Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

9 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

TO CORBKSPONDUNTS•

NEWS OF THE WEEK. I

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NEWS OF THE WEEK. It is stated that in case Lord Brougham retires from the Chancellorship of Edinburgh University, it is proposed to oiler the post to the Duke of Edinburgh. The Lord Mayor of London gave his usual banquet to her Majesty's Ministers on Saturday. Lord Derby was unable to be present in c'mse- quence of illness. Mr Disraeli, however, attended, and was well received. In his speech he referred briefly to various political topics, including reform and the Alabama claims. On Wednesday night a great working men's Conservative banquet was held in Rochdale, at- tended by a thousand persons. The Hon. A. Egerton, M. P., Mr Charles Turner, M.P., Sir A. Ramsay, and others were among the speakers. Considering the locality, which has been supposed to be a hotbed of Radicalism, the festival was a great success. The position of the Church of England was the Earl of Carnarvon's address at the annual meeting of the Leeds Institution. He commented upon the dangers from within and without which beset it, and advocated a policy of moderation both in those within and to those without her communion. Mr Thompson, M. P., was also present, but the hon. gentleman had only spoken a few minutes when he was compelled to leave the hall on ac- count of indisposition. A Liverpool solicitor, according to rumour, has gone on a Spanish tour-in other words a well- known member of a firm in Castle-street has absconded, leaving behind him deficiencies to the amount of between £ 30,000 and £ 40,000. It is supposed that the defalcations are owing to unfor- tunate speculations. The Working men's Conservative banquet in the Crystal Palace Oil Monday was in every re- spect a great success. The company numbered no fewer than 1,000, and was for the most part composed of bona fide working men, while the balconies were crowded with ladies. Deputations were present from all the large towns in England. The chair was occupied by Mr Fowler, who was accompanied to the platform by Lord John Man- ners, M.P.; the Right Hon. J. Mowbray, Judge- Advocate General Knox, Al. P.; Sir Charles Russell, M.P.; Colonel Hogg, M.P.; Mr Sampson Lloyd, Admiral Elliott, &c. Letters of apology were read from Mr Disraeli and Lord Stanley. The latter was prevented from being present in consequence of having to be in attendance on her Majesty at Windsor. The Chancellor of the Ex- chequer in his note expressed regret at being un- able to accept the invitation, and his gratification in seeing the working classes banding together in favour of the laws and constitution of the country. Many of the speakers were working men, and throughout the utmost confidence was manifested in the Conservative party as the true friends of the working classes. The toast of The Conserva- tive Working Men of the United Kingdom' was proposed from the chair, and replied to by several of the deputies. Lord John Manners, in an elo- quent speech, replied to the toast of Her Ma jesty's Ministers." At the annual nomination of sherifi's of England and Wales, which took place on Monday, some curious reasons were tendered by gentlemen who were not disposed to serve. One gentleman urged that he had a very large and increasing family, and that he could not bear the expenses incident to the shrievalty. Another said he was not possessed of sufficient property in the county to render him liable to serve another that lie had illness in his family and was obliged to reside abroad during a great portion of the year another that he had no landed property or connection with the county in which his name was marked. In some cases the excuses were held to be valid, and the claim to exemption being allowed the name was struck out of the list, but in all cases where the protestor did not make out a very strong case of non-liability, the name was retained. A terrible disaster has happened in a coal pit in South Wales. An explosion of gas took place in the Ferndale colliery, Glamorganshire, and it is feared that about 200 men and boys have per- ished. The exact extent of the calamity cannot be ascertained, but it is believed that about 350 people were at work in the pit when the gases be- came ignited, and during twenty-four hours after the explosion fewer than sixty persons had been rescued. On the previous day almost an equal number of colliers were placed in serious peril in a Durham pit, and on the following day an explosion occurred in Staffordshire, killing the only three men who were underground at the time. Another serious food riot has occurred at Barn, staple. A mob of 2,000 men attacked the shops of the bakers and butchers, and after doing much damage they proceeded to attack a flour mill. Having threatened to burn the mill, the people were supplied with bread and cheese and cider, which seems to have appeased their fury. Five of the ringleaders are in custody. The medical journals such as the Lancet and B) itisli Medical Journal, obstinately pursue their special inquiries into the state of Workhouses and infirmaries, although "the authorities" frown upon the practice and throw every obstacle in the way. The representatives of these papers do not follow the usual and convenient course of investigation; they give no notice of their coming, like official inspectors, aid, be. sides, they describe what they see and disapprove of with shocking plainness. One of the journals mentioned above has just disclosed some very disgusting details about Clefton Union Infirmary, the sickening details of which are only fit for publication in a professional paper One fact, however, may be noticed—it is that in some of the sick wards the nurse locks the door on her charges at night and goes off to sleep elsewhere, out of the reach of aJJ b'()111.1dldrue calls for assistance. It is very natural that secretaries and inspectors should re- sent such revolting stories being made known, but they must be told if anything is to be done to remedy such evils, and experience teaches us that poor-law boards will do nothing until they are forced or shamed into the work of reformation. The Journal de Liege, a Ministerial organ, says —The public will learn with satisfaction that the physical and mental state of the Empress Char, lotte has greatly improved of late. The King and Queen go to see her almost every day, and often bring her with them to Brussels. Invitations have been issued to the various Eu- ropean powers respecting the proposed Conference for the settlement of the Roman question. We are told by the Putrie that the French despatch does not advance any proposition for a solution of the Roman difficulty, but simply points out the present situation of affairs, and the necessity of preventing a recurrence of events which might disturb the peace of Europe. Several arrests have taken place in Paris. It is said that General Delia Marmora, acting on instructions from Florence, has demanded from the French Government the withdrawal as early as possible of its tioops from Rome, on the ground that it was the Italian military authorities who arrested and disarmed Garibaldi and his band, and by so doing fulfilled, in all points, the wishes of France. The General also declared that the safety of the Pope and the integrity of the Pon- tifical territory were no longer exposed to risk, as Garibaldi and his lieutenants were about to emi. grate to the United States, and consequently the presence of a French army in the Roman States was without any object. The warlike preparations of the Italian Govern- ment would be alarming but for the explanation which is given as to their object. The speedy de- parture of the French troops from the Roman territory is said to have been distinctly promised on condition of the withdrawal of the Italian forces. But as great exasperation exists at Milan and elsewhere, it is said that the Menabrea Go- vernment, in order to facilitate the French depar- ture and intimidate the party of action, is streng- thening the army and making military prepara- tions of various kinds. They are, however, adopted merely as necessary precautions against a domestic enemy. Strange rumours are in circulation regarding the state of mind of Victor Emmanuel. It il reported that lie is so depressed, owing to the events which have lately taken place, that he is unwilling to quit his palace, and that he even con- templates abdicating his throne, and withdrawing to Piedmont. The King, it is added, has sent £2,000 to the wounded Garibaldians and to the families of those killed at Montana. The wrath of the Italian people against France, and every- thing French, is being expressed in the most ex- travagant forms. Throughout the peninsula a "peace league" has been formed to send to Coven- try all that appertains to France in any way. Its members pledge themselves to buy no French goods, to have no dealings with Frenchmen, and to eschew everything that is French. At Turin the French Consul has been treated to a charivari -i,c., rough nitisic"-a serenade with marrow. bones and cleavers-the signboards of French tradesmen have been pulled down and their win- dows smashed. A formerly popular French cafe has been totally deserted by its customers and Meynadier's French theatrical company has been compelled to suspeud its performances, although the impresario is so far a naturalized Italian that one of his sons is an officer in Victor Emmanuel's- army. The American news brought by the Persia con. sists mainly of accounts of political and domestic dissensions in the Southern states, where mutual jealousy prevails between the white and the coloured races. In Georgia the negroes had matters pretty much their own way, the Conserva- tive whites refusing to take part in the elections and withdrawing their candidates. Formal pro. tests against the legality of the Virginia election have been lodged, but it is feared that the objections will not be impartially investigated J n Richmond itself affairs appear to be in a most dangerous position, and the Southern press, which may fairly be presumed to be well informed on the state of feeling, predict a war of races, and President Johnson is being urged to increase the military, in older that the negroes may be over- awed. A terrible stcrm, whether part of that which swept over the West Indies is not yet ascertained, has visited Texas and done terrible mischief. In the town of Matamoras alone fifteen hundred houses were blown down. An enthusiastic meeting of .Conservative working-men was held on Thursday evening in the Concert-hall, Lord Nelson-street, Liverpool, under the presidency of Air Graves, M. P. The chairman delivered a most com. prehensive speech, which almost entirely had reference to the reform act. Other addresses were made by working-men. In the event of the capital sentence being carriel out against any of the Manchester Fenians, it is said that the execution will take place on the 30th of this month. Arrests continue to be made in Paris, and eight more individuals have been apprehended on suspicion of being connected with a secret society. An alarming and disastrous explosion took place on Thursday in the Court-house In Dublin, where the Fenian Commission sit. The cause is said t" have been an escape of gas, and the roof of the building was blown off. Happily there was no one in the building at the time, and no lives were lost. The Chevalier di Nigra is deputed—so say3 the Patrie —to come to London to confer with the English Government on the proposed Conference for the settle- ment of the Roman question. Italy adheres in prin. ciple to the object.

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