amuseivients. 6.30. TO-NIGHT. 3.30. Thona: Central 32. > -■ HARRY BURNS presents flip WELCH- a CONRAD PRODUCTION, Making Movies § Showing the Public t he Actual Making j t-be t'uhbc t. '.a Acrua! Making .and Taking of the Film, wherein he Entire Cast of Players is Chosen Í1:"OITt ■; the Audience. A Modern Motion-Picture J Studio Brought Before Your Eyes. In j Your Phases the Entire Process of i Picture Making is Revealed i'or the FirSS Time. | LATEST NEWS PICTURES. ? FRANK FAY in 720 Sees, of Vaudeville. STRENGTH BROS., Premier Equilibrist i COLE DE LOSSE, Lquilihrists. T^.RANK & VICTOR AUKLAND, .ne Marvellous Blind Twin Musicians. .1 NIXON GREY, Comedian, in His I Latest Hits. ^ZZ i -EL y\sfiu I ELYSIUM. Thitr., Fri. & Sat. j ALMA TAYLOR and GERALD AMES IN I THE mmUKi HOUSE, A Romantic Story in which this i Charming Film Actress is seoa I at her best. HOUDINiJ The Great Handcuff King Serial- Episode 6. Another Thrilling I Episode of this World-renowned Serial. A Tugboat Romeo ¡ Triangle Keystone. Topical Budget and usual I v Full Programme. ROYAL THEATRE I THE HOME OF MUSIC. ThursFri. & Sat. MARGERY WILSON IN MOUNTAIN D'EW Triangle Drama—Five Reel3. Carlyle Blackwell and Doris Kenyon IN The Ocean Waif. Smiling Bill Parsons I. IN 'Have Another, Two-Reel Comedy. Episode 4, THE SILENT MYSTERY, "DENS OF INIQUITY." j; Gazette & Topical News. Castle CINEMA. 2.38. TIME LOCKS AND DIAMONDS, the Story of a Modern" Raffles," featuring William Desmond and Mildred Harris (Mrs. Charlie Chaplin). WHEN LOVE LOSES, a Thrilling and "RpUlantie Drama, featuring Mabel Van Buren. i^Over 2,000 Players appear in this produ(:f ¡(IT)). Also Selection of Up-to-date Comedy and -• f Topical Films. CARLTON. 2.M. TO DAY. 18.30. H^ART & SOUL, adapted for the Screen by Elliot Stannard from the Celebrated Novel by Roy If(-)rna.-nan. NOT NEGOTIABLE, featuring Julian Royce and Manora Thew. NUTT AND NOODLES (a Two Part -l" Screen Comedy'). J* MARVELS OF THE UNIVERSE, Me and My Dog, Travel. Pathe's Gazette. PICTURE HOUSE 2.38. T O O A Y 10.30 S. Hart in BRANDING BROADWAY A Artcraft Picture. UN DEn FALSE COLOURS, featuring Frederick Warde and Jeanne Eagles. FIGHT FOR MILLIONS. Episode 9: The Escape. MARVELS OF THE UNIVERSE, V PAJ ..q.1 | 1WUSEWEMTS. GRAND Theatre SWANSEA. | MONDAY, 27th OCTOBER, 1919, Six Nights at 7.30, MATINEE on SATURDAY at 2.30 p.m. J. A. E. MALONE'S Company, in the i Two Great Musical Comedy Successes. MONDAY, TUESDAY & WEDNESDAY, THE MERRY NIDOW, THURSDAY, FRIDAY, SATURDAY, and MATINEE (SATURDAY), GiPSY LOVE, NEXT WEEK- Macdoneld & Young present SHANGHAI -=:.& _a GRAND Theatre SWANSEA. NEXT WEEK- Matinee Saturday at 2.30. MACDONALD & YOUNG Present SHANGHAI A SPECTACULAR MUSICAL PLAY. j From Drury Lane Theatre, London j Be ok Early for this Enormously Successful Musical Comedy. Box Office (Mr. W. J. CV.sey) Open at the Theatre Daily, from 10.0 till 5.0. Tel. No. 1411, Central. ELYSIUM I Thursday, Friday and Saturday. I Alma Tayior and Gerald Ames in THE BOUNDARY HOUSE, a Romantic Story I in which this Charming Film Actress is seen at her be^t. HOUDINI, the (! i eat Handcuff King Serial. Episode 0. I A TUGBOAT ROMEO (Triangle Key- I stone). Topical Budget and Full Programme. PUBLIC NOTICES. J. S. ARNOLD, STOCK AND SHARE BROKER, Bank Buildings, Castle Square, Swansea. Tel. "Jarotd," Swansea. 'Phone 181 C-ciit. I ho ve Buyers of:- 250 Cons. Cambrians at 24s. M. 200 Powell Dtiffrym -New at 14s. Sd, have Sellers VZ Khbnrtda and Swansea Bay Prcfs. at 250 Reckitt and .Sons Ordinary at £ 2 4s. 6d. 260. Mond Nickel 7 per cent. Prefs. at 20s. 350 English Crown Spelters at 41s. 25 Malndy Shipping at 55s. 50 Lunmt Rubbers at 5?.s. 6d. 450 Bolekow Va-ughan New Fully Paid at 24%. 9d. "M do. do. Old at 25?. 9d. CHANGE OF BANK HOURS. On and after tHe 22nd November next, the- Neath Banks will Open on Saturdays from 9 a.m. to 12 noon, instead I of D.30 a.m. to 12.30 p m. as at present. VETCH FIELDo THURSDAY, 30th OCTOBER, 1919. WELSH LEAGUE. MID-RHONDDA v. SWANSEA TOWN KICK OFF at 3.15 p.m. ADMISSION (including Tax) Is., STAND Is. Extra. Neath Road Council Schools. In connection with the Calfaria Baptist Chapel, Morriston, a GRAND B I S T F 1) D F 0 D Will !-A held at the above School on SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 8th, 1919. Chief Items. Male Voice Competition, Martyrs of the Arena," I' 15. Mixed Choral. Blodeuyn OJnf," £12. Children's Choir, "Children's Holiday," E4 Solos £1 ls. Novice, Pianoforte, Violin Solos, etc. Recitations, etc. Farther particulars from Hon. Sec., Mr. M. J. Morgan, 22, Upland-terrace. ST. GABRIEL'S CHURCH, A GRAND BAZAAR Will be Opened in ST. GABRIEL5S HALL on THURSDAY, OCT. 30th. 1919, at 330 p.m., by Miss LLEWELYN, And on FRIDAY, OCT. 31st, at 3.30 p.m., by Mrs. T. W. JONES. Useful Articles at Reasonable Prices. Come and Buy Your Christmas Presents. CONCERT EACH EVENING at 8 o'clock. Admission — — One Shilling. After 6 p.m.. Sixpence. County Borough of Swansea. TO CONTRACTORS. TENDERS are invited for the SINKING of BORE HOLES at WHYCHTiEE BRIDGE, in the County Borough of Swansea. Full partic-ulars may be obtained fr.om the undersigned, to whom Tendprs should be sent not later than Wednesdav, Nov. 5th, 1919. J. RICHARD HEATH, Borough Engineer and uSrveyor. Guildhall, Swansea, October 29t'h, 1919, i ? I %7xm îuK Now carrying FULL SUPPLIES I of I GENUINE FORD SPARE PARTS. I Call, Phone or Write I I HUTCHINS I & COLIMITED. I STREET I SWANSEA I %uniBnnin0«ncai j AUTBPP:SXB DEALERS AND ?. PA?TS 5'rOCKi t,riT" -7- -K.: „ „ „ „ „ „— I WATTS JOfiES. p. Exceptional J Value FOR This Week IN Ladies' Coats, Furs, I Dresses and I T tveeds. SEE WINDOWS Oxford Sireet, I SWANSEA. j | LJM-Li -————- -<- PUBLIC WOTtCE^. ) MUMBLES PIER AND PAVILION. DANCING In the PAVILION EVEH Y Thursday and Saturday, FROM 7 TILL 10 P.M. Mr. S. W. Cooper's Orchestra. ADMISSION TO PAVILION Is. Refreshments of all Kinds at Pier Hotel. Union. A SPECIAL MEETING Of Seamen, Fireman, (lnd Fishermen, will take place at the THEATRE ROYAL, Wind Street, at 10 a.m. on Thursday Morning. Business Very Import&nt. All Members are Earnestly Requested to Attend. G. GUNNING Secrefary. DON'T FORGET WHIST DRIVE and DANCE AT DOCKERS' HALL, Thursday, October 30th. 6,30 p.m. to 12 Midnight. I G,]., LADIES, 2s. I í
SWANSEA COUNCIL ELECTION TO THE BURGESSEG OF MORRISTON WARD. Fellow Burgesses, A year has now elapsed since I first asked you to assist me to become one of your representatives for Morriston on the Council. You were kind enough then to show your confidence in me by giving me such valuable support that my efforts were successful. My views on municipal matters are exactly the same to-day as they were then, and I therefore venture again to ask for your .support, and vote on November 1st for the following rea- sons:— 1. That owing to my late father's pro- longed and serious illness and ulti- mate death, and the consequent in- Serruption of my private and publio Activities, I have hitherto been han- dicapped in my efforts to be of as j much usefulness to the Morriston I Ward in particular and Swansea Borough generally as I hope to be. 2. That in spite of fhe above facts I have now become well acquainted with the manner in which the work of the Coonsil is conducted, and therefore I should be very sorry if I were not allied to put my knowledge at the iiflM sal of the Morriston Ward. Z. That I am now not only a Morritsonian bortr and brod, but am deeply inter- ested is the welfare of Morriston ow- iqg to the large interest that I have 'm itio industrial prosperity. Yours siiicurelv. J. B. EDWARDS. Penallt, SWt,,r, 8.0.. G?MnorSM, CctobMr, 191? -——.? ￼
I The HERALD OF WALES I IS THE I 11 Best Weekly 'Tlr¡r I in Wa les.
HWWWWWIWWW Sun Pices 7.4, Sun Sets 4. Lignting-up Tirne, High Water, 8.4!J a.m., 9.11 p.m. King'#! Dock. 35ft.. 7in a.m.. 54ft. 6in. p.m. j T-3-marrow, 9.23 a.m., 5.50 p.ru. i I I-
I NATIONAL ACCOUNTS. NATIONAL ACCOUNTS. I Three prepositions will be brought before the House of Common? b night on the financial position of th. 'country—Ihc Government motion, Sir Macleaiv 's amendment ¡ to ir, and a Labour Party amend- ment. The Government motion asks the House to promise "its hearty support to the Government in all reasonable proposals however drastic, for the reduction of expen- diture and the diminution of debt. Sir Donald Maclean's amendment ë much of a piece with the motion; it calls on the Government "to hubmit forthwith for its [i.e., the House's] consideration financial pro- posals which will secure drastic and sweeping reductions in the expen- diture for the current financial year, and also put an end to the in- crease of debt." The Labour amendment for the imposi- tion of a levy on capital and for the reversion to the" State of all for- tunes made as a, result of the national emergency. The latter two projects have been much discussed recently. If the imposition of a levy on capital can b.^ imposed as a practical measure —rind experts upon financial prob- lems say that the difficulties are insuperable—and if any way can be found to make the profiteer dis- gorge his .gains—and the experts tell us that they have failed to dis- cover a good working plan—the Labour Party will have the country with it. The but," however, is in the way. It is easy to mouth, on platforms, popular remedies. It is another matter to devise effective means of cure. The levy on capital sounds delightfully simple. Ta reality it is a most complex prob- lem. Is capital so liquid that it can be disposed of in the suggested way 7 Call upon the great landowners, for instance, to surrender part cf their wealth as it is represented in land place upon the market at one and the same time a great number of estates, nnd down goes the capital value I We cannot, in fact, realise the capital of the country in the easy way suggested. With re- ga.rd to the war-fortunes, every de- cent ma.n is agreed that those who made money out of the necessities of Britain during its days of ex. tremity, should be made to dig- gorge—if anyone can point out the means by which this can be don.-3! Can it? Apply the rule to all classes-to the man who made pre- posterous wages as well a-s the man who obtained preposterous profits. Declare that every penny made above normal earnings during war- time shall be returned to the State. With what machinery shall we set about to enforce such an Act? What about the fortunes and the wa.ges that have already been spent? What about the money that has been utilised for luxurious l purchases; that is represented to. dav in goods that will never again I attain such prices? The reversion to the State of all fortunes made during war-time is a, delightful proposition to such of us as are poorer owing to the war. It is a proposition that the sailors and soldiers who sacrificed their pros- pects will hail as justice. But can it be done? Are. the difficulties sur- mountable ? I- ntil such questions as these are answered by men who can speak with authority m finance, it is futile to discuss the project further. Upon the question of .economy cenerallv, we would say that the matter is too serious to be regarded as a newspa/per "etunt." We have to remember the difficulties of the Government. It has to wind up the biggest business concern known in the history of the world. It cannot be done in five minute-s. But public opinion can speed up the pro- cess, and the Government must know what is the opinion of the country with regard to the ruinous rate at which we are 1i.! to-day..
LLANELLY RATES. I ￼ Delay in Tinplate Mills Assessments. The Llanellr Borough Finance Com- mittee on Monday iiitht, Akl. D. Rees I prfsiding. Councillor T7. Davids the question of tlie ajisegjment of the tinplate mills, w heii he inquired why there should be pny delay on tlie pnrt of the Assessment Committee in confirming the now arrangement that had been ] come to untior which the rating of mills w as fixed d tlf,)O etch. I THE LLANELLY DELAY. i The C a airman: Neath. Pontardswe and other assessment committees ferltled a committee, and came to an arrange- ment whereby all mills were rate<l at JE160 per mill until such time as t118;r cculrl arrange for an output basis. Out- side Llanelly all mills ore. assessed at £lGn, whethfJr idie or r;orking. We have been to the local -Assessment Com- mittee. and have afcked them to put the isimo hHis in force at Llanelly, but so j we have net bf-en able to get them to move. I have spoken to Mr. William Pugh, the chairman. In consequence of the delay tlii ratepayers arc suffering. Proceeding, the Chairman aid that in the Labour municipal election campaign the members of the Corporation were accused of studiously withholding this thing. That was untrue. As a matter" of fact they had done all they possibly could. Every effort was made to induce the Assessment Committee to place Llan- elly mills on the basis in operation in other districts. Councillor D. Jennings: Not only is it stated in conversation, but it is put down in cold type in the election address of the two Labour candidates for Ward II. They insinuate that the Corporation have not put up the assessments of the tinplate mills because of .pressure brought to hear by manufacturers. It should be stated publicly that the fault lies entirely with the Assessment Com- mittee, whose chairman is Mr. Pugh, who is one of the leading Labour men in the town. RATES IN ARREARS. I Later a question was raised as to the ratss in arrear, and the collector stated there was an allowance on account of assessment appeals made by the works. Councillor Jennings stated that the tinplate manufacturers had agreed on a basis,'which was not put into operation on account of the delay in confirmation hy the Assessment Committee. Although thesp. works were on the old they appenlod for an allowance when idle He desired to know the names of firms, who had done 5,0. The collector said the following made appealsTlie Old Castle Tinpiate Co.. Old Lodge Works, and the Western and 8(.vath Wales Works. ALLOWANCE FOR NOT WORKING. I Councillor Jennings: It is very meaD-I of the manufacturers to appeal against the old assessment for the mills not working when they agreed to the ncx assessment which has not been put int4. operation owing to the delay on .the part of the Assessment Committee. Replying to Councillor Jennings, the collector snid the allowance would amount to £ 400 er £ -300 for the half- I year on account td "C,.he mills Dot work- ins. I
ABOUT A NEATH SPEECH. I To the Editor. J bir,— iour attack upon the lecture of Mr. George Belt (London), who substi- tuted Mr. George I^nsbury at the Neath Temperance demonstration last Saturday proves tlie hollown.v? and superficiality of the average 'I'emr,orarL(.-(% "reformc-r." I understand there was a big sigh of iclief when Mr. Belt concluded," and that one of the joint w<!iotaiieft said the committee were, bitterly disappointed." Most Temperance reformers" want soher people in an unjust worM: They want "temperance" without justice." They cannot see, or will not see, that in- temperance is as much the effect of cer- tain evil conditions as it is the c^susc of others.. The fundamental cause of intemperance is "civilisation" itself, and the funda- mental wrong of "civilisation" is pri- vate ownership in land and capital, with its resultant economic inequality, our. feited indolence and famished industry, riches and poverty. In the words of Shakespeare, They are as sick that I surfeit with too much as they that starve with nothing." In Sir Charles Booth's famous analysis of London destitution only 14 per cent. of the worst cases were due to drink and thriftlessness," whilst 55 per cent, were due to r.f employment." A medical writer in "The Hibbert Jour- nal" classified three-quarters of the drinking in this country as industrial drinking," due t4 body-exhausting and soul-dcstroyinsr industrial conditions. I liave heard of works" in South Wales where the management, actually employ lads to carry beer to the work- men, thus admitting that "oil" is as necessary to the human machine as "it is to the other kind. Some of the directors and shareholders of these works are so- called Temperance "TeformarsI" I wonder whether the people who dis. liked Mr. Belt's Socialist and scientific temperance agree with the use of anesthe- tics in operations and dentistry? Ah-ohol is modern civilisation's leading anesthe- tic-" and it is nothing vncr-i." 4*"in to the poor slum woman is srimply chloro- form and temporary Nirvana, and beer is the workman's soporofic. The bulk of the rich and the comfortable have science, art, literature, music and philosophy to fill the mind and heart, but the bulk of our wage-slaves are sweated in works and factories and housed in miserable hovels, end the only romance that streaks the monotony of their lives comes from the beer-shop or the picture 6how. To divide mankind into drinkers and non-drinkers and to placard facts and figures about the cost and the effects of drink is merely to state -the problem. When Judge Bailhache thrills court with an explanation of how drink brought a man to a death sentence he has still to explain what brought the man to drink! "One thin;? must still be greatly dark—the moving why they do it." The causes of intemperance are the artificiality of com- petitive life, ill-health, over-work, ennui and sheer misery. The only genuine Temperance reform is economic and social reform, and the only Temperance lecture worth heaiinj must be a Socialist lecture I —or something closelv akin to if.—Yours, etc., etc., ? ?an Griffiths. I 1?< ;,J¡¡.1t:
TOWN TALK." ——— « —— The appropriate remark: "Isd't t4 cold! -:0:- "Everything in Swansea starts after advertised time." Yes, except the Mumbles train," was the reply. — .O1 There were many ¡1ehin: heartg in Swan, spa and district five rears ago to-day. The occasion was that on which the tith Welsh sailed for France. — :0 Heard in the Skctty car last night: — Titer are taking a Illng time to get to i Petrograd." —" \e.?. they appear to be doing it Petrogradually 1 — se>— You should have acen the chairman at the Swansea Police Court on Tuesday wJii-n addressed a> Your Lordship/ There was ecme blush. v: fr. Stanley L. Cook makes an ideal irman of the Swansea Widows' and Orphans' Fund. And. of course, a good Ccok means everything, doesn't it? --0'- An amusing incident was seen in High- street on Tuesday evening. A tramear conductor w. ho was left. behind charged up the street after the fa-st disappearing c.-ii- like a young tank. — &: —. Au exuberant gentleman in n local tramear this morning imparted a bit of useful information. Ho solemnly tohi h;s f«Uow-pa«sengfrs that Christmas will soon he here now —: o: — A tmval man coding up the line by train the other morning, and who had been stationed at Pembroke for a few weeks, said the Welsh spoken in that district is as pleasant to the hearing as the Hawaiian language. — :0- We read in a periodical of an ignorant man who nlet an educated woman, and for her sake studied diligently, and made a scholar of himself. Of course the con- verse has ofteu happened and a woman has made many a wise man look a fool. •— :o:-« An .-official of the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals say;, that the cat population has reached "prodigious" figures. And judging hy the noises o' nights, a, Sketty man asserts that Swansea has the largest proportion of (-a, in England! Von should see me dance the tango, you should see ray coat tails fly." S-weefc rnemories of long ago. Those who would ;0 to renew them should re-mam bet" that there are large and enjoyabla parties at the Mumbles Pavilion every Thursdny and ntnrclay evenings. — :o Sad details come from ft certain ward in Swansea. A young oanvaffer has been told off for a certain district wherein the madden who wa-s once the pirl of his hear1. Du." calls we know, but he be excused .f he lets the votes at her hontf go begging ? -••o: — Your money breeds germs! savs a contemporary, referring to the dirty state of some of the paper money now in circulation. And yet people will stick to it. even though it is alleged to contain the germs of Hearly all the infectious and contagious diseases known to medi- ccl science — :o:— The only ones (besides the candidates) who seem to be taking nny intere-st in. the municipal elect JOT)* in the town art the youncstors. In the CIstle Ward, in particular, the kiddie nre making a? great noise about it, marching Around j prwes?ioTt formation the" coM evening^ when most of them ought to be in b,? On the same day as H?nm? etrik? were <h<cus<?d ;n (he Hou? of Commons J i'giitnirg, probably ovt of *ymp»thy> struck a church in the North and cfcrt considerable damage. Lightning: tri\ and lightning when -it strikes are de^rucnf five fh/ngs. — :0 A correspondent wants to know if it 1J not possible to establish food k-itrhens int Swansea. It seems that thw are going! to lie very popula" in nianv parti of tlid country this winter. Wtli fuel at aln-Lox famine pit'ees. and firewood at lid. at pound, our correspondent, thinks thatt such in«bitut:ons would prove a boorl and a blessing to many a etriigqliii fs nil-Iv. f The prospect of the. realisation of a lar-f I up at the Mumbles has livened up t interest taken in the oyster industry. Wa understand that a new skiff is expected shortly as an addition to the small fleet* now at the Mumbles, but we hoped thatjj more np-to-dat mthod would hare been' undertaken, and. instead of having nf' sailing skiffs, that motor skiffs wauld 1-4 introduced. This would have done a way- with the laborious efforts of working th4 winches by hand. } At the Poet Office employee presents^ tion to the Mayor, one of Mr. Milee' cot- leagues told a .-hmilling story of the value of optinvsm. Two mice fell into a pait of milk. Both paddled furiouelv untr^ one (the pe*simi$t,1 gave up the ghoet. But the c-i ber struggled on. and wonderful to* relate, paddl.,d eo desperately that ha turned the milk into cream and walked. off ?hp fop. He was the 0 p';jm.:t: Th? ?.udi'?n? ktncd to the paraMe vith bo? coming gravity, but. — rO:— A onng con stahle who had recently joined the fores found a dead horse or* his beat in Nebuchadnezzar-street, anHt when coming off duty he had to reporti the state of his beat in writing. The sergeant eould see that he was labour- ing under difficulties, and kept hinyf under observation. Suddenly up jumpecfc the recruit to his f">Ct, pulled off I I tunic, rolled up his sleeves, and wnlk j in the direction of the door. Tlie ser-j | geant shouted. "Where are you goin £ to, man? The RNTttit.: I am going to hift that dead bone up to High-; t,i -iiift that dead horse iip ti) Higb.I street. — :o:— ?< There was great delight among tioll scholar* at Gowerton Catinty School a.: the announcement of the tfop week *1 by the Glamorgan ?da?&tioB Aufhoritv. ] But there ? & rift in fbo h?. I'?o scholara wer? informed on Tu?d?y that] inasmuch M rh?y had lot a êek's <?choo!-? ing on the occasion of the Til'W3 trjkeJ. they vonid "t participate in the stopi J w<?'k." but vo?M only hav? t? two day* known as T?chpr?' R?t.'? Tho afto?aT'? from the borough of Pvans?n who ?tt?n'T' Gow^rton County School are loud in theiri C4-)Iint gcliool are loiid in |- a.,TOin"t thi4g 8(,tiOn. Altbou?h the decision of th? Ho?ma <? Commons that pf?re?s?s in th.h CA-M! right shall sit in the Lords is a. triumph for the sex equality movement, it can, oft course, have no effect unless the Lord t. accept the Bill as amended. Constitu-j tionally, the Hcrufe of Lords only hae thei right to determine who shall have thei privilege of sitting in that Chamber. Even the Crown ha« not the power, as wam laid; down in the Wensleydale peerage case of 1858, in which the question was whether the Crown had the power to bestow upoq a life peer the right to a seat in ti> House of Lords. If the Commons' decision; ia ratified by the Lords, and, tbeTefora? allowed to oowme operative, tW"tlt" ( p<'er?*??s will he enabled to ?t, including ) Viscountess Rhondda, who is now on her) way from America in order to ?iv? ?']-? ￼ dence at the J?ougIa?Ppnnaot; irtqljxr Th?rc are eleven p?rcs?s of th<? ?nite<? Kingdom and nine of England in their own right. Lady Astor, who is almost ccrtain: to win Plymouth, will be the flra*, weNMN M.:E.f @1. r