AGRICULTURE. 11 Government's Policy of Protection., THE PREMIER S SPEECH. i The Prime Minister yesterday delivered his promised speech to agriculturists, at the Caxton Hall, Westminster, and placed before a representative gathering of the industry the Government's policy. The farmer, he said, stood in need of protection, and he wnuld get it. The first was security to the cultivator against ruin from the violent fluctuations of- foreign agriculture. The land was increasingly pe66ing into the market, and the farmer conse- quently stood in need of special protection. It was proposed tenancy should not be affected by notice to quit for the purpose of raising the rent, but that the new ren: should be fixed either by mutual agreement or arbitration. Regarding the question of credit Mr. Lloyd George said he was looking to the great banking coooerns to be helpful, but. the Government were determined to leave nothing undone to put the industry upon a satisfactory basis, and credit facilities were a neceseity. With reference to transport, it vae h oped to arrange rates so as not to handi- cap farmers. 1 Lord Leo of Fareham presided, and Mr. Lloyd George, who had a most enthu- siastic reception, said although agricul- ( ture was the greatest industry in the State very little bad been done in recent & generations to foster it in this country. 1 He hoped now that a new era was be- ginning in the relations of the State with agriculture. We discovered during the war that neglect of this essential indus- try had brought the nation to the verge of a great disaster. If Germany had pur- « sued the same agricultural policy as we I" had pursued, and neglected agriculture as we had done, Germany would have col- ■y lapsed within a year. It was because Germany had pursued a different policy that, in spite of the blockade, and with much, poorer soil than ours, she was able to hold out for four years. Giving comparative figures to show how much more per acre Germany had been able to produce from the soil than Great Britain, the Prime Minister also referred to the case of Denmark as an example of r what can be done if there was a real partnership between the State and Agri- culture. ADVERSE TRADE BALANCE. I This country, he said, was now suffer-, ing from an adverse balance of traae, I and there was only one way to put that ? right. Every industry had to increase ? production, and, as agriculture was the I greatest of all industries, it must have l the greatest share in that increase. It was computed that we could raise in this country in food commodities £ 15U,000,000 worth which was now brought from abroad. If we could do that the sovereign I would look up. ¡ As the result of the special effort in 1917 the production of the United King- dom was increased by one and three- quarter million acres. That made an enormous difference, not merely in the I price of food, but in freeing shipping for the conveyance of war materials for the men who were fighting for our lives. Be- ¡ tor the war three-fifths of the grain con3mued in this country was imported. After the war three-fifths was produced here, and only two-fifths imported. That I, was the result of the Corn Production Act, which gave security to the farmer. The State had not lost money by the guarantee. Not a single penny had passed from the pockets of the general tax- payers to that of any agricultural inter- est. (Cheers). The Act had kept the price of the loaf from going up, and it had enabled the farmer to pay higher wages, with reduced hours of labou r, and had stimulated the employment of lab- our-saving machinery. This had been done without the loss of a single penny to the State. RESTORATION OF AGRICULTURE. We needed to go further yet in the re- storation of agriculture. Since 1870, 4,600,000 acres of arable land had gone out of cultivation. We had restored 1,750,000. If we are to go forward we must have a settled policy with regard to agricul- i tare. (Cheers). The first c<)ndition wa, security to the cultivator against nun from the violent fluctuations of foreign agriculture. The farmer, who was aslrer! to take a risk, demanded a guarantee from the State that he would not be J dragged into the ehaem as he was in 1879. He argued that if prices abroad were not likely to fall to the pre-war prices the guarantee oould not be given without risk. The Prime Minister agre-d that all the elements that make prices indicated dearly that we were not going to get from abroad the cheap grain we bad be- fore the war, and he thought it war, es- eential that a guarantee should be given. The amount and the period of the guar- antee were the subject of examination by I a commission, and, as to the period, he would only say that it must cover a sufficient number of years to make the I farmer feel it was worth his while to break up land. There were other elements which were disturbing cultivation. Land in increas- iug quantities was passing into the mar- ket. Before this ye-ar ended over a mil- lion acres would have changed hands. The Board said severe things about landowners -(laughter)-but at any rate they had not been a profiteering class, and their patriotism during the war had been an inspiration and an example. Their bur- dens had enormously increased, and he was afraid they would find it impossible to maintain their positions without part- ing with a good deal of their land. I SPECIAL PROTECTION. I In these circumstances the farmer stood in need of special protection, and it was proposed that he should be secured in his tenancy, unless the land was sold either for public purposes, or a case could be made for his beng a bad cultivator. In case where notiee to quit was given in order to raise the rent, it was proposed that the tenancy should not be affected, hut the new rent should be fixed, either by agreement between the parties, or, failing agreement, by an arbitrator ap- pointed in the usual way. Therp would. therefore, be a guarantee of the State and guarantee of the land- lords. and the farmer himself must give a guarantee that he would do his best to increase the maximum production. Under the Corn Production Act there was power to deal with the slack farmer. There was nl) room for h:m in this country. In regard to the agricultural labourer he had the guarantee of a maximum wage, and he wa. all for his getting a good minimum w age. The agricultural I labourer would, however, make a mis- take if he were to take advantage of the present labour shortage to drive too hard a bargain—(cheers)—and to insist upon conditions which would make national production impossible in this country. there must be co-operation among all classes to make this a success. THE QUESTION OF CREDIT. There was also the question of credit, j He was looking to the great banking concerns to be helpful in this respect, but the Government were determined to leave nothing undone to put the industry upon a satisfactory basis, and they re- giirded credit facilities as a necessity, if this object was to be secured. The development of transport facili- ties was another essential to a revival in agricultural prosperity, and he hoped it would be possible to arrange rates so as not to handicap the farmer. In conclusion, he said he would like to see strong and J*Sld steps taken to lure the population back to the land. There was much to be done for the re- generation of rural life in England. They wanted more cottages with land at- tached, and a development of rural in- dntries. Tbeir object must be to make England a garden ringing with cheerful and contented life. ( Cheers.)
KILL THAT RAT. i I- Llaneliy's Campaign. The national campaign for the extermina- tion, of rats is now being helfi in all Darts of the country. The Medical Officer of Health informed the Llanelly Health Com- mittee of the Corporation that he had dis- tributed two brands of rat virus for use in the Market, dock warehouses, and isolation hoepital grounds. He bod been approached by the Great Western Railway Company to co-operate with them, and he would be glad to receive the instructions of the oommittee respecting any further action. The committee gave the Medical Officer of Health power to aesist as much as pos- sible in the campaign
Y CARTREF. Presentation to Assistant Matron. After the usual business of the Visit- ing Committee (Cottage Homes) on [Tuesday, the Chairman (Mr. David Grey), on bohalf of the Swansea Board of Guardians, presented a silver cake basket to Miss Annie Cooper, senior assistant matron for the past seven years, who recently relinquished her ser- vic-es to be married. The Chairman referred to her high and noble character, and the esteem in which the recipient was held by all sec- tions at the home, and this was endorsed by other members of the Board. Miss Cooper took a keen interest in temper- ance, and was an active, worker and member at Cartref Band of Hope since its inception
Clirissi.! White end Hy Edwards in "His Dearest Possession," • Oast I e Cinema Thurs- day. Friday and Saturday.
£ 29,500. Total for the Singleton Sale. i Thp definite total in connection with! the Singleton sale is expected to amount. to £ 29,500. The biggest single day's total was last Friday's, when the pictures formed the chief items on the catalogue, and £ 8,467 was realised. The auctioneer's staff will be at Single- ton for a few days vet, although the grounds are already under the charge of Corporation keepers, etc.
Chrissie White and Hv. Edwards in His Dearant Possession." Oas'le Cinema. Thurs- day, Friday, and Saturday.
THEATRE TRAIN TIME. We are asked to state that the Theatre tra':n to Ystfilyfera on Thursday night will leave the St. Thomas Midland Rnil- way Station at 10.35. and not alt 10.50 as previously annot noed The tra;n will call at every station up the valley
i I Book .Ton Seats now fo: Commercial t [Travellers' Semi-National Eisteddfod Albert I .Uall. iie* ember 1st. X. IU.
THE DAIRY MAIDS. I A charming study at the Dairy Shaw at the Agricultural Hall, Islington.—(Photo: N.I.).
LUCKY MAN. ¡ Gift of House to Mr. j. H. Thomas. In recognition of Mr. J. H. Thomas's service's during the railway strike (the Daily Sketch announces) railwayman are combining to buy him a £ 2,000 house at Dulwich. It is also stated that a special conference of N. U.R. delegates is I to be held in London next mouth to con- sider suggested alterations of rules. Proposals will be submitted that, in- stead of the office of secretary being divided into two parts, Parliamentary and industrial, as was at one time mooted, Nir. Thomas shall enjoy the same status as he now does, but that his salary shall be increased. Mr..Walter Hudson will probably re- tire from the office of assistant secretary, having nearly reached the 65 years' age limit laid down by the union for its officials, and his nlace is expected to be taken hv Mr. C. T. Cramp, the present president. 1- INCREASED SALARY. -1 Mr. Thomas wiil remain as. general secretary. The salary of Mr. Thomas was increased at the last annual confer- ence from £ 350 a year to £ 700. He draws JL150 for his work in control of Uio insurance section. When the new increase is decide*' upon he hid" fnir to be the highest-paid Labour leader in the I kingdom. This record was at one time held by I j Mr. W. Davis, secretary of the Brass- I- i)t", i? workers' Union, bn: .h. b?'sispaida commission on the number of members, and. with the increased cost of livins, cannot now be nearly so well off as Mr. Thomas will be. Themoyement by a small number of members to prevent Mr. Thomas holding the position of M.P. as well as his trado union post has failed, so that, all things considered, the raihvaymen's tribute to their chief is anproaching the remark- able.
Semi-National Eisteddfod A.Ili-rt Tlall. November 1 Great Mimical Treat. T.C.
SWANSEA LIBRARY. I Deputation Waits on Food I Control Committee. d t u ¡ A deputation consisting of Messrs. J. Moy Evans and Salter (librarian) waited on the Swansea Food Control Committee on Tuesday on behalf of the Swansea Library Committee with regard to the continued occupation of the Library by the executive offieer and hi6 staff. f It was explained that the deputation should have waited upon the ParliamphtHty Committ-ee who had authority through the Council on these matters. The Chairman, however, promieed to put the views of the deputation before ithe Council
THE KING'S FUND. I The treasurer of the King's Fund for thp Disabled, Millbank House, Millbank, London, S.W.I. has received the sum of nn 10s. as a contribution from the Swan- I fita Hide and Skin Market, Ltd.
DRAPERS' PROFITS. ￼ Policy of Self-Control. Mr. McCurdy, Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food, told a confer- ence of drapers in London yesterday that British traders had in their hands the power Hot only to limit profits to what was fair and reasonable, but to educate and I'.tore public confidence. 11 was a simple business proposition, for the public would be satisfied if traders could pcrsnad-c them that profits were not unreasonable. He hesitated to give any advice to busi- ness men, but he would suggest that it might be a good method to star I by say- ing to their ndvertising experts; We want to convince the public that there is no profiteering iu this h(¡nq( of business, i Wo want you to explain that to the pub- lie-liere. are the facts and figures by which we car, justify that claim. PJJBLIC THE JUDGLK. I Reasonableness is a question of opinion. The public in a democratic country is the final judge. They are the people you have ? tic, I)cKy got to convince. My advice would bo not! to wait, but to start and do it noiv. As he understood, said Mr. McCurdy, the scheme which their council had pre- pared was one that would ensure that in every di\ipery establishment there would bo all necessary aitides, from costumes and hosiery, flannels and sheets, down to tea cloths and towel- offered at a moderate and reasonable rate of profit, and with the guarantee of the Drapers' Chamber of Trade behind them—a guar- y.tti^e that the articles so offered were good value for money, that tlw profit on them did not exceed, a limiWl and reason-, able amount.. Tt premature to discuss details. Tie welcomed the broj>rl outline of the scheme, Mid, still more, the spirit in which it vas brought forward.
LLANELLY FIRE BRIGADE. Why They Turned Out. At Llanelly Borough Rr-ruis Oommiltee on Monday night, the captain of the Fire Rrisade (Superintendent S. Jones) reported that the brigade were called to Toft Cottages, but on arriving upon the scene, discovered that no fire had taken place. Councillor Evan Roberts: Who wa-s res- ponsible for the false alarm? The Town Clerk (Mr. H. W. Spowart): It appears that one of the firemen, on hear- ing the cry of "Fire!" in the street, and seeing smoke coming from the direction of Toft Ootta-gee, rushed to the Fire Brigade Station, and gave the alarm. The Chairman (Councillor W. E. Clement): Doe* he get a fee for turning out on that occasion ? Councillor J. Walter Thomas: Certainly. I The Chairman (jocularly): He ouarht t() 1 be docked OXEN-STREET FIRE. i The report, also stated that a fire occurred in Oxen-street, several cottages bein I damaged through the thatched i, c, P, fi catching fire. The damage caused to build- ings amounted to and furniture was d:imaged to the extent -0f fi2-i. Alderman Griffiths: One thousand and j thirty pound. The whole street must bare i beau burnt dowii. (Laughter.J J
YEAST DEALERS. — Alleged Interference With Employe. Interference with an employe on tlia part of a yeast dealers' association was alleged in an action opened in the Chan- cery Division on Tuesday, before Mr. Justice P. O. Lawrence. Plaintiff was: Mr. TVm. John Davies, 18, Eastland-1 road, Neeth, and the defendants Mr.' William Thomas, Smith-terrace, Odd-; fellows-street, Ystradgynlais, Mr. Jonah Reynolds, Picton House St. Cle.ar; Mr. i William Rice, o, Ernald-place, Uplands, Swansea; and Mr. Thomas David Wil- liams, 21, Bellevue-street, Swansea. De-> fendants are respectively the chairman,' vice-ohairipan, treasurer, and secretary.! of the Wet, and Mid-Wales Yeast, Dealers' Association. Plaintiff claimed1? damages for injuries which be al-i leged he had received by defendants'; action, and asked for an injunction to restrain them from interfering with any. person or corporation employed by tbo pkintilf or doing anything which might, cause them to break their contract with, the plaint-iff Mr. Owen Thompson, K.C., with Mr.: Roope Reeve (instructed by Messrs.- Corbin, Greener, and Cook) appeared fer- the plaintiff, and Mr. C. E. E. Jenkins, K.C.. and Mr. Lyttleton Chubb (in- struetod by Messrs. Indermawr and Brown) for the defendants. ALLEGED COERCION. Mr. Owen Thompson, K.C. said plain- tiff's claim was based on the coercion brought to benr on his employer by tha association which reunited in the pbiint.iff being discharged without any fault be- ing found with him by his employer. The association comprised 30 members, who were dealers in yeast, and operated over a considerable area in Wales. In. 1917 plaintiff, then an insurance agent, was engaged by Mr. Thomas D. Williams, the secretary of the association, and a wholesale and retail yeast dealer, as his agent in and'about Neath at a salary of H2 a week and 2s. commission, on each basket of yeast he sold above eix. Mr. Williams had 21 branches in this business, and his head office was at Swansea. Plaintiff remained in his position until February of 1:119. At first his sales in- creased, but, owing to the shortage of yeast, they fell off. Meanwhile, his salary had been increased to S2 15s. per week, with 2s. commission on each basket bo sold over seven. Certain criticisms were mado by Mr. Williams, and on January I J, 1919, plaintiff gave a month's notice. Subeequent'y plaintiff was engaged by Mr. Morgan Hopkins at a salary of £3 a wee k. PROMISE OF NOTiCE. On March 6 a meeting of the association. was held, at which, ittid counsel, it was alleged that Mr. Hopkins wa& employing defendant contrary to the rules of the Association, and Mr. Hopkins thereupon promised to give Mr. Davies one month's notice. Plaintiff received a letter, dated March 15, from hii; employer, who wrote: I regret owing to the association rules to give you a month's notice from this date." Counsel continued that pressure was brought to bear by the association, and that Mr. Hopkins was not a willing dis- charger of the plaintiff. The result was that plaintiff was out of employment nntil July 1, 1919. Defendants pleaded that they had no control over the affairs ef members of the association, other than, such powers a& were conferred by tho rules, and denied the allegations of plain- tiff. Mr. Jenkins, K.C., submitted thSt assuming' plaintiff was right against thn defendants, ho must be satisfied with judg- ment against them, and not against the Trade Union, as such. The hearing was adjourned until Wed- nesday.
Male Voice Competition £ 50: Children's Ihoir. £ 10. Champion Solo. S5 5s at Semi. Jsational Eisteddfod, November 1
COUNTY SCHOOLS. "kLli ￼ ?l, i Position of Noath and I Aberavon. I The Glamorgan Education Committea at Cardiff on Tuesday cc- idered a sug- gestion from the building •sub-commit- tee directing what steps should now be taken towards erecting a new intermediate school at Keath. and alter- ing the existing school at Port Talbot in accordance with the plans that were some time ago prepored by the architect and submitted to the Board of Educa- tion. '1 !io ( lock (Mr. T. Manseli Franklen) suggested that in view of the early prn- bability of Xeath becoming a countv borough, and out of the jurisdiction of the county authority, the Coimritteo would be unwise in entering into any I c, expenditure tor Neath, wiien they, as' a county authority, did not know at'the moment what was going to happen. Aid. Hopkin Jlorgan (cth): I do not think that for the moment Neath contemplates becoming a county borougH. Major David (Port Talbot): Aberavon and Port Tslbct are in a state of unrest owing to the action nf Neath. Aid. Morgan: And Noath is in a state of unrest owing to the action of Swansea. It was decided that members who are in the Neath und district area should moet to eon.tider what alterations wiil be carricd out. BAN ON C.O.'s REMOVED. The Committee appointed Mr. Harold M. ?'atkin?. nf H?nfytHn. as travcni;tg te&eber in economics. The '-u?ccKsfr? in cc-onoiiiies. Tile, siicceF;fl,,t I)o ?)!t that he wns a Quaker, and th?t during the war he was a conscien- tious objector, and had spent three years in prison for his convictions. Mr. Watkins will reside at Neath. The Committee adopted the recom- mendation of tllt, Momentary Education Sub-Committee that the minute of July, 1916, that conscientious objectors to military service be not re-instated with- out special order of the Committee, bo rescinded
Book ycii. Seat* nor for Commercial Travellers' Semi-National Eisteddfod Albert Hall. November l*t. T.C. A young seaman, named Battie Spiltilic" was brought up before the Swansea Bench on Wednesday for being drunk and 1, iii Quay Parade and assaulting P.C. (127) Lynch by -triking him a severe blow on the <1:, of the head. He was fitted ZOR. for drunkenness, and tOs. for tijo l assault. Spmi-N'it'onal Ei^teddfoi Albert Hull. November 1. Great Hiwio.il Trf at. i.C.
MINE DISASTER. i1 Winding Engine Breaks I in Cornwall. Twenty men are believed to have periehed in a winding acc:dent at a Cornish tin mine. A fihaft breakage caused the man- engine" tn be dashed to the bottom ot the deep shaft o. the Levant mine, near St. Just.. The disaster ;6 the worst in the annals of the industry. I Though ti. is not ret possible to describe the full extent of the Levant mine acci- dent, sufficient is known to make it cer- I tain that it is the worst on record ill I Cornwall. I I ENGINE BROKE. i Major Oates, chairman of the :\1,ine I Company. raid thart the management could not yet tell how many live- were lost. The precise figure oould only be I known when exploratory work was coni- I pleted. Levant i" 6omp miles from Penzance, I and it is one of the chief t;n mines. The disaster occurred through tha I breaking of the main-engine shaft. The I management thinks at Jeasft 120 men were on the engine when the shafit broke. Seven bodies have been brought to the surface, three of these so badly crushed tlia t identification wa-s impossible. Rescue work has been go" ng on (-on- tinuously
Peml-Nrrttionul Eisteddfod Albert flaIl. Km ember 1. tiroa*. Huaknl Treat. T.C.
NO SOLICITORS. Llanelly Trust Committee Criticised. It is not the act of a gentleman to criticise the constitution of a committee. It is an insult to the members, and don't approve of it." said Alderman D. James Davits, who pre-iir'ed at the meeting of the fjlanelly Harbour Trust in addressing Mr. David Richards. Mr. Richards commented upon the con- fttitution of the- Patent Fuel Committee and the Lighting Committee, and stated that there were some members on these com- mittee; who knew absolutely nothing about the work. Tbn Chairman said that Mr. Richards shoulrl hive complained at the annual meet- ins a month ago, when all the committees v.-ore elect-pd. The Chairman said there would only be one more meeting of the Finance Committee before the whole thing was eloe< It "3/" a difficult thing to bring in new members after the whole of the agreement, running into seven thousand woids. had been drawn u D. Mr. Richard-; moved the addition of Mr. John John and Mr. David Jennings to the committees, and Mr. Jjme6 Hansard seconded. The Mayor then moved an amendment that no addition be made. Mr. John John was surprised that neither of the two solicitors on the Trupt. was put on such an important committee. The motion was defeated.
I Entries arriving from all parts for Com- ciercial Travellers' Eietedfodi. Jioveiub«i: 1. AT THE WELSH DRAMA. A T THE ??? PWYLLCOi?? ?. D7OHN&?? ￼ ￼ I,He WIDOW 11|^ "ODI,=I:s ?40SON .1' 0. Ca_J,>el Als C.ompan,y. LlanllY, )Cl'fÙnny thrf'f> short sqe the Albert Hall on Tuesday in ccnnrc-¡ Cap el Als Company, Llanelly, performed three short plays at ?he Albert Ha,U on Tuesday in connec- bon" ￼ tion with the Welsh Drama Week Competition.
AUTONOMY. I Wales and St. John's Priory. It will be recalled that two years ago a Priory of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem was created for Wales, the fundamental point gained being the re- cognition of Wales as a national unit, and the granting of autonomy to Wales within the Order. The Prince of Wales accepted the ex- alted position of titular Prior, and exe- cutive officers are thoroughly representa- tive and influential. During the war funds of the Order of St. John and of the British Red Cro&s were administered under Government auspices, by a joint committee. It is said that now this committee claims the right to control both organisations, quite ig- noring the existence of the Welsh Priory as an autonomous unit. This >6 against the wishes of the Welsh Priory, which j has not been consulted. 200,000 VOLUNTARY LEVIES. I n is claimed that nearly 200,000 col- lio;s in Wales have levied themselves in [support ot its i' luls ;that thcro arc 7,000 trained men in the ambulance corps of the colliery districts alone, besides other ambulancp stations dotted all over thp Principality, hospitals, etc., etc., Includ- ing provision tor disabled soldier# and sailors, and a remarkable transport ser- vice from Holyhead to Cardiff. So ex- cellent is the organisation in the coal- field that the Home Office has intimated to all the colliery companies that if they I enter into a contract with the Order of I St. John for the provision of suitable I ambulance at the pits they will be ex- empted from providing themselves with the equipment which is compulsory under the Mines Act of 1911. The joint committee now claim control over this organisation, and the adminis- tration of its funds. This is strongly ob- jected to. and at a conference to be held in London next Saturday it is not im- probable that the Priory may he con- i verted into a separate Order of St. David, in order to preserve the nationa. ftptus which it has won and thoroughly deserves.
IChfi5Si" White an-? Hv. Erl"ard&iY1'HiS\ I Pearo?t Possession," OOMMC Cinema Thurs- I day, Fru'av, and Saturday. I
THE" BON" CONFEC- TIONERY CO. The keen business man i not slow to recognise the possibilities of Greater Swansea, inasmuch as Swansea is to have another factory. Mr. C. C. Keeley. who was until lately associated with the Swan Confectionery Co.. has opened an up-to- date factory for the manufacturing of sweets, etc., at Bowen-street, Hafod. The firm has taken commodious premises, and have laid down an up-to-date plant that. with the services of an expert London confectioner, together with pure ingredi- 1 ents, the last word in confectionery is guaranteed. C.C.K. has had a long ex- perience of the trade, and hns taken his brother into partnership with him, and in view of the fact that only one quality The Best.—is to be produced at tiieir fac- tory, they hope to merit a share of the sweet trade of Swansea. Messrs. C. C. and K. Keeley extend a hearty invitation to the retailers of Swansea and district to send along their enquiries to the Hon Confectionary Co. Bowen-stree-t, Ilafofi. where the same will receive courteous and prompt attention.—(Advt.)
Entrif'? nrrivinp from nil part. for Copt mt-rciat Travellers' Eistedfodd. November 1,
G.C.G. Maerdy Pit Restarts, The ?nprdy Pit of t? Owaun-cae-Gur- 7 1 1(? ￼ f ￼ wen CofHcrips restart? work this morn-, in?. This put an end to a dispute which has lasted some months, and general satisfac- tion is felt in .the district at the termina- tion of the trouble.