CONGREGATIONAL MISSION. SERVICES OX SUNDAY MORNING 11.0 A.M., EVENING- 6 r.:»r.. IN THE HALL OF THE TEMPERANCE HOTEL. IDDESLEIGH STREET. (A CARD.) ME. J. A. OWEN ARCHITECT AND SURVEYOR, 5, VERE STREET, (Opposite the Local Board Office,) CADOXTON, BARRY. T. J. RADCLIFFE, HOLTOX, XEAR VICTORIA HOTEL. Fruit & Vegetables. Prime Potatoes. Sold at lowest prices. All orders promply attended to. A large assortment of prime Cigars and Tobacco kept on hand. Confectionery of ail kinds upplied. Flowers and Bird Seeds of every description. T. J. R. will be glad to receive Shipping ^Orders. DAVIESS TEMPERANCE ROOMS, IIOLTOX-ROAD (NEXT VICTORIA HOTEL). BARRY DOCK. COFFE 5 AND COMMERCIAL ROOMS. Accommodation for Visitors. PROPRIETOR :—D. P. DA VIES. HOLTON PORK SHOP. DAVID 0OENWELL> pORK BUTCHER, 10, HOLTON ROAD, BARRY DOCK, AXD GLEBE STREET, PENARTH. ALL GOODS^OF THE VERY BEST. TRY THE QUALITY. PIANOS^ ORGANS, PIANOS. CHEAPEST HOUSE IN THE TRADE. Pianos from 10s. 6d. Monthly, Organs from 5s. 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PGRE HOME-MADE BREAD. USE ONLY POTHERfrHI'S TOBACCO AND CIGARS. 4, STUART HALL, HAYES, CARDIFF. H. W. KEEY, PRACTICAL WATCH AND CLOCK MAKER, -t- JEWELLER AND OPTICIAN, MAIN STREET, CADOXTON. SPECTACLES TO SUIT ALL SIGHTS. WEEKLY PAYMENTS TAKEN. 113, n I G H S T R E E T, BARRY. F. TAYLOR, STATIONER AND NEWSAGENT. ORDERS TAKEN for LONDON AND PROVINCIAL NEWSPAPERS And All Magazines and Periodicals. E. DAVID, FAMILY BUTCHER, ADDRESS: VERE STREET, CADOXTON, YYT^HES to thank his numerous Customers for I » their patronage in the past, and hopes, bv continuing to supply them with the Best Goods, to merit their continued support. D. JONES FAMILY BUTCHERS, 95, HIGH-STREET, BARRY, AND AT HOLTON- ROAD. BARRY DOCK. FAMILIES WAITED UPON DAILY PFRVEVORS OF BEST GOODS ONLY. Pickled Tongues and Salt Beef. Home Cured Hams and Bacon. WILLIAMS, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL PORK BUTCHERS, 46, VERE-STREET, CADOXTON. FRESH SAUSAGES DAILY. Terms—Cash. CALL AT 104, HIGH-STREET, FOR jgUTTER, EGGS, &c. 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STEEDMAN'S HAIR RELTORER HAS THE FOLLOWING QUALITIES It restores Grey HaiT to its natural colour. It gives a healthy vigour to the root tissues. It imparts softness and purity to the hair. It is cooling and refreshing to the head. 0 It eradicates Scurf and Dandruff from the Skin. It is harmless and pleasant in use. Steedman's Hair Tonic and Renewer" Is unsurpassed by any other Preparation. Testimonials Free on Application. Sold m Bottles, at h., 3s. Od., and 10s. each by all Chemists, Perfumers, and Stores, or direct from li=:'lr JOHN STEEDMAN, PATENTEE AND MANUFACTURER. M "CEEAK OF MAGNOLIA," Matchless for the Complexion and for Use after Shaving. A mar veil ous and unique preparation for softening, toning, and beautifying the skin. Invaluable for removing Spots, Sunburns, Blotches, and all Imperfections. Imparts a Velvety Softness and Bloom. Renders it Beautiful to the Eye and Deliciously Soft. Can be us:d with the most perfect safety to any Child. In Bottles, post free, 2s. 6d., ts., 7s.,and 10s. 6d., or sample bottles, post free, Is. 3d. direct from the Sole Proprietor, And of all Chemists, Perfumers, and Stores JOHN STEEDMAN, THOUSAND OF UNSOLICITED TESTIMONIALS. Copies of two of the many unsolicited Testimonials received— To Mr. John Steedman, Dear Sir ELM COTTAGE, STAINED, March 8th, 1890. Will you kindly forward me another bottle of your" Cream of Magnolia." I liked the last very much, and finds it suits my skin better than anything I have tried before.—Yours truly, ALEXANDRA STOLLERY. From Prof. O'BYBNE, F.S.Sc., M.C.P., F.Sh.S,. Principal of the University and Civil Service College, Dublin :— Mr. John Steedman, Dublin. September 12th, 1890. Dear Sir,—Having used your" Cream for some time past. I beg to say that I consider it a mar- vellous preparation of great valu3 to the skin. IT SOOTHS AND ALLAYS THE IRRITATION OF THE SKIN AFTER SHAVING. 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In Packets, poet free, 3d., 6d., and 9d. direct from JOHN STEEDMAN, RUGBY CHAMBERS, GREAT JAMES-STREET, BEDFORD-ROW, LONDON, W.C., Late of 47, Fulbam-road. South Kensington, and 154, Queen's-road, Bayswater. OBSERVE.—The Name is spelt with two EE's, and the only address is as above. ESTABLISHED ABOVE HALF A CENTURY. DAVID JONES & CO. Accountants, Auctioneers, House and j Estate Agents, & Mortage Brokers, LANDED ESTATES, HOUSE AND PROPERTY OF EVERY DESCRIPTION MANAGED Upon the most approved and Newest System. AGENTS FOR TIIE MERTHYR AND DOWLAIS BUILDING SOCIETY, And the Leading FIRE, LIFE, ACCIDENTAL, PLATE-GLASS, & GUARANTEE OFFICES. ¡ NAISH BROS., I CABINET MAKERS. COMPLETE HOUSE FUR- NISHERS, K BEDDING MANUFACTURERS. INSPECTION INVITED. I 72 1 QUEEN ST. CROCKIIERBTOWN, Terms-Cash. 0ABDIFF. VICTORIA DINING ROOMS, I nOLTOX ROAD, BARRY DOCK. HOT DINNERS DAILY. EAcoommoclation for Visitors. Well-aired Beds. PBOPRIETQR-C. F. ROSSER. 1: CULLEY'S Barry Dock Hotel IS NOW OPEN FOR THE RECEPTION OF VISITORS. SPACIOUS COFFEE ROOM, RESTAURANT, SMOKING AND BILLIARD ROOMS. FAMILY WINE AND SPIRIT STORES ¡ ADJOINING- THE HOTEL. I CARDIFF CATERING ESTABLISHMENTS: I The Exchange Restaurant, CARDIFF DOCKS. The Philharmonic Restaurant, I ST. MARY STREET, CARDIFF. it. P. CULIvEY & CO., THE EXCHANGE, CARDIFF.
OPEN LETTERS TO WELSH LEADERS OF OPINION. I No. IX. J. LLOYD MORGAN, M.P. MY DEAR JOHNNY,—I hope you don't mind me addressing you in so puerile a name, but, you see, it's the name you always go by among your old friends at Carmarthen. I know that you always think with affection of your old friends, though you have climbed up the social ladder a good deal since those pleasant days at Towy Villa, happy with your fishing rod and your dreams. Ah! those were glorious days; possibly the happiest yon have ever spent. You will never get people to be- lieve in you so implicitly and with such a wondering admiration -almost awe—of your sublime genius. According to your old friends and rural relations, there never had been, and never would be, such a brilliant meteor in our country's sky as little Johnny. No future was too great for you to achieve ? Do you remember the days when you were still at Cambridge ? How we all dreamed of your brilliant prospects We were rather dis- appointed, it is true, that you weren't First Classic or Senior Wrangier; and we all thought very little of the dons who refused to recognise your merit and elect you to a fellowship. I remember, too, how we consoled ourselves. Of course, the mistake was the University's, not yours. It was simply old-fashioned prejudice that prevented ypur being made a fellow. The 'Varsities had always been closed to Nonconfoimists until a few years previous to your entering, and Noncon- formists were still looked upon with suspicion and distrust at those great seats of learning. We knew the sturdiness of your Nonconformity, and we suspected that you, impulsively—more true to principle than to expediency-favoured your Dis- senting convictions, and alienated the old-world celibate dons that ruled the roost at the city on the Cam. And when you boldly and proudly confessed, in face of the prejudice of the assembled culture and intelligence of the University, that you were the son of Professor Morgan and the descendant of a peasant stock, we admired your sturdy courage, while we deplored its sad and blighting effect upon your scholastic prospects. But we consoled ourselves. You would be buried and unappreciated among the old fossils at college, we said. You were better fighting the world, not poring over musty manuscripts, or .wasting your massive intellect on Greek particles. Your forte was action you were des- tined to be a hero in the strife." And when you were called to the bar-we had but a faint idea of what it meant, but we felt sure it had nothing to do with refreshments—how we rejoiced, and talked of you, and pointed out to the young ones what a great man cousin Johnny was getting to be, and how he would die a Lord Chancellor, and, perhaps, if little Johnny would be a very good bov and went to the village school regularly and learnt to write well, cousin Johnny would do something for him when he was Lord Chancellor. Ah the dear old people I like to think of them and their simple old minds, and their trusting kindliness. They are not very high in the social scale, but if pure lives, and good hearts, and clean consciences constitute a gentleman, they are among the noblest of the earth. I know you are not ashamed of them, though you have now risen so high. Your father taught you your Bible, and I am sure you will not forget the graig o'r hon y'th naddwyd na cheudod y ffos o'r hon y'th gloddi- wyd." I dod not, therefore, apologise for calling you Johnny, because it will remind you of old days and your bucolic relations. I apologise, be- cause I know that of late years you have become rather touchy about being called Johnny. I couldn't understand it at first. I thought you were getting proud, but I found that your head was screwed on too tight for that. Then I thought you objected, because with growing years-and dignity, you were unwilling to be saddled with such a boyish name. I must say there was some- thing in that. Your great fault is that you look too youthful, too young and lovely. In addition to a kiddish face you had a childish name as well. I could quite understand that some unobservant people would not give you credit for possessing the manliness and maturity of thought that you do possess. I freely admit that there is no one I despise more than old yftuug men who at thirty or thirty-two are called Tommy, Johnny, or Willie by their acquaintances. But, on enquiry, I found that that was not the reason for your dislike. Alas and alack! the evil was done in a music- hall I don't think for a moment that you heard it there yourself, but you know everyone has these obtrusive, mischief-making, candid" friends. And one of those told you one day that your name was blazoned abroad all through London and the provinces in a certain parody on Coming through the rye." This parody began, it seems, with Johnny Morgan's nasal organ," and suggested that "an extra blotch of special Scotch was com- ing through the dyr." It teas too bad, I must say. You have my deepest sympathy, You may rely on me for doing my best to put a stop to the-ri- diculous doggrel. I shan't tell anyone at all about it. You can rely on my profoundest se- crecy. You intended at one time, I believe, to sue the composer and the singer for publishing this malicious libel, but you refrained from giving them a chance of advertising the song and them- selves. But you shouldn't be so lonely about it. Your friends know you to well, and their faith in you is as unbounded as ever and as for the rest, what matters it what they think ? I have apologised quite enough now for calling you Johnny, but you must pardon me for recaliing once more to your mind those old associations, wlun you used to stay in that most glorious part of Wales, the Vale of Towy. We were just a bit afraid of your love of fishing It was a cruel amuse- ment, we thought, and you were at it all day. We couldn't recall to mind any great preacher— and to us in those days only a great preachcr could be a great man-who was fond of fishing. We knew that Dafydd Evans, Ffynon Henrv, was, but then he was such an eccentric fellow, and he wasn't a safe guide. Your father wasn't. He knew more ot -bocardo and other mysteries of logic than of Isaak Walton's gentle art! I re- member the consultation we had about it and how old Tom Jerry brought us round by pointing out that the apostles had been fishermen, and that Peter had been commissioned by his Master to catch one fish. We didn't care whether they hooked them or netted them. It was sufficient for us that it was gospel, and we allowed you to go a fishing. We noticed too that this amusement didn't deter you from more serious pursuits, and I can remem- ber how you used to go to the study and pick up a theological book to take with you on your fisning- expeditions. I ain glad to hear from ,our friend Lleufer Thomas that you still keep up your old love for theology. It's a glorious science, the mother of all the sciences. Lleufer tells me that you know Drummond's Spiritual Law in the Cultural World" by heart, and another old friend of mine tells me that when he visited town some time ago you and he spent a whole Saturday even- ing discussing -Lux Mundi" by the light of St Augustine and the other patris tic writers. That's right, Johnny bach keep up your reading. I find that reading law has a somewhat cramping effect on the intellect, unless you supplement it with other kinds of reading. Besides, theological read- iug will be a good practice to enable you to grasp the subtleties and hair-splittings of common law, and it will help you to retain the affection of your preacher friends. But be sure to read something besides both. What everyone who has had a Non- conformist bringing up requires is a wider culture and sympathy than he gets in Wales. Stick to your Nonconforral-Lty, I am sure you will, but don't be sectarian or ecclesiastical. I have alluded to the dreams of your youth and the prognostications of your early frierds. I am glad that as yet you have not disappointed them. You have acquired a very fair practice on the South Wales Circuit, and Sam Evans assures me you are almost as good a lawyer as himself. You are well thought of on the Circuit, and you are popular at the bar mess. For whatever your faults may be, it can be truthfully said of you that you are a gentleman. You have the self-respect, the tact. and the consideration for others that charac- terise every true gentleman. You have got into Parliament at an early age, and have every chance 9 of doing well there. You take very well with the House, and I am told that during the Tithe de- bate Sir William Harcourt specially sent for you and asked you to move an amendment. That was an honour indeed for a young politician, and you can well afford to ignore Sam's sneers and assump- tions of superiority. You are well in with the Liberal loaders, and even the members of the Welsh party sometimes speak well of you. Prit- chard Morgan, I know. fell in love with you at first sight, and I was in hopes that you would have induced that wily politician to live a more Calvinistic life at Mount Morgan, when you visited him there. You are a very ready speaker. with fluency and clearness of expression. But you are not an orator, and never will be. You take well with the House, because you are un- affected and have plenty of common sense. Your maiden, speech 011 Disestablishment was really an excellent thing, and it was all the more to your credit because you hadn't prepared it. I wish, though, you were as strong on other Welsh ques- tion. You will have to learn, if you mean to keep pace with Welsh politicians, that there are other even greater Welsh questions looming in the not far distant future. Make yourself master of these questions, and you will have a chance of distinguishing yourself. Don't think that after Disestablishment the only great thing for Parliament to do is to pass a Bill for pro- viding stipendiary magistrates instead of the Great Unpaid. Though that is a matter of some impor- tance, there are greater problems than that to solve, and it does not exactly become a lawyer to be too eager about a Bill of that sort. There's the land question, for instance. Your know- ledge of Welsh life, and your legal training should I zn I fit you for framing a Land Bill for Wales. Imitate Alfred Thomas. Frame large Bills-it doesn't matter if they are-as Mr. Gladstone would say—" within the range of practical poli- tics or not. Be sure that the principle of the Bill is right, and it is all the better if the details will provide matter for discussion. And don't be so shy in the House. Get up and speak oftener. What if arguments are threadbare, and all your good points forestalled. Many men as good as you have had to begin like that. And move amendments. Don't be content with moving only one, and that suggested to you by Stuart Rendell, or some other big gun. Observe the ways of Sam Evans and learn wisdom. Move amendments, no matter how trivial they may be it isn't at the quality but the quantity of the amendments that your con- stituents look at, and that seems to be the only way of getting on in the House. You must, first of all, bore the House, and then you acquire fame. Ride a hobby horse. Everyone who wants to get on these days must do that, or he's no good. There's Dillwyn and his Disestablishment, Sam and his Tithes, Alfred and his Institutions, Tom Ellis and his Education, Pritchard Morgan and his Royalties—dear me, I could enumerate dozens of them. Now, you haven't got one all to yourself, unless the stipendiary question may be called one. But, as I told you, that's hardly a question which a lawyer can tackle with good grace. There are any amount of things which are untouched, and especially the Welsh Land Bill. Seize on that at once, I'd advise you, and then you can smile mijesticslly when anycne talks t) you on the subject, and say, as one Welsh M.P. once said, "Ah, yes, my dear fellow, that's my subject, you know." You should have a little more go in you. You are a great deal too cautious. I admit you have never yet made a mistake, but it isn't people who never make mistakes who climb high. There's a distinct danger in being too safe, especially if you are a young man. Don't be so timorsome. Have more confidence in yourself, and a little more in- ternal swagger." I am afraid people are gathering a very wrong impression of you, simply because you are so retiring. You have a good deal of the milk of human kindness in your manly breast. You are most kind to the lobby reporter of the Western Mail, and strange stories reach us here that you have been seen taking him to a certain smoking room, looking out into the terrace, which is open to non-members. You have been seen having most mysterious confabs with him, and the consequence has been that you've been li written up by him. You have been even called—much to S. T.'s disgust-" the risingest young barris- ter on the South Wales Circuit." That's all right. Be kind to reporters it always pays. But don't let people think that you are not such a good Radical as you are. It is even allowable to escort lovely Primrose dames-to parties, for, possibly, at the next election such civility will bear good fruit, You might go as far as to give tea to ladies of high degree in your democratic chambers at the Temple, and lionise them even so far as to show them the Episcopalian chapel at that •' den of thieves." And I don't think your constituents would think any the worse of you even if you helped Joe Chamberlain to entertain Royal duchesses to tea on the terrace. Only remember this your Radicalism must not be corrupted by your intimacy with Tory dames and Western Mail reporters. I personally am not afraid of it. but there are some old croakers who refer to the fallen angel of Birmingham. Tory dames were too much for his Radicalism. They are afraid there is something suspicious in the praises of the Tory press, and some old fogies have been hunting up their classics, and saying "tiineo Danaos et dona ferentes." You must be careful. I am told that their wiles are most insidious, but you must re- member it is you who has to influence them, not they you. Your political creed must be sturdy enough to withstand every temptation, and who knows but that you will get your reward, and have the supreme honour of restoring to the old faith the Primrose dames and their families, and of influencing the policy of the Western Mail I have said something of your weaknesses- faults they can't be called. And they are weaknesses that commend you still more to your friends. You have not yet realised that politics is a game, and that it is the selfish that succeed. You have allowed opportunities to slip by you which others have grasped. You saw the opportunity, but you were afraid to make yourself objectionable to some of your friends and you didn't seize it. Never let private affection or a gentlemanly consideration for others interfere with you. You must fight for your own hand, like Harry of the Wynd. Mr. Gladstone said the other day that gratitude was a thing not to be expected in politics. No there is no place for the tender feelings in politics. No matter how much you smoke and chat with a brother M.P., you must not hesitate f.bout stealing a march on him if you think it necessary for your advancement. Of course it will be a hard trial for a man of your sympathetic and retiring dis- position, but you have elected to go in for politics, and politicians are made of stern stuff. Well, Johnny bach, I must admit that I have an inveteratel,liking for you. You are so nice. If you haven't done the great things your friends ex- pected of you, you have at all events done very respectably, and have shaped" well. Your Parliamentary reputation is decidedly increasing, and time and law will soon infuse that selfishness and touch of acidity which is indispensable to a rising man. You have made but few enemies, and your friends worship you. You haven't in you the makings of a great statesman, but I am much mistaken if Wales will not find in you one of her most loyal, devoted, and successful repre- sentatives. You have youth, independence, com- mon sense, and ambition to help you on. You have the blessings of friends and the half uttered good wishes of enemies to cheer you. Be true to yourself, and a prosperous career is assured you. These, dear Johnny, are the unvarnished senti- ments of your candid friend, THEODORE DODD. [Next week Theodore Dodd will address an open letter to Mr. ABEL THOMAS, M.P. for East Car- marthenshire.1
THE BRIDGEND ASYLUM. THE PONTYPRIDD PATIENTS. At a meeting of the Pontypridd Beard of Guardians, held on Wednesday last (week), Mr. E. John, J.P., presiding, the following interesting report of the Visiting Committee was read by Mr. E. H. Davies, one of the vice-chairmen:—The committee appointed by this Board visited the patients of the various parishes belonging to this Union at the Bridgend Asylum on Friday last, August 28. The committee consisted of the fol- lowing guardians Messrs. Aaron Cule, James Richards, Dr. Lewis, David Thomas, Arthur Jones. James Davies, and myself. The committee pro- ceeded from Bridgend Station to the New Asylum at Pare Gwyllt, where we were received by Dr. Pringle and his assistant, Or. Findley, who, as usual, had everything in readiness for the com- mittee. Out of the 981 at the both asylums, 123 belonged to this Union, which were as follows 74 males and 49 females. One of the name of Alfred Holloway, from our Union, only had just been received in before the committee arrived that day. The committee were exceedingly pleased with all the arrangements and the medical treatment to the unfortunate inmates. Nothing too much could be said in favour of Dr. Pringle. He is a self. devoted person to the benefit of his patients, and they also, in that state of insanity, appears to appreciate his sympathy and kindness towards them, there being only three of the inmates confined to their bed—namely, Rachael Davies, John Williams, and Rev Joshua Davies. Unfor- tunately, with the exception of few, the most of them are totally hopeless, -Sarah Heard, from Ystradyfodwg, being the only one that the doctor entertained much hopes of her recovery. The most distressing case was that of the Rev. Joshua Davies, who once held a very high position in London and otherlarge townp, and well known as one of the most eminent and eloquent preachers in the whole Principality. He was on his death-bed, dying, quite unconscious of all that surrounded him. The committee were of opinion that the in- mates at both asylums were very well kept and looked after, and that this Board, as well as the relatives of the respective patients, can, under the circumstances, rest quite satisfied that everything that can possibly be done is attended to at both institutions.
FOLLICK'S is tho Genuine Shop for all kinds of Clothing. Corner of Barry-road and Main- street.—Advt.
TALKS ON WELSH TOPICS. [By J. YOCXG EVANS, Corpus Christi College, Oxford.] SHALL WE TEACH GREEK ? The question to which we are endeavouring to find an answer—and our answer, at least, is fairly obvious-is of vital import to the future of Welsh education. It is momentous from two standpoints. In the first place, we are debating whether or not the curriculum of the new schools shall include a branch of learning indispensable for certain de- partments of life, and highly desirable as a basis of culture to all men. In the second place, the presence or absence of a teacher of Greek offers no insignificant criterion of the status of a school. We shall discuss our second assertion first. An intermediate school in which Greek will not be taught cannot, I think, be expected to perform the work which the friends of higher education in Wales desire from every school. To establish, with aid from the State, institutions offering but imper- fect means of training, is merely to perpetuate evils the removal of which is the consummation devoutly wished by the whole people. One hazards, perhaps, a bold statement in affirming that a school which does not teach Greek will hold but an inferior position. u It may be admitted," an objector will say," that there are very few schools in Wales where the study of Greek is actively encouraged, but that neither proves that the mediocrity of the majority of Welsh schools is due to the want of Greek scholarship, nor does it follow that the few schools which pay much atten- tion to Greek are celebrated for that reason." No whilst the public mind has been aroused to a sense of the importance of having greater educational facilities, it may well be doubted whether there has as yet been kindled anything a pproaehing to to an adequate appreciation of the need of a hi"-h standard of education. Whether eighty interme- in diate schools are in excess or not of the present demand, time alone will discover. But the anxiety to bring instruction to the students has been very disproportionate to the anxiety that that instruction should be really superior. Wales is not so much in want of schools as of teachers. Unfortunately anyone may take upon himself the office of teacher, and it is to be re: retted that in Wales, as in England, the success of qualified and highly-trained men has been modified by the in- trusion into the profession of persons possessing only a superficial smattering of the rudiments of a. higher education. And now, if we are to reform, or rather establish, our system of intermediate education, let the measures we adopt be thorough and efficient. It is assumed all along, if I am not mistaken, that the intermediate schools have a double aim. In the first place they are to provide for those intending to enter various kinds of busi- ness a general knowledge and elementary culture, such as will enable them to make batter headway in their trade, and take a more intelligent interest in affairs than is possible for those who emerge straight upon the world from the gates of the board schools. In the second place, the interme- diate schools are meant to be stepping stones for those who wish to enter any of the learned profes- sions. I do not wish to dogmatize on the point, but I fancy that it is for these latter the schools are mainly intended, and that when we indulge in m' Jeremiads over the backwardness of education in the Principality, we are deploring the want of assistance which handicaps our more ambitious boys and girls. The arguments, therefore, in favour of the teaching of Greek will ha.ve reference mainly to the interests of these latter. When the Cardiff Joint Committee were dis- ¡ cussing the advisability of teaching Greek at the Cardiff School, one of the members suggested that the Latin master would, in all probability, teach Greek also. The South Wales Daily Xews very properly pointed out that teaching Greek was too important to be regarded merely as a work of supererogation along with the teaching of Latin. But let us, for the present, be content to admit that, for the sake of economy, there should be only one classical master in the Cardiff School, and that he should teach both Latin and Greek. So far so good. But suppose the committee engaged a man who only knew Latin, and could not teach Greek ? I should not like to suggest that the possibility of so incompetent a person holding a position in an intermediate school had entered tlje mind of any- one. What sort of Latin teacher, forsooth, would a man who knew Greek be ? What qualifications would he have? What degree could he have taken ? There is no wide gulf fixed between Latin and Greek scholarship. Of course, a scholar may prefer one lauguage to the other, but it may be safely affirmed that a teacher, or any layman, who knows but little Greek, knows almost equally little Latin. It is true that before the time of Erasmus, as the schoolmen are a proof, a man could be a great Latin scholar for those days, without knowing Greek. But we have changed all that. Thus we have established one argument, at least, in support of our contention that the education status of a school is affected by the presence or absence of a competent teacher of Greek. People are fairly agreed that Latin is important, and we have proved that the Latin of a school will be but mediocre if Greek be absent. But we ought to regard Greek, not as a secondary or superfluous study, but as equally important with Latin. And if we do so, then we shall regard with far less complacency than at present the neglect of Greek in Wales. I hope to show that the dis- advantages of which Welshmen are made so pain- fully conscious at the universities are largely traceable to the stupid idea under which they are trained at school, that Greek is a luxury, the enjoyment of which is to be postponed as far as possible. In fact I am tempted to apply the words in which Thucydides proceeds to describe the great plague at Athens in 430 B.C., For I was both attackad by it myself, and had personal observation of others who were suffering from it."
CROWN LANDS IN WALES. Writing to the editor of the South Wales Daily Neies Mr. Theodore Dodd says SiR,—Will you allow me briefly to state a few facts with regard to the land in Wales, which, I think, shows the necessity for giving the National Council for Wales some power of supervision over the Crown lands in that country. 1. The unenclosed waste land still belonging to the Crown in Wales is 84,110 acres. 2. The total area of lands in which the Crown possesses mineral rights in Wales is 3(54:,801 acres. This includes the 14,110 acres above mentioned. 3. The Crown owns a. portion of the Wye be- tween Monmouth and Gloucestershire, and '■ is the owner of foreshores in Wales." 4. The Crown is lord of the manor over a large part of 304,801 acres mentioned above. 5. A considerable portion of Wales is held by virtue of Crown grants. [It would be interesting to know for what objects, and on what conditions, if any, these were made, and whether made by way of sale or gift]. 6. Small quit or fee-farm rents are often the only practical links left showing that the land owner" holds in a Crown manor or under a Crown grant. They are often only a few pence or shillings, and are sold for about 25 years' pur- chase to the landowner" by the Commissioners of Woods and Forests. Under these circumstances, these Crown officials actually have sold free-farm and other unimprovable rents "for the sum of £ 34,369. I suspect this must include fee-farm rents over a vast tract of land. They have sold lands, fore- shores, and rights" for the sum of £ 85,535 en- croachments on Waste lands, £ 30,21(i. Surely it is time that the people of Wales should have some opportunity of saying" hether they approve of the policy of selling the Crown rights in waste, foreshore, and quit rents. No doubt, minerals must be sold in due course for working. May I add that in the case of the Crown grants by way of gifts an entail cannot be barred, so that the reversion remains in the Crown, and even if the land is sold under Lord Cairns' Settled Land Act, the reversion in the purchase money remains in the Crown ? Is there any land in Wales held on these terms ? If so, which is the land .'—I am, &c., J. THEODORE DODD. Lincoln's Inn, 28th Aug.
CONSUMPTION CURED.-An old Physician, retired from practice, had placed in his hands by an East India Missionary the formula of a simple vegetable remedy for the speedy and permanent cure of Con- sumption, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Ashma, and all Throat and Lung Affections, also a positive and radical cure for Nervous Debilitv and all Nervous Complaints. Hav- ing tested its wonderful curative powers in thousands of cases, and desiring to relieve human suffering, I will send free of charge, to all who wish it, this receipt in German, French, or English, with full directions for preparing and using. Sent by post by addressing, with stamp, naming this paper, Dr. J. P. MOUNTAIN 16, Percy-street, London, W. HOME CURE FOP DEAFNESS—A book by a noted Aural Surgeon, describing a System of curing Deaf- ness and Noises in the Head by which a self-cure is effected at lwme. The Rev. D. H. W. Harlock, of the Parsonage, TIiltou-under-Wyuchwood, writes:—" Try the system by all means, it is first rate, and has been of the utmost service, to me." Post free 4d,—DE VERE AND CO., Publishers, 3C, Warwick-lane, London, E.C.
JOTTINGS ON POLITICS. My dear Editor and gentle readers of the South If ales Star, a holiday is a bad time for journal- ism. After climbing over the blue mountains of North Wales, and gazing on Cader or Yr Arran, and thinking how in the words of a writer of Cymru Fydd (now" Cymru "), Roman and Iron- side and English landlord have alike been to that mountain home of freedom, and how patriotism in Lhat rugged depths has found champions against them all, it is hard to sit down and write. The two great political events that have taken place since I last contributed to your columns have been Rakes' death and the Llandrindod Confer' ence. Now, as to the first, De mortuis nil nisi bonum." As your namesake, the London Star said, Raikes was spoilt by his education. The un- amiable frigidity" that, alas rains supreme in Shrewsbury school and town took possep sion of his soul, and spoilt him for life. It, gave him no power of enthusiasm or of synr pathy. the narrow Conservatism of the Christian Cathedral clique were to him all the law and the prophets" of the statesman. Hostile alike to tW broader aspects of Imperialism (as witness hi* resistance to the Imperial penny postage) as well as the most venomous traducer of Welsh national' isni, a Castlereagh in everything but ability' Raikes lived and died like Cato Uticensis- of old1 rigid, hopeless-and faithful until death to an evil cause. Welsh nationalism that has survived the tyranny of the Plantagenets was never conquered by the Postmaster-General's effusions, and now she ca11 afford to pity a wasted life. The London Echo says Raikes ought to have been a Welsh bishop. Possibly this is true. And yet no radical vernacular paper ever said anything one-half as damning against the Church. If the Church could be fitly served with such enemies of Wales as her bishops she is in truth an -,ilielt (estrones). The Llandrindod conference was on the whole » success. It would have been a greater one, many prominent Nationalists were not invited- It is rather a pity that so much time was wasted by a Cardiff gentleman in discussing so minor question as that oi stipendiary magistrate. La, yers, by the way, should be careful about th^ subject. There is a great deal perhaps to be said for stipendiary magistrates, but it is bad form fa! barristers or lawyers to advocate their appoil" ment. Lloyd George and Samuel Evans ought & have been present. Ellis' absence was unavoid' able. This requires explanation. I heard a Welsh curite say the other day If one of our Bishops cared half as much for the Church as Ellis does for nationalism we should win over thousands." I agree with him, I do not like to write disagreeable things. am, however, of the opinion that the interests of Wales require thit should not be bled toO indiscriminately. Mr. Stuart Rendel has giveJ1 ze 500 to the Disestablishment fund, and general^? he has been bled right and left for political a.n<t other subscriptions, especially in North Wales' Of course, it will be said Mr. Rendel can afford ic ? but if an M.P. is bled too much a constituency becomes demoralised. Some time ago I heard tt Liberal say, I- We can never get a real National^ in for North Carnarvon." The people have \)eeJl. spoilt by the Penrhyn family spending so muclJ money in times past. If M.P.'s are to be chosei* for wealth, we may as well go back to rotted boroughs. ALIQUIS-
REVIEWS OF PUBLICATION CYMKU (Gd.) The first number of the Welsh National Magazine appeared on the 15th last month, under the editorship of Mr. Owen 5% Edwards, M.A., Linooln College, Oxford. Most the articles are unsigned, but it is easy for anyc- who is acquainted with the editor's chaste style see tht t a great part of the first number is written by him. He is at his best, we think, in his intr<^ ductory article. In pointing out the influence Of the physical features of a country on the charactc, and the history of its inhabitants, he thus co°' trasts the English with the Welsh character methodical man and slow is the Englishma-o." man that can be relied on, a man that sees ttlo path of his life's duty clearly before him, a wo without care or uncertainty of mind, or fear °r vacillation. But as to the Welshman, his min^ ( romantic and fertile, and his hope his strong than his faith. A child of the mounta^ he—promising to God in many an hour of enth siasm more than a life of perseverance COW i accomplish." In speaking of the aims a» objects of the new magazine, the e^^ff says: To tell the story of Wales is one of chief objects of this publication. It is a stor I lot and stirring, but it possesses order and bean/J? Her brave ones die, and are laid to rest in Conwy or Ystrad Fflur, but there is a spirit lives through the years, nor does it ever change 1J object or altogether rest. It is not to read „ woeful battles, of a hero dying before he does work, of this one's oppression, of that on Of treachery—that is not the work of the student- Welsh history, but to watch the movements °* > thing that is alive." We feel sure that the edit^ is responsible for three other articles, at all eveJ^i Dolwar Fechan," An Old Methodist," and < Visit to Hell." The Visit to Hell is, in °^> opinion, the most unsatisfactory of the artid^ An Old Methodist" is charming, but cannot » translated and" Dolwar Feehan" is an IC of a visit to the grave of Ann Griffiths, the gteZ, Welsh hymnist, written in the editor's best The description of a quiet little stream near 01 Fechan makes one regret that Mr. Edwards has f carried out before this his old intention of tranS it" iug Ruskin into Welsh. Asa bit of charming-desct ge, tion, it is unsurpassed by anything in the lan and we hardly dare to attempt a translatjV Soon I came to a crossroad at the bottom of a dfj I turned to the right along a road that me to its shade. On one side was a crag, som^ -ni naked, sometimes bearing a burden of wood flowers on the other side were steep green The stream ran clear,murmuring happily. ,y,e& it birch and hazel bent; the crane's bill stretc^ its head over the bank to see its reflection ^Jt quiet pool; many a green spot I saw at the wa edge full of cuckoo flowers and rushes and sanJ*W with crowfoot and ground ivy a little fa^J)' from the water, and tall ferns gazing on t!Lif beauty from the hillside." "I distant mountains like a young JI1 tJ¡Ø dream, rising green and beautiful. Oo left was a fine free mountain, with n jfe and heather, and ladies' strew-bed growing and the hills of Maldwyn in a semi-circle be)'0^ On the right I saw a gate and laburnum, in a glory of its golden chains of flowers, hanS^ over it." The article, however, would be had the writer thought less of Ann poetry. Some of her hymns which are introdj1^ are not always appropriate, and now and their application is fanciful, if not forced- t}JÐ other articles suffer by comparison witk editor's. There is a slight article on Dr. Evans by Elfed Lewis, a hasty paper by Owen, and a fchort one by Ellis Edwards o& need of a Welsh university; an readable account of George Barrow, and a-0JJ. respectable article by Alafon on G'ompetl s jl* The editor has an article on The ctf.Vs! W ales, and the Rev. II. Hughes begins the of a series of articles, which promise to be .e3. interesting, on »>" The Unknown Poets of pf The publication of '• Old Letters," writte? el# Howel Harris, Williams Pantycelyn, and 0 should prove of great value and interest. ■' Manion and the "Editor's Notes" deal current topics, and are very racily written* have to congratulate the editor and the P'J, on an excellent first number, and we feel c^efj dent that the new magazine will be in sense a success. [D. W. Davies and Co., Oer von.]
SUNDAY PORTHCAWL. jjjS On Sunday several wagons drawn by horses were to be seen hurrying through and Porthcawl in connection with operations, which were busily carried 0llf. rji the morning. A number of influential had all their available labour employed their corn off their fields. Work proceeded ously until after noon, when heavy raifr" stop to their operations. Crowds watche^joJi'' various points of vantage the unusual oPer which were freely canvassed locally. <ff.
— ,th p. WHEP.E TO GET GOOD FURNITURE-RIT\E^-EL £ F Thomas, Vere-street, Ciidoxton, who is thf 0 3^ and the only experienced man in the j your repairs to him. WHERE IS FOLLICK'S, the Pawnbroker"' I Jeweller, ito. Corner of Barry-road and ™ -A4Vt. I