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WHAT ARE WE DOING ?

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WHAT ARE WE DOING ? The Progress and Promises of the Inter-Allied Movement for Peace.—German Socialists have not Unfavourably Received" Memorandum. ————- Interesting Interview with M. Camille Huysmans. M. Camille Huysmans, secretary of the Inter- national Socialist Bureau, who remained in this country after the recent Inter-Allied Labour and Socialist Conference to complete arrangements for carrying out the international working-class policy, explained in an interview on Tuesday the plans that have been adopted. The first step, M. Huysmans said, will be to give a clear statement of the Inter-Allied policy to the American workers, and to show them that it is ssentially in harmony with the policy of Presi- dent, Wilson. In the meantime," lie said. "the Inter-Allied memorandum on war aims will be forwarded to the German, Austrian and Bul- garian Socialists. It has been arranged that M. VandelTeIde an. I, as chairman and secretary of the International Socialist Bureau, will trans- mit these documents to the Socialist Parties in the neutral countries who are in touch with the Socialists of the Central Empires, along with a letter which will presently be published to the leaders of these Parties. This arrangement en- sures that the documents will come into the hands of the Socialist. organisations in the enemy countries, and I believe that thereupon these Parties will take steps to agree upon a -common policy or will make separate statements on the lines of the Inter-Allied Memorandum. If -these statements show certain agreements, then we can go further. THE NEXT STEP. We shall then be able to put into operation -the proposal made by the Inter-Allied Confer- ence for the Convocation of a General Socialist •Congress. It is proposed that the arrangements of this Congress shall be left in the hands of a. small committee, consisting of three men, one .chosen among the leaders of neutral parties by the parties of the Inter-Allied countries, the other chosen among the same leaders by the par- ties of the Central Powers—with myself as secretary of the International Socialist Buieau. It is probable that the man chosen by the Allied countries will be M. Branting. and probaoly M. Troelstra will accept the invitation to represent the other Parties on the organising committee. We shall have to consider the conditions of re- presentation in the Congress, the place of meet- ing and so on. As to the conditions, I think there will be no difficulty, these questions were considered during the discussions about the Stockholm Conference, and the conditions will be practically the same as those formerly ac- cepted. All parties will be represented and no- body desires to have any section excluded. As to the place, the Inter-Allied Socialists are more in favour of Switzerland because travelling and passport facilities would be more easy to aiiange. Within a few days we shall be able to put our- selves into communication with the bodies which ..can eventually arrange this special matter during the voyage of the delegation to America." THE ATTITUDE OF THE CENTRAL POWERS M. Huysmans declared that lie did not. agree with the suggestion that the Memorandum on "War Aims had been unfavourably received ill -Germany and Austria. For several reasons, -.said M. Huysmans, "I am unable to share the opinion that the- document has not been favour- ably received by the Socialists of the Central Empires. In tho first place the Socialist Party of Hungary has been the nrst to reco?ntse the gravit, of the situation re-iultin? from the :1.1 gression of Germany against Russia. It was the first Party to take strike action against this policy. It is common knowledge that the Memorandum which the Socialist Party of Hun- gary laid before us at Stockholm was a docu- ment of remarkable moderation. To give an -example, the Hungarian Party declared very .,clearly that there is a question of Alsace-Lor- raine, and that the solution of that problem may be the referendum. Further, the Socialist Party of German Austria has spoken very clearly in Parliament and the press recently. It is suffi- Icient to read the speeches of Victor Adler, of Seitz, and Ellenbogen to be convinced that this Party strives for a general peace. What is more .striking is that the "Arbeiter Zeitung" ha* nearly every day denounced the aggressive policy with remarkable audacity. THE GERMAN MINORITY. As for Germany, the speakers and the press •of the Socialist Minority use the same language -as the Inter-Allied Memorandum. In one of the last sittings of the Reichstag the Socialist Mi- nority member, Cohn, openly accused the Ger- man Government of responsibility for the pre- sent war. But what of the German Socialist Majority ? In order to justify pessimist opinion the press quotes an article of Vorwarts for February 28th. The writer suggests in that, article that the Inter-Allied Socialists have not given enough consideration to real forces; se- condly, that the Memorandum makes a. mistake ■of trying to impose a new federal regime in Austria, and thirdly, that the people of Germany are not ready to accept a policy of concession in Alsace-Lorraine and in Prussian Poland. "VORWARTS" ERROR. "The first declaration implies only that the -German Socialist Majority feel themselves to be more feeble in face of the Government than the English and French Socialists. It is true that they affirm the contrary, but they themselves prove the truth of my statement. The Social- ists in Great Britain and France feel that they are able to fight for their ideas; the German Socialist Majority show a spirit of greater re- signation and have shown this spirit for more than a year. But the working classes in Ger- many, who recently organised a political strike,

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