t LINES I 0* Ike ocadon of laying the fo«ad»\ion tboae of aIM Church Otp" IIaICOr, Old Banlror Time hall trac'd Antiquity 00 tbee: Th« knell of ages has been toll a Since thou wert built, and yeam love toll <1 Into Eternity. To thy renown Let it be known, tbou then didst teach the Truth, time consecrated town. Thy old Cathedral's walls For manv a year gotn by, Jla. echoed oft the prayers of then Who till the knell of death repose Within the churchyard nigh. The Church ftuccedg, God's cause proceeds, loother lemple now thy growing progreuftdeot. To thy blest memory, Our dear departed DEAN, This tribute of eur love we pri", Though dead, thy noble action* lite. They'll neter die I ween. Whene er we pse, In comIng day., Upon th« Chunk, we'll weep thy weU deserved praise? What (Itter monument Could we erect to thee ? God. church on earth had won thy soul; And now, tint thou hast reached the goal Of thy felicity, Thy virtues move Soft hearts to prove In Mm* M)Mt.tatM) form how deepl1 tiler can love. The glorious cause of God, Will finally succeail; Our actions, like a favouring breeia To home bounrl vessels on the seas, Its prone.. onward speed. On time s blank page 0 m\ our age Write <«?'wh?h'w!?f<ist when we hMB tett Ufa's stage. ▼ajuol N S i. HUUHMB.
FY NARLUN. Bangorvab yw hwn a gerflwyd,-tsawr I&wn, Mor enwog a phroffwvd » Medd fy mam-Fy William ,1d. Anwylach fab 01 welwyd. Yma'r ydwyf fel ymemwdwr-gwpbo Yn gawT o ymffrostiwr; Heb wwwM nerth na gwerth gwr, Na thalent mwy Da tb-I-r. 01 mor boew mae r &wen,-&'i Itaw AUuog mor addien; Et Williatu wnaeth i'r heulwen Yraroi i iawr yrna ar Un. Llaw enwog a holl yni-ein WilliMM A welir mewn tlysni; Oil un fatb yn llawn wyf ft, Gwel luniodd o'r goleunl. Hongier e'n awr ar y parad,—un fath Pen fyw o anartliad i zi entu fv(ld, a'i wen ta(l, Oea&u eraill yn sinraiV It morlliwgar inaer Uygaid -at atdek Y gwyneb rn »r gauaid, Nid oea gwr er ewis gaid A alllunlo dull enaid. BAKOORTAB.
(Dur library Sable. CAMMX'S SERIALS AND PER IODIC AW. London: Cas- eell, Petter, and Gilpin, La Belle Savage Yard. These publications, for July, contain all the attractions of excellent letter-press, tine paper, and illustrations, equally appropriate and well-executed, which have dis- tinguished the previous issues. The HOLY BmLJI: has reached the 8th part; and the woodcuts and illustra- tions of the laws and sacred ceremonies of the Jews, dis- play great talent, both in taste and execution.—The BIBLE DICTIONARY, l'art 14, contains an article on the Gospels," which should be attentively read, as sceptics throw so many doubts in the way of the unlearned reader. The writer briefly, but clearly, asserts and proves the authenticity and inspiration of the works of the four Evangelists works in which we find "each writer s own peculiarities of mind and diction," united with" a glorious harmony and, while individuality and fresh- mesa result from the variety, the whole shines with a lustre to which all contribute." We do not think Bunyan's HOLY WAR will ever ac- quire the popularity of the Pilgrim's Progress," but Caasell's edition will cause it to be much better known. There are some very strking engravings in the part for July, which cannot fail to attract all lovers of art.—The POPULAR NATURAL HISTORY, (Part 7), and the Popu- LAR EDUCATOR Part 31), progress favourably; the lat- ter being a most excellent educational work.- We can, *IW, Say of the ILLUSTRATED GOLDSMITH, ROBINSON CRDSOK, and SHAKESPEARE, that they are all that can be desire The ILLUSTRATED HISTORY or ENGLAND (Part 431, is still occupied with the Russian war,—which, as in former parts, is narrated, succinctly and impartially. We select, as a specimen, the closing paragraph of an an- imated description of the Battle of Tchemaya; which was, in many respects, a striking action; but it did not enhance the reputation of Prince Gortchakoff as a General. Allowing that Gen. Read marred his plan, by abruptly attacking the French left, and thus preventing a combined onset at dawn, it is plain, that Prince Gor- tscbakoff was quite unable to devise a new scheme, or to repair the hole made in the old one. The attacks which he ordered, those of the 5th and 17th, were given one after the other, and deprivd of unity, they were de- prived of everything, but the mere stubborn valour of the troops. It is not good generalship to throw in column after column to be beaten in detail, and pounded to pieces in the advance and retreat by a heavy artillery. Yet this is exactly what the Russians did. J'hebearing of the troops, under such circumstances, was magnifi- cont; the conduct of the General suggests only despair, or a superior order from St. Petersburg, as the motive. Throughout the day, Prince Gortschakoffkept the entire division out of range, and out of action. Why ? Be- cause he knew what immense reserves were in the hand of General l'elissier, and what efficient aid the British could have lent to Gen. la Marmora. It is quite possi- ble, that, had the Russians carried Mount Hasfort, he would have been even more disastrously defeated for his right wing would have been crushed by the French, and his whole army, cut off from the Mackenzie-road, would probably have been driven into the mountains in disorder. The French and Sardinian troops were very well handled. The reserves were advanced with- out hurry, and used at the right moment. But, there can be no doubt, that the crushing flank fire from the British and Sardinian guns, helped to prepare the enemy for defeat, and tripled his loss. Some think that the al- lied cavalry, so fine and strong, should have been sent across the Tchernaya, esjxseially towards noon, when the Russian infantry were climbing the heights, and the ca- valry were alone with a few guns. General Pelissier did not think so and no one, but a sharp-eyed cavalry officer, who saw the held and the chances it officer, can tell, whether he was right or wrong in his opinion. As it was, the enemy was very severely punished. The loss of the Tchernaya sealed the fate of Sebastopol. In the QUIVER, for July, (Part 32), Mr. Jeflreson's tale of Not Dead Yet," is concluded, It proceeds and ends better than it began though we think tie final catastrophe is too hurried. There ought to have been a little more detail: and if the author was confined to space, some of the previous chap'era would have very well ad- mitted of curtail weiit.fhe World of School is con- tinued and if the author, the Rev. J. W. Farrar, gives a true picture of the scenes enacted at any of our public schools, in his description of Life at St. Winefred's," ther must be something essentially wrong in their govern- ment. It would not be, possible in a well regulated school, for boys to conduct themselves as the inmates of Mr. Noel's house are described to have done,—not for a tingle week, much less for a series of months. This tale is well told; and the reader cannot fail to take a great interest in the fortunes of Walter Evson, and se- veral of the other pupils.—A new tale is commenced, "Hark Warren; or, 'Onwards and Upwards:" which promises well; and whilst the former subjects treated of In the miscellaneous department are continued, two new ones, "Animal Life in London," and a history of "Ragged Schools," are commenced. This part is quite equal to any of its predecessors; and there are many passages that would bear to be extracted our room only allows us to extract one "OLD PSALM TUNES. I To ofrward the favourable reception of such tunes, two facts an to their original attention must be practically borne in mind. They were sung faster than we usually sing them, and, what is better, by a far greater number of voiew. It is a great mistake to suppose, that old tunes should be Bung in a heavy drawling style. Our forefathers in the Church were faithful Christians. A Psalm tuue of a dozen verses was but short to them. Hence, as well M from other circumstances, it is clear that they sung in a quicker and livelier manner than is commonly conjectured. The 'Old Hundredth is made a dirge in our days but in theirs it was a joyous and an. imating canticle. In like manner, I York' tune, which is among the dull and obsolete, was, little more than a century ago, the liveliest and most popular tune of the entire kingdom. But, to hear old tunes to advantage, they must be suug with decent gravity and cheerful sanctity, but by masses of people, by a multitude of voioee, by all the people together,' as the original direc- tions stated. Six thousand voices were wont to be heard at St. Paul's Crow. I Three or four thousand, singing at a time, in a church in this city, is but a trifle,' said the excellent Koger Acbam, in a letter from Augs- burgb, dated the 14th of May, 156L" The ILLUSTRATED FAMILY PAPER, with part 79, com- mences a new volume: and it is printed on somewhat finer (taper than the last. The tales Falsa steps," and "The Purpose of a Life," we continvmd ha 's new tal* is commenced, The Brother's 8e' t?o ''? ￼ iecta are also commenced, a eenee cfpt?er'on The Breath of Life," und another on "I "French Workmen, their Work aud their Ways," by Manchard Jerrold, who has mixed much with these workmen, having re- sided in Paris for some time; cue of his express ob- jects being to study the manners and customs of the French operatives. These papers are full of interest; and when we find Mr. Bright, Mr. Cobden, and their followers, constantly decrying the position of the Bri-I tish w( rkman, and asserting that our working classes are worse off than those of any other country, the follow ing passage, from the pen of a writer, who is also a Libe- ral, but one who has had that practical experience with respect to the position of those classes in both countries, which the members for Birmingham and Rochdale want, -is deserving attention:- Now, it is undeniable, that the working-classes of 1?ari8, taken either as a body, or trade by trade, receive lower wages than English working-men, and live less comfortably. The Paris workmen have recently had an opportunity of proving this,—during a visit which they paid to London, in separate trades, as industrial delegates to the Great Exhibition of 1862. I have care- fully gone over the 20 reports which have been issued by these delegates, and I find that they, one and all, re- port to the same offect. —namely, that they are not so well off as their English rivals, albeit French art work- men excel those of England. I do not think I overstate the difference, when I affirm, that the London workman, as a rule, earns one-third more money than the Paris workman. The London workman is better lodged, and can live better in all respects than the Paris workman. The Paris engineers, bronze and brass workers, carriage- makers, wood carvers, printers, engravers, lithographers, comb-makers, upholsterers, and cabinet makers, one and all report of their visit to London, that they found the English representatives of their respective trades en- joying comforts and privileges unknown in Parisian work- shops. This passage will be read by many workmen,—for the Illustrated Family Paper circulates largely among this class; and we hope it will have the effect of making them cautious how they credit the wild and reckless assertions of the agitators, whose sole aim is, for their own personal advantage, to render them dissatisfied with their own position and their privelegeB,-which are, at the present moment, superior to those of their class in any other part of the world There are many other- subjects treated of-and all well, in the" Family Paper," which is, this month, even more profusely illus- trated. THE LADIES' TREASURY for July.— London: Houlston and Wright. This is a very good number of a periodical, which, we find, is a great favourite with the ladies of our acquain- tance. It has a new feature—a coloured frontispiece, shewing the Rolandseck and the Kloster-Nonnenworth the former the remains of a castle which crown the sum- mit of a high mountain on the shore opposite the Drach- erfels on the Rhine, the latter a convent, standing upon an island, at the base of the mountain, "surronnded by the blue-green waters of the winding river, and embos- omed in trees." The castle takes its name from the brave Count Roland, who flourished in the middle ages. The legend attached to the spot is, that the count was attached to a beautiful and noble girl, but being hastily summoned to the war then raging, the nuptials were de- layed till his return. Meantime, the report of his death having reached his bride, she determined to withdraw from the world, and took refuge in the convent after- wards called Nonenswerth. Roland, coming home flush- ed with success, and in anticipation of a life of happi- ness, was aghast at the tidings, which, for a while, he re- fused to believe; but, on endeavouring to obtain an in- terview with his promised wife, he was told she had ta- ken the veil." As she was dead to him, and he could not see her, he built a hut on the summit of the,moun- tain, near the castle, built A.D. 1249, by the archveque of Germany, Arnold II, and there he watched the con- vent and the nunB as they walked in its gardens, endea- vouring to single out his beloved from amongst them. It is said they both died on the same day, and at the same hour.-The other illustrations in the work are Sligo Abbey," St. Martin's Church, Canterbury," and the Fashions."—The literature is varied and interesting, being calculated to inform and amuse. BLACKWOOD'S EDINBURGH MAGAZINE for July.—London and Edinburgh. W. Blackwood and Sons. We cannot help thinking that the Cornelius O'Dowd, of Blackwood, is Charles Lever; his lucubrations upon men and women and other things in general," being so much in the style of that writer. Besides the continua- tion of these lucubrations we have a second Letter from the Principalities," quite as interesting as the first; with continuations of Tony Butler," and The Chron- icles of Carlingford. The new subjects are excellent pa- person The Education and Training of Naval Officers," "The Napoleonic Idea in Mexico," which, the writer says, "is much to be applauded for the good it will ac- complish for the world at large,"—and The London Art Season." There are, also, two poetical contribu- tions, one supposed to be addressed to the Duke Lud- ovico Sforza, about Leonardo da Vimi," the other from Leonardo to the Duke in his own defence The most important and interesting of these papers are those on "The Principalities," and Mexico." We quote the concluding paragraph of the latter" So far as it has gone the intervention has been successful, and the Na. poleonic idea has a good prospect of being fully realized. Meanwhile, two important ends have been attained. The expedition bas paid its expenses—the cost of the inter- vention is to be refunded to France by the new govern- ment, which likewise takes upon itself the charge of maintaining the French troops which are to be left in Mexico. The enterprise, moreover, has successfully en- gaged the thoughts of the French people during a per. iod when the Emperor found it advisable to remain at peace in Europe. France is still in a condition in which the stimulus of military action abroad is requisite to keep her quiescent at home. The Emperor's Mexican idea has served this purpose as well as others: and Eur- ope has been thankful that the French have been amus- ed otherwise than at her expense. But the Mexican idea, so far as regards the direct action of France, is now at an end and looking at the circumstances of Europe, as well as at the fact, that the Emperor's hands are again free, we think the continental powers may now feel as King John did, when, at the close of the tournament at Ashby de la Zouch, he received the brief but significant warning, The devil has got loose.' THE CHURCHMAN'S FAMILY MAGAZINE, for July.—Lon- don: James Hogg and Co. There are several well executed illustrations in this number, with much interesting matter for the reader. No. 4 of Our Bishops and Deans," gives usa sketch of the talents, career, and character, of Dr. Langley, the Archbishop of Canterbury,—a Divine well-fitted for his high position.—The first of a series of Papers on Hymns and Hymn Books," causes us to wish for the second; and the articles entitled Our English Wed- ding Sermons," A Dale Pariah in Yorkshire," and The Nature and Causes of Earthquakes," are quite en- titled to rank in the first class of magazine literature." —"The Clever Woman of the Family," "Garden Re- creations," and "The Milestones of Life. are continued; and there area few verses by the late Alaric A. Watts, who always wrote pleasantly and with feeling. As a memento of our old and respected friend, we extract them:— c. WELCOME THE SORROW THAT COMES SINGLY. I A Proverb Paraphrased. I Oh, welcome the sorrow that singly is sent, How many a blessing appears in disguise! A sign of God's love and his pity but meant To fashion the soul be designs for the skies. Oh welcome the sorrow that comes by itself To win back a wandering sheep to the fold; That can teach e'en the worldling whose god is his pelf. There are treasures more precious than silver and gold. Oh welcome the sorrow that singly arrives, Though some life-cherished dream it is doomed to dispel Tis a merciful blow the fond heart that deprives Of some idol it loves not too wisely, but well! That sorrows may touch us not seldom they come In battalion,' that seem all the soul to o'er- wbelm; BuT, the softest of winds may but send a bark home, If the vessel 'thus followed' obeys but her helm. Then welcome the sorrow that singly is sent, Yield the helm of thy heart to its gentle control, So thy ship shall reach home with her sails all un- rent, And the strain ef the tempest be spared to thy soul." LONDON SOCIETY, for July.—London: 9, St. Bride's- Avenue, Fleet-street. Of the 13 articles in this number, nine are illustrated, either with full-page engravings, or wood-cuts let into the text,—and they render the periodical very attrac- tive. The literary department is equally good; and the number is, altogether, deserving of high praise. The Ordeal for Wives," The London Opera Directors," The Playgrounds of Europe," are the only articles continued from former numbers; A Lady's Adventure in Search of a House," and papers on Cricket Legisla- tion," are commenced. The other eight articles are com- plete in themselves; and those on "The Paris Season," Young Oxford at the Commemoration," and Society at Cambridge," are especially deserving notice. The latter refers to the recent visit of the Prince and Prinfrt" of Wales and the writer trueta that their royal high- nesses will always look back, with unmixed gratilmt. dda to the two days spent at dear old Cambridge. Not a single eonlretempt occurred to mar, even for a Mo. ment, their pleasure which must have been enhanced by the right leal and loyal sympathy, respect and affection felt and shewn, by every class, both in the University, and the town, Nor will the visit have been without effect if, as it undoubtedly most, it assures the people how really their future sovereign is interested in their well-being and wel -doing, and thus binds more closely to the crown, the esteem and love of thousands of true hMrt among us." -We may add, that, in most of the ar- ticles in this number there is a freshness and a piquancy which renders them very amusing. Book, and Periodicals for Review to be sent to W. C. Stafford, Esq., No. 79, (late No. 4) York Road. Lam- beth, S., our London agent for the literary department of the Chronicle.
Å FEW PLAIN HINTS AND SUGGESTIONS ON TEACHING THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN (WELSH) COUNTRY SCHOOLS. BT JAXES JONES. [Continued.] I CHAPTER IX.—ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND ANALYSIS. These subjects of school instruction appear to have much, attention paid to them in some of our Welsh schools; and they are professedly introduced into our schools with the view of exhibiting, to the young minds, the elements of speech aud the principles of their ar- rangement. As grammar deals with forms of thought which do not admit of visible illustration, it must be looked upon as a very hard subject, even to adults. To render the study pf grammar attractive, it is ne- cessary to raise it from the gloomy region of technicality —to make it a means of cultivating the minds of the children and extending their knowledge of English. In some schools this subject is held ine greatest ab- horence by the pupils; and this must not be wondered at when the course consist almost entirely of the mere getting up of unintelligible rules and definitions. When any subject is abused, an aversion is immediately be- gotten in the children's minds to its further prose- Clition, *??s' now generally admitted that the reading lessons afford to teachers the best facilities for imparting to their pupils a knowledge of the analysis and structure of the English language. Dean Dawes, in his Hints, says—"Grammar is taught here (King's Somborue School) almost entirely through the readiiig-lemoiis; and in this way, far from being the dry subject many have supposed it to be, it becomes one in which .the children take great interest. Any attempt at giving them dry definitions of parts of speech and rules of grammar, is almost sure to fail; for one :that it in- terests, it will disgust ten, and therefore the thing ought not to be attempted in this way." John Amos Comenius, a Moravian teacher, who flou- rished about the middle of the seventeenth century, in reference to the teaching of grammar, states— You that have the care of little children, do not trouble their thoughts and clog their memories with bare grammar rudiments, which to them are harsh in getting, and fluid in retaining; because, indeed, to them they signify no- thing but a mere swimming notion of a general term, which they comprehend not, till they comprehend par- ticulars." An old Roman writer said- Longum est iter per Praecepta, breve et efficax per Exempla." A knowledge of the general features and principles of English is of far greater importance to our children than a parrot-like acquaintance with the technicalities of grammar. As the principles of imitation and frequent repetition possess a great influence w the development of children's minds, examples are of far greater use than rules. These are useful, because the young learners get a notion of partitiilar construction from them. The plan of constructing our pupils through a gram. matical course in connection with the reading lessons is directly calculated to engage their sympathy, arrest their attention, and improve the practical character of their understanding. Our first course comprises—The noun, with its number; adjective; pronouns, with their num- ber; and the verb, with its number and tense, and its agreement with the nominative. The verb being the principal word in a senteuee, requires particular atten- tion, especially in the case of Welsh country schools; Welsh children cannot be too soon initiated in this some. what difficult part of speech. The second course—The revisal of the first, together with observations upon the different moods and tenses; inflextions; adverbs of manner, time, and place; atrmig, weak, and passive verbs; agreement of nominative and verb more fully explained. The third course—The revisal of the second with Mine explanatory hints on those elements which join simple sentences together; government. As soon as the greater difficulties in the language have, to some reasonable extent, been overcome by any set of children, text books may advantageously be given them; but in every case where bare formularies constitute the only course of study in this subject, a cabalistic effect in the children's minds will necessarily follow. The following points may be worthy of attention:- T. Let parsing be so taught as to be made subsidiary to the acquirement of English. 2 Let the study of grammar be pursued in a manner that will enlist the sympathies of the children. 3. Pay greater attention to the more important than the less important parts of speech. 4. Always bear in mind that proficiency in mere tech- nicalities of grammar affords no just criterion to the amount of the lingual acquirementa of any set of children. 6. It should be remembered that this subject, though a most important one when judiciously located, is ca- pable of being so abused as to be productive of very few if any good results. J. Analysis of sentences-L;oneurrenriy,ita me worn 01 parsing, our children should be trained to resolve com- pound sentences, &c., into their simple ones. Like grammar, to which it is closely allied, the process of analysing should be carried on for some time in connec- tion with the reading lessons. A careful perusal of Hunter's and Morell's works on analysis of sentences will tend to arm teachers against the difficulties which they may occasionally meet with whilst engaged in giving their pupils an insight into this subject. The teacher may introduce this subject somewhat in the following manner (Explanations should be interspersed throughout the lessons. ) A sentence is ——— (LetS. S. stand for simple sentence; C. S. for com- pound sentence; and C. Se. for compound sentences. A. S. having one nominative, and one (finite.) Verb is called a Examples. Every S. S. when it stands alone is a —— S. What is meant by a finite verb ? You sometimes find a S having two, or three, or more nominates or agents, and an equal number of finite" verbs. In that case, will the S be a simple or a com- pound one ? Now, let us try and form a C. S. Here is one:— [I.) The man who was working in my garden yes- terday, is at home to-day. How many S. Ss. does it contain! Which are they? Name the connecting word. [2.] In the S.-He came to me this morning and asked me for the loan of my knife, which is the connec- ting word ? (3.) In the S.— He lives where he plemes,-which is the connecting word You will perceive that some sentences are strong and independent, whilst others are weak and unable to stand as unconnected sentences. The man is at home to day, is a ——— And asked me for the loan of my knife, is a ——— What is omitted in the S., and asked me, &c. ? Supply it. Can the nominative be always omitted after' and l' ( Sentences illustrative of this point should be given by the teacher.) What kind of sentences does the conjunction and connect! He lives, is a ——— Where he pleases, is a ——— Is there a complete (independent) thought contained in:- 1.1 Whenever John conducted himself properly ￼ I2.1 Who was wasting his time and money I 3.] How he hkea' It will be observed that sentences are joined together I by a relative pronoun, conjunction, or an adverb. CHAPTER X.—ETYMOLOGY, I The process ef dividing compound words into separate roots and particles proves one of instruction and enter- tainment, to such of our children as have already mas- tered the commoner words. Professor Sullivan, in one of his school works, says-" The easiest and most effec- tual method of acquiring a knowledge of what may be called the different wllrds of our language, is to learn the comparatively few roots from which they are de- rived, and the prefixes and affixes which vary and mo- dify their meanmg. In this way the pupils will learn with greater case, and recollect with greater certainty whole families of words, in less time perhaps than it would take them to learn the meaning of an equal num- ber of (ingle and unconnected terms, which, as they are arot coungoted by ikny principle of usociation, well SA- cape from the memory, even after the labour of much .repetition. In short, under the old way, aa it is called, the pupil fished with the hook, and drew in at most but one word at a time; but under the system here recom- mended he uses a net, and at one cast draws in a whole multitude of words." The meaning of a meaning being very commonly re- quired in the case of our country chilitren, a considerable amount of attraction can be imported to this subject by some of the more difficult words being written in Welsh. Whilst the attention of the pupils is being drawn to the Saxon and Latin prefixes, teachers should not forget to elicit from the class the corresponding Welsh ones. EXERCISE 1. j Annus, a year Annals, records, 4c. Anniversary, a day, or event celebrated, as it re- turns in the course of the year. Annual, yearly. Annuitant, he that receives an annuity. Annuity, a yearly allowance. Millennium, a thousand years of peace, Sc. The children's knowledge of the meanings of the words they have learnt, may be further improved by their being required to give a viva-voce translation of a few sentences in this way: The gentleman has not seen the annals. My mother has had an annuity left her. He who receives an annuity is an annuitant. The anniversary of that society will be celebrated on Monday next. M Some people write and speak much about the Mil- lennium. I EXERCISE 2. I L. E. W. I Prae. Fore. Rhag. Predict, foretell. Forewarn, to warn beforehand. Predecessor, one who was in office before another. Precursor, forerunner. Precaution, preservative caution. He had predicted the change. He had foretold the consequences of the war. The master has forewarned the children not to go too near the river. My prede- cessor was very successful. The quarrel was a precur- sor of evil. They have not used the necessary pre- caution. I KXERCISE 3. In prefixed to nouns, adjectives, or adverbs means not*, or ontrary to. In assumes the following forms for the sake of eu- phony:- ??, tm, ir. Saxon corresponding preb, WeU do., a n. Intemperate, immoderate in food or drink. Illiterate, untaught. Ignorance, want of knowledge. Imprudent, indiscreet. Irreproachable, free from blame. Unbecoming, unseemly. Every illiterate man is not an intemperate man but every intemperate man must be an imprudent man. Indiscreet acts generally result from ignorance. John is acting in a very unbecoming manner. Our friend is a man of irreproachable character. The affixes may be treated in a similar way. Each lesson given should be neatly written out by the pupils for future reference. (To be continued.)
I DENBIGHSHIRE QUARTER SESSIONS. I I (Concluded from our last.) I I FRIDAY. I The Court opened at 10 o'clock a.m. for the trial of prisoners. Magistrates on the Bench :rhomas Hughes, Esq., chairman; James Maurice, Eeq., Purcell Williams, Esq., Pentre Mawr and R. 0. Moulesdale. Esq., Llan. rwst. c,ounsel present:- Messrs. Swetenbam, Ralph, Traf- ford, Ignatius Williams, and Hilton. The following gentlemen formed THE GRAND JURY. I Mr. Frederick W. Smith, Castle-street, Kuthtn, foreman Thomas Edward.. draper, Ruthin W. Green, sen.. Lion Hotel, do David Griffiths, Cilygroeslwyd Hugh Jon s, Garthgynan Wm. Jones, Wern Fawr R. G. Joyce, Ruthin Richard Lloyd, Plas-yn-llan David Parry I'.nrhewl John Roberts, Plaseinion Thomas Roberts, Waterloo Inn Richard Roberts, Cross Keys Thomas Symond, Hendre Robert Williams Llangynhafal Joseph Maude, Ruthin The CHAIRMAN, in addressing the Grand Jury, said- The calendar of prisoners before me presents but a very few cases of crime. There are but four which you will have to consider, and they are of the ordinary descrip- tion. I am also happy co observe that the prisoners in gaol for trial at the Assizes are but very few-fewer in fact than the cases you have to consider to-day. There are onl" v three cases, I believe, to be tried at the Assizes, and we have four here. One person, a servant in the employ of a fanner in the neighbourhood of Wrexham, is charged with having embezzled some money which hitmaater entrusted to him. It appears his master was in the habit of giving him money to pay for stock which he had purchased, and on this occasion gave him jE6 or jf7 but the servant, unfortunately, forfeited his mas- ter's confidence by absconding with the money. He was apprehended at some distance from home, and some of the money found in his possession. The case is easily disposed of. A person is also charged with housebreak- ing at a cottage, near Denbigh, and stealing therefrom some wearing apparel; he was seen coming from the cottage with some of the articles on his person. Then, there is a woman charged with robbery from the person of a man in whose company she had been during some part of the day the case is clearly brought home to her by the evidence of the constable and by her own confession; there is no point whatever arising in it call- ing for any observations of mine. The last case is that of stealing a gold breast-pin from a publican in Wrex- ham; it is a very short one, and really does not require any comment from me. The only observation that ap- pears to me to arise from the calendar is, that all these crimes have been caused by drunkenness—at least, out of four cases, three of them have been committed under the influence of drink. Of course, drunkenness is no excuse or paliation of crime, but it rather aggravates it. I merely mention to you this fact to point out the la- mentable prevalence of drunkenness in the country. I am afraid persons in Wrexbam have obtained an unen- viable notoriety for that evil. Let us hope that the edweational and religious systems may raise the habits and disposition of the people beyond the vice of drunk- enness. Now, gentlemen, please retire to your room, and return your bills as soon as possible, so that we may pro- ceed with the business of the Court. I DIVERSION OF ROAD. Mr. Swetenham made an application to the Court to confirm the order of Justices for diverting the footpath at Dolddwr, in the parishes of Ruthin and Llanfwrog. No notice of appeal had been given. The application was granted. APPEAL. I Mr. Swetenham also applied to be allowed to enter a respite to appeal against the poor rate granted by the overseers of the pour of Eglwysfach against the London and North Western Railway Company, on the 12th of April, 1864. The rate having been made so recently, there would be no time to appeal at these Sessions; but it was arranged by both parties to defe.' the case till a future Sessions. The Court granted the application. BTEALING MONEY. I Mary Ann Fowler pleaded not guilty to a charge of having at Wrexham, on the 10th of June, 1864, feloni- ously stolen from the person of James Ankers two sove- reigns and three half-crowns, his property. Mr. Swetenham prosecuted, and the prisoner was un- defended. The prosecutor, a witty old Irishman, had been treat- ing Mary Ann to a few glasses of ale on the day in ques- tion, and in the course of time "Jemmy Anky," as she called him, revealed to her the content* of his purse. Mary Ann kept this revelation in mind, and watched her opportunity to place the purse in her own pocket. Meanwhile, Jimmy became drowsy, and went to the first field," near Wrexham, to lay himself down. Mary Ann followed as soon as she thought Jimmy was fast asleep, and with the marked tenderness of a lady's hand, she succeeded in extracting the much coveted purse out of poor Jimmy's stronghold without disturbing his repose. Poor Mary Ann," however, was captured before she managed to spend all the money. She was apprehended at Gresford by P.C. Lawley, and 2 sovereigns were found in her possession. Verdict-Ouilty. Sentence-Four months imprisonment, with hard la, bour. EHBKZZLEMENT. I Terrence Finnigan, an Irish lad, pleaded guilty to hav- ing, on the 19th of March last, embezzled the sum of 16 16s., the monies of his employer, a farmer residing near Wrexham. Sentence-Six months' imprisonment, with hard la- bour.. STEALING A SCARF PIN. I Thomas Pugh, gas fitter (out on bail), was indicted for having, on the 2nd of April last, feloniously ■««» gold scarf pin, value 12s., the property of Gnmth Gnf "MS?jisr- m, Mr. Hilton prosecuted, and Mr. Swetenbam defenddl the prisoner. Griffith Griffiths deposed-I keep the Spirit Vatilts at Penybryn. Prisoner came into my Vaults on the night of the 2nd of April, 1864. I placed my scarf and pin on the counter, and went to enquire of my wife for a clean collar. By the time I returned to the Vaults, the prisoner and the pin also had di-ppeared. Croos-examined-I received 12a. for the pin from a man of the name of Hayes on behalf of prisoner, before he was tried before the magistrates. Mr. Hilton stated that the prisoner had received a quart of ale from Sergeant Parker, 23rd Fusilie-, at Wrexham, and delivered the pin to him as a guarantee that he would pay the value of the ale. SergeMt Parker ?. not in a fit state of health to appear before the Court,therefore, he proposed to put his depositions in evidence. '??lamb deposed having seen Sergeant Parker the previous night, and swore that he was confined to his bed, suffering from rheumatism, and was attended oy a medical adviser. m Mr. S^tTham objected ?eevidenceof<oRSa?T.i?nbh and maintained that the medical man should be present to give testimony as to I'arker's health. The Court over-ruled the objection, and the deposi. tions were allowed to be read. Mrs. Parry, landlady of the Blossoms Inn, Wrexham, deposed having received the pin from Sergeant Parker to deliver to the prisoner when he should call to reo deem it. ?' P?' Wm, Jones said he apprehended the prisoner in the Blossoms Inn, asleep on the settle. On the way to Bridewell he said he "had only taken the pin in a joke." ?" Mr. Swetenbam then asked if there was a case to go to the jury. The act was merely a drunken joke. The Chairman-I think it was a very curiou. joke. Mr. Swetenham then proceeded to address the jury on behalf of the prisoner, and dwelt especially on the good character hitherto borne by him. Was it like)1 he would of his own free will forfeit that character for the sake of a pin of tfre value of 128. ? The Chairman summed up, and the jury returned a verdict of-Not Guilty. HOUSEBREAKING. James Mc. Cartney, another son of the Emerald Isle, iJts charged with having feloniously entered the dwell- ing-house of Robert Lloyd, Green, near Denbigh, and stealing therefrom one coat, one waistcoat, and two me. morandum books, on the morning of the 15th of May last. Verdict-Guilty. Sentei)ce-Twelve months' impri- sonment, with hard labour,-to be kept in solitary confinement for one week in each of the last three months.
CRICCIETH. THIS VISITORS.—We are glad to learn that a number of visitors are now staying at this salubrious Welsh town for the benefit of their health, most of whom are at the George Hotel. Independent of the beauty and healthiness of the place, there are a number of fine fish- ing streams in the immediate neighbourhood, which will constitute an extra attraction to tourists.
CORWEN. Mr. Walter Hay, director of the Shrewsbury Phil- harmonic Society, gave a concert at the National School- room, on Saturday, the 25th ult. The programme in- cluded the overtures to "Zampa" and "Masaniello," and a grand selection from Verdi's II Trovatore," with so- los for violin, flute, cornet, pianoforte, harp, harmonium, and chorus. Principal vocalists, Miss Emma Lloyd and Mr. Stephen Gough. Several of the songs were warmly encored, especially the humorous one, The Mocking Bird," sung by Miss Emma Lloyd. The meeting was well attended, and the parties present were highly en- tertained.
DOLGELLEY. I THE WELSH COAST RAILWAY—During the last two or three weeks, operations on this line were carried on with great vigour contiguous to this town. Unfortunate- ly, however, the end of last week, owing to some dispute about the valuation of the laud belonging to the Hengwrt Estate, at present controlled by the trustees of the late Sir Robert, Williams Vaughan, Bart., a temporary check was given to the operations, Mr. Jones, Crosby-square, London, the agent for the trustees, appearing for the purpose. We earnestly hope that the affair will be soon settled, and the work carried on with redoubled and in- creased vigour. The Welsh Coast Company merits the greatest admiration for the unflinching perseverance and promptitude manifested in carrying on the line, wbeu beset with so many obstacles Little, if any, encourage- ment has been given to the Company since the com- mencement, a fact telling rather unfavourably against our great landed proprietors. The Dolgelley and Bala intended Railway is surveyed preparatory to the valua- tion of the land. We hope they will meet with better success and less opposition in this way.-Corropoitdent.
I DENBIGH. I GAME LICENCES.—In consequence of frauds having been practised by parties obtaining and shooting under wrong licences, the Board of Inland Hevenue have adopted and issued to their officers a special form of re- quisition, to be filled up and signed by every person applying for general game licenses, and also for game- keepers' licenses. It will therefore be necessary that every person, in future, requiring a licence, either for himself or his keeper, should personally attend upon the officer granting such licences, to fill up and sign such requisition before the licence can issue. BOROUGH POLICE COURT, Monday, July 4-Before Dr. Turnour (Mayor), Dr. Pierce, R. Owen, Esq., Lleweni; and R. Lloyd Williams, Esq. Obstructing the Highway.—Mr. Griffith, j'm., watch- maker, was charged by P.S. Davies with having left a box in the street, and thereby obstructing the thorough- fare. Mr. Louis prosecuted, and stated that the box in question had caused serious injury to a young man, who was thrown off his horse in passing it. The father of the young man appeared in Court, and said his son was not able to leave home in consequence of the injury received. Defendant was fined 12s., including costs. Refusing to Quit a Public-house.-jas. Anwyl, Lawnt, was charged by P.S. Davies with being drunk, and re- fusing to quit the Talbot Inn, when requested by him and the landlady, at 12 o'clock on Saturday night, the 25th ult. Mr. Louis prosecuted. The defendant denied the charge, and said that he was on the point of leaving the house when the police- man entered. Mr. and Mrs, Rostron, the landlord and landlady, were sworn, and after bearing their evidence, The Mayor severely rebuked them for having their premises olien at 12 o'clock at night. If the publicans paid more attention to their regulations, and especially the one enjoining them to close their houses at eleven o'clock every night, there would be less drunkenness and fighting in the town. He wished to warn the publicans that if they were convicted of the offence of neglecting to close their premises at the proper hour, they would very probably be deprived of their licenses. His Worship read tho regulation having reference to this subject, for the benefit of those publicans whom he saw in Court. Defendant was fined 13s. 6d., including costs. Nuisance.-John Hughes, Postoffice lane, was sum- moned by P.S. Davies for permitting a nuisance to remain on his premises, which was injurious to the ge. neral health. Mr. J. Meredith Williams prosecuted. Defendant was ordered to pay the costs, and remove the nuisance forthwith. A Female Quarrel.- Harriet Williams, Henllan-street, charged her neighbour, Sarah Murray, with assaulting her, on the 29th ult. It was evident that a good deal of bad blood existed between these parties, judging from the warm and ex- cited manner in which they both represented their grievances. Their tempers rose to a high pitch in Court and their tongues clammered away like wild- fire. Defendant, it appeared, had dashed a canfull of cold water into complainant's face on this occasion, which naturally excited her anger, and led her to seek the pro- tection of the law. Fined 9s. 6d., including costs. The Fight in Middle Lane.-Thomas Jones, Edward Lewis, and Hugh Lewis, were brought up on remand charged with having unlawfully and maliciously abused, wounded, and ill-treated Edward Jones, on Saturday night, the 25th ult., in Middle Lane. Mr. J. Meredith Will o appeared for the prose- cution, and Mr. Gold tt?,7 defended the pri- soners. The parties, we understand, reside in the same neigh- bourhood, and have not been on friendly terms for some time past. On the Saturday night in question, they met together at the Hawk and Buckle Inn, Vale-street, where they remained drinking for a few hours. They left the house, it would seem, without quarreling. Ed- ward Jones was in bed at 11 o'clock, but, shortly after- wards, Thomas Jones cried out in tl)e street in a loud and threatening voice—" Where's Ned Jones Here's the man that'll fight him Upon hearing this chal- lenge, Edward Jonee, being rather intoxicated, jumped out of bed, and having put his trowsers on, he went into the street, where be was promptly met by Thoe. Jones, who at once stripped himself to fight, A man of the name of David Jones, nailor, interposed, and endeavour- ed to appease the foes but his peaceable services were of no avail. Thomas Jones fetched Edward Jones a ter- rible blow, which felled him to the ground. David Jones then attacked Thomas Jones, in whose hand he found a piece of iron, with which it is supposed Edward Jones p ht? been struck down. The affray now wore a fierce aspect Edward Lewis and Hugh Lewis aided Thomas Jones against David Jones and the fallen man, who never manaed to raise himself; he WM, we presume, most brutally punished whilst lying prostrate in a gut- ter. Dr. Pierce Williams described his injuries thusSe- veral wounds on the head; the eyes much swollen and discoloured; an incised wound on the right eye-lid a lacerated wound above the right eye, on the side of the head and other dlnturtons on the face. He is also suffering from injury of the ribs on the right side aad from the effects of a sympathetic feTer. Four witnesses were examined on the part of the pro- sedition, but owing to the absence of Edward Joues, who is still in a precarious state, Mr. Meredith Williams mnlied for and ohtained an adjournment of the case till Friday, the 15th inst. Mr. Gold Edwards trusted their Worships would re- serve their opinion of the case until all the evidence on both sides was adduced. He was in a position to give t very different version of the affray.
I PORTMADOC. Till NEW STKAM SAWMILL.— A new steam saw mill has been just opened in the Port, erected by a spirited local Company, and forms a valuable addition to the me. chanical machines of the town. It performs most splen- didly, and will be of decided advantage to the quarries in the neighbourhood, and to builders, as by its means they can procure with the greatest despatch anything which they may require. We wish the Company every success, and congratulate the district upon this useful improvement. FRENCH AND GF.RMAN.-Wetre glad to find that tht inhabitants of these distTietll have now an opjvortunity afforded them of acquiring a knowledge of the above named two languages, which are the most useful and important of the Continental ones. A gentleman named Mons. Alsacer attends once a week at the National School-room, where a class has been formed of some of the most respectable inhabitants of the tnwn, and his method of teaching, which is the conversational one, is at once both pleasing and effective. He has been en- gaged in different parts of the kingdom fur the past nine years or so; and is highly commended by persons of the highest authority for his gentlemanly conduct as a man, and his talents as a teacher. A knowledge of French and Germap is of the greatest advautage to every one but more epeciaJly so to the inhabitants of a seapoit like Portmadoc, whose foreign trade is chiefly connected with the German Ports in the Baltic, and with German and French Houses. The present is an opportunity, therefore, which should not lie neglected, as a kDow, ledge of the two languages can be obtained, and at a very trifling charge. We learn, likewise, that Mona. Alsacer intends to establish a class for Ladies, if a suf- ficient number of pupils should enrol themselves for that purpose. ■— —.
I PWLLHELI. PETTY SESSIONS, Wednesday, June 22.-Before the Revds. Canon Owen (chairman), J. P. Jones Parry, and St. G. Armstrong Williams Robert Carreg and Owen Evans, Esqrs. Griffith Davies charged Thomas Rosbotham with at- saulting him at Abererch parish on the 15th ult. Fined JE1 and 15s. 6d which were paid. Antonio Pozzi charged Hugh Crawley with assaulting him, which was alleged to have been committed on the 20th ult., at the parish of Llanarmon. Mr. Picton Jones appeared for complainant, and Mr. J. H. Roberts for defendant. The defendant was fined t:3 and 10s. 6d. costs. Hugh Jones v. William Griffith.-This was a com- plaint against the defendant for having passed through the Bodvean Turnpike Gate on the 4th ult., with a thrashing machine propelled by steam power, of which the defendant was ownel, without having paid the tolL The case had been adjourned from last Petty Sessions, the defence being that no toll was payable on the ground that it was exempt by virtue of a recent Act of Parlia- ment, and a case having been sent for the opinion of the Editors of the Justice of the Peace, the following is a copy of their opinion:— The above case appears to us to be on all fours with Reg. v. Matty, 22, J P. 575.-In that case the steam thrashing machine was drawn by horses, and both were going along a Turnpike Road to a farm, to he employed there in thrashing corn, and the Court of Queen's Bench held that as the steam engine was to be employed to work the thrashing machine, it must be considered as part of the thrashing machine, and therefore free from toll." The Bench dismissed the case. ?BMM 0" GUARDIANS.The usual fortnightly meet- V.t h_ Board was held on Thursday week. Present— Wm Watkins, Esq., presiding chairman, and Mr. Rd. Jones, vice ditto. John Jones, Esq., ex-okio, aud 20 elected Guardians. It was stated by Mr. Wm. Watkins, that at the next meeting of the Board he will make a motion to take into consideration the unfairness of the county and police rates of this Union in comparison with other Unions, in order to rectify the same. Balance in Treasurer's hand, JSlM 158. 6d. Assessment Committee -Present-Mr. Wm. Watkins, chairman, and Messrs. Evon Evans, Richard Jonee, and John Elias. The Valuation Lists for the following parishes were brought back at this meetingEdeyrn, Llaniestyn, Tvdweiliog, Denio, Llandegwning, Llannor, Carnguwch, and Llanystumdrty. Ordered-That the Clerk do procure summonses on next Wednesday week against the following parishes, unless their Valuation Lists are brought back by 12 o'clock on that day, viz. :-Llanfaelrbys, Llanbedrog, Llangian, Abererch, and Llangybi. Ordered—That this meeting be adjourned to the 13tb of J uly.
ST. ASAPH. MISSIONS TO CENTRAL AFRICA.—The Rev. H. Row. ley, for three years a member of the Oxford, Cambridge, Dublin, and Durham Mission to Central Africa, but who has lately been obliged by ill-health to return to England, gave an interesting account of the prospects of missionary work in that country, at the National School, in this city, on Wednesday week. The Lord Bishop presided. The lecture was illustrated with drawings and diagrams. A collection was made at the close of the meeting. Mr. Rowley also delivered his lecture at Ruthin on Thursday.
TOWYN. I'ItltgENTATION.- An interesting meeting was held in the National School-room, on Wednesday evening last, for the purpose of presenting the Rev. Titus Lewis, cu- rate, with a handsome silk gown, as a mark of respect for his valuable services, and the appreciation of zeal with which he has discharged the duties of his sacred office since he came to reside at Towyn. The chair wastakeu by Richard Price, Esq., who addressed the meeting. The gown was presented by Mrs. Price and Mrs C. R. W il- liams. The Rev. Titus Lewis returned thanks for the kindness he had received at all times from his flock, and m..re especially on the present occasion. The rev. gen- tleman spoke at some length, and was much ap- plauded. The doxology was sung, and the meeting Aen broke up. DETA INAOR.-WO are happy to state that the drainage works which have been carried on for some time on the Marsh between this town and Aberdovey, have been brought to a successful termination. The Government Inspector, Mr. Grantham, in company with J. Bailey Denton, Esq., went over the Marshes a few days ago, and pronounoed the work to be most satisfactory. Great credit is due to Mr. Wm. Scott, the manager and super- intendent of the works, for the manner in which it has been carried out. The Penllyn Pool, which was for- merly a celebrated fishing pond, is now planted with swedes, mangolds, and cabbages. We hope to see tbe Dysynni valley commenced shortly. An Act has been obtained, and the first meeting of the Comuiissioneis will be held in the Town Hall on Tuesday next, the 5th inst. THE TOWTN AND BRTVEGLWTS RAILWAY. The works of this line are proceeding with wopderful rapidity. The principal cutting will be at the south end of the town, and will join the Welsh Coast Railway about two hun- dred yards from the Towyn Station. We hope to see the works completed about the end of the present T-r-
PHOTOGRAPHIC LITF.RATURR.-It will be been, bV re- ference to our advertising columns, that THE ÐI!ITISH JOUUNAL OF PHOTORAPHY will in future be published at 2, York Street, Covent Garden, London, W.C and will also be published Weekly instead of semi ipoHthly, as heretofore. This Journal is now in the eleventh year of its existellce-a fact which, it may be presumed, shows the large amount of public favoor that has ittended its progress. In the larger^ihere of liij^fulness which will be ensured by its publication in its weekly topn in tlie Me. tropolis, even a larger Kinouut of success than has hither- to been attained hy this old-established organ of photo- graphic art-science may reasonably bt looked for.