SNOW IN THE NORTH Gale and Floods in Yorkshire. Snow 5howe, accompanied by a gale, have visited Cleveland and South Dur- ham district. The snow flakes were ex- ceptionally large, and enow on the bUs is falling heavily. The North Yorkshire local hil's are covered with snow, and owing to heavy I rains a-cres of land are inundated. A gale raged throughout Monday night. I Exchane
STEEL STRIKE. End of Ebbw Vale Dispute. The steel-workers' dispute, affecting the position of skilled tradesmen at the Ebbw Vale, Dowlais and Tredegar Works, has been settled. This puts an end to a strike which has lasted a considerable period. I EMPLOYERS' SEPARATE ACTION. At the negotiations at the Ministry of Labour last Friday, th eassoci&ted em- ployers made an offer to the men wlich meant a weekly wage of S4 5s. with cheap coal, or £4 10s. without. Previously, how- ever, Mr/ Frederick Mills, J.P., D.L., made an offer to the Ebbw Vale. work- men which was considered better, and the men's delegates thereupon rejected the associated employers* terms. > A fresh conference between the asso- ciated employers' and workmen's repre- sentatives was held at the Engineers' Institute, Cardoff, on Monday. At this conference terms, as given below, were ¡. agreed to, and th eworkmen's delegates decided to recommend their acceptance by the men. The associated employers also discussed I the attitude taken up by Mr. Mills in making an earilr offer to the Ebbw I Vale workmen, and they decided to cali for Mr. Mills' resignation from the chair- j manship of their association. THE OFFICIAL REPORT. The official report issued by the asso- i ciated employer sat the conclusion of the I negotiations was as follows:- I The settlement made by Mr. Frede- t rick Mills with the skilled tradesmen strike at the tEbbw Vale Works in hi:, j capacity as chairman of the South Wales I and Monmouthshire Iron and Steel I Makers' Association, and which was not authorised by the association, led to a 1 meeting being held at Cardiff this morn. I ing. co The associated employers decided to oner the skilled tradesmen at the other associated works, vages amounting to i- 10s. per week of 47 hours, plus cheap coal where it is customary, that is:- j 41s. basis, plus 28s. 6d war wage, plus 12? per cent. 2 ¡ war bonus. S3M 21 plus 0 11 9 | ?10 0 1
COST OF WAR. I j Question of German In. demnity. Mr. Chamberlain made an important statement yesterday on the question raised by Mr. Houston, of the total amount to be demanded from Germany as an indemnity, compensation and re- paration. "In the terms of the Peace Treaty." he said, it was provided that Germany should pay in such instalments as the Reparation Commision might fix during the year 1919-20 .and in the first four months of 1921 a sum equivalent to 20,000 million gold marks (£1,000,000,000 nominal) Mr. Houston asked if the right hon gentleman was awaro that the Prime Minister and practically every Coalition candidate nt the general election assured the electors that Germany would be mad** to pay the whole cost of the wpi- P Mr .Chamberlain I an not aware of that
YOUNG BICYCLE THIEF. Charged at the Swansea Tuvenile Court on Tuesday with stealing and receiving two bicycles, value .£4 and .£3. the pro- petty of Fred Dobbs and Sidney Haynes respectively, from the Graigola Fuel Works, King's Dock, Swansea, a boy aged 14, who was convicted a week ago, was ordered to a reformatory for four years, and his accomplice, aged 17, was fined 20e. The younger defendant's father ap- pealed against the sentence, which was accordingly reduced to three
NAUGHTY BOYS. At vh« Swansea Juvenile Court on Tuesday two small boys aged 9 or 10 years were charged with breaking a nane of glass in the window of the shop No. 75, High-street, Swnnsea and stealing a bot of chewing gnm value 9s. 2d. the property of Priscilla Develig on Oct. 7th. One of the boys broke the glass win- dow and in doing so cut his hand and wrist. There was a previous conviction for a similar offence against one of the boys. The ca. was adjourned for three months on the boys promising to behave themselves in future.
I IN NEW SPHERES. Quite » batch of Llanclly Rugby players are now adding lustre to their names in new spheres. Hugh Jones is now playing up to his great reputation for Cardiff University, and the Rev. W. T. Havard, M.C., is being proclaimed as one of the nuest forwards in the Oxford side. while I Graham Davies is rendering a good ac- count of himself in the Guy's Hospital 1 team. I This does not'exhaust the list, as Willie Watts, tlJf: ex-Hanelly and Welsh inter- national centre,, plays for Leicester, and A. R. Trubshaw figures in the Cambridge pack, whilst on Saturday Major W. B. NichoJ Roderick assisted the Army against the United Services 'team.
r OUR FOOD. I Gloomy Forecast of Meat Supply. Question of Packers' Trust. A scramble for meat imports appears inevitable if Europe has any money next year with which to buy food. It is » situation full of menace, made more menacing by the fact that a great meat trust is ready to exploit the position to its advantage. A group of North Ameri- can packers already controls a large part of the surplus meat of the world. This gloomy forecast of future food problems was made by Mr. McCurdy, M.P., Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Food, speaking last night at I Loughborough. The basis for this pre- diction, Mr. McCurdy explained, are: There will not be sufficient meat in the world to supply the needs of Europe next year. We snail need more than 1,000,000 tons of meat and the rest of Europe at least 3,000,000 tons next year, while the exportable surplus meat of Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and South America together only amounts to 1,210,000 tons. STOCKS BELOW LEVEL. Our home stocks of pigs and sheep are much below pre-war level, while the livestock of Europe has been reduced by one-third. "A policy of Free Trade and laissez- fuire," said Mr. McCurdy will not see us through. We shall have to grow mor,e food at home and encourage food produc- tion within the Empire, not as a matter of preference, but of necessity. i A food shortage of this kind in the absence of control must lead to specula- tive profiteering on a -very disturbing scale. lIighprices are an evil, but fluctuating prices would be productive of far worse consequences to our national life. The main problem of food control for the next few years will be to stabilise supplies and maintain a reasonable price level. NO PROSPECT OF FALL. There isfvo ^r<^p^r^^y'grV%KT»Tt in price* In prdtr id sfcure stability and prevent recurrent commercial crisis, some form of Government control will, I am sure. be necessary. We do not want to perpetuate war-time controls. New methods must be devised, more elastic, less restrictive of individual freedom. But for some time to come prices and supplies must be the subject of constaut' supervision. A definite and continuous -t ,?e. an d mntinuo us policy should be framed to cover a rea- sonable period of years ahead." The principal causes of the rise in food prices to-day, Mr. McCurdy stated, were: The fall in the foreign exchanges, increase in money wages, and increased home coa- j sumption. The Government," he said, are partly responsible for the rise in | wages; they cannot be blamed for the j other causes." SUGAR SHORTAGE. Mr. G. H Roberts, Food Controller, in I a letter to a cor respondent, who com- plained of the reduction of the sugar I ration, states: i I The world's supplies of sugar are very 1 short, and as far as can be foreseen will continue to remain short for some time. It is only by conforming to the regu- j lations, and by the exercise of the strictest economy that it can be hoped to bring down, or prevent, a further rise in I the price of the world's markets, which j arc already more than 3d. per lb. in ex- cess of those at which the Sugar eommia-I sion is supplying the public. You make the point that I shall not be able to convince you of the sugar j shortage so long as you see the confec- j tioners' shops, filled with sweets and sugared cakes? I am at present consider- i ing the question of reducing supplies to ￼ manufacturers, but an undue curta.ilt •oi sugar to manufacturers would result in I depl -nilus unemployment, feci a grQt «• ituu. o. ex-avidtou-j a siiuatioSj which you,; will agree should not be contemplated ex- j cept in the last necessity." DEARER CONDENSED MILK. I An Order has been made by the Food 1 Controller, which applies to the whole of j the United Kingdom, fixing the folowing maximum retail prices for condensed I milk:— Full cam Sweetened. Is. 3d. per 14ob, net. lull Cream Sweetened (half-size tins), jI 'M. per 7oz. net. ¡ Full Cream Evaporated, Is. Od. for 1 oz. jj net. Full Cream Unsweetened, lid. per 12oz. I ]let. I Full Cream Unsweetened (half-size tins), Ji 6<1. per 6oz. net. Machine Skirumed, Is. Od. per lioz. net. j This Order revokes previous Orden governing the price of this commodity, and brings Ireland intjb line with Great j Britain by abolishing fixed maximum prices for the manufacturer and whole- saler, and putting trading conditions in i the two countries on an equality. The uew Order comes into force on and after November l&t, 1919. i The rise 01 a halfpenny m the price of I the full ox earn sweetened variety has been occasioned by the increase in the » cost or liquid milk used in the manufao- S ture ot the tioine produced goods, and by ] the fait in the exchange in the case of the I [ imported good*. <
i '■ i ALLEGED MURDER. 1 At Tonbridge to-day Ernest Ehen? £ er Cosham (19\ of E'!tvn bridge, charged with wilful m?rft?r''?Bp3tri? Coshaiii ol- ,i.fJng1ín; her in a j "nud nt Ed* br :• ift? .1' a n ded. TO-DAY'S RACING. I 1.0. 'I'agTag J. Shinny Rhyme1 2, ran. 4m i i I
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PARLIAMENTARY. Lord Weir's Description of Answer. Why He Superseded Miss Pennant. _1he inquiry by a Committee of the Bouse of Lords into the dismissal of the Hon. Violet Douglas-Pennant from the position of Commandant of the 'W.R.A.F.'s in August, 1918, was contin- ued yesterday. The cju-e for Miss Pen- nant having closed, witnesses are now being called for the Air Ministry, the first of these being Lord Weir, who was Secretary of State for Air at the time cf Miss Pennant's dismissal, and who com- menced his evidence on Friday. LORD WEIR'S EVIDENCE. Lord Weir was questioned regarding a letter sent to him by Mr. Roberts, Minister of Labour, with referance to the W.R.A.F. In his reply, 31st July he said he was watching progress, but could not pretend to be satisfied. Lord Weir said that Dame Katherine Furse in no way influenced his opinion in the matter. He saw Miss Pennant and tried his best without hurting her feel- ings to tell her that he had come to the conclusion that she would not be able to put things right. Aksed why an inquiry was refused, Lord Weir replied: To put it very simply, I -could not see what use an inquiry would be. This was the case," Lord Weir added, in regard to Mr. Harmsworth and the Prime Minister." He knew Mr. Harmsworth recommended an inquiry, but," continued Lord Weir, when all three of us got together to consider the matter nobody could see any useful pur- pose that would be served." Asked if the Force improved after Miss Pennant left. Lord Weir said that he had no complaints brought to him. Cross-examined by Mr. Hawke, K.C., for Miss Douglas-Pennant, Lord Weir said he was in France on August 7th when Major Baird, in reply to a question in the House of Commons, said that the Air Council had every confidence in the dis- cretion and ability of the W.R.A.F. com- mandant. Asked if this was an untrue answer, Lord Weir replied, I consider it a Parliamentary answer." (Laughter.) Mr. Hawke: You distinguish between & true answer and a. Parliamentary answer. I want to know what the dis- tinction is. (Laughter.) Lord Weir: I have very little experience of Parliamentary answers. Mr. Hawke: Do you suggest that the reply I have read did not represent the 'view of the Air Council at that time?- Xo. I do not. NOT EXACTLY TRUE. I Then it is a true answer?—If 1 may put it in this way, it is not exactly a truth- ful answer, no. Mr. Hawke wished to know what part of the answer was untrue, and Lord Weir replied that at that time he had not fcvery confidence in the lady's ability on that point. Counsel: Had the Air Council?—They 'Would not probably know about it. Counsel: Then the answer is a frankly false one. If the Air Council knew about it they could not have every con- fidence. Arc you suggesting that, at any time you had no confidence in Miss Pen- JJrant ?-Xot altogether, because I bad formed the impression from General Paine's report to me that he was not altogether happy. Mr. Hawke: About Miss Douglas-Pen- nant ?—Yes. LACK OF SYMPATHETIC CO-OPERA-I Ti ON. Under Mr. Hawke's continued cross- ftxamination Lord Weir said that the im- pression he obtained from Sir Godfrey Paine regarding the dismissal of Miss Douglas-Pennant, was that the difficulty lay in the lack of sympathetic co-opera- tion with other women's organisations, and not necessarily that Miss Douglas- Pennant was at iault. When sh" was dismissed there were no definite charges against her, not any specific in- stance. There were no charges of inefficiency, but there was the definite knowledge of Sir Godfrey Paine that things wfre not going well. Mr. Hawke: You connot remember any personal complaint against Miss Pen- nant?—No. She was superseded because I came to the conclusion that she was not the right woman for the job. Seeing that she had been refused the right of resignation a short time before, and seeing that there was no definite charge against her personally, was it fair to supersede her without making any in- quiry 1 consider I did the right thing. Do you think it was a fair thing?—I ,Aink it was a fair thing to the R.A.F. Was it to her ?—1 believe that probably Z 6ught to have been franker with her ¡)t my interview and told her rather more detail. I ought to have made a better and more convincing job of it at the in- terview. Upon Mr. Hawke repeating the qnes- tion Lord Weir said he was not consider- ing what was fair to Miss Pennant. Mr. Hawke questioned Lord Weir re- garding his speech in the House of Lords upon the subject, in the course of wbicn he said he thought Miss Pennant was not the right woman for the job. Why ? asked counsel. Lord Weir: Because I had come to that conclusion. Counsel: You came to that conclusion that she was not the right woman 'or the job, "di Iyou have no other reason for that except that you thought so?—Ex- I actly. I COURAGEOUS AND FRANK. That is courageous and frank, com- mented counsel with a smile. Lord Weir said that after Miss Pennant left a list of the names of six ladies was given with a view to selecting a successor to Miss Pennant. Other names not on the list were mentioned. There was one lady whom you said you personally deaircd but who would not come—Yes. Counsel asked for the name of the lady whom Lord Weir wanted.—" Is it neces- sary for me to reply to that question? asked Lord Weir, turning towards the Committee. What harm is there? asked Mr. Hawke. He again asked wit- ness to tell him the name. Lord Weir: Lady Rhoiidda. I WANTED LADY RHONDDA. Counsel: She was the lady you wanted ? —Yes. Pressed by counsel for the names of the women on the list referred to, Lord Weir mentioned five names, Miss Crowdy, Mrs. Wynne Vaughan, Mrs. Chalmer Watson, Lady Londonderry, and Lady Drogheda. The sixth, he said, was another titled lady, whose name he could not at the moment recollect. Counsel: You don't think you would be able to remember it? Lord Weir (with an impatient gesture) I think I will remember it; I will send it to you. (Laughter.) I did not expect, you were going to ask que&tions about these things. General Higgins, who in May and June, 1918, was in command of the Midland area, was next called. He said that as far as he knew no report was made by Mrs. Beckett of any scandal at Castle Brom- wich, and no such reports were blocked. Was there any question between you and Mrs. Beckett as to her reporting direct to Miss Douglas Pennant ? wit. ness was asked. He replied that follow- ing the usual course he gave instructions that Mrs. Beckett should be told the pro- per way to submit reports, and that she was not to eend official reports direct to the Air Ministry. Did you ever block a single report of any kind which Mrs. Beckett put forward I through you ?—No. NO INTRIGUE. I Sir Arthur Robinson, Secretary to the Air Ministry, the next witness, was ques- tioned by Mr. Rigby Swift with reference to an interview with Miss Douglas-Pen- nant. Asked if he used the words, Oh, I know all about you; you quarrel with everybody," Sir Arthur said, I said nothing of the kind." You were never a party to any intrigue against her ?—No. Brigadier-General Livingstone, the next witness, in answer to a question as to whether he in any way resented the ar- rangement by which Miss Pennant was directly under the Master-General of Per- "sonneL said, No, I welcomed it." Wit- ness added that Sir, Godfrey Paine told him that he was damned lucky not to have anything more to do with women. They were more trouble than they were worth." Mr. Hawke asked General Livingstone if he took a dislike to Miss Pennant?- No," he replied, and added: As a mat- ter of fact I had quite forgotten her ex- istence until 1 came back from America and learned that she had made various charges against me." Re-examined, General Livingstone said there was no foundation whatever for the charge that he desired to permit im- morality to go on in the W.R.A.F. camps, or that lie abstained from taking steps to prevent it.
FIRST OFFENCE. I Llanelly Servant Girl and a Blotise. Annie Gear, a servant was prosecuted at Llanelly on Monday for stealing a I blouse and other articles. P.S. Rees (Docks) said that when charged defendant stated that the blouse wai sent to her from London by an aunt. Mrs. Roberts stated that she was at the Cleveland Hotel on Sept. 6th, and left a parcel there containing a blouse and other articles, valued at 33s. 9d. An hour later it was missing. Defendant pleaded guilty, and the Bench dealt with her under the First Offenders Act. dismissing the case on pajment of £ 1 towards the costs.
ALLEGED THEFT OF SARDINES. A foreign seaman named Ramon Fer- nandy (27) was remanded until Thursday next at Swansea on Tuesday on a charge of stealing and receiving 95 tins of sar- dines, the property of some pereon or persons unknown.
I STOLEN FRUIT. I Seven boys, ages ranging between 12 I and 17 years, appeared at the Swansea j Juvenile Court on Tuesday on a charge Of stealing a quantity of oranges and J gums from the shop No. 23, Carmarthen- road, Swansea, value 22s. 6d., the pro- perty of Jesse Sims, on October 21st. Mr. Sims, thco complainant ,stated that a pa.ne of glass had been broken and oranges and a box of gums taken. Further evidence showed that the I stolen goods were shared among defen- dants. There were previous convietions ogainst some of the drl'endsnts. Each was bound over for 12 mouths in tho sum of 2,10.
THE G ATT IE SCHEME. Experiment to Cost R'loo,ooo J Experimental plant to demonstrate the working of the Gattiie clearing house system would coet about Xloo,oool said Mr. Gattie's oounovl at Monday's eittmg i of the Board of Trade Committee that is inquiring into the scheme Mr. Philip Birch, formerly passenger mitnag-or to the North Eastern Railway, said he was so impressed by Mr. Gattie's trucker device that he thought it should I have an experimental trial. With rejrard I to a clearing system for London, he thought the first principle should be to keep as much traffic out of London ae possible. V. 1 wtyg were prfictieally one j Now that railways were practically one whole. the companies should endeavour I to establish a system of clearing houses II in suitable parts of the country. He would favour two clearing houses for ¡ London, one to the north and one to the | west, which would be better than harmc I such a vast experiment as one in the ) heart of London, j The mqdi'iy was closed, the chair ivuj i ntiiiKiting that the coiiuuitiee. would i ccueider tivsir report.
[ ALIEN PILOTS. Government Amendment I Accepted. Question of French Certificates. I The question ot alien pilots was agarln brought up in the House of Commons on j Monday, when the Aliens Restriction I Bill was further considered on Report. I Mr. Bonar Law said the amendment on I which the Government were defeated had reference not merely to our own policy I but also to the policy of one of our Allies. I It was therefore necessary to settle the poJnt once and fur all without delay. He I proposed to move an amendment on be- half of the Government, and after that had been decided the further considera- tion of the Bill would be adjourned, eo that in the internal other amendments could be put on the order paper. He t hoped that the amendment he should propose would be accepted without any of odin;on whatever. Clause 4 eaiid that no alien should hold a pilot- I age certificate for any port m the United I Kingdom. I PROPOSED AMENDMENT. I He proposed the addItion to the words I Except that the provisions of Section 24 of the Pilotage Act, 1913, should con- tinue to apply to the renewal and issue of certificates entitling a master or mate ¡ of French nationality to navigate his I ship into the ports of Newhaven and Grimsby." The House had to consider the impression that was created by their [ action at a time like the present, when members knew that there had been for some months in a certain section of the Fress, and once or twice in speeches in the French Parliament, suggestions that the British people had already forgotten the way in which they had worked to- gether during the war, and were no lon- ger friendly to France. He was per- fectly certain that criticism had no foundation whatever—(loud cheers)- and it was far more important than any- thing they did in that House that it should be made clear there was no such feeling in any section of the House. Sir Donald Maclean (L.) said he did not vote at all on this matter on Thurs- day, He had not taken the ie*" tfat he question was one involving the con- tinued existence of the Government. Mr. Inskip (C.U.), who led the oppo- sition to the Government amendment on Thursday, expre-ssed agreement vitb the course now proposed by the Government. Mr. Wignall (Lab.) said he neither re- gretted nor apologised for his vote on Thursday. Eventually the amendment was agreed to unanimously, and the further con- sideration oi the Bill wa adjourned. j — L
PROHIBITION. ———— ———— 1 President Wilson's Veto I The Times to-day contains the fol- lowing message:— Washington, Oct. 27.-President Wil- son has vetoed the Prohibition Enforce- ment Bill.—Reuter.