Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

4 erthygl ar y dudalen hon



A LOOK ROUND. The Power of the Keys. u [BY SENTINEL."] THE Power of the Keys is claimed by the Roman Catholic Church for the Pope. In another, and a Temporal sense, we may fairly claim it for the Allied Navies, of which the British supplies by far the greatest and most important part. For the Navies here have locked all the gates of the world upon Germany and her allies. Except in the Baltic and the Black Sea, wherever their armies touch blue water, there is their progress stayed, And, even in the two seas which we have excepted, their power for mischief onlv extends to the mouth of the straits which close the entrance and exit—the Belts and Sound in the first case, and the Dardanelles in the second. NN- e publish this week a map which shows how the Allied navies operate all over the world. Moreover, it is not only that German and Austrian ships cannot get out- Turkey has none worth mentioning- but that vessels of all kinds, carrying el goods which are necessary to sustain the enemy countries, cannot get in. I The consequence is that the Germans and Austrians, the Turks and Bul- garians are reduced to living, as bears are said to do in winter, by sucking their own paws. The Prime Minister has justly claimed that this work of the Xavy has been the one decisive victory of the war. It is won daily, for the most part silently. Only occasionally have battles been fought bv sea which are comparable in importance with those fought almost daily on land. But if that silent, victory had jact J: aeji xon since. war was declared, the fighting on land would have been one monotonous round of German victory, and the war would have been over long ago, with us and our Allies down and out." There is no shame in confessing the fact, for we have always been a sea Power, and a sea Power we remain, in spite of the great armies which we and the Dominions have put into the field. As regards our Allies, the first rush of the Germans placed most of the re- sources of France and Belg-ltll-ll- I]) coal and iron in their hands, and, if the control of the sea had not been with us, the nations who are fighting with us must have been defeated by lack of the means to carry 011, if they had not been crushed* for lack of munitions. As things are, France and Italy have been able to draw food and coal and munitions—the things which are the life-blood of war from the whole world. And, moreover, thanks to the fact that we control the seas there is now a reasonable chance that Russia will once more rally to the cause of freedom which Lenin and Trotsky so blindly betrayed. Look at the map and see where Archangel and Vladivostok are. That will show the grip of the naval pincers." But, after all, the greatest victory of the Aiiied navies in the war—merchant- ships we have counted as part of the Navy—is the bringing of the American army to Europe in the teeth of the U- boats. The Germans knew perfectly well that when they ordered their sub. marine captains to sink everything they saw, they would bring America into the struggle. But they didn't care. They were so certain the submarines would make it impossible for any number of American soldiers ever to reach Europe, ,t. to be maintained here if they arrived. The U-boats have done the worst they knew. They have cost us heavy losses. But the American troops are over on this side—about a million and a half of them—and they have already given the Germans a ve-v unpleasant taste of their quality. So when we rejoice over the heavy blows which Foch and Haig have struck at the Hun, do not let us forget the navies which have made this possible. And if there should yet be a turn of fortune on land, let us equally be mindful that the Hun cannot win so long as we hold the sea. The Navv never sleeps: never goes into winter quarters. For it the battle, with the elements as well as with the enemy, has been continuous from 1914 till now. We shall have an utterly false view of what is taking place in the war unless we keep constantly in mind the In- fluence of Sea Power.