TURKEY. The cholera was very mild in Constantinople. It mani- fested itself at Adrianople, and with much severity. It was declining rapidly in Russia,—the Russian physicians had declared that its ravages had been principally owing to the inordinate abuse of spirituous liquors by the people. The Levant mail has arrived, bringing intelligence from Constantinople to the 5th instant. This intelligence confirms the rumours of the recal of General Duhamel, the Russian agent in Wailachia, and of his banishment to the Caucasus, and of the retirement of the Russian army across the Pruth. The Russian consul at Jassy, will, it is said, be recalled. The cholera is making dreadful ravages in the province of Rumelia. It has also re-appeared at Trebisonde. There have been several terrific conflagrations at Constan- tinople. On the 1st instant, 223 houses, a mosque, a church, and two synagogues were destroyed by fire.
MALTA. Advices from Malta to the 12th inst. have been received. Cardinal. Fcrretti, the nephew of Pio Nono, 'arrived at Malta on the 5th, having been forced, to from Rome on account of his opposition to the war with Austria. Several Italian Jesuits have likewise sought refuge in Malta.
PRUSSIA. The Chevalier Bunsen, the Prussian Ambassador, arrived in London on Saturday afternoon.
INDIA. Our advices are from Calcutta and Bombay to the 1st of July, and Madras to the 9th. Our military position in the Punjaub seems well secured. There is no news from the north-west of India of any prominent importance. The intel- ligence from Moultan, as regards the operations of the dis- trict officers in the field, continues to be of the most satisfac- tory character. The force under Lieut. Edwardes amounts tOo nearly 6,000 men, Mohammedans. The body is secure along the Indus, and has managed to gain possession of all the means of passage. The Bunnoo Sikhsjoin the standard of Dewan, but the Patans and Beloochees stand aloof. The c,iptive.gover,iior of Deera, Ghazee Khan, and another man of note on the side of the insurgents, had been executed. The Dewan, on hearing this news, is said to have sent 100 rupees to each of their widows and, apparently taking a hint of the fate that might await himself, ordered a funeral pile to be prepared for his family, to be used in the event of his falL 600 followers of the insurgent Gooroo, who took arms in the Punjaub, had surrendered, and were prisoners at Shunc. The property and arms of the fanatic Gooroo had been secured, and he is reported drowned. Sir Lawrence Peel, Chief Justice of jJengal, has suspended Mr. Grant from his office of Master in Equity in the Supreme Court at Calcutta, in consequence of thatJunctionary having- been implicated in the transactions of the Union Bank as outt of its directors.
CHINA. A successful rencontre has taken place between her Ma- jesty's ship Scout and a most audacious set of pirates, near Avnoy; Commander Johnston was slightly wounded.. The coast is swarming with pirates; yet our Government appears officially to discourage merchant vessels acting as convoys to native craft. An increase of native vessels it observed carry- ing up native produce to the north, particularly sugar from Hong Kong to Shanghae. The American flag is already-in active and successful competition.
WEST INDIES. Before the Great Western's departure, the .Thames had, arrived out with the particulars of Lord John's propositions;" and the debate in the Commons. To judge from the tone of the Jamaica papers, the measures are considered unsatisfac- tory in nature and totally inadequate. Nevertheless sugar, the staple of the island, advanced considerably in price, and was selling briskly at 17s. to 21s. per 100 lbs. whereas the quotations so recently as the 22nd of May were so low as 12s. to 16s. per 100 lbs. The weather had been fine at Ja- maica, and favourable for the crops. No disturbances had taken place amongst the black population in any part of the island. Rumours were in circulation that a movement of the negroes was contemplated on the 1st of August; but they were not generally credited, as they were supposed to be made current to serve party purposes. In Demerara the planters were all busy with their crops, the weather- being very fine, but labour still scarce. In the Danish islands of St. Thomas's and St. Croix order amongst the emancipated blacks had been restored, and the negroes had returned to their work.
THE STATE TRIALS. On Thursday another experiment of trial by jary" in Ireland was made in the case of Mr. K. Doherty, of the Irish Tri/jvney who was re-arraigned, at the sitting of the court, upon nearly the same indictment as that upon which no verdict could be obtained on Friday last. On the first trial, when the jury. disagreed, the Case for the Crown was stated by the Attorney-General. On this occasion the duty devolved on the Solicitor-General, Mn Hatchel. Sir Col'man O'Loghlen handed in a challenge to the array, to the effect that the high sheriff excluded, in an tmeonsti- tutlon.al manner, persons professing the Roman Catholic re- ligion, and Mr. O'Doherty was a. Roman Catholic. The. high sheriff expressed his readiness to declare on oath that he did not know the religion of Mr. O'Doherfy until after the panel was prepared. The Attorney-General put in a replication that the panel was fairly, and impartially, and legally arrayed by the sheriff. Mr. Butt took issue, and triers being appointed, Mr. Butt said It is the wish of the prisoner (not, of course, mine) that one of the triers should be a Roman Catholic. The triers were then sworn, and- Mr. Butt stated that there are on the jurors' books 4,000; names, and 3,000 are Roman Catholics, while the. panel re- turned contains 150 names, 30 of whom only are Roman Catholics, and 120 are Protestants. Mr. Whiteside sub- mitted there was no case known to the law in which the re- ligion of parties was thus in quired into. B ar on Pen a efather said if the jury were selected on account of their religion, or if persons were put aside on account of their -it is an improper way of making a panel. The clerk of' the peace was examined, and stared that he refused to give a copy of the to the prisoner's attorney, pursuant to the; opinion of Mr. Greene (late Attorney-General), before whom he laid a case on the subject. The high sheriff was sworn, and deposed that the panel was fairly made out. As it ori- ginally stood lie considered the number of Roman Catholics-, on it'too small, and forty Protestants were struck oft: HiS: belief was that there were fifty Roman Catholics on the panel. He did not give a copy of the panel to either party in consequence of the intimidation used towards jurors on a former occasion. Notices threatening jurors with death* and threatening him also, were addressed to them. The tellers found that the jury panel was fairly and impartially returned. MORE ARRESTS.—On Wednesday evening, about half- past eight o'clock, Mr. James Martin, brother to Mr. John. Martin, found guilty that day at the Commission Court, en- tered the shop of Mr. Samuel Waterhouse, of Dame-street,. Dublin, foreman of the jury, and, having used someoffensive observations, he was given into custody and conveyed to College-street police-station, where he was charged by Mr. Waterhouse with having challenged him to mortal com- bat." Mr. Martin was locked up for the night. He will be brought before the magistrates this morning at the. po" lice-office. On Wednesday the detective police .at Bubliu arrested a gentleman named John Martin Burke, who gave his address" Fort-William, Scotland." The judges took their seats at ten on Friday morning, and after Mr. Martin, jun,, had been sentenced to a month's imprisonment for.his challenge to Mr. Waterhouse, the trial of Mr. Kevin O'Doherty was resumed. Mr. Butt, Q.C., iu a speech of three-hours, contended that neither of the two intents charged in the indicttiiciit--tli-,tt of deposing the Queen or levying war—-was sustained, even supposing tho jury believed the evidence as to the prisoner's handwriting to the articles. In conclusion, he repeated the arguments he so strongly urged on the first trial, as to the impossibility of a jury judging of a man's intents by the writings of anu ther, aiid'therefore, as to the articles not sworn to have been written by. the prisoner, they should exclude them altoge- ther from their consideration. Mr. Whiteside, Q.C., then proceeded to reply. Baron It the close of Mr. Whiteside's address said that if the jury felt inadequate at that hour to hear his charge, and afterwards to deliberate calmly upon the case, he'would not proceed to address them, at that hour., Two-jurors complained of being nnwell, and the further proceedings were accordingly adjourned. On Saturday, at five o'clock, the sheriff having sent to know if the jury agreed, word was returned they had not. Chief Baron: Swear in bailiffs. High Sheriff: Two of the jury 11 complain of being seriotisly ill, my lord. A physician was sent for to examine their state, and the Chief Baron left the Court. After the report of the medical man, the jury wert*. discharged by consent.
SAITFES. «$>- ;:t- BETWEEN educational controversies, assize intelligence, the British Association, and inflammation of the lungs, we have been somewhat negligent of the claims of literature of late, so that the editor's table groans under the various pub- lications forwarded for review during the last two months. Some of the authors too are beginning to get querulous with our delay, and seem to think that every reviewer must have a most voracious appetite for work, so as to enable him to devour whole volumes at a single sitting. No attention seems to be paid to the indigestible nature of some mate- rials. The poor reviewer is expected to swallow all-lean and fat kine, four-footed beasts, and reptiles—without hesita- tion or distinction, and to pronounce after each mouthful, Good, good, behold, it was very good." As it is our de- sire to give something like an honest account of authors and their productions, and one that we could substantiate in case of necessity, we prefer a slow process. Our literary conscience will not permit us thus far to pronounce on the excellency or inferiority of any book1 after merely reading its title page, just to see from whose press it has issued. Being freely criticised ourselves from week to week by annoyed contemporaries, fastidious readers, and disappointed corre- spondents, we begin to think that others ought to undergo the same treatment as ourselves, and be subject in their turn to the dictates of criticism. HavipfLJlOW finished our list of grievances, we begin in the beginning of our list. LL'AWLYER ATIIRAW YR YSGOL SABBOTHOL, yn cynmci/s Gofywadau ac Atebion ar amryw bethau yn yr Efenyylau a'r Actau. Aberteifi: Isaac Thomas, Heol Fair, 1848. [The Sunday School Teacher's Manual."] Hhan. L A modest little work sent forth without the author's Jliunc-a species of modesty not often met with, though it would be well for the reputation of many a luckless genius if it Were more in vogue. The design of this manual, of which we have the first part before up, is to assist the Sun- day school teacher and his class to acquire some useful in- formation in regard to scriptural geography and oriental customs. If used and not abused, we have no hesitation in- saving that it will prove very serviceable. So far, however, as our experience with Sunday schools is concerned, we think it decidedly preferable not to furnish the class with cither written or printed answers. That exercise cultivates the memory, and in numberless instances does no more. Habits of investigation and reflection are not induced, and the whole process becomes a mechanical contrivance. Rather than have this mnemonic neatness, we would allow unlimited latitude for the wildest guesses." So far as the pynciau is concerned, we fear their benefits have been over-rated. In our opinion the plan of Mr. Thomas Davies, Dolgelley, is incalculably the best we have ever met with. Though only partially adopted, it effected an astonishing change among the beloved people for whose welfare it was lately our plea- sure to labour. The oral examination of the whole school at the close of the service every Sunday afternoon, by the different teachers in rotation, taught the examiners and the examined to think, which we regard as a most desirable consummation. The pynciau may cultivate feats of memory, dramatis precision, and well-balanced elocution, but for rrxil improvement give us the quiet Bible class, and the ten or .fifteen minutes' examination at the close of the school every Sunday. In thus venturing to express our opinion, we wish to do so with great deference to the views of others who are our seniors in the great work of popular education. We have been so much pleased, however, with the working of the new system within the circle of our experience, so as to make us anxious for its general adoption. If, as we have said before, both teacher and pupils will regard this little work as an assistant to be very sparingly employed, wo believe it will be productive of much good and the author will deserve well of his countrymen for its compilation, and will have established his claim as a fellow- worker in the great work of rearing the temple of know- ledge, than which no man need desire greater or more un- exceptionable fame. Iu some instances he may simplify his style, but as a whole it is creditably written. TWENTY-TWO POPULAR TRACTS OX THE SEPARATION OF CnTRClI AND STATE. London: British Anti-State Church Association, 4, Crescent, Bridge-street, Blaekfriars, 1848. The separation of Church and State," exclaims some of our quiescent friends, you may as well endeavour to put! down yonder mountain as to attempt it." Many of our an- cient mountains are indeed formidable; but we believe that patience and perseverance can remove them. And we are of opinion that the world shall see the Church liberated from the trammels of the State, 'foe great soul-destroying sh,am will not last for ever. I,ike all the shams its days arc num- bered. The Anti-State Church Association is doing good service by calling public .attention to its enormities. The grounds of its support, in the discussion of which men for- merly waxed eloquent, arc now being quietly abandoned one after another. Lord John Russell bids fair to do the work. He insists upon paying all good jolly priests that will go abroad among their flocks, to teach unconditional submission to the powers that be." People will thus gra- dually perceive that the Church is united to the State for the sake of temporal dominion rather than the promotion of truth. It will be seen that the union is for vile, mercenary, »m# selfish purposes; and the demand for its dissolution will be eventually raised by universal'execrations of en- lightened humanity. tracts admirably correspond with, their designation. Tracts for the million they are. They contain truths, which the million should know, and v/hen known they will be applied by the million. We may perhaps occasionally enrich our ecclesiastical scraps with extracts for the present we have only room to direct atten- tion to Tract No. 20. BOCKSI.VS.TICAL PROPERTY-TO WHOM 3M)KS IT BELONG ? I. Not to the Church; for hi ord to he able tc; hold property, the Ch-.trch must bo a body corporate-—which it is not. i Not to the Cierarv. 1. Not to th.; Clergy as a body, because they are not a body corporate. 2. Not to the CL-vgy as individuals. (1.) JEtecause no ouc of them holds more than his own prc- ferment. (2.) Because every clergyman holds his pi*eferarent in con- sideration of work done aad performed. It is not prapeity, but wa-res. (3.) Because every clergyman holds his proferment subject t > ec3lesi.wti-.ul discipline aad censure. It is oaiy his during good behaviour. (4.) Because no clergyman holds his preferment in his natu- ral capacity. Every holder of Church preferment holds it as a body corporate. It is In more his than estates held by muni- cipal corporations are theil" III. Not to the patrons, for the jNtrollS possess, not the livings, tnit oIllr the rightof presentation to thCtn. IV. To whom, then ? To the couatry. 1. Because there is no other claimant. If ecclesiastical pro- perty does not belong to the country, it has no owner. 2, B .'cause all property devoted to a public use, whether from public or private funds, is thenceforth public property. ic ]\;0\ the religious instruction of the community is, undoubt- edly, H public use.. 3. Because ecclesiastics never hold preferment but as bodies corporate. Now bodies corporate are created by the State, aaJ. are, therefore, liable to modification or extinction by the same power; All property held for public nses by bodies cor- porate Mis on their extinotioa to the disposal of Parliament. The whole series deserve to be circulated by the million. COI'UNT Y PAlien. W. WILLIAMS, LLANDTLOFAWR. Gan J. Williams, TJanyadoff.. Llanelli: David Rees a -\YiiEarns, liH8. [Memoir of Bee. TV: Williams, Llan- diio. Williams.] We sometimes tremble in thinking of the havoc which death fcts made among the Congregational denomination in Wales oi mte Years. Several c-f the fathers have been removed: but as they had .ser ved their generation, our grief at their removal is not -so pungent and painful. John Roberts, of n of Llahbrynmair, had a long day for his work, and he finished 1'. His career closed in light; but then it was the beams or the' evening sun that shed their delightful illumination abound the closing scene. It was also much the same.with Williams, of Worn, lie had completed his noble career, for a long period his eloquence shook tbc, I i the magic of his name controlled the, multitude. But the Master called him to the promised rest, and though our loss was great, none seemed to grudge, if we may so speak, his liberation from the toils of lite. Ill could William Jones, of Bridgend, be spared but he had bequeathed a rich legacy to posterity, and though dead yet speaketh." Something similar might be said of the removal of others of somewhat less note, but who had faithfully borne the burden and the heat of the day." But when we recall to mind that the eloquent and studious Edward Jones, of Pentretygwyn, is no more that the pursuasive and sincere Richard Jones, of Ruthin, lies in an early grave that the useful and amiable Samuel Jones, of Maentwrdg, disappeared like a morning star in the effulgence of a greater, because eternal, light; and that the powerful and earnest William Williams, of Llandilo, has closed his energetic career in the dismal, yet expressive, silence of the tomb,—verily fear comes upon us and trembling, which makes all our bones to shake." To think that so much talent, so much devotion, and so much sincerity, has been removed from earth, is indeed solemn; and when we reflect that the oldest among the last men- tioned four was only thirty-four years of age, the impressive- ness of this death-mission becomes greatly increased. How much future promise was thus early lost! How great and delightful the expectations that have been doomed to pain- ful disappointment! Of the former we have only a short memoir furnished by the faithful hand of a disciple to one of the periodicals of the day and of the other three, there remains only some fugitive papers, or unfinished skeletons, and a few sermons, faithfully preserved as appendices to their memoirs. They found brethren to inscribe the events of their brief careers with more or less ability, and the mourn- ful muse of some affectionate friend has embalmed their long home with hallowed tears. In truth, death. has bathed its sword in heavenly places! We believe that these four brethren had much in common. Perhaps we should not be wrong in stating that the pre- vailing feature in the character of the four was earnestness. It was never our fortune to see nor hear Edward Jones, but from all that we have heard, we believe no man could mis- take the object of his mission. Richard Jones lived and died in years which greatly contributed to the formation of this peculiar feature in his public ministrations. His long and interesting discussion on the operations of the Holy Spirit with that acute metaphysician and able polemic, the Rev. David Morgan, sharpened his intellect, and induced that logical precision and overpowering earnestness for which he was remarkable in his latter days. Poor Samuel Jones we knew well and intimately. We were as brethren. His amiability and kindness of heart endeared him to all who had the happiness of his acquaintance; and to be acquainted with a spirit so amiable and lovely as his, was indeed a pri- vilege. With pulpit talents of a very superior order, he soon distinguished himself by his impressive sincerity. The beauty of his person, and the grace of his elocution, could not conceal, but rather displayed to the greater advantage the unquenchable ardour of his very soul. What a death was that which brought him to the grave in his ticerity- sixth year Williams, the subject of the present memoir, was a valuable man. He possessed great natural abilities, and was thoroughly devoted to his work. His memoirs are written by one of his early converts, the Rev. John Wil- liams, Llangadock, who upon the whole has succeeded in his task better than our expectation. From the style of a paper which appeared in the Diwygiwr soon after Mr. Williams's death, we commenced the reading of this memoir with pain- ful apprehensions. We have, however, been agreeably dis- appointed and can honestly say that he has.discharged his labour of love with considerable ability. He has called the pens of. other brethren to his aid, and has very neatly and judiciously interwoven their remarks with his own. It be- comes thus the voice of many brethren bearing united and affectionate- testimony to departed worth. We meet with the names of Messrs. Jones, Gwynfai; Stephens, Brychgoed; Jones, Swansea; Pugh, Mostyn; Thomas, Liverpool; n Wil- liam*, Troedrhiwdalar Thomas, Hebron; Rees, Siloa; and D. Rees, Llanelli, who have respectively aided in rearing this monument to, perpetuate the memory of a beloved brother. Three poetical pieces of some length are also in- serted from the pens of Messrs. Jones, of Herrnon, and Rees and Pierce, of Liverpool. They will be read with interest by the admirers of the Welsh muse, as well as the friends of Mr. Williams. Like many other ministers, Mr. Williams had unfortu- nately not cultivated the gilt of writing. We have an essay on the ministry, and two short sermons appended to his memoir. It is greatly to be regretted that the labours of such a man should be so soon lost to the world. We do. not think it necessary that a minister should write every sermon he may preach that certainly would be impossible for many of our Welsh pastors. But it might be reasonably expected that after being iu the ministry for four or five years every minister might leave behind some few sermons written out at full length; if not some production of more than ephe- meral fame. The Puritans wrote, and the Nonconformists wrote and well it is for many of our modern divines that they did so. We should greatly like to see our young ministers, before and after leaving college, devoting them- selves to the cultivation of their writing talents. We feel assured that the cause of Welsh Dissent will- eventually suffer unless this will be the ease. Our own literature and our own language must be cultivated. Our young minis- ters, who ape the modes and manners, of those Anglo- parsons amongst us who have preached their churches empty, must take care lest the same fate befal their chapels. Some would persuade us that the English is the only language adapted for this world and the next. It may be so: we however think otherwise. Dissenters must not neglect our national language as a means of getting to and reforming our nation's heart. If they should do so they will fail like the Church of England in Wales has already done. The Bishop of St. David's understands matters better than his predecessors. His clergy must preach in Welsh. The Roman Catholics, too, are determined in future to send none but ripe Welsh scholars amongst us. The Dissenters, by means of the national language, have a hold on the affections of the people. Let them not resign that hold by the introduc- tion of vain innovations, and the super-refinements of other nations' mode of worship. Let us not ape effeminate distinctions, but content our- selves with the masculine strength that has distinguished our fathers. Let us have men baptized with the spirit of Williams, of Uandilo, though if possible with superior lite- rary attainments. We cannot pay. triflers, and if we could, we do not want them. Triflers in dress, in literature, in business, and in preaching must apply elsewhere. We want and must have, earnest, thorough-going, practical men, as the difficulties of the ministerial position will soon render such characters indispensably necessary. Triflers in every vocation are abominable enough but triflers in the ministry arc guilty of high treason against God and man. In regard to the author of this memoir, we have only to say that he has executed his task with credit to himself. His style may be considerably improved. He may venture to banish in future < English words from his pages, and adhere with greater closeness to the idiom of his native and inimitable language. He may write with greater simplicity, and learn that to write clearly, is to write with, power i-.nd energy. We are sensible that he had a difficult task:—to abstain from the oral style in. written language, is at ail times a matter that requires some tact. Considering, his youth, and that this is his first attempt at extonded. author- ship. Mr. Williams has every reason to persevere in his literary efforts. We trust that his present production will be favourably regarded; and hope that it will induce many Christians to imitate the excellencies of its lamented subject. A RITUAL AND ILLUSTRATIONS OF MASONRY, AND THE ORANGE AND ODD FELLOWS' SOCIETIES; accompa- nied by numerous Engravings, and a key to the Phi Beta Kappa. Also an account of the Kidnapping and Murder of William Morgan, who divulged the ridiculous and pro- fane usages of Free Masons. Abridged from American Authors. By a Traveller in the United States. Fourth ThonHand. Loudon Partridge and Oakey, 34, Parernos- tor-row, J848. When we first read this book, we could not persuade our- selves of the truth of its contents, Subsequent inquiries, however, have convinced us that some of the usages ascribed .to the Odd Fellows and Masons, are still practised by those bodies. The members of these societies should read o I the work, in order to answer it if false, and in order to profit by it if true. All persons who may feel inclined to join such bodies, would do well to make themselves acquainted with its astonishing- revelations. We feel assured that no Christian men can sanction such blasphemy and abominable profanity as is detailed in its 243 pages. How far it may be applicable to the present state of things, we know not but we can safely recommend it to the perusal of all classes, and as it is so cheap, no sober-minded man ought to join any of the societies in question without giving it an attentive perusal. AN ENGLISH AND WELSH DICTIONARY. By DANIELSILVAN EVANS. Part II. Denbigh: Thomas Gee, 1848. On the appearance of the first part of this work, a very favourable notice of it was given in the PRINCIPALITY. We are happy in being able to say that this number is such as to give us the greatest satisfaction. We have no hesitation in saying that if the forthcoming parts will be equal to the first and second, it will be far superior to any similar work in our language. We are aware that this is strong language, but an attentive comparison of a few pages of its contents with those of the best work we have, will fully satisfy the most incredulous that we are not saying too much. The getting up is highly creditable to Mr. Gee. We wish the undertaking the most abundant success. May it prove a source of pleasure and profit to both author and publisher. To the public at large it cannot fail to be an acceptable boon.
FRANCE. On Saturday, a ballot for the election of President com- menced, which gave the following results:—Number of votes, 703; absolute majority, 355. M. Armand Marrast obtained 611 votes M. Bac, candidate of the Montagne, 54; M. La- crosse, 26 M. Ledru-Rollin-, 6 M. Dufaure, 5 M. Lamar- tine, 2. lVI. Armand Marrast, having obtained the required majority, was proclaimed President for the ensuing month. The declaration of M. Proudhon, that the insurrection of June was exclusively Socialist, has at once assured and ap- palled' the citizens of Paris. Victor Tertulat, tried before a court martial on Saturday, for having commanded a barrier in the late insurrection, was sentenced to hard labour for life. On Saturday morning, the Marquess of Normanby had an interview with General Cavaignac, and presented his cre- dentials as Ambassador Extraordinary and Minister Plenipo- tentiary of the Queen of England on a special mission to the Republic. It is now understood that Lord Normanby will remain permanently as Ambassador. The Committee on the Constitution has drawn up a new preamble, which was drawn out by M. Vivien. It is very short, and contains eight articles. The Committee proposes to declare the Republic democratic, and that its motto will be, as at present—Liberty, equality, and fraternity. The right to work and education is mentioned but very vaguely. One of the articles declares that France interdicts herself from all war, with a view to conquest, or any attempt against the liberties of other nations.
ITALY. Our Turin letters of the 16th state, that Mr. Abercromby 0 ur ri e s a had not returned from Alessandria, being delayed by the op- portune arrival of M. Bois le Comte. The object of the two Ministers' visit was to receive the King's acceptance of the proffered mediation of France and England, that of Austria having been already obtained, and to fix on a convenient place where the conferences are to be held. Placentia was named, but some central town in Switzerland is more likely to be selected. The question of Piedmont is already settled by the armistice, and, therefore, that the situation of Lom- bardy-Venetian should 'alone engage the attention of the conference. The Sardinian ambassador in Paris, the Marquess de Brignolle Sale, communicated on Friday last, by order of his Government, to M. Ba3tide, the Minister for Foreign Affairs, the protest of the Piedmontese Ministry against the armistice of the 10th instant, signed by General Selasco with Marshal Radetzky. The Paris papers publish the account of an interview be- tween a deputation from Genoa' and King Charles Albert, on the 8th instant, which relates a matter of interest. The king received the deputation in bed, at a late hour of the night, and heard their statement as to the doubts and sus- picions of the people of Genoa. He replied, that the armis- tice was inevisahle, and had been obtained through the Eng- lish Ambassador.. The narrative proceeds as follows:— "The King said, 'Either we shall conclude an honourable peace, or we shall re-enter on the campaign: the public spirit will be again aroused; perhaps France will join us, and we shall be stronger.' At this moment the King, questioned by us as to whether France had refused her intervention, replied:—'I made a demand for it to M. Cavaignac; but England appeared little disposed to favour this intervention.' As to the internal situation, he assured us that the conces- sions he had made would undergo no alteration."
PIEDMONT. The Piedmontese Gazette, of the 17th states that General Garribaidi, having retired to Casselletto, on the Ticino, with 1,300 men, suddenly left that place on the 14th, taking three hostages with him. He proceeded to Arona, took up all the boats, steamers included, and imposed a contribution of 7,000f.; then leaving, with the intention of continuing hos- tilities against the Anstrians.. It is also said that at Luina lie ordered his hostages to be shot, and then beat a body of 400 Austrians. The King, not to be considered an accom- plice iu such violation of the armistice, has directed that Garribaidi shall not be again admitted into the Piedmontese territory. The city of Genoa continues in a state of great excite- ment.
AUSTRIA. The following proclamation was issued by thp Emperor on his return to Vienna:—"My faithful Viennese,—Yesterday, tho day of my return to you, in which I received the best testimony of your ancient, and unalterable attachment, will never be forgotten cither by myself or by any member of the Imperial family. May it ever shine in the history of our country as the day of a newall.innce entered into be- tween a free people and its constitutional sovereign. Hence- forward may peace, good, understanding, order, and law, continue amongst us. that thereby the kingdom may consti- tutionally prosper, and by this. means be strengthened for the good of the Austnan people, In concert witu the repre- sentatives whom yourselves have elected, and assisted by a responsible council, I hope gloriously to fulfil the difficult duty which Providence has entrusted to me—that of main- taining the new constitution of the country.—FERDINAND. Vienna, Aug. 13, 1848." There were rumours of a split in the Cabinet oil the Italian question; one division of the • Cabinet is for retaining the whole of the Austrian dominions in Italy, at any cost,/while the other division seems inclined to make concessions. A report was current at Vienna the 14th that England and France had undertaken the in- demnity to be paid to Austria for the expense of the war. In the sitting of the Diet, the Minister of War stated that a courier had arrived from Marshal Radetzky, bringing the intelligence of the conclusion of an armistice with the King- of Sardinia, on very honourable terms for the Austrian army, M. Slinger, one of the Deputies, proposed a vote of thanks- to the army in Italy. The Centre rose to a man, hut the. Right and Left rejected the motion, under the argument that it did not befit the Constituent Assembly of Austria to vote thanks to an army whose glory consisted in its triumph over a nation struggling for freedom.