WANTED, a GROOM, for a Gentleman's place, W near Cardigan; a married man, wife to milk and attend to Poultry. Good wages and Cottdge found. Apply to Mr Parker, Blaok Lion Hotel, Cardigan. R5 WANTED, an APPRENTICE, to a Pharmaceutical Chemist. Apply to Mr David Davies, 42, High Street, Cardigan. R 56 WANTED a PAGE or young FOOTMAN, single W handed. Must have lived under a good Butler. Apply to E. Jones, Esq., Veiindre, Llandovery. S 35 WANTED a good COOK, in a small Family, assist- V T ance given in the Kitchen. High wages would be given to a really good Cook. A good character india- pensaeie. IN one need ap^ly unless they understand lIook. ing in all its branches. Address, by letter, stating wages required, and full particulars, X.Y.Z., Welshman Office, Carmarthen. s 33 A CURATE wanted for the WELSH District of Llanedy and Pontardulais. Stipend-about C120. Testimonials to be sent to the Rev R. Williams, Llanedy Rectory, Llanelly, by 4th March. s 48 WANTED, a situation, by an Experienced COOK, 'T (where one or two Kitchen maids are kept) who thoroughly understands her business in all its branches. Unexceptional references given. Address-A.B., Burry Port Post Office, Carmarthenshire, s 49 TO BUILDERS AND CONTRACTORS. TENDERS are required for extensive additions and -L alterations to Cresselly House, Pembroke. The Plans and Specification of the work, can be seen on applica- tion to Cresselly House, on and after Wednesday, February I Oth. The Tenders are to be delivered to the Architect, Messrs Clarke and Holland, Newmarket, Cambridge- shire, on or before Thursday, February 25th, and the lowest or any Tender will not necessarily be accepted. a. 19 COUNTY OF CARDIGAN. TO CONTRACTORS, BUILDERS, AND OTHERS. PERSONS desirous of Tendering for the erection and j. completion of a New Gaol, at Lampeter, in thn said County, may inspect the Drawings and Specifications thereof, at the Offices of the Arehiteots, Messrs Martin and Chamberlain, Christ Church Buildings, Birmingham. The Quantities will be taken out by Mr Harris, Surveyor, of Birmingham, and, on and after the 23rd instant, may be Obtained from him on payment of one guinea for each set. The Tenders are to be delivered, at the Office of the Clerk of the Peace, in Aberystwith, :on:or before the 23rd day of March next, endorsed Tender for New Gaol." The Magistrates do not bind ..themselves to aocept the lowest or any Tender. Dated the 9th day of February, 1869. F. R. ROBERTS. a 28 Clerk of the Peace. MR. C. VIDEON HARDING, Organist of St. Peter's Church, Carmarthen, Professor of Pianoforte, Organ, Harmonium, Harmony, and Singing (late Solo Tenore to Dr Spark, Organist of Leeds Town Hall, for his public and prirate Concerts, also the Bradford and Halifax Oratorios, &o ), BEGS to solicit the patronage of the Inhabitants _D of CARMARTHEN and its Vicinity, and hopes, by strict attention to his Professional Duties, to merit their support. Terms: One Guinea and a Half per quarter. N.B —Engagements accepted for Concerts and Oratorios, as Solo Tenor or Pianist. Applications may be made to 37, Spilman Street, Car- marthen. R 38 MR. HENRY P. G. BROOKE, (FELLOW OF THE COLLEGE OF ORGANISTS, LOXDON,) PROFESSOR OF MUSIC, BEGS to return his sincere thanks to his Pupils and J) Patrons in Carmarthen, Llandovery, Llandilo, and Lampeter, and the viciniy, for the patronage he has received during his residence (six yo arp) in Carmarthen, and, at the request of numerous pupils and friends, will still continue to give lessons on the PIANOFORTE. HARMONIUM, and in SINGING, THOROUGH BASS, and COMPOSITION. TEIUIS-5s per Lesson. MR. H P. G. BROOKE'S COMPOSITIONS:— Music Made Easy Sixpence, per post 7d A days come." Is Anthem-" Who is this," &c. „ 2< "Bear my Prayer," 2s Hark the Herald Ancels" Is Song-II A Voice from the Ranks" Is 3d Quadrilles" Winter Evening" 2s „ Banner of England" „ 21 Polka. It La Russell" 2s The Royal Artillery" „ 3. Waits The Rose of the Valley" „ 2s Two Splendid Pianofortes for Sale," also a fine Violin, Violincello, and a large quantity of Musio for Choral Societies, &c, For further particulars apply to 23, Picton Terrace, CARMARTHEN. GAME LICENCES. THE COMMISSIONERS OF INLAND REVENUE ± Hereby Give Notice, that SUPPLEMENTARY LISTS, conUininst the names of all Persons who ha'e taken out LICENSES to KILL and DEAL in GAME in the current Year, from 30th September last inclusive, have been printed for each Excise Collection. A C"pv of the List, applicable to any district, may be obtained Gratis on application at the Officeii of the respec- tive Collectors or Supervisors of Inland Revenue, Distributors or Sub-Distributors of Stamps, by whom Licenses are issued. The Commissioners further give Notice that instructions have been issued to their Officers to take the necessary steps to prefer informations for penalties against all persons found in pursuit of or dealing in Game without licence. WM. CORBETL, Secretary. Inland Revenue, Somerset House, London, 15th February, 1869. 11 45 JOINT COUNTIES' ASYLUM, 0 A R M A RTHEN. To Butchers, Maltsters, Coal Merchants, Farmers, Mil- lers, Grocers, &c. TENDERS for supplying the above Asylum with J. Butchers' Meat, Milk, Malt, Hops, Flour, Butter, Cheese, Potatoes. Coal, and Groceries, from the 26th March, 1869, to the 24th June, 1869 (both days inclusive), are requested to be sent to me, the undersigned (marked •• Tender" in the corner) on or before Tuesday, the 23rd of February instant. Forms of Tender can be had on application to me at the Asylum. By Order of the Visitors, H. T. HUGHES. Asylum Clerk. 17th February, 1869. s 43 LLANELLY TOWN RAILWAY- AT A PUBLIC MEETING of the Inhabitants and Ratepayers of Llaoelly-called in compliance with a requisition very numerously signed, and pre- sented to WM. ROSSER, Esq., Chairman of the Llanelly Local Board of Health-held at the Town Hall, on Tuesday, the 9th February, 1869, WM. ROSSER, Esq., in the Chair, It was proposed by C. W. NEVILL, Esq., seconded by MR S. BEVAN, and carried unanimously, That the proposed Btanch Railway to the Town of Llanelly is well calculated to serve the interests of the Inhabi- tants and Ratepayers, and deserves their earnest support It was proposed by W. H NEVIIL, Esq., seconded by MR B. JONES, and carried unanimously, That the Petitions to both Houses of Parliament in favour of the Llanelly Town Railway Bill, now produced and read, be adopted, and be Bigned by the Chairman of this Meeting, and by the Ratcpayers and Inhabitants generally. It was proposed by the RBv. D. E. WILLIAMS, seconded by MR OWEN THOMAS, and carried unanimously, That the Right Honourable the Earl of Cawdor, Lord Lieutenant of Carmarthenshire, be solicited to take charge of the Petition, and to present it to the House of Lords; and that Col. Stepney, the Member for the United Boroughs, be requested to take charge of, and present the Petition to the House of Commons. It was proposed by MR REES HARRIES, seconded -by MR J. A. DAVIES, and carried unanimously, That the following gentlemen be requested to act as a Committee, with power to add to their number, to assist in the promotion of the bill, by obtaining names to take shares, giving evidence before Parliament in support of the measure, and in suoh other ways SB .may be neces- the measure, and in such other ways as .Ma y be neces- PROPOSED COMMITTEE, MR NEVILL, K B ROSSER, MR W. H. NEVILL, I MR BUCKLBY, MR W. THOMAS, Mr TREGONNJNG, MR BEVAN, MR DD. EVANAS, MB WADDLE, MR HOLLAND, and The Managers of tbe two Banks at Llanelly. It was unanimously resolved, That the Resolutions of this Meeting be published in the local pap, rs. A vote of thanks to the Chairman, PROPOSED by B. JONES, Esq., and seconded by C. W. NEVILL, Epg., was unani- mously carried. W. ROSSER, Chairman. Llanelly, February 9th, 1869. a 47 1 RE MR. BENJAMIN BOWEN, Deceased. PURSUANT to the 22nd and 23rd Vict., c 35, J_ Notice is hereby given, that all creditors and other persons, having any debt or claim against or upon the estate of MIL. BENJAMIN BOWEN, late of the Pelican," Newcastle-Emlyn, in the parish of Cenarth, in the County of Carmarthen, Innkeeper, deceased, who died on the Eleventh day of July, 1867, are requested to send particu- lars of their debts or claims to me, the undersigned, being the appointed Trustee, and also Solicitor acting for the Executrix of the said deceased, on or before the Tenth day of February next, after which day I shall proceed to dis- tribute the Assets of the said deceased, having regard only to the debts or claims ot which I shall then have had Notice. Dated this 30th day of December, 1868. B. EVANS, Solicitor, R 12 Newcastle-Emlyn, Carmarthenshire. THOMAS WILLIAMS, DECEASED. PURSUANT to an Act of Parliament, made and JL passed in the 22nd and 23rd years of the Reign of Her present Majesty, cap. 2.5, intituled "An Act to further amend the Law of Property, and to relieve Trustees." Notice is hereby given, that all Creditors and persons having any claims or demands upon or against the Evtate of THOMAS WILLIAMS, late of Tirallen, in tbe parish of Llanwrda, in the County of Cardigan, Farmer, deceased (who died on the 14th day of November, 1868, intestate, and letters of administration, to whose estate and effects were on the 30th day of December, 1868, granted to John Nicholas, of Ochorfforest, in the parish of Llandingat, in the County of Carmarthen, Farmer, and William James, of Troedrhiwresker, in the parish of Llanwrda, aforesaid, Farmer, two of the lawful Nephews, and two of the next of kin of the said deceased, out of the District Registry of the Court of Probate, at Carmarthen) are hereby required to send in the particulars, in writing, of such claims or de- mands, and the nature of the securities (if any) held for the same to Thomas Jon-s, of Llandovery, in the said County of Carmarthen, Esquire, the Solicitor of the said Adminis- trators, on or belore the 15th day of March, 1869, after which day the said Administrators will proceed to distribute the assets of the said intestate, among the parties entitled thereto, having regard to the claims or demands only of which tbey shall have had Notice; and the said Adminis- trators will not be liable for the assets of the said intestate, so distributed, any part thereof, to any person or persons whomsoever, of whose claims or demands they shall not have had Notice, at the time of such distribution. And all debtors to the said Estate are required to pay the amount of their Debts forthwith to me on behalf of the said Adminis- trators. Dated this 3rd day of February, 1869. THOMAS JONES, s 11 Solicitor for the said Administrators. MARGARET TARDREW, DECEASED. IN Pursuance of an Act of Parliament made and JL passed in the 22nd and 23rd years of the reign of Her present Majesty, intituled "An Act to further amend the law of property, and to relieve trustees." Notice is Hereby Given, that all Creditors, and other persons having any claims or demands upon or against the Goods or Estate of MARGARET TARDREW, late of Croft Cottage, in the County of the Borough of Carmarthen, widow, deceased, (who died on the )6th day of May, 1868) and whose will was proved in the District Registry of Her Majesty's Court of Probate, at Carmarthen, on the 21st day of January, 1869, by Thomas George, the Executor therein named, are hereby required, on or before the 10th day of March, 1869, to send in written particulars of such claims or demands to me, the undersigned William Vaughan James, (the solicitor to the Executor) at my office, Hill Lane. in the Town and County of Haverford- west, after which day the said Executor will proceed to distribute the assets of the deceased among the persons entitled thereto, having regard only to the debts, claims or demands of which he shall then have had notice, and the said Executor will not be liable for the assets or any part thereof so dittributed to any person of whose claims or demands he shall not then ha/e had notice. Dated this 6th day of February, 1869. WILLIAM VAUGHAN JAMES, Solicitor to the Executor. Hill Lane, Haverfordwest. s 23 THE BANKRUPTCY ACT, 1861. In the Cuunty Court of CARMARTHENSHIRE, holden at LLANDILOFAWR. IN the Matter of THOMAS COLE, late of Kencoed, JL in the parish of Llanegwad, in the County of Carmarthen, Civil Engineer, adjudged bankrupt on the 16th day of October. 1866. A Meetinst of the Creditors of this Bankrupt will be held before the Registrar, at Liandilofawr, on the 5th day of March next, at 11 o'clock in the Forenoon, for the purpose of declaring a second Dividend, and also whether any adowance shall be made to the Bankrupt. Proofs of Debts will be received, and Creditors who have not yet proved, and do not then prove, will be excluded the benefit nr the niviiløntl RICHARD GARDNOR, s 38 High Bailiff. In the County of CARMARTHENSHIRE, Holden at CARMARTHEN. IN the Matter of Henry Bona, of No. 25, Spilman- JL street, Carmarthen, in the County of the Borough of Carmarthen, Bootmaker, Bootseller, and Grocer, a Bankrupt. Whereas at a Public sitting of the Court held this day, the Court granted an order of discharge to the said Bankrupt, Notice is Hereby Given, that an Order of Discharge will be delivered to the Bankrupt after the expiration of thirty da) s from this date, unless in the meantime an appeal be entered against the Judgment of the said Court. Dated this loth day of February, 1869. RICHARD GARDNOR, s 46 High Bailiff. GRANGE OF GWYDDGRYG INCLOSURE. ￼ EDWARD DAVID, of RADYR COURT, near I CARDIFF, in the County of Glamorgan, the Valuer acting in the matter of the Inclosure of t^e Waste Lands in the Grange of Gwyddgryg, situate in the parish of Llanfihangel-ar-Arth, in the County of Carmar- then. Hereby Give Notice, that a statement of all Claims received by me, in the matter of the said Inclosure, h, a been deposited at the Farmer's Arms Ion, Pencader, in the said Parish, for the inspection of all persons interested in the said Inclosure. And I further give Notice, that any objection to a Claim must be delivered in writing to me, and a Copy of such objection must also be delivered at the place of abode of the Claimant, or his Agent, on or before the Fifteenth day of March next. Given under my hand this 16th day of February, in the year of our Lord 1869. s 39 EDWARD DAVID. THE TIVY SIDE HUNT WEEK AND STEEPLE CHASES WILL TAKE PLACE On WEDNESDA Y, 31st MARCH, 1869. (JOHN BOULTBEE, ESQ., Stewards ? T. HARMAN BRENCHLEY, EsQ. THE WELTER STAKES. I A Sweepstakes of 4 Sovs. each, 1 forfeit (to the fund), with 40 added, for horses that bare been regularly hunted in Wales or Monmouthshire duiing the season 1868-9, and hate never won any race, in respect of which Racehorse duty was payable. Four-years-old, 11st 3lbs five years, 12st 4lbs; six years, 12st lOlbs; aged, 13st. Winners once, 71b twice, 101 b extra riders who have won a race with 100 added, 71b extra second to save bis stake. About 3 miles. THE TIVY SIDE STAKES. A Sweepstakes of 3 Sovs each, 1 forfeit (to the fund), with 30 added, for horses qualified as for the Welter Stakes Four-years-old, 9st 101b five years, 10st 111b; six years llst 31b aged, list 71b. Winners once, 71b; twice, 101b extra the winner of the Welter, 71b additional; ridrrs who have won a race with 100 added, 71b extra; second to save his stake. About 3 miles. THE PENYLAN PLATE. A Sweepstakes of 1 SOY. each, with 20 added by Morgan Jones, Esq., Master of the Tivy Side Hounds, for horses the property of Farmers or Tradesmen residing within the limits of the Tivy Side Hunt, and which has been their their property since 1st January, 1869 second to save his stake; catch weights. About 2 miles. THE FARMER'S RACE. A Sweepstakes of 1 Sov. each, with E 10 added for the winner, and £ 3 for the second, for horses the property of Farmers or Tradesmen residing within the limits of the Gogerddan, 'Vale of Ayron, Mr Powell's, or the Tivy Side Hunts, and which have been in their possession since 1st January, 1869; horses that have ever won X5, or have ever started for any Race or Steeplechase, in which the entire stake was worth Y,20, are excluded; catch weights. About 2 miles. PONY RACE. A Sweepstakes of 10s each, with X5 added for the winner and El for the second, for ponies not exceeding 14 handst qualified as in the Farmer's Race catch weights. Abou, 2 miles. NATIONAL STEEPLE CHASE RULES. All disputes to be settled by the Stewards, and their decisions to be strictly final. Three horses, the property of different persons, and out of different stables, to start for each race, or the added money will not be given. To enter for the Welter and Tivy Side Stakes in writing, on or before 15th March, to T. H. Brenchley, Esq., Glaneirw, Newcastle- Emlyn, enclosing Yi for forfeit, and naming colours, or the nomination will not be received. To enter for the Penylan Plate, Farmer's and Pony Races, and all Stakes to be paid to the Stewards, at the Lion Hotel, Cardigan, between 8 and 9 prn March 30th. The Tivy Side Hounds "ill meet on Tuesday and Thursday, and Balls will take place on each of those evenings. All enquiries to be addressed to T. H. Brenchley, Esq., as above. s 37 CARMARTHENSHIRE FARMER'S CLUB. rp HE next Quarterly Meeting of this Club will be -L held at the Cawdor's Arms, Llandilo, on Saturday, the 20th day of February, at 2 o'clock, p.m. The subject for discussion, The Taking of a Farm," will be introduced by Mr Footman. Ransoms and Sims' Swing Plough, Howards' Harrow, a Turnip Drill, a set of Draining Tools, an Iron Wheel- barrow, a Knife Rester, and six Dungforks, will be distri buted by lot. W. W. PROSSER, Hon. Sec. Alityferin, Nantgaredig, Feb. 15th, 1869. s 36 HE BURRY PORT AND GWENDRAETH VAL- LEY RAILWAY COMPANY. NOTICE is Hereby Given, that the Sixth Half-yearly I General Meeting of the Shareholders of the Burry Port and Gwendraeth^Val'ey Railway,Company, will be held at No. 80, Coleman-street, in the City of London, on Saturday, the 27th day of February, 1869, at 11 a.m. precisely. JOHN RUSSELL, Secretary. 80, Coleman-street. s 2i LLANDRINDOD WELLS, RADNORSHIRE. TWO SPACIOUS BOARDING OR LODGING HOUSES. TO be LET, from the 1st of May next, for a Term of -L 3 Years, with the option of a lease for 5 Years, Nos. 1 and 2, Norton Terrace. These newly erected Houses comprise every accoinmoda tion for Visitors to this far-famed Watering Place, and form the first pair of Houses on Norton Terrace, which will be ready for oocupation this year; they are immediately adjoining the Rock House Hotel, and fronting the New Park and Spa. No 1 consists of Kitchens, Back Kitchen, Pantry, Cellar, and 2 Servants' Apartments in the Basement. On the Ground Floor, spacious Entrance Hall, and 4 Private Rooms, each 15ft. 6:n by 14ft 6in. On the first and second Floors are 12 lofty and [spacious Bedrooms, with 2 Water- closets. There is attached to this House 800 square yards, or thereabouts, of garden ground. No 2 is similar in its larrangements, 'and"number of Rooms in Basement and ground Floor, to No.1, but has 2 extra Bedrooms, and 2 Linen Closets, and has attached to it 430 yards of garden ground. For further particulars, and to treat, apply to Mr Hurst, Llandrindod Wells, Newbridge-on-Wye, or Mr S. W. Williams, Land Agent and Surveyor, Rhayader, Radnor- shire. 8 34 ILLUSTRATED BOOKS FOR SALE.—CHEAP. THE following BOOKS, handsomely bound, are now -L for Sale at the WELSHMAN Office, Carmarthen, where they have been left for inspection by a Gentleman whe is reducing his Library .-Italy, with numerous fine steel engravings, 1 vol. The National Gallery, with beauti- ful plates, 4 vols. The Works of Burns, illustrated with steel engravings. 2 vols. Goldsmith's Animated Nature. wilh]eoloured plates (specimen copy), 2 vols. Stackhouses's History of tbel-Bible, with plates, 2 vols. The Geological Observer, 1 vol. Art Treasures, with numerous wood cuts, 1 vol. CARMARTHENSHIRE. SALE OF VALUABLE OAK, ASH, SYCAMORE, ALDER, AND OTHER TREES. MR JOHN THOMAS has been favoured with in- ?JL structions to SELL by AUCTION, at the Wilk's Heid, Llandyssil, on Tuesday, the 9th cf March, 1869, all that valuable Lot of Oak, Ash, Sycamore, Alder, and other Timber, now standing and growing on the Farms of Rhydybene, Tyhen, and Cwmcerrig, in the parish of Llangeler. All those marked with a scribe are reserved. The above is distant about 2 miles from Llandyssil Station on the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway. For further particulars, and view of the Timber, apply to Mr Samuel Evans, llhydybene, or to the Auctioneer. Sale to commence at 2 p.m. Stag Cottage, Feb. 17, 1869. s 41 EXTENSIVE SALE OF OAK, ASH, AND OTHER TIMBER TREES & POLES. MR WALTER LLOYD will SELL by AUCTION, irJL on THURSDAY, the 4th day of MARCH, 1869, at the Railway Tavern, Picton Ferry, St Clears, a large quantity of Oak, Ash, and other Timber Trees and Poles, now growing on the lands of Penycoed, Blamffynone, LI vynbychan, and Llwynpiod, in the parishes of St. Clears and Llangirming, all within a very abort distance of the St Clears Station on the South Wales Railway. Particulars will appear next week. s 42 SALE OF VALUABLE AND USEFUL TIMBER TREES AND POLES. jl/TR WALTER LLOYD will SELL by AUCTION, iti. on FRIDAY, the 5th day of MARCH, 1869, at the FAitmER's Aitms. WHITLAND, 1040 Oak, Ash, E)m, Larch, and Scotch Timber Trees and Poles, no" growing on the lands of Pwllywhead, within 200 yards of the Whitland Station on the South Wales Rsilway, and are well worth the attention of Timber Merchants and others. Sale to commence at 2 o'clock p.m. Mr Wm. Lewi., Scyborwyth, will show the Timber, and for further particulars apply to the Auctioneer. s 41 CARMARTHENSHIRE. SALE OF VALUABLE OAK POLES. ￼ JOHN THOMAS will SELL by AUCTION, n at the STAG and PHEASANT, in the parish of LLANLLAWDDOG, on Tuesday, the 2nd day of Maroh, 1869, a valuable Grove of OAK POLES, extending o.er 27a. 3r 2p., more or less, standing and growing on the Farm of Llanclynadda in the parish of Llaiillawddog. The Grove ur Timber is distant four miles from Pencader and Llan. pumpsaint Stations, on the Carmarthen and Cardigan Railway, with good roads leading thereto. For further particulars, and view of the Grove, apply to the Auctioneer. Credit according to conditions to be then and there produced. Stag Cotage, Llanllawddog, February 9th. 1869. s 27 MR J. HOWELL THOMAS'S ANNOUNCEMENTS. CARMARTHEN SHIRE. IMPORTANT SALE OF TIMBER. MR J. HOWELL THOMAS has been favoured iTi. with instructions to SELL by AUCTION, at the lvybutdb Royal Hotel, Carmarthen, at 3 o'clock in the afternoon, on Saturday, the 27th day of February, 1869, about 64 Acres of LARCH TIMBER of remarkably fine growth, now standing and growing on the Wenallt Estate, (near the Wenallt Residence) in the parish of Llanfihangel Abercowin, within 3 miles of tae St Clears Hallway Station, over capital roads. s 17 CARMARTHENSHIRE. SUNNY HILL, LAUGHARNE. ￼ J. HOWELL THOMAS will SELL by AUC- 1 TION, at the above place, on Tuesday, the 23rd February, 18t19, the whole of the MODERN HOUSE- HOLD FU RNI rUt-LE, and other Effects, comprising Dining, Loo, Occasional, and other Tables, Sofas, Easy, Arm, and other Chairs, Carpets, Hearth Rugs, Fenders, Fire Irons, Iron and other Bedsteads, Chests of Drawers, Wasbstands, Dressing Tables, Toilet Glasses, Wool and other Mattresses, Bolsters, Pillows, Kitchen and Culinary re- quisites, China, Glass, and Ware, and a variety of other articles, the property of a Gentleman leaving Laugharne. Further particulars will appear in Handbills. Sale to commence at 2 o'clock. Three Months' Credit on Conditions. 8 32 Carmarthen, Feb. 11th, 1869. CARMARTHENSHIRE. GLANGWILLY ESTATE. IMPORTANT AND EXTENSIVE SALE OF TIMBER. PRELIMINARY ANNOUNCEMENT. MR J. HOWELL THOMAS has .bn favoured 1'- with instructions to SELL by AUCTION, about the beginning of MARCH next, a PLANTATION, adjoin- ing the Stag and Pheasant, containing 4A. 2R, or there- abouts, of well grown Larch and Spruce Timber Trees, of great girth also a Grove, called CWMLLYDAN, containing about 35 Acres of Oak Poles and Cord wood. Full particulars will be duly announced. THE MANUFACTURE OF JEWELLERY. The striking development of Fine Art productions in this branch of the industrial trades since the period of the great Exhibition is admirably exemplified in a most interesting little work just published by Mr. J. W. BENSON, who holds the appoint- ment to H RH the Prince of Wales, and H H. the Maharajah of Burdwan, of 25, Old Bond Street; 99, West- bourne Grove; and the City Steam Factory, 58 and 60, Ludgate Hill. It is profusely illustrated with the most beautiful designs of Bracelets, Brooches, Earrings, Lockets, &c., &0, in every conceivable style, and with prices attached; and thus the intending purchaser is enabled to make a selection suited to his tiste, and have it forwarded to any part of the United Kingdom, India, or Jttj Colonies The price of this most useful guide is Twopence, for which it is forwarded post free, and to any one who contemplates a purchase, either for personal wear or for a wedding, birth-day, Christmas, or other present, it will be found of the very greatest service. u 16 ¡
I MECHANICS' INSTITUTIONS IN WALES. Experience seems to prove that lectures of almost every kind are a failure, not only financially, which is least important, but also in leading to any useful result. At any rate, the results are very rarely seen, and whenever found it is only after great research. They are, at best, only a kind of literary titillation, and the effects they produce are most fleeting. The only machinery for imparting solid instruction, so as to make it maintain its hold on the people for whom it is intended, is classes. but these classes, as a general rule, must have a clearly defined object in view. A class formed for the mere acquisition of a language or a science o any kind whatever, without some inducement being held out to the student to be diligent, nearly always fails; the scholars after awhile become languid, it may almost be said inert, and the class eventually dies. The best remedy for this is to get a number of young men or young women to enter for the examinations conducted by the Government Science and Art Department, or by the Society of Arts. This has been tried in many institutions, and has rarely-we do not know that it has ever, been known to fail in keeping the class together, and forming a most valuable educational agent to the town in which it was located. At Pembroke-Dock classes have for some time been formed annually, the members training themselves for the examina- tion by the Society of Arts. last year there was an increase of members, and out of ten who under- went the final examination, after instruction by Mr Fitze, the teacher, every one was successful in getting certificates-namely, seven third class, and five second class-in the various subiects in which they competed. Amongst these was one lady. At Llanelly, again, art classes have been formed, under the superintendence of Mr Thomas Morgan, of the pattern department, Wern Iron Works, who holds a Government certificate, and is a gold medalist. These are not, we hear, extraordinarily popular, but they continue in existence, and are useful, which are the great points. They are mostly composed of young persons, varying from thirty to forty or fifty in number. They are in connection with the Science and Art Department. Classes were also formed last winter for the study of English and Mathematics, two very important branches of edu- cation to the working classes, and upwards of sixty names were enrolled. A geological class was also formed, but fell through, partly from the want of a head to direct the course of study, and partly from inanition. The fact is, there was no soul in it; and after a conflict of opinion as to whether field geology or book geology is the best mode of studying the science, the class dissolved without studying either the one or the other to any con- siderable extent. Now, had this class, which was a good one, communicated with the Government examiners, and obtained information as to the best course to pursue, we might have had a body of young men with considerably broader views of the world and its changes than they have now and the noble collection of specimens which the institution possesses-a collection not equalled in the Princi- pality, and not surpassed by the museum of any other similar institution—would be freely studied, instead of being almost entirely neglected the con- tents of the cases would be regarded more as in- teresting companions and friends, whose qualities it is alike our duty as our interest to study, than as a few toys or gewgaws, the only quality of which, apparent to our senses, is that which would com- mend itself to a child-their glitter. In short, if a geological class were properly directed in Llanelly, some of the thousands who toil in its collieries and iron works would know more about their business, and be more valuable workmen; the committee of the institution would not have vainly spent on the museum a large sum of money, and the magnificent room in which it is placed would not be deserted as it is. This noble collection to which we refer is the gift of Lord Cawdor, and we look forward to the time when the pains and money which have been expended in classifying, cleaning, and arranging it, will be justified by a large number of young men and women, making it an occasional haunt for in. struction and relaxation. While upon the subject of failures, we may mention that a botanical]; class has also been formed, and failed. However, it is useless to despair, and it is to be hoped that Mr W. H. Nevill, Mr Mainwaring, Mr Innes, Mr C. N. Broom, and others interested in the scientific education of the people, will not relax their efforts in the pursuit of that object, which must eventually be accomplished. Debating classes have also been held at Pembroke-Dock and Llan- elly, and these have had a better fate. They have to struggle for existence, but generally they succeed; and although they are sneered at in many high quarters, they do not deserve it, for undoubtedly they are capable of effecting great good. Instead of scoffing at them it would be wise to try and direct their deliberations into healthy channels. At Car- marthen the debating class is the only one in existence. Others have been tried and have failed; but we hope by another winter to see more classes in operation. There is teaching power enough. We believe, then, that experience shows classes to be the best educational agents in connection with Mechanics' Institutions if properly conducted, and if a definite object be aimed at. Good classes imply energy and able management in an institution, and their absence the reverse; they show, more than anything else, its worth as a public instructor. No institution worthy of the name ought to be without classes, not for the purpose of teaching that which anybody can learn in a day or night-school, but that which young men and young women acquire after leaving school-such as languages, art and scientific subjects, history, and political economy. Of the latter, too often, a deplorable ignorance prevails. and it would be the healthiest of all signs, in the face of present and impending changes if, during the next winter, a class, be it ever so small, were formed at every institution, for the study of political economy. A good, well-conducted class surpasses in the certain acquirement of knowledge, either the library or reading-room. For instance, we may see men thronging the reading-stands and devouring the newspapers and periodicals, but it is doubtful whether the ready-made opinions found there, and the fleeting impressions, written in the hurry and turmoil of life, and read in a similar mood, are of any benefit whatever as an intellectual exercise; nay, setting aside its value as a medium of information, it is open to question whether news- paper-reading, daily pursued, beyond a certain extent, is not absolutely pernicious, and damaging o the strength of the intellect, unless accompanied by sterner studies. Again, we may see that at -lanelly, in 1868, of the 158 volumes on science and art, at present in the library, there were 360 issues, or that of the 256 volumes of history and antiquities there were 293 issues; but that shows only a doubt- ful value, for how few know how to read with profit. But when we are told that a certain number of pupils belonging to certain classes, have actually undergone the test of examination, and have won a certificate of more or less proficiency, we have direct proof of diligent and valuable study. Our remarks, of course, are comparative, and while we rejoice to see that the 602 members of the Llanelly Institution have taken their 2,118 books from the library 5,010 times, we should almost be better pleased if one half of them could show a Government certificate of pro- ficiency in any subject, even though that certificate were only of the lowest grade. In classes the pro- gress is slow but sure, and as it has been well remarked, the teacher grapples with ignorance hand to hand; in reading a book or a newspaper, the reader hurries along, and unless a strong will im- pels him to hard work, his reading is indolently pursued and rarely retained. The Library of Reference may be made very useful to the frequenters of the class room, but to meet this view it requires to be amplified. As many technical books as possible should find a permanent place in the Reference Library, especially those on architecture, chemistry, metallurgy, mechanism and mathematics. If a little apparatus could be acquired, it is very useful in winning the interest of men, no very easy task after a hard day's work. A word ought to be said in favour of amusements. The Mechanics' Institutions are in conflict with the public houses and other places of resort for the possession of the young men of our towns. The publics move heaven and earth to secure attractions. They provide billiards, or bagatelle, newspapers, warm, cheerful rooms, in which is plenty of com- pany and free and easy conversation. Some offer a game at dominoes or draughts, and some are now actually taking in Monthly Magazines. Could not our Institutions run a keener race in this respect ? Why not devote a room to chat, to billiards, or bagatelle, to draughts, or chess, or to a gymnasium ? Why should even the pipe or the cigar be banished ? To this room any members might turn in for a time. and many, perhaps, would be kept from baser pleasures, and a growing evil would be abated. It may be urged that the liquor can never be competed with but is it the liquor, or the company and the etceteras, which attract ? A personal visit to a few of the pet houses affected by various sections of the young men of our towns would soon convince anyone that it is the latter, as much as the former. At Llan- elly, there is a chess or free and easy room, and at a few other places they allow draughts and similar games in the reading-room but the best thing of the kind we know of is in connection with the Tenby Working Men's Club, where the reading room is upstairs the room underneath being devoted to all kinds of games, and amusements. This room is occasionally used for a reading, or lecture, in aid of the Institution, and the performers working gratis, the gross proceeds are all profit. The system works admirably, and is much enjoyed by the members. This useful little club was started by C. Allen, Esq., who built the premises where the club makes its home, and either presented it to the members, or holds it on mortgage, we cannot exactly say. We should like to see the experiment tried in other places, as most Institutions have a spare room which, for the most part, lies idle all the year round. At Carmarthen, there is such a room which, at a little expense, might be profitably employed, and converted into a source of attraction to the Institution. We are not inclined to run a tilt against public houses. They always will exist, and it is only fair that they should; but we must not let them have all the young people to them- selves. In the employment of the leisure hour, when business cares are thrust aside, and the jaded mind and body seek relaxation, we find a clue to a man's inner life, to what he really is; and if the friends of many a nice, frank, open-faced young man knew how he spent his leisure, the knowledge would make them stare with no slight astonishment. We ought to fight for the possession of our young people, and neither entreaty, persuasion, nor attrac- tions of any kind ought to be neglected. By securing them, we not only prevent moral degrada- tion, but we prevent the dreadful spendthrift policy for, beyond doubt, many a young man spends as much in a month as would frank him in the Mechanics' Institution for a year. A great deal, which we have not space to devote to, might be said on the work of Mechanics' Institu- tions. For instance, it is wrong to open up so many channels of improvement to working-class men, and leave the women uncared for,—each ought to be fitted for the society of the other; and now, that the problem of woman's employment is crying for solution; now, that woman is too often either a toy or a drudge, it indicates that radical changes may be expected in their general training. Again, there is the question of adult education in our country villages and small towns, in many of which drun- kenness prevails to an alarming extent, simply because there is little else to do in the shape of kill- ing time. There is work to be done in this direction, and much depends upon the clergy and ministers of religion, whose influence is very great. Let it be exercised in the moral improvement of the people. Judging the Institutions as a whole, experience shows that they are most prosperous where the working classes take them in hand vigorously; and that where they fail to win the sympathy of the working class and fall into other hands, they are either languid, or are kept healthy by an increased subscription. For instance, at Llanelly and Pem- broke-Doek the subscription is five or six shillings a year; at Carmarthen, where few working men attend, it varies from ten to twelve shillings per year. Experience seems also to prove that the best way to attract the working classes is by providing plenty of amusement and recreation, together with instruction leading up to something tangible, to some material advantage. The Government certificates, it is notorious, are a very great advantage to their holders; and every town can point to young men who have won them, and who hold a superior position and take a superior salary in consequence. At Llanelly and other places, where these attrac- tions are held out, the working classes attend mode- rately well; at Carmarthen, where there is nothing offered but the library and the news-room, they are very scantily represented. There is no doubt that Institutions, even though of the simplest kind, are doing a good and an important work, and although they ought to be self-supporting as a rule, they richly deserve the moral countenance and the material assistance of those who have regard to the future prosperity of their country. Truth to tell, we would prefer seeing more active, personal inte- rest on the part of the higher classes than some amount of pecuniary assistance, for we believe it would have the effect of rendering the Institutions more popular. Like missionary and agricultural societies, and philanthropic institutions, they are greatly assisted by the direct encouragement of a few lead- ing men. There is no doubt that they will receive an increasing amount of support, for the old adage that a little learning is a dangerous thing is very nearly exploded and almost every one agrees with an author who has happily remarked that it is like a little money, very good so far as it goes."
1 TIVY SIDE STEEPLECHASES. As we announced a week or two ago, these steeple- chases will come off during the Easter week. In our advertising columns to-day appears the pro- gramme of the meeting, and it will be found quite as attractive as any that have preceded it. Fears were entertained that when Mr Brigstocke of Gellydywyll left this part of the country for awhile, it would be scarcely possible to continue a meeting which owed its existence almost if not altogether to his exertions; but though the meeting passes from Mr Brigstocke's able management for a time it is consolitory to know that in Mr Brenchley a most worthy successor has been found. It is only right that we should say thus much of Mr Brig- stocke, whose courtesy and ability we have often experienced and had much pleasure in noticing. We have remarked that the programme is this year as attractive as usual. It is true that last year Mr Jones and Mr Pugh, the late esteemed Members for the County, gave a X50 plate, which has not this year been continued by their successors; but the sum total added this year falls short of last year's money by 92 only. Mr Jones, Penylan, gives a X20 plate, to be contested by horses the property of farmers or tradesmen residing within the limits of the Tivy Side Hunt. This is a new feature, and will doubtless attract a good entry. The Welter and Light Weight races, too, will scarcely be of less interest simply because the added money is less by £10 in each race. There are Y,13 added to the Farmers' Stakes, as compared with L15 last year and X6 is the added money for ponies, as usual. There are, therefore, five races, for which X109 will be added, as compared with illl last year. Hence we may reasonably anticipate an excellent day's racing, which, with the hunt and balls, will make the week's enjoyments equal in interest to those of former years.
ELECTION OF ALDERMAN AT PEMBROKE. We have much pleasure in stating that Mr Jonas Dawkins has been unanimously elected Alderman of the Borough, in the room of the late Dr Jones. This honour has not come too soon. Mr Dawkins had for many years filled a distinguished and useful place in the Town Council, and no man ever occu- pied the civic chair with more ability and prudence- But circumstances occurred through which he lost his seat in the Council, to the regret of every one. On the first occasion that has since presented itself, the Council has promptly repaired the wrong it unconsciously inflicted on the town, by electing Mr Dawkins alderman with peculiar honour every Councillor having cordially assented to the election. There were seventeen present at the meeting, and those who were absent expressed their sentiments freely in support of the motion. It gives us unfeigned pleasure to make this announcement.
I PEMBROKE STEEPLECHASES. Although the fixture for this meeting has not been made, we hear that it is likely to come off during the first week in April, the week succeeding the Tivy Side Meeting. The programme, which will be issued in a few days, will, we are told, be full of interest. Following the example of their neigh- bours, there will be an open stakes, but contested, we presume, over the old banking country. Plates will also be given by Mr Scourfield and Mr Meyriek, the respected Members for the county and boroughs There will also be a Farmer's race, a pony race and probably a Garrison stakes so that there will be sport enough for one day to gratify anyone. Mr John Hitchings, the veteran secretary of this meet- ing, is still at his post, and we are glad to learn that he is receiving greater support on this than on recent occasions.
CARMARTHEN RIFLE VOLUNTEERS.—At a recent meeting of the Council of the Carmarthen companies, it was resolved to give each company 110 from the dona- tion by Mr Parnall, and another 45 each. The last sum will be devoted to prizes for encouraging efficiency. SUDDEN DEATH.—On Saturday, an inquest was held at Llanfallteg, before Geo. Thomas, Jisq., coroner, touching the death of Evan Bowen, of LI wyncelyn, near Llanboidy. It appeared that the deceased had been ailing, and on the previous -day had been for medicine to Llanboidy. He was seen returning towards his home on horseback, and subsequently found lying on the road, quite dead, his horse grazing close by. The jury returned a verdict of Died from natural causes." ANOTHER SUDDEN DEATH.—An inquest was also held at Pencnwc, in the parish of Llangan, on Saturday, before Geo. Thomas, Esq., coroner, touching the death of Benjamin Evans, aged seventy years, who was found dead near his cottage, called Nebo, where he lived alone. Evidence was given showing that the deceased had long been afflicted with a disease of the chest, and the jury returned a verdict of "Died from natural causes." CARMARTHEN MUNICIPAL ELECTIONS,-Two extra- ordinary vacancies have occurred in the Town Council' —one through the death of the late Mr John Adams, and the other in consequence of the election of Mr John Thomas to the office of aiderman, in the room of Capt. G. Philipps. For Mr Adams's seat Mr David Lewis, corn merchant, King-street, and Mr William Lewis, contractor, Picton-place, were nominated, but the former has we understand retired. For the other vacant seat Mr Thomas Jones, late ironmonger, Guildhall-square, and Mr J. Howell Thomas, Starling Park, have been nominated, and an active canvass is being prosecuted on behalf of each candidate. The ;elections will take place on Monday next, and up to the present time we have not heard of any opposition to the return of Mr William Lewis. COUNTY PETTY SESSIONS. On Saturday, before Captain Davies, Grismond Philipps, Esq., the Ven. Arch- deacon Williams, and W. E. B. Gwyn, Esq. The only cases were charges of wounding and killing a mare and stealing a bridle, against William Jones, Cwm, St.' Ishmael. It appeared that on the night of the 6th inst., a horse, the property of Mr Rees, Cwmburry, was taken from the stable, and found by David Jones on the railway, very seriously wounded, and soon afterwards it died. The intestines were torn frightfully. The prisoner's coat was found on the railway, and his hat not far from the same place. P.C. Kendall produced a shirt stained with blood, taken from the prisoner, whom he apprehended. He told the constable he had lost his coat and hat. He was merely in service at Cwmburry. The bridle was kept in the stable with the mare, and was found by the policeman secreted in the prisoner's bed room. The prisoner was committed for trial. MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT TO A WEDDING PARTY.— THE BRIDEGROOM DROWNED.—Last Tuesday a farmer, named Samuel Thomas, of Tralbach, near Conwil, came to Carmarthen, and was married at the registrar's office to Mary Griffiths, daughter of Howell Griffiths. This newly married pair, accompanied by the bride's father, and Benjamin Evans, left Carmarthen in a cart, about 4 o'clock. About C o'clock they reached the Cwmgwili Arms, and there they drank two quarts of ale. On leaving they went on all right till they came to the scene of the accident near the Rock and Fountain Inn Benja- min Evans, the owner of the cart was driving, and it was getting dark. About 20 yards on the Carmarthen side of the Rock and Fountain the horse, which was a quiet animal, about 10 years old, shied and started, and they were in the river before they could do anything." They could see the river, and all knew the road quite well, but it was a very rough night with high wind and rain. The water was up to Howell Griffiths' middle, but he lost all consciousness, and afterwards, when he came to, he found his daughter, the bride, wiping his face on the bank. Evans and the bride seem to have got out, but nothing could be seen of the unfortunate bridegroom, and all efforts to find him proved fruitless. A policeman named Lewis reached the spot about 9 o'clock, and with some others searched the river. They found the two wheels about 200 yards below the scene of the accident, about half-past 10 and the cart and horse about 200 yards below the wheels, in the middla of the river. The horse appeared to be lately dead. The deceased could not be found. Early in the morn- ing, however, his body was recovered, together with the cart and horse, which had gone lower down the stream than it was the night before. The water had subsided and deceased had the driving rein twisted round his body, and was thus securely fastened to the cart and horse. He was quite dead, and in his pocket 112 13s. and his keys. The road is about 12 feet above the river it is not a perpendicular precipice, but slants a little. Deceased was 44 years of age. An inquest was held before G. Thomas, Esq., and a verdict of Acci- dental death returned.