Spi 11 ().I_ PH &8. I LOSS OF THE ANGLO-SAXON, I fF?OM ? ?ancA??)- :in:.)1.- ,I > -,t J ? A — ?IL?T?—? I AICOTHEE catastrophe bag Deen auueu 10 me iuutv annuls" hich illustrate the dangers of the seas The Anglo-Sixon left Liverpool on the 16th of* April, bound for Quebec, being the first of the Canadian line which has sailed this season. She had on board 3^0 passensew, and a crew of 84 men. More than 300 were steerage passengers, most of them emigrants, intending, doubtless, to settle in Canada. The list of their names is equivalent to volumes of biography. There are Evanses, Giilfithsns, Lloyds, and Morgans, redolent of the principality; there is a Trevelyan from Cornwall; there are Hourkes, Callaghans, and Meaneys from the bister isle; and there are some whose homes Were on the shores of the Baltic or the fiords of Norway. The story of each of these ill-fated three hundred was, probaby, pretty much the same. They had invested their little savings in this voyage; they had escaped from a precarious struggle with fortune in the land of their birth, and were looking forward to a peaceful home on the other side of the Atlantic, where, by the strength of their arms they woulJ be able to earn a competence for themselves, and carve out a career for their children. They passed the broad ocean in safety, and were close to the outskirts of fromise, when a pitiless fate closed it upon them. In a dense fog the ship ran ashore on the coast of Newfoundland, within three miles of Cape Race, and in one hour 237 persons found a grave in the mighty waters. The rest, to the number of about 180, managed to escape in boats, or were picked up on floating pieces of the ship. Subsequent in- formation may change these proportions of the saved and the lost, but on the most sanguine by- Sothesis it cannot be doubted that more than two hundred human beings, including many women and children, have a sorrowful bourne. The first ques. tion asked by everybody relates to the cause of this terrible disaster. How was It brought about ? We are told that the ship was one of the strongest and finest ever constructed. Thicker plates and water. tiaht compartments afforded all reasonable assur- ance of a safe voyage. Toe captain is described as a thorough master of his profession, able skilful, and cautious. Yet, in spite of these advantages, the vessel has been lost, and a crowd of human beings plunged into eternity. Nor is there anything in the state of the ocean or the weather to account for this catastrophe. True, there was a dense fog, but fogs are common on the banks of Newfound- land in April and May as sunshine is with us in tha Month of August. The fog is sure to be there at this season of the year; it is not a danger in it- self, and any perils to which it may indirectly ex- pose the mariner may be obviated by prudence. In the months of spring and early summer ice- bergs are floating southwards from the Arctic regions, and a vessel coming into collision in the night time with these treacherous foes is assuredly lost. But the Anglo-Saxon was wrecked on the coast, the bearings of which were well known. Hence, the existence of a heavy fog is no explana- tion of a disaster. The compass would show with unerring certainty the whereabouts of the vessel. The captain must have known that he was close to shore, and the circumstance of the state of the weather preventing his seeing the shore, ought rather to have increased the safety of the vessel by ensuring additional caution. Assuming that the captain merely intended to weather the headland of Cape Race, without calling there, he was leagues too near the land. He is gone, poor man, and we can with difficulty pen a word of cen sure He must have seen two or three living freights leave the vessel, and he knew better than any one else on board that the chances of escape were to be measured by minutes; yet he stuck manfully at the post of duty, and died there Honour to him! If he committed a fault, he has paid the full penalty, and we will not press his de- serts to the letter. Still, it cannot be denied that it he meant to pasi C.ipit llaca he ought to have given thy land a wider berth. But it is likely that he meant to call at Cape Race. The vessel is said to have been bound for Portland, or, if the St. Lawrence should be found clear of ice, for Quebec. This la'ter circuiDstance could only be ascertained near the spot, and Cape Race was the place where he could gain the latest information respecting the state of the St Lawrence. We sball have accurate information on this point in a few days, .but it seems likely that it was his intention to call at Cape Hace. If so, there is the less excuse for inattention, since he must have been aware that he was approaching a dangerous coast. To rush on under a full head of steam through an impenetrable fog, with the port only three miles in front, is an act of fool. hardiness. Facts may remain to be told which will modify these remarks, but at present the loss of the Anglo-Sdxon seems due to the category of pre- ventible accidents. But another question arises, not less important than the former. Circumstances not as yet disclosed may explain the accident, but why were not more efficient means at hand for pre- venting the final disaster? Every person on board migu ht have been saved if there had been enough boats. Two boats were picked up carrying 90 per- sons. Eight boats, carrying 60 persons each, would have provided for all the passengers and crew; in which case we should only have had to deplore the loss of a noble vessel and her freight, which, of course, were covered by the insurances. There was a heavy swell at the time, but there was no storm, and no accident seems to have prevented the full use of the boats. All that was wanted was more boats. The theory of boat provision is one which is not easy to fathom. It is generally as- sumed that the boats are numerous and large enough to provide for all on board, but we know that in the vast majority of instances the assump- tion is quite groundless. There are always boats at hand, but they are always insufficient. They are strung up in sight of the passengers as a sort of presumptive guarantee that, if disaster should be- f?;l the ship, there is still a fair chance of escape for everybody but they really amount to such a guarantee only for every other person. They will suffice for the crew and for a portion of the passen- gers for the women and children without the men or for the men without the women and children. The number and capacity of the boats seem to be determined by the conclusion that, in case of dis- aster, The one shall be taken and the other left." I If this provision is considered adequade, it should be well understood before starting; and it might also be as well to arrange beforehand who are to enjoy and who are to be debarred from, its benefits. Let any one picture the scene on board a vessel which has but a short hour to live, and which has boats anough to accomodate only one half her liv- ing freight. To the honour of human nature, let us admit that we generally find it equal to the terrible pressure. Some order of precedence is at once recognised, and adhered to. The crew cede the first chance of escape to the passengers, and these acquiesce, with murmur, in giving the first place to the women and children, the infirm, or even the more distinguished of their number. It is not often that the captain survives those who have been placed under his charge. When the ship breaks up he takes his chance with the rest; but he never leaves it while any remain whom his au- thority and experience could help to save. Hence, we may point with pride to our maritime annals as the most glorious of which this country can boast, transcending those of the battle-field. But the un- manageable ocean is sure to make an exaction stern enough upon the virtues of the mariners, without any supplementing from human ignorance, rash- ness, or imprudence. In such a case as the Royal Charter we had simply to deplore a tragedy. The seas and the wind effected the catastrophe, with a force which no ingeniuity could have escaped, and no skill or power controlled. The weight of the grief which overmasters us in such cases as those of the Orpheus and the Anglo-Saxon arises from a be- lief that nature is not wholly to blame, and that the disaster is largely chargable upon pure negligence. It would be rash to enter a final verdict upon the facts as known at present, but we know enough to impress upon all concerned the duty, first, of giving to prudence and caution a higher rank than they now hold among nautical virtues, and next, ot making more adequade provision, in the event of I disaster to the ship, for the saving of human life-
AMERICAN FREEDOM AND SLAVERY. On Wednesday evening week, R. Rice Davies, Esq, of Burnley, delivered a lectlire on this subject, in the Co-Operative Assembly Room, in that town, which was erowde On the occasion by a very attentive aU- dience, Mr Councillor Clegg was called to preside. Tie Chairman said the most illiterate man could act as chairman if he had an intelligent assemblage. Unlets they listened calmly to what was said, those especially who did not know anything of the question about to beducuased, they would not know anything at the ena of the meeting. In Lancashire, they had all an opinion on this American question, almost the smallest school boy knew something about it. Some w.rs on the side of the South and some were for the NortN. He wIbecf a fair hearing for both Pities. He WOUI t stop till 12 o'clock, if necb8sary, if the meeting was orderly ;b iftherew? any disorder he wo.ld go home at once. If t? .?r .aid anything tbe" did not l.k., they lere ?o let it P?' by till the proper time for remark, ?-hS ?bere to be neither cheering nor hissing. ?he? t> listen attentively and patiently, and then ?e? would I eave the meeting wiser and better. f?r Sivies Mid: I have never risen to address a nnb!io meeting under feelings of such deep repoo8i- bilitv as I do on the present occasion » a responsibility, immeasurably enhanced by the thought and apprehen- sion of my inability to do that justice to this question, which its paramount importance demands and requires. However, finding that certain writers and speakers have resorted to such gross misrepresentitionb,-on the one band keeping back the truth, and on the other, making statements which are the reverse of truth,-l felt constrained as the friend of justice, and the enemy of oppression in every form, to accept the invitation of my friends to address you this evening; and shall maintain, and prove by facts aud evidence which can not for a moment be disputed or disapproved, that the cause of the North is the cause of freedom, of right- eousness and justice: while the cause of the South is that of despotism, the most cruel, the most inhuman, and the most irreligious, recorded in the annals of time, I or, in the records of the world's civilisation. Let me, however, say at the outset, that there is no gealleinan in this town or its vicinity, that feels more deeply thaa I do for the sufferings, privations, and sorrows, which the working classes of this great country are, in the providence of God, called upon to endure, neither do 1 yield in admiration to any man, of the noble, manly, and sublime, and Christian fortitude, which have character- ised their bearing throughout the whole of the affliction they have been called upon to sustain. And wh.le we rejoica and feel grateful for the manifest'tion of the generous heart, and the outstretched liberal band ex- hibited by all classes of our countrymen in cur own beloved country as well as in our colonial dependencies, we especially feel grateful to our American brethren who, in their trials, in the midst of their own atruggte", and amid a war, the gigantic proportions of which are unequalled in the history of tho world, hive sent us such liberal supplies, the distribution of which has made many a home joyous, and solaced many an aching heart. This noble gift, is but a faint ex- pression of the feeling of our kinsmen in America, towards us as a people, that feeling the working classes of this country reciprocate; and I believe that their heartfelt prayer is that the only rivalry that shall ever take place between us and them, shall be in carrying on the great cause of freedom, liberty, commerce, civiliza- tion, and religion, and in all that tends to make our re- spective countries grt-at, glorious, happy and free. Happily we as a nation possess a degree of freedom which the kingdoms of the earth might well envy. Happily, too, that as soon aa the enslaved of every nation and clime puts his foot on the land where our beloved Queen sways the sceptre of her benevolent reign, he is a free man* As every man in this room loves freedom, I ask your sympathy, I invite your influence, I solicit your best wishes for the four millions of slaves now in bondage in the southern states, and I trust, that you will use all the powers you possess in that movement which has for its object the emancipation ot the American race, and their elevation to the dignity of free men. I ask you, moreover, not to give any countenance to a government and people that holds their fellow men in bondage, the chief corner stone of whose constitution rests upon the principle, that it is both right and Christian to hold man, who was made in the image of his Creator, 33 a slave, and 1 moreover, ask you, as lovers of freedom, never to manifest your heart's desire for the aucces- of the armitS of a nation, the people of which declare before high heaven that the Beneficent Ruler of the nniversa ordaiued before heaven and earth were created, that one miti should be the slave of another. He has male of one blood all the people of the earth, and it is an in triuge- ment of his law, and a violation of the principles and precepts of his gospel, as well as a violation of those rulds he has laid down for the guidance of his church, that man should have property in man. The North oeing for freedom, as remarked oy the Times a few wcelis ago -and the South for sliviry as the iN, rth is for free. dom of discussion, and the South represses freedom of discussion with the tar brush and pine fagot, and as the Noith is now for emancipation, whatever may have brea her shoit comings in the past, while the South is straining every nerve, and using every exertion to hold the negro race in eternal bondage, can you for a llIoment 8ustainany sympathy f-r tie Souto in their unchristian and unholy principles and practices? ()h never let it be said that you havi ceased to honour the trutns for which your forefathers so nobly contended! Never let it be laid to your charge, th?t for the sake of pelf, and the greed of gold, you trod under your fet those glori- ous lruths, to which a Brougham, a Macaulay, a Clark- son, and a Wilberforce, consecrated their noble talents and their heroic lives. As they were true to freedom, be you true to freedom too. As they were the friends cf the slave., be you their friends also. As they strove, and iabourtd, and toiled for the cause of human freedom and emancipation, so strive you, so work you, so labour you. For uepend upon it, that whatever the issue of the war now being waged in America be, one result is probable, Bay, I believe certain, namely, the destruction of that system, which is as inhuman as it is wicked, as opposed to the inalienable rights of humanity, as a viol- ation of that law, which says that all men are free and equal. Tois is God's law, take cars, or ehe you will, by your act, trample it under your feet. Now, sir, it is I own a greater advantage to speak upon the American question now, than it would have been two years Then this question was but very imperfectly understood. Then a number of reasons were assigned for the course pursued by the Confederates, ad their friends, all of which contained just as much truth as the assertion about the man that was alleged to have vomited three black crows. One reason assigned was, that the people uf the Sauth were distinguished for gentlemanly man. ners and chivalry while the society in the north, was scarcely fit for even the servants oftbo gentlemen of the South. We, however, in free England, judge men by their acts, not by their profession. We measure theii morality and nobility by what they do, rather than by what they say. The 8dvooates of the South tell us, that its people are distinguished for their chivalrous feeling. Their doings, however, belie this dictum. Was it an act of chivalry to hang nineteen negroes at Charleston, because they had secreted arms, and in the absence of auy evidence that those poor blacks ever intended to use them ? Was it an act of chivalry to shoot about twenty teamsters at Mnrfriesbro* who had no weapons of any kind in their hands, but who were pursuing their lawful calling as servants of the Federal government, and thus earning an honest penny r Wa3 it an act of chivalry, to put five men in coffins, two of whom were free, and carry them to the field with their heads downwards, where they were all shot by these ruthless tyrants ? Was it an act of chivalry to kill twenty men at Culpepper, on no other ground than that they found in their pos- session the first proclamation of Mr Lincoln. And was it an act of chivalry to shoot a number of negroes, who bad committed no crime whatever against the laws of their country, one of whom was diseugaged from the paddle wheel of the steamer to which he was clinging for life, only to be murdered in cold blood? If you desire another illustration, takfi the proclamation of Mr. Jefferson Davis recently issued, in which he says, that every negro soldier that is captured shall be taken to the states in which he is found, in order to be treated accord- ing to the laws of those states, whr h enacts, that when. ever a slave shall lift up his band against his master or any white man, he shall be flogged to death, hung, shot, or buried alive. There ara many instances on record when these ruthless and cruel proceedings have actually been carried out. The other day, the papers announced tha' in Arkansas ten officers had been hung in cold blood iu retaliation for the murder committed by General M'Neil. The act of M'Neil I as strougly condemn a3 any man. But it must be rememberod that he was not an officer of Mr Lincoln's government, and more, that as soon as the information reached him that suuh a bloody deed had been done he issued special instructions to all the officers that under no circumstances should the lives of thoir enemies be taken without first receiving authority from the government to do so. Judge then 3 whether the murderous conduct of Jefferson Davis CI for a moment be compared with the humane and Christ- ian cause pursued by the government of W. shia^ton. Again, it has been stated tuat the South revolted, b^ cause they were free traders, aud that the North w. re I. proStctiooists. This is broadly stated in a pamphlet I hold in my hand. N, ver was a ,late-noric made sodtvud \If truth and the records of Congress will piove it to be Toere has always been a Lrge number of PI\J- J I tectionibts in the South as well as in the Nor: h. T'ie a the Nor:h. T-io I tariff bill of 1842 while it was opposed by Mr. Clll. J houn, yet one-fourth of the senators of the slave states voted against him. Agiin, as regards the tariff of 1846, 50 Northern votes were given in favour of that protective tariff, and feventy-three against it- so, that of the northern votes there was a majority of twenty-three against it, out of the B11berD votes sixty- I four were cast for it aad only twenty-two agaid3t it-so that, in truth, that tariff was carried absolutely by a majority of southern votes overriding a majority of northern votes against it. How then could that be a reason for secession ? If they came down further to 1857, the northern representatives voted sixty-four to sixiy-five against it, while of the southeners, 73 voted for it, and only 7 against It. Yet in this year of grace with these facts before us, we are told, by this puny scribbler, that the North are for protection, and the South are for freadom of trade. Besides the South hap, since the re- volt, adopted a tariff the scale of which differs but little from the mil of 1857. Nay more, they here proposed to mntct the cotton spinners and manufacturers of Europe, and of the world IIV levying an export duty on c tton, and also upon tobacco exported. Away then with the. false notion, the seed of which is cast on every side, that the Confederates are free traders. Those are simply party cries f,lr selfish ends. It is, however, a patent re- velation as to what self-interest will resort to, in order, if possible, to blind the eyes of their deluded and ignu- rant followers. But, sir, such a course is as bad as ig- noble men that are compelled to reort to each subter- fuges and misrepresentations, proclaim to the thinking and the inforrned world that their uause is bad. Again it. has been said by some individuals, that the Sonth bad a right to secede. I deny their right both on legal and moral grounds. I affirm end maintain that the union between the several states vas ai binding upon the peo- ple of the wh le of those state! as in the ul-ion between England and Scotland, or England and Ireland. More- [ over, t lat Mr Linuoln w iuld have oeen guiliy of high treason against the constitution ha I he neglecte I to re- sort to their measures to which he did not res)rt, in order to compel auomission o the government, the dig- nity and honour of which he hai sworn to iip-i il In the tenth section of the Fdderal Constitution are the following wordr, No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque or reprisal, coin money, emit bills of credit, or make a-ly. thing but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts. N ) state shall without the consent of Congress, liy any duties un imp Irt, or exports, and no st-zte shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of ton. na-e, keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into agreement or compact with another State, or with a foreign po ver, or engage in any war, unless actually in- vaded." It does appear to me that this is plain and in- telligible language-si plain, indeed, that he who runs may read. Notwithstanding this provision the Slave States have thrown off their allegianbe, and forme J a confederation of their ovn without the consent or au- thority of that Constitution, the iuviolability of which they swore to sustain. The South, then, had no legal right,—had it a moral right ? When a IIiler tyrannizs over the ruled the latter have a m-Jral right to revolt. 1 There is no man in this hall, I feel certain, that does not admire the heroic struggle of Garibaldi—tre noble and sublime consecration of Kozsath-the heavea inspired valour of the Poles. Why your sympathy with them and the the cause they espouse ? Simply because the rulers of their nations were guilty of oppression, and t'ley practised cruelties which are revolting to hn oanity. Their cause was just, therefore your deep and manly sympstby. But, sir, is there any justice in. the cause of the South ? Have the peopla of tho slave states ever been oppressed by the stites of New England, and the I free states of America? The supposition is as absurd as I it is ridiculous. For has not tho goverument been in the hands of the slave-holders, or in that of the aiders I and abettors of slave institutions, from 1808 until tha I election of Mr Lincoln ? Men do not usually oppress I themselves. The fact is, that so long as the dsmocratia abettors of slavery in the North, and the democratic slave-holders of the South, were enabled, by the allianaa they had formed, to carry the election of a slave-support- ing President, so bug did they swear fealty to their ) Constitution and government bat the moment the tide turned—the moment tuey heard the voice, that hitherto shall your cursed system go and no further—and on its being proclaimed that this unholy and diabolical institu- tion should be circumscribed and kept within certain limits—it was then that she recorded the vow, that they would break up the government, the constitution of which declared that all men are free and equai. The author of the pamphlet to which I have already alluded, denies this truth, but the evidence in supporting that denial is based either upon ignorance or a wil'ul perver- sion of the truth. It is agieat error to supposesays the author of tha pamphlet, "that the Southerners ara fightiug for siavsry, a3 to BIIPI) 03 that tile Norihener* are fighting for freedj.c." Frjm the lips of the southern men themselves I will brin; the most overwhelming tes- timony against the correctness of this person's dictuna, aad the evidence is so direst and emphatic-,viiiie so widely spread—that selection is really didieult. Before, however, referring to this trfstim >ny, I wish to call your attention to one or two illustrations of the irtensu teel- ing of the Southern press and the Southern people, a< regards their own unholy institutions and their haired of that freedcai which the people of the free states enjoy. Tiiue, the itttscojie Herald ouservest F,ee souitty we sicken at tIe nalne. Wlbt is it but a conglomeration of greisy mechanics, filthy operatives, small ILtod far uers, aud mooii-siriuit theorists ? Ail tie Northern, especi- ally the New Englaid Sia:es, are devoid uf soeieiy fitted lor well-bred gentlemen. The prevailing class one ine^-ts with is that of meuhauics struggling to be geuteel, and smill farmers, who do their own d. udrlry, and yet are hardly fit for associatloa with S uth-rn gentlemen's body servants. This is \our iree society." Repeatedly," says the Ricknond Inquirer, nave we asked t >e North —has uot tne experiment of bu aan liberty fails.! ? Are not the evils of lret: soc ety insuffera lc: SLill no an siver. Tneir universal s ilence is a conclusive proof, a J. d,j t) many others we have furn shed, that fl' society, in the long run, is an impracticable tor a of society; it is uvery where a s arving, demoralised, and insurrectiuu- ary policy, and humanity alike forbid the exiens o i of free society to new peoples and coming (fenerations. Free society means a society ia which noboJy OWilS aav- nouy else." The same journal goes ()n t.) say, U.itil recently, the apologists ior of-very to k half-way ground. They confioed the defence of slaveiy to negro-slavery, thereby giving up the slavery principle, ad tutting other forms of slavery to be wrong. The soutil a-iff main- ttius that slavery is right, natural, and neo-za.-afy. %Vlllltl it is far more obvious, that negroes suall be slaves to white men-for they are only fit tJ labour, not to direct —yet the principle of slavery is itself iiy;at, Bad dues U It depend on differences of complexion." Another Virgi- nian democratic paper observes, We have got to hating I everything free, from free neroes up and do-va through the whole catalogue —free labour, free farms, (ree s iciety, free will, free thinking and free schools. But the werst of all these abominations is modern system 01 free schools." This piper then goes 011 to discuss what is to be done with poor per)ple-be they white or black -bo they emigrants from England, who, through improvi- dence or otherwise are unable to educate their children-- and here is the plan proposed Let our legislature pass a law that whoever will take those paients, and take care of them and their children, in sickness aud in health clothe them, feed them, and house them, shall be legally entitled to their services." Such is the awful position in which we may be placed should we fall ia the lia:ids of M t Jefferson Davis and the clique around him. As I have already observed we judge men by their acts a3 i well as by their speeches, and, sir, I am ? prepared to prove by the &Gh and speeches of Mr Davis aid his party, that they are not only hostile to freedom, but will never give up the uuholy traffic in humau flesh and blood, ualeas they are compelled to do so at the point of the bayonet. Mr ¡ Davies hiaiaelf is a large planter and slave-holder. The first act coanected with his life was raising a regiment of Soldiers to embark in the Mexican war-a war, the infamy of the atrocities of which are unequ illed in the ?f history of crime. Oa his return home from that atro. I cious war, he found great agitation in the public mind With respect to the honour aud faith of the States as re- garded their honourably paying the public debts of those States. Mr Davis put himself forward as a candidate for the governorship of Mississippi, and he re?ed his claim to that P)Sition. on the ground of repudiating the debt of that State, and thua robbing tin capitalists of I Eagland of tboselarge sutaa they had from time to time I advanced. After the conclusion of the war in Mexico 'I the United States government obtained a large terriorv andtheq?honar?e whether this territory should be 'free or slave, when Mr Davis used the memorable words, I .Never will I consent to any compromise which shall forbid slaves from being tiken into the territory at the option of the owners." 0 On Mr Fierce becoming Presi- dent m 1852, Mr Davis was appointed Secr?ary? ??, and he used the power which he p lege-sed in that ca- I pacity in sending the troops of the government to Km- I ses, and turned out the free iegishtors; and had it not been for the heroic and noble-hearted John Brown- whose valour and courage will be green and to full blossom when the n:zrue of his ruthless detractors siiall be buried in eternal oblivion—slavery would have been • established in Kansas. All honour to hoaest John I I Brown and wh;le thou diJst baptize the cau.e esnoused with thy own sainted blood, from thy grave has sprung up a noble army, inscribed on whose banner is the gIL)- r ous word, 11 Preedoul to the slave." Let us turn to Mr Stevens, Mr Davis's first man' This gentleman has I a.;aln and again declared that it is absolutely necessary that the slave trade should be re-opened. Nay, more that slavery is the rock upoa which the Confederate go- i vernment is foonded upon the very opposite idea; its foundations arc laid its corntr-stone rests upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man that j slavery—subordination to the superior rat e—is his na- tural and normal condition. It ia upon this, ni I h&ce etatedj oar social fabric is firmly planted and I cannot permit myself to doubt the ultimate succesion of a full recognition of this principle throughout the civilised and enlightened world. This stone, which was rejected by the first builders, is become the chief stone of the corner in our new edifice. "it is the Lord's doings and mar- vellous in our eyes." And, sir, I make bold to declare, and can support my declaration by evidence the most irrefragable, that there is not one single public leader in the South who has not pledged himself ever and over an,) over again to support wiih all his might and power this cursed institution. And, too, there is not one State in the Confederacy whioh is not an enemy of the slave. Yet we are t?ld that slavery has nothing to do with the rebellion. Well, sir, I have read, yes, carefully, read i the soeeehe9 delivered bv the Southern leaders as pub- 1- -n-- lished in the Southern press, and their speeches inve no reference whatever, neither do they embodv any rea- sons for rebelling besides that of slavery. Yet, in the face of all ti-it we are told by certain nincomp -op orators and psuedo critics and writers, that slavery has nothing to do with the question of rebellion, I am not going to j give the speeches of the Southern leaders the following, however, is a summiry of their grievances, and reasons for rebelling. Toe N !rth dei-.Ures that man shall not have property in man—the S itith th.t tha bla k man shall be the white man's propprty. Th N.,rtb that the negro shill be raised to an eqoality with the white man —the S luth, that he shall taoour f IT the white man's benefit. Tin North is Ofipos-d t ) the iutrofuction of slavery in I erritoriei -tbe So ith, that slave owners shall take their slaves wherever the please. The North art- unanimous for repealing the P igi,i,e Slave Law-the 8 euth 31 tbat. that hw shall ne like that of thtt M des and Po sians The North seek to abolish slavery in thtl d s. trict of Co umbia, as w. II a< in the f ir's, arsenal- dock- yards; as well as in all plices wher- C -nijress has juris- dictilll-the South. 1 bat slavery shall not be a'> duheil in any of tiese places, uut everywhere it shail be leeal for the owner of the el ve t i carry his pr p rty when- ever he desires. And, fin-illy, that the North iausint: the press, the pulpit, the platform, and Congress, to dis- seminMe the tloiious doctrine of freedom and th, emancipation of the African race-whilj the S ruth de- clares that by such agencies the instirution of slavery is shaken to its very foun dation, and honee resolved 10 re- bel. "But," says the author of this p nnpb)et, the North should have respected trie compact." I deny that there ever was a compict, or that the comtilution of the Unith S'ate3 in any way sanctioned slavery in the territories I cannot d ) belt r in replying to ttis non- sensical stuff which one he-irs from ti net to time about compacts and rights "f the South, than by qu ititig the words of Lord Brougham. His Lordship said, Tell me not of rights -talk not of the property of the planter in his slaves-I deny the right-I ackuowledge not the property. In vai"- yo;] tell me of laws that sanction such a claim. There. is a law above all the enactments of human co:les-the same throughout the wotld-the e-ime in all times; it is the law written by the fingt-r of God on the hearts of men and by that law-uiirhauge- able and eternal—while men despise fraud and loathe rapine, and abhor blood they shall reject with indigna- tion the wild and guilty phantasy, that man cau huld property in man." One more reference to the pamph- let a)rea?y alluded to—namely, that the North were de- sirous t) "et md their po?er over Cuba. This state- ment is equally rational, and as equally truthful as if the writer had said that the English government had sent a squadron to take possession of the North Pole. What possible advantage would it be to the Republican party of the North to have Cuba? None whatever. That the slave-holding South, with thtir democatic allies in the North, have long meditated the annexation of this island, is a fact of universal notoriety. With this panph- let I have done. I hage read, and, perhaps, have ¡ written some articles which might be justly regarded as trash, but of all trash this is the most trashy trash that j ever I have seen. Why, the author, whoever he may be, has immortalised himself by his prudence, for he has neither put his own name to the work nor that of the printer. In this be has done wisely, and this act is the most prudent of his life. We are told, sir, that the j Christian and freedom-loving people of England sustain i a deep ayinpathy with this rebellion. Is it possible that the co-religionists of the great-headed Lord Brougham and Lord Macaulay, of Wilberforce and Buxton, can hava any sympathy with a rebellion, the promoters of which seek the perpetual bondage of the African race? Is it pissihle that the co-religionists of the learned Cardinal Muzzofantai, of the philanthropic Las Caa, of the sublime Massilou, and the eloquent Bassuet, can sympathise with a government which re.-ts upon a foundation e'cr condemned by the whole Catholic church in all times ? Is it possible that those who re- verence the name of Wesley can so far be ioflanced by selfishness and the love of gain, and declare by high heaven that the life of that great and good man was a liv- ing lie, and repudiate and deny the truth of the senti- ment he expre?se<, after "itnessm-r the eviis of this curbed system, ill the Southern Stare, "that it was the sum of all villanies." Can the 'clergy ani I laity of the frea churches of England, who are ever active in the tame of political, (ivil, and and religious freedom, those who honour and rt-verenoe the n Imes of Itichard Baxter and John Bunyan, of Dr. Owen and John ri ).ve-will they, sir, give up tht; cl\u-e for which they have ever contended, and declare, Let the siae be ever kept in bondage, for we have cea.e i to desire that libertv for others vhietk we oorselv s en- joy Otn another denomination of Chiistians-in whose lives and works we witness sucb sublime develup- 1 mnt of prictical Ohristiaoily—thosa &h..) ho iour the name of Penti and Fox, of Howard md Fry, as well as a host of oth-rs who bave been foremost in this -,rat army of African liberators, is it posribli for ibem to turn their backs nn the principles they hive for a(-S so deep y and fondly cherishel, and uo-v declare that the cau-e of the South, vhioh is he cause of hondag-, his their djep sympat hy, and that they wish it "God spee,i ?" What will thoje 4ay t at rever-uce the nane of Prietly lin1 Channing P Why, as a t>ooy of Cutis- 1 tiins, thee hqve d c'ared for the N >rth, because t.'ie», as rtional men, think and believe that wi h thr- can e of the Feelerals is identified freedom and liberty ? Aaain, what, will the working class;s of England tav— the men with horny hands and feceti-ioving heilts who honour labour and enn)ble industry, who love libti-ty and even stand up for the riah's of man—can they turn their backs against the slave and slave laoo ir and say, by their sympathy bnd act, that laoour has DO honour, and industry no dignity? No. Whatever be- tide, thry, I Ventura to declare, will bj truo to them- selves and true to freedom, and, while, sir, it i3 a su•>- lime thing to suffer and be a rotig, it is, also simetimes equillv subliiie, eqiially noble, equally honmiable. to d-v.)te onr lives, and to exercise the talents with which bAdVen has endowed us in the court of ju-tice, of truth and right- eousness. It is true, that there are those who tell us that a despotic re-action is taking place in the sentiments of rulers, and that human freedom and liberty are goin,, backward rather than progressing. Liok to the heavens I, the sun moves, and from his daily course the philosopher j asserts and re-asserts that the king of day moves, not- withstanding his bonds. la every part of the world, we j witness the onward march of liberty. In Italy, in Hungary, in France, in Poland, and in America we happily see the burning of the fetters with which it was bound. Is there a man that can for a moment sua- tain the belief, that slavery is not doomed ? Do they still believe that this foul blot shall remaia on the Ameri- can soil ? Is the negro to remain ever the slave of the white man? And is the Bible to be quoted in its sup- port? Away, sir, with such opinions! away vrith euch notions! Away with such fiendish principles! To the negroes the prospect is now brighter than it ever has been. Before them is the land of freedom, and they are all invited to go up, and take possession of their in- heritance. They ask your help, they solicit your aid they pray your sympathy. Shall they ask aud pray in vain ? I hope not, I pray not; but on the contrary, the appeal shall find a responsi ve echo in every human bosom. The cause I plead is a cause in which is in. volved great and mighty principles, for it is tha cause of morality, of humanity and religion. Shall we be true to these principles, or for pelf sell our principle and con- 1 sciences—become renegades aa regards the one, and violators of heaven's first laws as regards the other for JI the sake of gain and filthy lucre ? To the principles of freedom let us ever cling, ever true, and ever j faithful, and let it be our heart's desire to work them out. Bear in mind too, that the man who aids tha rebels, helps to perpetuate the war, and his act < will prolong the distress. And when we look on the scene which is daily to be seen in the Southern State"' the traffic in human bone, flcb, and muscle, aod blood, of men selling their owu offspring to perpetual bondage, of the sacred ties of marriage treated as a sham, ot people being driven from market to market as we drive, or rather as we would not drive our oxen, from our Rail- way stations to our Srnithfields, and knowing as a great fact, that these abominations are daily practised, that the government rests upon this unboly institution, this being its chief coroer s'on^ I ask you not to be led away such a government so formed, and resolve that you at any rate will be true to your consciences and t) your God, whatever may happen. If w« thu* labour and thus act, we shall reap if we faint not. We hear the voice of freedom oa the mountain brow, in the silvan veiley-on the banks of the crystal Btreamlet, and in the woodland we listen to the melody of its vo'ce. While it comes forth, potent and strong, and swelling up from the bosom of humanity, and even in the slave States, there is the deep and ever conquering love of freedom, which bursts the chains by which she is boucd, in order to reach the land of freedom. Liberty is of heaven. Let us hope he who controls the affairs of nations, and makes men often un- willing instruments in carrying on his own divine idea and behests, will out of this great struggle, bring truth and righteousness and liberty, and cause the land to shine as the vineyard of the Lord,when liberty shall en- twine her arms with peace, and proeresg, and freedom, and civilization, and religion, shall march onward, blessing, elevating and ennob!ing that bounteous and beautiful land. I fear the war will go on, I trust, however, that it should be the prayer of every lover of freedom, that He who controls and orders the affairs of men and i nations will defend the right and bring about the libera- tion of the enslaved race of Africa-a happy consumma- tion devoutly to be wished. Mr Davies was warmly cheered at the conclusion 01 I his lecture. I Mr ttubinson, the president of the Co-operative Society, in a speech of considerable merit, in which he gave his reasons for sympathising with 'he North. Many of his remarks againsr the Southern Confederacy Wun fi-,r him the plaudits of the audience. Mr J tho BlIey then ascended tl:e platform and anim- adverted on the lecture. He cbnied that slavery «a^ the origin of the war, or that its abolition by the North was anything m're than a military necessity, sorting that President Lincoln sought oniy ti-c re-esiablo-hmer t of the Union, which hp. w,iul;i be giall to have wito or without slavery, and that the cun titttthn > f the United S-ates huin.- a c mpa,-t wh ch had het n broken by the north, tbe South I ad a perf ct righr t • e< O'de. II > held that 'h addition o glaver> wold be effect- ed with the S.iuth independent, than by its lemairiing in h. Union, Mr Kiley r)se t^c haviog tn minu'iS allowed on each oc-a*ion. Mr D vus ha I the SlIDe time a low, d fur his replies. The meeting broke up abont half-oast ten.
THE ATROCITIES OP AMERICAN SLAVERY.—The geDealotfy lIt an American slave is traced > nly through the maternal line. The progenitors (On the a'e side are rarely known, in fact are neier recognized in la. A s Iav. in law, has no father. Tne legislation of thc slave States makes no ref'(-re, ce t.. paterna ance-try, and acknowledges the mother not in r spect to any natural rights, duties, tlr atf r.tions, tint simply f"r the dctel- minaiiou of the ques'ion o' title. and for the purpose of fixing the lenal status of the child. The natural rela- tion between parent and ch Id is not considered, and h. noe, neither in legal nor in a reiigi us ense, h sa slave-born chilil either a fit her or mo hei as is the to dition of the child Tnis is the recognized and law- established principle laid down for the administration I of the brutal system of American slavery. As eariy as 1715, it was enacted by the State of Marylaad, and it has since become the general law of the Uoited States, that children born of slave mothers are slaves during their naturel lives. IL was tbus that the atrocious 8- i I I rnaxtin-.ra.rttis seqttt"tur ventrt(?Iz-Ctbe ott-pring loiiow-s the condition of the moti n) was introduced into the civil law and from that day to the present, the condi- I tion of the mother) has determined the fate of the child. Who is he 'vho does at once perceive that the revolting and horrible raijim of law is oiie of the most cruel tno degrading principles by which the institution of slavery, for which the rebel states are fighting, is distinguished ? I By this law, any child whose natural aucestor, even in the remotest degree, can be shown to have been a elave, ) is declared the property of him who is the owner of its mother at the time of its birth; and it is, therefore, doomed to perpetual bondage, although its paternal an- cestestor, at every successive generation, may have been a free white man. Where is the man of intelligence who does not instantly see that this provision of huma? law perverts the divine ordinance of marriage fiotn a holy iostitution into a slave-breeding commerce between the sexfs into a perpetual manufacture of property in human fl sh, for the profit of the slave-matter that it breaks up and destroys the parental relation, and con- verts the children of slave mothers into household cattle, for the pecuniary benelit of the ovner thai it abrogates the command of the deculogue-" Honour thy father and thy mother"—a il that it mskes the relation betwen father and mother that of mere agents for increasing the gains of him who claims a right of property in the hu- man cha'tel, whose off-prim;" by law, are s 'Life of John Anderson, the Fugitive Slave, edited by Harper Ticelvetrecs, M.A. VltTHODisT PKOTESTANTS.- The New York Annual Conference of the M>. thodist Protestant Church, at its recent meeting in this citv, adopted a series of resolu- tion, of which the following is a specimen :—Resolved. That inasmuch as we firrrly believe that the institution of slavery is the sum of all villanies, the grtat sin of our naiion which I-as brought down the chastisement of Heaven, and is the direct and legitimate cause of the War that is now desolating our country, beside inflicting I many other evils, we, theretore, hail the Emancipation proclamation as one of the most important, far-reaching, and mas erly strokes of Stat-s policy nd jastiee tnat haA es yet been issued by the Chief Executive, iotsmi.ch as it ftrkes at the very r'ot of the evil, and tiii t ateu- the entire overthrow cf this indescribable abomita io:,J I of human bondage. I THE U0NTR\BASDS NEAR NORFOLK.-The ladle- I se:it out by the Boston Educational Commission a." teachers of the contrabands of Cracey Island, n(-al Nor'olk, give mo>t encimauintr account-' of their lb II. The superintendent is busily eaga cfd in settlinu; the nt- groges on lands in the vicinity of Nù,£.lk. ¡obmdol\nj I by the rebels, and has u' doubt d their i-eir. able 1" I support thenselvrfs by firming. The negroes are vet I ready to work, and much pleisad t-J bave the opportu- nity. One of the t''a hers writes: It would do y"u' heirr good 10 see the eagerness wi'h which they ac.cepi the Do:'oi's proposition to labor; each uoiversalL d-- silint; his own puch, when IIsked ii,s -hoi(-e bl-ttv. eii working singly or in a community. So far all h v- don' v^ll." UOLI/'IWAY'S OINTMEXT AND PILL". Hollow v'> Pills and Hint put 'ive the I truest sile of -ny MMII- cine in the world. The Pills are the lioest pur tiers an I regenerators of the blood ever k-> a'u. Thev speedily correct all disorders if the L ver and Stomach, are in valuable in c-ises if Dysentery, and as a general Fiiii, ly Medicine have no eqtlti. The Ointment, will cute an) old wound, O' e or ulcer, even of twenty veais standing, and in all cases of skin diseases, however muiignan!, such as Lepra, scurvy, itch, anddl ot ur annoying irrt. I tstions of the skin, it mav be relied upon as a perfect cure, indeed for all ext rnal complaints it stands un- I rivalled through jut the world. Tnese famous remedie.- ¡ can be obtained of all Patent Medicine Vendors in Siam, Pekin, llong Kong, Shanghai, vid ill fact throughout the whole of China, India, and the Islands of the Oriental Archipelago, also in every part of Syria, Arabia, Greece, and Turkey, with copious directions affixed to eve y pot or box, even in Chinese (or any other language), and at a very reasonable prices. IHS tSTOBY OF AN ESC.VPED SLAVE. -V a find the following io the New Or ea is Delta, aod reproduce it as another illustration of the beauties of the system which secessionists, Nuth and South, seek to perpetuate: An escaped slave from Mississippi informs us that ab tit a year ago Joseph Nichols-an extensive (lealer in wood, whose place is at a landing twenty miles this side ot Vicksbug—charged that George Roberts, one of his fore- men, had enticed two of his slaves to run away. Roberts who was a Northern man, denied this, and a«keù for a settlement, that he might go away. Nichols cursed him repeated the charge, and swore he would hang him it j the two slaves did not return. Roberts replied that he had never urged or in any way advised the slaves to go away whsrenpon Nichols, with the aid of his Eervants, seized him, tied his hand?, and then chained him Thus secured, he spent two weeks on bread water, receiving oc casionally a flogging. His nights were passed chained by the ueck in the dining room. In the day-time he wa., secured iu a similar manner on the front gallery. Dur- ing all this time he protested that he was innocent. Nichols met thess dniaL with rude ha?ua?e and oca. sional kick? and alter pfpeated promises that he would be hanged, tixed a day, if the slaves did not return in the meautime. The day before the time appointed, Roberts weary of kicks and lashes, stabbed hims If with his poc- ket knife, and in a few hours died. Before he expired Nichols atked why he had committed suicide, lie re. plied because of his brutal treatment, and his last utter- ance was, I did not advisa your slaves to go a,ay I Nichols turned from the body, cursing the Yankees and direcied the slaves to bury it, covced as it was with bloody clothes, out back iu the woods, and there It was deposited accordingly. Two days after the remains were buried, the slaves returned. and declared in most emphatic terms that lloberts hid never spoken to them about leiVing their master, and so the matter ended. Nichols is a captain of a gueriila band—and that is all that we learn of him, except that t e was married, but had no children."
I Fnl benefit of rcilivccd duty obtained by purchasing Horniman's Pinr Tea1 very choice at 3s. 4U. and 4s. I High Standard" at 4s. 4d., 8cl ,) is the strongest and most delicious imported. Agents in every town supply it in Packets. Sold in Wrexham by POTTE K l & SNArE, BookseUera.
AGRICULTURE. REVIEW OF THE COttN i tUDE. The w ek opened with a tnoh higher temperatar., and all the indications ot ra n. but the clouds mostI passed away without leaving a benefit, and on Thuradov night there was another sharp f-o-t. As to the youn" wheat, the accounts vary; in bleak situations on cold days it invariably looks bad, while on the fens and well. tilled light and medium soils there 19 yet a very promis. ing plant, and perhaps all the more so from beinz held in check. It is, however, very different with the spring corn, which had no autumnal rains to begin with, auj unless a apeedy change ensues, the crop must be Ver backward, and doubtful as to yield. The wheat lr/ this week Ijat its buoyancy, and fiaUhed dull, both in Loudon and the couatry in faet deliveries have coa tinued free since tbe improvement in condItion bel'D' now nearly 50 percent over what 1 hey were last yea? now near Y iJO per cent uver" III I ey were laÜ yea much no doubt having been previouB!y offered for ?te vain. There 81 e no general complaints of the weather from the contirient in i ped, from the continent; indeed, in i-ome parts of Germany fine warm lains have fallen, much to the benefit ot the ertili but prices mostly have been well supported, atuj te bare supposition of a conflict between this country and America sent the llantzic market up materially with large sale. Bnyers will soon fluil out their mistake h It when they learn that the peizure ot the Alexandra ha3 convinced the Federals of British loyaitv "nu justiee I he pi ices at New York are rather eashr for breadstuff, but the expoits were light, an i the present reel iple ton bist tliefly of unsound flour, made of dtitip wi,tat-ar, article uiter y unfit for the Britl,h maiket. In ( al,adg the snow is gone, and vessels ure arriving at Muritreai but larmera ihrrt- Wlere too till-y in needing their land durin- fitie wtatht r to at-od sup, lies freely. The arri- vals uff tne co"st sime May 1st wert, 1.1I. The little business wa- tran-a-tel at the following rates; ciani wheat at 33s per 2801u: Danube f) e at 33, 11..1 per qr. foi Li.e l oiiuneot. I he tale- n ted last -eek were 93,01G qyS wheat, at 45* 9 i, a.ainst 65,597 qrs. in 1t)2. touKiJ.N—I he Paiis flour market has been firm thr u, £ hout the wf ek, r,tt.e millers iutisiiu* on an a j. varict- o: 1 iranc er 157 kilos (8d per 28jiti) but 111:9 etieoked bu-ines?, as buyers were by no menus anxious t,) get freely iuto s'uck the ra:e-, therefore, have I a sed from nominal in 0 1 e-«l—■-av 5G t.) 63 fraui s per 157 kilos. (36s 3.1 to 40s 31 pt r 23(JM.) tot itit- tir-t qu-tlu e,. i he six :jaiki have btea equally ti," at 61 50.; per 157 kilos (40-i j er 2301b) 11)1- ttie .,tirietit m-it ti,, a ij tilt, I%P, Paris 3S t-auc, pe 100 kilos (38- per 280ib.) I- i, c fleat tr t., withou being active, has n'e. .-lean, Mou. leieau 33' to 331 50 per 120 kiios (50s 6.1 to 52s I-tr quaver. In B,I,iu wh,,at i;iict,s have len-aineo mm h tile s rut-, Goid Baltit- at AntAei 1) br tight SS?, Oani h 49J Marian p e r t,, 36 1 Gd St, ttin bailey 2;, 6 J, Danube 26s ter quarter. the beet price for « he a at Brusse.s was 50a j at Courtrai thi-y ranged from 488 to 49s. Ghent was 6.1 per quarter deutr, and Lieve tudy L5 per quarter. 1 he Dutch n.arket- were lightiy im- proved. Polish wheat at Amsterdam bu ught Ó6!, American to ÓO, Uenish the Barie. Maeutricbt Bo eJ au advance cf 6d per quarter. Fine warm riins had fdi. Ico at Straubing; with good supplies there, pr-tea lal teen maintained. Wheal quotations ranged from 38s to 42.i 6d borley 23s 6J oats 14s Gd I er quarter. A'. ter a caix at L>aiitzic, the market became excited by the s,me warlike opiuion, and 10,000 quarter* V\'hd)' wee sold in one day at 4s per quaiter alvance, the vrtek's business reaching to 24,000 quarters, but subsequently there was a calm. The stock ot wheat at Petersburg was only 150,000 chetwerts, mostly light and indifferent, aud about 225,000 chetwerts of new, of good quality, were -xpected curing the season. Saxonka and solt, 3Gs 9d, to 43s 5d per quarter. At Odessa business bad been very dull; Saodomixka wheat to 42s 9d per quarter, soft to 41s 3d fine Ghi ka at 41s 6d ptr quarter. Prices at Constantinople had rather hardened. Some hard Sam- souu wheat had been expmted at 37s 6d to 38; per quer- ter, and aorae suft lbiail at 32s per quarter tor Mar- seille. Arrivals of the ntw crops were coming in scantily at Alexandria, and brought full prices for consumption. Tne quality was good as well as yield. Tile prices of Otani was 2Ss per quarter, ler.tils 28s 9d, maiza 25s. At Trieste, a good business had been past ing at full rates fianezza and Baiiat wheat had sold at 425 6J per quar- (er inaizu at 24s 6d per quarter. The ice i-eing niaily gone at Mont'ea!, business was expected shortly 11 cori- mece, but as western formers w<;re busy sowing their spring corn, not much ca i<e to hand, yet ih e market wai dull.
The Rev. Mr Tiffany, of Sprin.^bi ld, Mas?, in a recent lecture on the army of Virginia, told an anecdote illus- trating the heathenism in which the slaves grow up. A bright negro boy of fourteen who came within our lices was (fuestioneil in order to ascertain what he knew of religious religious tru-h. He was profoundly ignorant as to all the mf-.t, ers mentioned until he was ask. d if he had ever heard ot God, when he br'ighteced up and reo plied, Ye?, they always Gsd damn me And this was his only knowledge of t e Infinite Father of us ail. THE JRUKDHTT ot COLONIC KIMBALL.—We do not know at an event in the whole history d the war tl at reveals to the piblic thf-, abject condition to which be A vtorifan press has fallen pqually with the recent killing; f Lieutenant-C: lonel Kiin.-all, of the 9th New York. Among the bravest of the brave of the youth* who lushid 0 the defence of our country, decorated with the trllp- IliM of IS conteste i actions, blameless as a soldier, the idol of his regiment, be is ru'helesily shot down in his own ;ami) while in the performance of a Eoliliet's duty, a d there is n one voice raised to viudif. te his conduct or demand atonement for his murder! Selling aside t e 1 ents of the case, and let I hem ne vvhat tt-ev -Ail;, hotv a" the pre-s ill,tifv its silence 011 a state ot fcts th"t n tn-tly slin d public aid made every heart hum with iudiiMiitio ? l'iie answer is fouud ii- the tact that his 51 yer w.,s a popu ar lush general, and fit se crouch- int: journals, not iruiy estnn tting Ii i-ui boa ur and jus- lice, feared ih* Irish vot"- The hllmil ati n it fiiets a htu-h upon the cheek of every citizen, and UI akeiO 11 si" nvst ieel as if we were a coi quered race. It relllwJs is of the ta ne S ixons, wh 1 bent < oatentedly benea'h the Norman y..ke. a id lo-t their country because they were (1 logger wi rtfiy of letaining it. Not a w, rd of gym- pat' y 'r (lefei-ce 1 r ihe bra e hoy wh < had tattle- inot an expression of regret for that buM tpir;t wh s.- fla-*t>ini< s^ord .-a., the fi et u,i n a 1 o.j; coi-e»ay -in; ov.r the ra I I-,aits at ltoan<;ke, and wh intj^sas■>' III b's duty, was the i;otiel sol litr of the Army < f ih Ea I! Shame on such con trymeu >.s have no g-ntle w id i 1 a cooiiiryrirtn at; fiL fhe paragraph annou.i C,.Ioiiel Kiiui-ali's d, a-h appeared here on i u The s'a'eirent was lhat he bad been shot d -wr) l.»v Go eral Corcoran for lelusing t > let him pass without t;?e 1 ountersigu. It was a statement to appeal to the nidi*- n "iun of every j tiruilitt, as it dId ev ry <-MZ II; but no journalist ve:jiiir,ti to speak npou the bul'j et. I tjt: c was nothing sai-i by tile pre s on i ho (JClt I;a on I hI' ilurd a coutr«dic ion of the fact that Colonel Kiuih.,11 w:ts ou pi. ket itut% aii-i an assu iption thit he ti erefoie nad nu right t) deaiatui the countersign, appealed iu a Hartford paper, and presently all our city j urnals, as it moved by a common motive, gave it a re puuhc-tion. The pu'iic, however, reasoned the matter f'-r iheais-elves. They new that an t fficer was b uutl to have the coun- tersign, and that it was easier to give it th.u to shoot dowo the man Mho asked fur it. We I clieve the f,ct5 of the case will prove to be that L;eutenaut-Oi lon« 1 Kim* ball, who was the most vigilant oiffcer in the cam waa going his rounds; or it may be he was vuluntaril), in* spectiog the pickets of his regiment. At auy rate he was within the limits o1 his camp, aud he found a mouuteJ party late at night passing to the front. He would have been an unworthy soldier had he not re- quired the countersign; and Geneial Corcoran is uutrtto be one for not having instantly rei-pouded with it. The first idea which the simplest citizen has of military rig- our is inculcated in the picture of Napoleon being stop- ped by the sentinel: of Frederick the Great being s.op- ped by the sentinel—for the countersign. It is tHe ifil- pt-rative duty of every officer or soldier who roovt!s about in camp hfttr the guard is eet to be instructed 111 the countersign; aud the tlood of Kimball is crimillaUy on the hands of Corcoran for not having it and giving We desire no statement of the matter but Corcoran S own. He was surrounded by his staff, and Kimfall WJ alot e. If the latter drew bis sword, he did so according to the routine d the challenge and it is absurd as WCII discreditable for Corcoran to iiity that in the centre of hi* mounted friends he had a right to fear him. No j be slew him through arrogance and pride, and we demand that he be held to answer for it, The death of such '1 man as Eimball must not go by unquestioned; and foili- tary authorities that would permit it would be unwortby of obedience. Messieurs of the army and the press, be not afraid. Murder has no nationality, and no PcLPle are less likely than the Irish to shield a criminal on mere consideration of his birth or station. Unless Corcoran be promptly relieved and tried, we predict that the troops of his division will be worth nothing to the coun- try. IVilke's Spirit of the Age. In the American papers thtre are numerous advertise- ments of persons wishing to adopt children made orphan by the war. One advertisement commences thm Ie Cblldrn taken for adoption and adopted out to go,id homes.-Wtiuted) three little girls, from 1 ycar to months old. Also, one youug male iulaut, biue ey *» from birth. Also, the lady will plea? call. L1l1 George is ready." Th Piinceot VVahs has declined accepting the tell4 dered resignation of Eati Spencer.