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-n- DAY-BREAK -ON MYNYDD DU. A I A Mountan Tragedye ¡ STORIES OF THE OLD LIME KILNS. (By BUTTS.") I I H J. D.W." apt IT described -e Biack Mountain Pass as a road that led to; the cloud." Matter of fart readers probably branded this expression as. somewhat exaggerated, but it was a really appropriate illustration. Any Traveller on his first ascent, surveying the. winding track once lit-, enters into the open mountainous space will f,oon exonerate the author of the statement j from being guilty of indulging in idle And high-Sown metaphors. Particularly when it is misty above, it surely appeals to end up the firmament:. If one has not to go through" the grave to reach the" clouds," womnst necessarily walk through a miniature graveyard to do so. Ior Death here from time to time in days not at all far past has left the immovable impressions of ite black digits on the verdant borders of the road. But once you reach the senith of the height8, and a few brisk strides thrown in, if you don't find your- self in celestial realms above the clouds, you will be amply compensated for the energy .spent- with a fine glimpse of the land of mdkand honey. t)AY BREAK. I It is the birth time of an ideal mid- summer's morn, when we lind ourselves between Pihahiroth and liaaisephon (Carreg Fraith and Llwyd) of the black sea of undulating hills on uur naj to witness the King of Day rolling up' the i veil of mist from the face of the Canaan II of Wales. The run is gradually rising from its couch of fleece, and peeps i smilingly r £ if half awake ver the guilded crest of the Eastern horizon. This is perfect peace. An ttempt to describe it would only minimise its splendour. The shades of night were fi-dng In shame before the ejpil-ll And, crimson Streaks otradlanGe I Across the sky were drawn. I But save for the muffled bark of a dis- tant farm dog, and the doleful bleat of a strayed lamb on the hills nothing dis- turbed the mutely eloquent, silent morn. Even the breezes had not left their resting seclusions mid the mountains. Garw River seemed to be murmuring in an undertone its day songs in a dream and Hwyd the Monarch Peak ?riic yet not seemingly 'fully awake pmHed ba- nignly under the first tender touclies of the golden sunrays of dawn. A MOUNTAIN TRAGEDY. But time beckons ns erf. We reluc- I tantly free ourselves from frtider fhe eft-/ trancing spell whLh had completely mastere d tiS, only to jnk (suddenly from ¡ this high plan ot sublimity t-j the gloomy stage of tragedy and sorrow. For ) here on April 9th, 1880, at tho base of Carreg Fraith. Mr. and Mrs. ti Wil- liams, Pantteg Gwyjife, accompanied by their daughter and her i'emaie child, were caught in a iearful snowstorm, ¡ with fatal ip8?)!ts to the grand-mother. The women nad<'hHd?had b(>n :1t! Swa.?sca during th? day disposing of ¡ farm produce (a translation icwn in ip.rll as ia triiisia?Lioji toi?-ii in TMt them on their return to Bryntimman J with the 5 o'clock train, with a !rap nnd pony to eonvey them home over the I mountain. On their way they were warned by .sand- shd lime carters not to proceed further, as accord- ing to all signs a great tempest was brewing. Huge flakes were already ir- regularly clecending and w hitening "the moors above. Tho warning was un- heeded, and w lien they had reached the iJae of Carreg Fraith the now heavily fa Hi ng snow had blotted out ei'tirely the distinction between road-l ncl turf: The wheels got stuck in a ditch render* ihg further procedure impossible. If u-as decided to release the horse from ,1.,he vehicle, to make its way home, where it arrived about midnight. The cartless hor=e was the means fas possibly intended.) to raise an alarm, I and a search party went forili seek the missing persons. Mr. Williams was found in n. benumbed state by the trap. I and the daughter with her elild <?asppd ¡ tighth- t'her bosom in a cavity ci?e by, II all but frozen. Her ome nsl)1rati{ju r,l] ?jit fr4jz(,n. After some t,i(;U died at a roadside Inn on the way home. 0'here is nothing to mark the spot ?bpre this occurred. KIN GAR T H lJ R' S BED. From tliis point we have a good view 1 of the much talked of Gwely Arthur (King Arthur's Bed;. It to hai-e been tired on the western hip of Carreg Lwyd. It- is a huge mattress-shaped mound,and spacious enough foi- hun- dred or so sleepers. Even this number could well afford to he onrnh- v ithout .fear of failing over the edge. Tradition -has it that it derived its name from the I. fact that King Arthur and his zirniy Jialted here while on a march Iron) Brecon to Craig yr Hesa,. Llandibie. The eoMicrs loved their leader so dcarty that I thy went about se?ctin? the driest and taoet sheltered spot for Ms c:?nping quarters. In thm r?pect their judg- ment was tauitJf.?. It s?nis ?s if it ¡ was entrenched on all sides except the north. and there are still distant traces c? excavating instruments having been used. The Garw River hn? its murc? at the foot of the hd, and some msist on believing that the river had !18 birth I underneath the King's resting place when the soil was disturbed, (his was ,1,500 years ago. therefore we have Ireason to believe that Garw lliver has I <on? beenw ing since fho Hfth .-cntury, hav)n? refni?d to burst into existence during creation. Just a few yards before we each the ¡ top* of the mountain is the scene of another fatal accident. It was on the 26th of September, 1916 that David Richards, of Pontamman. along with friends, were returning after a day's business from Liangadock district in a tnoior-car. It was a wet, dark oreiiing. When on the gradient mentioned, the left front wheel got into violent ■ ontpci Irith the roadside ombanlcmeat, with the result that who was fleering, was thrown headlong out "Gaining fatal injuries. A circle of the green-1 award cut off with a lic-lit coloured stone embedded in its fringe marks the spot where this accident occurred THE LIME KILNS. t There h?ve been from time M time t?ut 30 Kilns in operation, t?t the ?roup we a1;o J'Mt mvestigatui? behind Carreg Lwyd is the most modern id the latef.t- in action. Although desultorv operations have been conducted in this quarter comparatively recently, the qti.-trt??r c- 6 r -at;? -t l il til  kilns have opt be>en in If ull swmv." so to speak these list 40 years or so. Com- petition and dearth of coal were tespon- &ible fpr the cessation of production. People came from as far as Cardigan. Idangeitho, Aberaeron, and other distant places for lime, and travelled all night in order to reach the works by the Humm- ing- Observance of the Sabbath being thc'n strictly enforced, no one was allowed to start oil their journey for lime until stftpr the-elpek had struck th, Inidnight bour ofl^unUay. «u.ui then Ui«re jww a ..T ? keen race between the hauliers to reach tire kilns first, as the supply was not always equal to the demand. Farmers kept their servants under drastic surveil- ri (--I i i cl r t-. before th« specified time, and thus break the Com- mandments. But not to he ousted by di.-taiit purchaser-, who were not thll" restricted, tho servants residing in the neighbourhood of the kilns often left their beds stealthily and t managed to leave the. tarmyard without disturbing their masters by padding the horses' Looh and gombo wheels with course straw. We are reminded of an exciting in,. f-idpnt Tt-hich occurred here when the humdrum of toil was at its Height. The story is almost incredible, but neverthe- less quite true. While manipulating a pair of horses attached to a cart on the I top of one of the lime quarrias, a certain person had the misfortune of falling I accidentally over the precipice, accom- panied by the steeds and vehicle, to tho ledgo below, a drop of about :)I) feet. His I iellow workmen hastened to the rescue, I hut had to go a roundabout way owing to I he len gt h or the quarry to reach the ftpot, and found the horses grafting uncon- cernedly, and the haulier very much alive indeed. And so he is to-day. Each lime bakery wns known by a par- ticular name, and each name had a particular meaning. Here appended a-re the names of the majority of the most, I modern kilns: Victoria. Penybyd, Pen- darren, l'antyffynon, California. New .Zealand, B!ap?s\Tawr. Cr:ugo?a'??. C-rtvig^y- N03. Pontbren, Tanyvoel, Odyn Rh.?s, Seren. Odyn y Graig; Y Gwcw. Cubilo, And f?-Hir ) H'- _P" AT PIT-HIR. I I There are reasons to believe that since May 21th, 1918, the best known to tho present generation is the last, named oven, as hero, on that date, another tragedy occurred. George Davies, of. Brynamman, had decided to re-open one ¡' of the kilns, and selected Pit.-Hir with that object, 1t being in a bettor state of repair than the rest. He was presumably ¡ in the act of clearing the debris from inside the kiln when the loose rubbish gave way under his feet. As he sank to the bowel of the kiln the debris closed I round him, with the result that he was suffocated. A search was made as he did not return nest day, and bis lifeless body I was found. tltd down in the oven, on the third day. The presence of his dog lying I on tho top of ihl particular structure gave the search party a cliio as to which kiln he; was engaged at. Pit-Hir is right, opposite the sand quarry, and faces the Pass, from where it can be seen. In this vicinity there are many caves, with which manv interesting narratives are connected. The one situated between two kilns is the most spacious and best kno-wn.

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