found by Mr. Edmunds, through Lloyd's Bank. Mr Davies had paid Mr. Edmunds the sum of fifteen guineas, which lie contended was suffi- cient to cover plaintiff's fees, and the only question that remained was as to whether the fifteen guineas were sufficient, or whether Mr Edmunds was entitled to the £37. The case was before the court originally in October, but there were several adjournments granted —on one occasion due to the fact that Mr. Reed, Pembroke, who represented the defen- dant, could not attend, because he had a function to attend as mayor of Pembroke Dock He (Mr. Williams) understood that Mr. Reed was not present that day. Mr. Davies: My solicitor wired to me on r Saturday, stating that the case was coming on to-day, but he is not here. j His Honour: I do not care whether the case comes on now or in six months. Mr. Williams opposed an adjournment. His Honour: It is not for either of you to oppose an adjournment, Mr. Williams said he thought it was essen- tially a case that should be referred to the Registrar for taxation. The facts of the case were as follows:—On October 26th a Mr. Woodman called upon the plaintiff and told him that the defendant required the sum of <62000 on mortgage, and was prepared to pay 4 per cent. Thereupon, Mr Edmunds wrote to Mr. Reed, and asked him if that was so. and what security he had to offer In con- sequence of the future negotiations, Mr. Ed- munds and a Mr. Jones, who was to find the money, went down to inspect the property, but by some mistake on the part of Mr. Reed he was not there to meet them. They had considerable difficulty in finding Mr Davies's house, and did not finish their business that day. In November, while negotiations were proceeding for the P,2000, it was arranged that Mr. Edmunds should arrange for an additional £ 600 to £800. and this transaction Vlias carried through. Mr. Davies's property was held in common with his brother, Dr. Davies, and Mr. Edmunds immediately poin- ted out that if his client was going to lend R2000 on mortgage, he would require a legal title, and Mr. Davies was not in a position to do that until he got his brother to join lym in a. conveyance or to a partition. The case was eventually referred to the Registrar to report upon
Pupil Teachers' Centre. I -0- I The annual meeting of the Pupil Teachers' Centre was held on Thursday, the Rev. J. H. Rees being re-elected chairman, and Mr. E. I T I DATE OF MEETING. I Mrs. Lloyd complained of the alteration in iheda-te of meeting, and said the Clerk should not make any change without the con- sent of the Committee. She did not think they c-ould change without- notice of motion. EASIER VACATION. I Mrs. Lloyd disputed the accuracy of the minutes, and said that the Committee did not decide as to the date of the Easter vaca- tion. The Headmaster said he believed the mat- ter-came before the meeting. Mrs. Lloyd said she was certain the ques- tion was not. raised. Mr. Tregoning stated that if Mrs Lloyd was correct, the item should be struck out of the minutes. The Chairman said he was almost certain the Committee fixed the date. Mr. Tregoning said it was not clear from the evidence before them as to what took place, and the Clerk was not present I LAND PURCHASE. I It was reported that the County Commit- tee had approved of the purchase from the Stepney Estate of a piece of land, adjoining The school, for a sum of £182. Mr. Thomas Thomas enquired when the Committee would get possession. The Deputy Clerk stated that the Clerk to the Council would carry out the necessary ¡ arrangements for the transfer. I Mr. Tregoning enquired if the land would be used in connection with the Intermediate i School or the Pupil Teachers' Centre. I I The Headmaster replied that it was for general purposes. I Mr. Tiegtvaing asked whether the County I or tHe Committee -were responsible for the tax on it. The Headmaster said the County Education I' Committee would be the owners of the pro- perty. He hoped at the next meeting to sub- mit. a plan for the enclosure of the land. I Mr. Thomas Thomas moved that if any I question .should arise a? to the apportion- ment, it be dealt with by the committee who had another matter in hand. This course was agreed to
A CHURCHYARD COUGH. I 30 Years' Bronchial Asthma Cured I VENO'S LIGHTNING COUGH CURE. Mr. J Churchill, of Dowlish Wake, Ilmin- ster, Somerset, says, Neqrly 30 years ago I contracted inflammation of the lungs, which left me with severe bronchial asthma, my cough being so bad that, people said if ever they heard a churchyard cough,' I had it. Three doctors said I would never get better, but at last I tried Veno's Lightning Cough Cure, and soon found I was on the right track at last, and now, thanks to your extraordinary remedy, my asthma is entirely gone, and I am at work as hard as ever." Veno's Lightning Cough Cure is the purest and most reliable remedy extant for coughs, colds, and all chest and lung troubles. Price 9gd., Is. lid. and 2s. 9d. of all chemists.
-_no- I FOR SALE. -S i-ej)lj lj, (the- best in the market), Carr's Inks, and Webster's Inks, rnarket), C, arr'q WebeteT's Inks, effli vvio, •• ,'Hi <• r is ?'?J. ?. -i?P? _C5 J. > »i r*et. Lilir v
The Beat-all Ointment. THE MARVELLOUS CURE. Guaranteed to cure in an exceedingly short period pimples, chillblains, burns, scalds, chapped or dry hands, boils, carbuncles, scabs (wet or dry), barber's itch, eczema, and all other eruptions of the skin. Mothers who require their breasts dried will receive im- mediate relief by the use of the ointment. It will prevent gangrene, etc. Supplied in boxes at Is. lid each. Apply for the same to the patentee and sole manufacturer- Mr. D. W. WATKINS, Burry Port. COPIES OF TESTIMONIALS. 24 Railway Terrace, Tumble, near Llanelly, Jan. 14, 1909 Dear Sir,—Having suffered a great deal with a gathered ankle, win eh caused me much in- convenience and expense, through being treated by several medical men. I gradually got worse, until one day I was visited by a friend, who recommended your ointment, known as the Beat-All Ointment. Acting on my friends advice, I bought a box, which I used with great success. Thanks to the Beat- All Ointment I was able to walk quite well after the first few dressings. I have had a complete cure. I shall alweys keep a box in the house, in case of emergency. I am, yours truly, MRS. THOMAS DAVIES.
SEEDS! SEEDS!! SEEDS! SEEDS! W TO GARDENERS, &c. "W All kinds of Seeds arrived, including the following :-POTATOES Early Rose, Early Puritan, Beauty of Hebron, Elephant, Sutton's Abundance, British Queen. PEAS: Telephone, Telegraph, Day's Earlv Sunrise, Fill Basket, Little Gem, &c., &c. SHALLOTS, BROAD BEANS, and all kinds of Garden Seed (Wholesale and Retail) at W, PHILLIPS, Thomas Street. I PRACTICAL FARMER KEPT ON THE PREMISES. A BOOK FOR LADIES. The information in this book ought to be ¡' known by every married woman, and will not harm the unmarried to read. No book it written which goes so thoroughly into matters relating to married women. Some may think too much is told. Such can scarcely be the ease- for knowledge is power and the mean. of attaining happiness. Can be had in envelope from Dr. T. R. Allinson, 677 Room, 4, Spauieh, plar-e, Mancheater-square. London W. in r-ptinrii for < Postal Order tor 11 to For Good Notepaper and Envelopes, and all j kinds of Stationery you will find the "Mot cury" Office to be the moat an-todats anri (" r .f Jjs S. L. GRAVELLE I SCULPTOR, Ashburnham Road, PEMBREY, Near the PARISH CHURCH. Branches at CAUSEWAY ST., KIDWELLY, near the Town Hallr and BURROWS, BURRY PORT. Monuments, Tombs, Headstones, Crosses, &c., ted Granite, Marble & Ston4 In Representatives :-Mr. W. G. BEVAN, 5, New Street, Burry Port. Mr. ALBERT JENKINS, Bryn Morfa, Kidwelly. I I*. PROVE YOUR EYES 1181 BY CONSULTING C. F. WALTERS, F.S.I.C., QUALIFIED OPTICIAN (by Exam., Lond.), Holder of the Highest Diplomas possible to obtain as a Sight-Testing Optician. SIGHT-TESTING ROOMS- 51, Oxford Street ( UNIONASTREET), SWANSEA _J .#><; ,f 7'- SPECIAL OFI ER LEADING LINES AT CLARKE'S Stores PEMBERTON ST., LLANELLY. PER tfi Finest New Zealand Butter 1/j FINEST DANISH BACON 8dl per lb. FINEST DANISH HAM 9d. ￼ PER ¡ Our Challenge Blend Tea 1II The above offer cannot be equalled anywhere in the Town. We ask you to try these Goods. Yours respectfully, CLARKE'S STORES. ? QA IT TP <> SALE! SALE! ( J But NOT an Auction Sale. Why buy Auction Sale Cycles with no guarantee whatever, when you can buy an ENGLISH MADE CYCLE, Fully Guaranteed, ftQ 4 Qn fill And fully equipped with Lamp, Bell, Pump, VMS"* Jj hS." Tool-bag, and all Accesories at Call and inspect. Over a Hundred Cycles to select from. Prices and Models to suit one and all. NOTE ADDRESS: J. GRIFFITHS, Cycle Emporium, 98, Station Road, UaneHf SPRING Sc SUMMER. J. JONES & SONS, Ladies and Gents' Tailors, Now show their Latest Ranges of Patterns in Shades & Styles suitable for Ladies' Costumes, Gents' Suitings, k. FIT and STYLE PERFECT. All Garments made on the Premises. LOCAL AGENTS FOR Burberry's Weatherproof Coats, c. NOTE ADDRESS GREENFIELD BUILDINGS. Llanelly