CONWAY HORSE SHOW. I ELECTION OF OFFICERS. I At a meeting of the Conway Horse Show Society, on Friday evening. Mr Ro- bert Ellis presiding, a vote of condolence was passed with Mr Norbury, Erskine Hotel, on the death of her husband, Mr S. Ncrbury, who was for many years an active member of the society. Mr J. Porter was unanimously re- elected president; with Mr W. Hughes, Ty HaI, Glan Ocxnway, vice-president; Mr Itobk,xt' Olis, chairman of committee; Mr O. Rowland, J.P., treasurer; and Mr T. 0. Morgan, secretary. The following were added to the com- mittee :—Messrs C. Atkinson, Conway; H. Williams, Conway; R. Jones, Llwydfaen; T. Barker, wen; R. Owen, Talycafn; W; It. Jones, Glan Oonway; R. Williams, Glan Cbnway; and H. T, Hughes, Taly- oafn. The Secretary reported that there was a baianoo of E160 at the bank to the credit of the society.
I NORTll WALES MAN ???My?!'?!? 7?? ?T? 'R ￼ WINS £ 100 •. For NINE CORRECT-RESULTS IN A SIMPLE FOOTBALL COMPETITION. SEE THIS WEEK'S 'LIVERPOOL WEEKLY POST' 9100 Given Away Each Week. It Costs Nothing to Enter. I Have a Try This Week. 'LIVERPOOL WEEKLY POST' I 0 Jp HIGH-GRADE PLOUGHS NEW PATTERN 2-3-FURROW CONVERTIBLE SELF- LIFT, WITH COMBINED DISC AND SKIM COULTERS. A TREMENDOUS SUCCESS! I.. Jt $tgsl fablm jtarittg -Z:- AGRICULTURAL SHOW _a. "T"08r. NEW IMPLEMBIT I awarded the SRETTSSUBISeilL I -=. ANOTHER COCKSHUTT SUCCESS!—Awarded the Silver Medal (highest award) at the Royal Society of Dublin Show after demonstration before the judges,—June, 1919. The Best Plough yet made for Tractor work R. A. LISTER & CO. LTD., "ZSSmh. DUMLBY.?LOS. ???. MACBlNEty. No.1 ?SS?Y ŒSTDLI5BED tM7.) DURSLEY. DURSLEY. ■' 4 FOR ECONOMICAL FEEDING 'NEUFEED' Meal A Genuine Food NOT a Condiment. ALL ANIMALS LIKE IT. Contains only PURE CORN PRODUCTS AND MOLASSES, ASK YOUR DEALER FOR IT. North Wales Agent- I MADE BY- Mr. WALTER P. LEWIS W. s. H. BEVIN & Co. Ltd., f IDEAL MILLS. MENAI BRIDGE. LIVERPOOL. Solid Leather Goods MAY BE PURCHASED AT LOVATTSS BANGOR Purses, School Bags, Footballs, Belts, Hand Bags, Trunks, Portmanteaus, Dress Baskets, ALL PRICES. R. B. WATSON (Opposite the Cathedral), BANGOR. THE OLDEST AND FINEST GENT'S HAIRDRESSING SALOON in the City. A Splendid Show of Fancy Articles, and a FINE DISPLAY of robacco nists' Goods of Every Description, suitable for XMAS & NEW YEAR GIFTS. Prices io Suit Everybody. D?twty. A jfit Deft ￼ Welcome jsv IST Visitor QjA at any time la every househ.14- x 10 ? y ??' [\ 13-g. Ties. B"tle, eartois Moth, Fly, $to., dis r lj(L. U? od, oneeit hm.0m. i.to proper nt&ct with f\ U( U 111 KEAT!MG?? "far- jjp 9 Mm FX Should write T0-Ðayenc!osing '? Id, stamp torV?n?bte Booklet TKSTIMON'IAI.S and FREE SAMPLE of BLANCHARD S PILLS They are utiriv.titcd for all Ladies' Ailments. &c„and speedily afto, d ielief, and never fail to alleviate all suffering. fn -rdc all hitherto kncwu Remedies. Sold in boxen, 1 3. by Boots', Taylors', Timothy White'sJ',ranche,.¡ and all Chemists, or post free, -:ime price, from Leslie Mar yn, Ltd., Chemists, 34, Dalsteil Lai\e, London. The Home Srctt-cafy has appointed Mr Wm. .Walker to bo Chief Inspector of Mines in place of Sir Richard Redmayne, the new chairman of the Imperial Mineral Resources Bureau. t ASK ANY nr USER of the Lister Cream Separator, and he will tall you of the aetlsfac. tlon It gives. 'm The reason Is that lb ?n? 0«)tn Is Hfht, th» ill Materials and Work IIH mansMp the very next gjf W A -nothtnig to ce wrens The Made In 8)x 8)zM. I B dCNTFT !t'lth capacl.s from LI aj I" ■ !S to 80 Gal :s Stirz?.e,sr?LISTER I Cream Separator can be de!lvered from stock. Write for Catalogue and name 01 nearest Agent, to t R. A. LISTER & Co. DU R S LY, Glos. LTD. DURSLSY, Glos ?j_j???.?BHt???j?'??.??,Jj?? ¡ E' 'SE3 fa DEE & ESS AW& Aftk g% im COCOA ESSENCE THE MOST PERFECT FOOD BEVERAGE. GIVES STRENGTH TO ENDURE Sold by all Grocerc. Manufactured by MAZAWATTEE TEA CO., LTD. ;at IbslEIl 1= ( LADIES FFtEE. ? "i 4 REMEDY without medicine or pm. A for all irregu?ariti? Acts almost in mediately, and will not interfere with I household duties Send for free parti cu. itrs and testimonials I&JS3" ST A KM A N MORRIS i218 Dept.) 162, Stoke Newiftgton Road LONDON, N.
FARM NOTES, I For the greater part of the week the weather lias been damp. On Wednesday and yesterday' especially a drizzling, rain and du.'l ski& through which the sun could not penetrate. formed the main features of the climatic condition". The wind at tnnes was qyi-te .equally. but there has not been much v&ri<i.lion in tempera- t u i ￼ I ture. Cattle were in rather "maller supply at moat markets iast week. The total num- ber was the previous week. Quality generally wa,: hardly up to the previous week's standard. although it would appear from the reports that rather fewer cattle were re jected by the graders as unfit for slaughter. At most of the larger centres bupphes of sheep have been less. the total number at ail places being 39,653, or a decrease of 45CX) ori the week. The number of well-fed sheep is comparatively small, a large nUIll- ber of half-meated aiiimab and owes "being shown at practically all markets. Skins continue to advance; the avc-rzlge price realised during November was equivalent to about 2jjd per lb. of the caroase weight. Calves for slaughter continue in good demand, prices showing an advance < about id per lb.; at Exeter, some really good heifer calves made up to £ 12 per head, being all bought for slaughter. Pigs have been shown in larger numbers, not- ably at Birmingham, where close on 3000 were in the market, all being readily bought at 23s per score live weight, or 30s 6d dead weight. At the Shrewsbury special sale, where about L300 store cattle were on offer, prices ranged up to 83t1 and 84s per live cwt. for croas-bred oattle in. good forward condition, while at other places trade generally was firm, sellers being apparent- ly unwilling to deal except at fully late rates. Dairy cows have been in very good demand at a fartlftr rise in price. At the special CShriatmes sale at Preston, rows in milk made up to £ 96 per head, and although the numbers on oiler were in excess of last year's oarrospooding sale, the average rate for the best quality ani- mals was biightly higher. At the annual meeting of the Cheshire Agricultural Society, held in phester, on Saturday, Lieutenant-Colon el Charles Lyon presiding, it was decided to hold a show next year on August 25th. Fourteen cattle on the farm of Mr A. M. Hodges, Hall Farm, Great Lumley, are affected by the outbreak of foot-and- mouth disease in Durham County. Re- moval of cattle, sheep, and pigs, etc., is forbidden within a radius of 15 miles, and all lecal markets arc suspended. South Notts Farmers' enion decided, at a meeting on Saturday at Nottingham, to support the operations of the Midland Agriculturalists' Co-operative Association upon a commercial basis. The Royal Counties Agricultural So- ciety have accepted an invitation to hold next year's meeting and show in Read- ing from Juno 2nd to June 5th. Mr W. Howard Palmer has consented to be pre- sident of the society for the ensuing year. At a meeting of the British Dairy Farmers' Association a proposal that a sub-Parliamentary Committee be formed, to consist of members of both Houses ot Parliament ajid the Chairman of each Standing Committee of the Association, with power to add to their number, was adopted. The Board of Agriculturc in their re- port for November state that throughout most of the country the November wea- ther was very favourable to autumn cul- tivation and sowing, the exception being the north-eastern counties where frosi and snow, followed by rain, seriously in- terfered with work In Wales and a. few other localities thore were stoppages ot longer or Jiorfer duration. Except 111 the north-east, therefore, where the posi- tion is not far from normal; autumn work is considerably more advanced than is usual at this time of year. Speaking generally, the cold weather has caused germination of the winter corn to be slow, but it id a satisfactory plant, more especially where sown eariy. It is estimated that about three-fourths of the area intended for wheat has been sown, and thai the area already actually seeded is about the same as on 1st De- cember last year when the season wa." more backward. Of other wnuer corn, about the sa.me area as last year lias now been sown. Live stock, owing to the very coki weather and generally bare condition of the pastures, have only done moderately well during November. They have been brought in from the fields earlier Ctian usuaJ, and farmers have been obliged to break into the scanty supply of winter food before the normal time. People who have, lately acquired agri- cultural estates and farmers who have re- i oently come into possession of their farms will doubtless be a little puzzled to find a half-yearly or yearly summons to pay tithe ajid there is no reason to doubt that many I owners of lajid would preter if it were i possible to rid themselves of the liability. Under the Tithe Act of 1918 this is easily done, and at a reasonable cost; in- deed during the past twelve months ap- plications for redemption of tithe rent ohiLTge amounting to nearly seventeen thousajid pounds, and to capital values oi about £ 300,<XW reached the Board. In point of fact nothing more is re- quired in the great majority of cases than that tho applicant should write to the Board of Agriculture, giving particu- lars of the tithe rent charge he wishes to redeem, together with the names and ad- dresses of the owner and collector of the charge. AU other work falls upon officers of the Board. The Board of Agriculture have arranged for two supplementary ra.t weeks, name- ly, from December 29th to January 5th, and from February 25rd to March 1st. These, 'it is hoped, will prove cllecitive, since the whole country is waking up at last to the danger that is in our midst. Among North Wales authorities who are taking active steps to rid their area of rats is the Flintshire County Council, who arc olfering a bounty of one shilling and sixpence for each dozen rats killed in the county from December 22nd until further notice. The mode of payment in Flintshire is simple. Those who participate in the campaign against rats should produce the tails of the rodents lulled to any member of the police force. The latter will then forward to Mr H. A. Tilby, the Clerk to the County Council, a certificate of the numbi'i so produced and payment will be The Ministry of Food have issued the figures relating to the average yield of cows on a winter day, which were put, before t'he Miik Prices Investigation Com- mittee on Tuesday. The sample census of milk production Was taken with the live stock census of pcocmber, 1918, as a basis, forms being distributed to those pro- ducers who a year ago returned milk as sold wholesale. In all, 86,800 forms were sent out, and up to last Saturday 60,500 had been received back and tabula,ted. Tho returns showed an average yield per animal per day during the week ended Deoember 6th of 1.35' gallons. The yield varied from 1.7 gallons a day in Middle- sex to .8 of a gallon in Merionethshire.
AGRICULTURE. I FARMERS' GUAR Ay TEED PRICES. SIR A. BOSCAWEN AGAINST TIME LIMIT. Sir Arthur Crifnth Bo-cawot. parLia culture, speaking at Truro, on Wednes- day, said the Bill which would be intro- duced nex.t session would embody a real agricultllnÜ poUcy for the COHntry, A system of guaranteed price, for ccreab- would be proposed different from those of the Cora Production Act, because prices had not falltfli to the extent indicated in that Act. Thi> guarantee should not be for a definite short time, but until Parlia- ment otherwise determined. There should be at least four ve,-trs notice of the ter- mination. of the guarantee. Conferences were being held, added Sir A. Boscawcn, to solve the problem of giv- ing reasonable security to farmer* for their capital, so that the amplest compensation should be given to tenant farmers unrea- sonably disturbed. Landowners were 11.1-.0 entitled to compensation. Labourer? nm-t also be guaranteed a decent living wage, and in his view it would be absolutely necessary to make the Wage.s Board per- manent. These proposals were cai the principle that the farmers must be required to farm to the best advantage of the nation. With n.ational guarantees there should be a certaiii national control, which would not be to the disadvantage of good farmers, but would eliminate the bad farmer.
BOARD OF AGRICULTURE iND LAND SETTLEMENT. PRIORITY FOR EX-SERVICE MEN. Now decisions as to tho priority to be given ex-servicemen over civilians, under the Government's land settlement scheme were communicated to the Montgomery- shire Small Holdings Committiee at Wekhpool on Monday. The Board stated that, until every ap- proved ex-serviceman and woman had" been settled all over the country, and not mere- ly in one particular county, no pari of the Government's million subsidy could tie property used for settling civilian appli- cants. On this matter, the President was issuing fresh instructions for procedure. If one county acquired an excess of land over it,3 own ex-servicemen's wants, the exgiMs must be utilised for those of neigh- bouring counties. The Board had no in- tention of stopping the settlement of civil- ians altogether, but they must wait till all the ex-servicemen are fully provided for.
'i PRIMROSE LEAGUE DEMONSTRATION. I MEETING AT LLANFAIRFECHAN. I LORD CLAREDOKS I CONGRATULATIONS. The Eryri Habitation held its hrst demonstration since the beginning of the war at Llanfairfechan on Thursday week. The evening meeting was presided over by Major Piatt (the Ruling Councillor). Airs Piatt, Mrs North, Mrs Clifton- Hughes, Miss Hughes, and the Misses Mousley were also on the platform. Miss Madan and Miss Sidebotham (Dames) were indisposed and unable to attend. The principal speaker was Mrs Mitchell, the Primrose League provincial agent for the Northern counties. She explained the work and principles of the League,' and impressed upon the women the duty of recording-their- votes, as only 45 per cent. of the women voters in the country had recorded. their votes at the last General Election. Mr -NV,. G. Roberts, Camarnaint, speak- ing in Welsh, said ft was the duty of all loyal citizens to teach and practise the principles of the League. He explained now the Habitation had bravely worked on during the war in spite of many dis- couragement?; the s&,Eer -m6rnbeiN h."t ?c? ?L'?t't? by g'?ft.? of vai';ui? kinds, in- eluding monetary gifts. The Rev. F. P..Watkin-Davies, in a very happy speech, thanked Major and Mrs Platt (thi being their first appear- ance on a Primrose League platform) and Mrs Mitchell. Mr J. B. Williams proposed and Mr E. Williams seconded a vote of thanks to the Wardens, who had done excellent work in collecting subscriptions and re- cruiting new members. Earlier in the evening nine of the elder wardens were presented by Mrs Platt with special service badges, dated 1918, in ap- preciation of their work during the wax. Mr Roberts, Camarnaint, proposed and the Rev. Garel-Jones seconded a vote of thanks to Miss Owen, the hon. secretary. Miss Owen thanked the audience for the unfailing kindness and encouragement and said that unless the Primrose League was to be a power for good in the dis- cnet, it was no use. She expressed a sincere hope that tho effect of the-re- construction movement would be to real- ise the is and principles of the League. Dufing the evening songs were contri- buted by the young members. About 200 members partook of an ex- cellent repast catered for by Mr Goodall. Subsequently dancing was indulged: in, and a most successful demonstration ter- minated. The following members of the men's committeo rendered valuable support on the occasion :—Mr W. Hughes, Mr Twist, Mr Harrison, Mr E. J. Thomas, Mr W. Thomas, Mr Pugobe and Mr E. Williams. Since the meeting was held, Miss Owen I ivmry) received the following letter uom Lord Q'arendon, Chancellor of the Primrose League:—"Will you a.llow me to congratulate you most heart- ■ ily on the result of the meeting of the Eryri Habitation, Llanfairfechan, Dec. 4th? Mrs Mitchell, our provincial agent, states in her report that the gathering was splendidly organised by yourself, amd I should like to express to you, on be- half of Grand Council, our deep apprecia- tion of all you are doing to promote the efficiency of tho Habitation, and the League in general, throughout your dis- trict.
The heaviest yields were in the industrial counties or districts within easy access of large towns, this being due to the inten- aivo feeding practised where there is a market for the milk. Counties where the average yield is bolow a gallon per animal include Montgomery and Merionethshire. The statistics in the report cover a total of 713,956 cowat v
[ LORD HARLECH AND THE COALITION GOVERNMENT. PRESIDENT OF, BOARD OF AGRI- CULTURE PERPLEXED. Lord Leo, President of the Board of Agriculture, addressed a largely-attended L ,w er 'ng of farmers and others in the Royal Cbuntv' Theatre, Shrew-bury, on Tues- day. Lord Harlech, who presided, said that when he was invited to preside at that meeting he was under the impression that it was going to be a meeting of farmers, but he was soon led to behove that it was a niect- ing to support tho Coalition Government. He did not think maiiy of those present were in love with the Coalition Govern- ment—(laughter)—and the sooner they got back to party polities the better (ap- plause). However, only the day before, the Prime Minister told them that the peace of the world wa.s not yet entirely completed, and in view of that he (Lord Harieoh) thought it would be better to leave it to the present Government Lint-it it is completed (applause). He hoped Lord ljee would forgive him when he sug-. gested tha.t as far as the main portion of his remarks were concerned ho would deal v.-ith the subject- of agriculture, in which he was general'# interested in himself. LORD fJLE PUZZLED. lyord ljoe said he waa a little puzzled by the opening remarks of tho Chairman. He was not sure whether Lord Harlech wanted him to say a word for the Coalition Government or not. He was not in the least adianied of belonging to the Coali- tion Government—(hear, ho&ry-and he was rather afraid he could not agree with Lord Harlech-when he said that it would be a good thing to got back to party politics, which led them into so much trouble be- fore tho war instead of preparing for the real enemy across the se-as. Proceeding, Lord Lee dealt with security of tenure, and said that a tenant farmer who was doing the best he could by his land, who was playing the game, and putting his back into his work, must be given a better sense of security. That was a very con- tentious and difficult question, and though I they might think he was an optimist, he hoped he should be able to bring about a solution as between landlords and tenants (applause). He had been engaged some time past in general discussion between the two sides, and while it was always unsafe to rejoice too soon he had great hopes that they would be able to put into the Bill, to be introduced early next year, a clause which would give to the tenant farmor that increased security that he needed and which would carry the good will and sympathy of the landowners (ap- nlansp) I DON'T SAW OFF THE BOUGH. in regard to the question of hours, Lord Lee said that question was at tho root of a great deal of the utisettlement and uncer- tainty that was in the farmers' minds at present. It impeded increased production more than anything else, and it was for that reason that he had been making the best fight he could against the inclusion of agriculture in the 48 hours Bill. He said this to the agricultural labourers (and lie claimed he was fighting their, battle in that matter just as much as the farmers). Don't make the mistake of forcing con- ditions which are going to throw you out of employment, because you will be raw- ing off the bough on which you are sit- ting." Referring to the question of con- trol and decontrol, Lord Lee said they would never get things right, and agri- culture going again properly, until they got rid of controls altogether and found out where the industry really stood. They were living at present under artificial oon- ditionj in connection with the industry, and he found difficulty in getting farmers to agree to what they wanted. Where they thought control helped their pockets (I au,-btor)-they would like to -keep it, but when they thought it was not profit- ing theni they did not like to keep it (more laughter). That was only human nature, but it would not do, and farn-iing com- munity had got to make up its mind.
MAURETAXIA'S" CHRISTMAS j P'VOYATIK The Cunard liner "Mauroi.au ia" left, Southampton yesterday (Wednesday) for New York, on one of her famous Christ- mas trips. Prior to the war the crossing in the days immediately preceding- Christmas Day was notable amongst Atlantic voyages for the holiday spirit that prevailed on board, and no happier vessels could be found, Tho resumption of such trips after an interval of live years is perhaps the most definite evidence that Atlantic travelling is becoming more nor. mai. At this season there has always been a great rush of passengers to reach the States and Canada by the 25th of the month. The 'vMauretania's" present sailing is no excep- tion. Every berth on board was taken, and it wliuld havo been possible to fill the ship three or four times over. She will have nearly 2,000 passengers on board when she leaves Cherbourg, at which port she L> calling for Continental paweng-er?. Special arrangements have been made to cater for the amusement of passengers. Christ- aiai fare will be the rule and concerts and dances will be held during tho crossing, i The passengers include the RiRht Hon. Lord lilenconner and Lady Qlencon- net, the Hon. David F. Tennant, the lion. Stephen J. N. Tennant, Rt. lion. Lord Weir, P.C., Sir John Cad man, Sir Bdgar and Lady Jones, Major-General Sir Newton Moore, Sir Wroth Pcriam Lethbridge, Count and Count- ess -G. Manzoni. Lady Markham. Lieut.-Col feers Davidson, K.C., Co 1. and Mrs Grand Morden.
I WELSH NATIONAL PARTY. PROPOSED SECRETARY FOR WALES. Mr Vaughan Davies presided, on Mon- day, over a meeting of the Welsh Nation- al party held at the House of Commons. It was agreed that in the event of the Speaker's Committee on Devolution taking evidence, tho party should ask permission to present the views of Wales. Sir R. J. Thomas submitted the report of a sub-committee appointed to draft a bill for the creation of a Secretary for Wales. The bill provides for a Secretary for Wales at a salary of B2000 a year, and for setting up the necessary staff, all expenses to be paid by Parliament. Pow- ers and dutieP relating to Wales are to be transferred from the Home Office, Minis- try of Health, Board of Education, Boa-rd of Agriculture, and other Departments to the Welsh Ministry. Tho sub-committee were thanked for their services, and the Welsh members were requested to ballot for a place for the bill next session.
"EVERY OTHER PERSON HAS A COLD." -Official, Ministry of Health. A Medical Officer of the Ministry of Health, referring to the prevalent epi- demic of severe colds; recently stated.- "It is true that every other person has a cold, but that is not abnormal for the time of tihe year." But there is no need to suffer from colds. Bitrate of Tar com- bines the soothing properties of Tar and Oil of Pine with other valuable curative ingredients. It quickly dispels colds, heals tho inflamed membranes, soothes the lungs and relieves the tightness across the chest. Bitrate oi Tar contains no harmful drugs or narcotics, is pleasant to the taate, and can be taken by children ancl, adufts at all times. Bitirate of Tar in concentrated form is sold by all chem- jAs at ? a bottle, and a binding guar- antee of satisfaction or money back is en- closed in every package, so that you are protected from disappointment and loss. Get a bottle to-day-if not for yourself for someone -at home, since EVERY OTHER PERSON NEEDS BITRATE OF TAR.
I STALKING WILD GEESE. 1 (By A. R. HORWOOD, F.L.S.). WILD GEESE IN WALES. Stalking wild geese is one of the charms of the winter when snow lie-s on the ground. In Wales one of the best places for wild geese is on the shores of Swan- sea Bay, at Margarn, where many kinds of geese come, the white-fronted geese being porhaps more abundant than any of the others. The plan adopted is to keep them continually moving between the place where they rest on the sand bars and muJ flats and their feeding grounds in the marshes. As soon as they settle in one place they are driven off, and m con- tinually moving about are compelled to pass over the guns. They are more on the move also in rough weather, and when there is much fog. There is a rail- way crossing where they can be ehc £ from behind no more cover than a telegraph post. They are not so liable to take alarm here Ixxsauae there are always men at work on the line. Good bags have been made by one gun here, as many IWI sixty- three havinsr been shot in one day, and again as many as fifty-four the same season. [ BRITISH WILD GEESE. » There are eleven British geese, but only I six them are general. Of these two are black, the Brent and Bernatie, and- mainly marine. Votir are grey geese, and feed inland or on the coast, the greylag, pink-footed, white-fronted, and bean goose. Brent geese are common in the Wash district, Essex estuaries, the Humber, and Cromarty Finh, and rn Ireland, as well as on other parts of the coaet, and on the North Wales Coaet, Carnarvonshire and Anglesey. They' feed on seagraas on marshes, and initd flats, and frequent es- tuaries, bays, and tidal waters. Tney are very wary and difficult to approach, being especially vigilant in frosty weather. Bernaeie geese are more common on the west ooaet of Scotland and Ireland, but occur on other parts of the coast, as in Anglesey and the Dee esstuai'y. They are common in the Sol way Firth ftlao, and Outer Hebrides. They frequent green tslande and tid&l waters, feeding on grassy islands and saltings•on graas roots. They are different to other geese in soon re- turnkig to ground from which they have been driven. Bean geese used t-o be common in Nor- folk, but are now more frequent in Soot- land and Ireland. But they may be seen elsewhere, as in the Dee Estuary. They frequent marshes and stubbles, young wheat And clover fields. They rest on sand bars and mud flats, and feed on ma-rsites and stubbles. Greylags used to breed in many parta of England as in the Eastern counties, but IIDW they arc found to breed only in the Outer Hebrides. They eat grass orach more than other geese, amd frequent marshes near the sea. They do not mingle with other geese. illey occur on the Dee niaishes occasionally. Pink-footed geeee are abundant in Nor- folk, Lincolnshire, the Yorkahire wolds, and other parts, as many as a thousand frequenting Dee marshes at a time. They feed on the uplands, on clover, and bar- ley, and later on the marshes, and rest on mud Hats and sand bars. On moon-' light nights they feed as we'l as by day. White-fronted geese are common on the coasts of South Wales, as well as in the Dee eat.uary, Anglesey, and elsewhere. They also occur in the Severn Valley, and are more often shot inland than other geese. They are not 40asy to bag by punt shooting. The best time to approach them is on dark nights, on the top of the high-,I c-it spring tides. I ARRIVAL OF WILD GEESE. ,1-. I 7 I 13rent geese pome in ivoveinoer, or me first week in December. Bomades arrive somewhat earlier. Pink-footed geese ar- rive at the end of September; having been seen in -Nocrt-li -Walt-s az early as the 19th or in Ootobcv and remain till April. White-fronted geeso come in December and go away again in February. Greylags are generally to be seen in October. The bean goose comes in October and stays with us till April. r STALKlxN u'OhroC. — Wild geese, unlike inland wilk duck, food by day like marine duck. They leave the coast in early morning, and re- turn at dusk or in the afternoon. Marine geese go to the mud flats in the early morning, and oan be bagged at night on the sea, whoro they sleep. Their resting- places and feeding-grounds may be dis- covered by tho feathers they drop. Be- tween the two, they have regular flight- lines, which it is important to discover for flight-scooting purposes, in the case of the grey geese. They feed also when it is moonlight, going then inland at dusk, and returning early in the morning. It is not a good plan to atalk them on bright nights, but when thore are clouds,, and the moon is low down, and when there is a slight breeze. A good time to go out after geese is when the wea/the* ia rough, either tOT inland feeders or marine geese, and whan snow lies on the ground in the caso of the former. For inland ge- ese one may chooee a ditch with a buah or hedge in front, or even a gate-post, or one may use a special hide or blind of hurdles camouflaged above and at the sides. On the coast the sea-walls may be used as a stand or screen for flight-shooting. Mar- ino geese must be stalked in a punt. [ FLIGHT-SHOOTING. I Most important of all precautions in flight-shooting is the necessity of being well hidden. It Ls essential to keep the head wall down. Geese may be driven over the guns suitably placed, by the bea-tars after they have discovered their feeding-grounds. A position should be taken up where the wind blows from one to the geeee. They rise up at low eleva- tion. One should allow them to come in close. A good range is thirty to thirty- five yards. Geese are best shot with a 12-bore and No. 1 shot, in braiss cases. Thoy fly lower in misty, foggy weather. In clear weather they are often out of range. When driving geese a good plan is to keep them movmg. SHORE-SHOOTLN G. I When flight-shooting on the coast a series of pits may be made. These should be deep enough for one to stand in, and well concealed above, with marra<m grass. They may be made in a line at- right angles to the shore. It is best to face the direction in which the birds are flying. One must let thein pass well over one before one fn es. The birds appear mudh larger than they really are., and at night distance is very deceptive. It is essential to fire well ahead, and if one firo3 at the leader, some pellets will hit those in the rear. PUNT-SHOOTING. I Black geese require stalking and shoot- ing in a punt. This should be a sea-going punt, either single or double-handed. The swivel gun may weigh as much as 3001b3. with a 2-inch bore, and carrying 40ozs. of shot. Brents are difficult to approach, and can be stalked best in dull and foggy weather, or in gales and rough weather. It is a good plan to set towards them with a sail up, when they will lie better. When sheltering in a bay or estuary in a storm they are more easy to approach.
SECONDARY EDUCATION I IN WALES. Hie Departmental Commi ttee on the onganisatoon of secondary education in Wales held fta seventh meeting on Thurs- day and Friday, at the Board of Educa- tion offices. South Kensington, and heard evidence from Professor Archer, of Ban- gor University College, and from Profes- sor Arnold, Principal Hams, and Mr p. Thomas, representing the Ca.rnanonslire Local Education Authoiitg.
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