THE ABERYSTWYTH WATER H SUPPLY. • ■ LAST Tuesday four of the leading medical men of Aberystwyth waited upon the Town Council to urgg upon that body the desirability of at once doing soraething to meet, what Dr. (JILBEBTFON termed, the threatened dearth of water. Doctors, to their great credit, are always on the side of preventing disease, and when the majority cl the medical men of a town wait upon the rep- rescntativeS of the ratepayers to urge "that something should be done to avert a great calam- ity in the summer," the inhabitants may safely deem the subject worthy of the most earnest consideration.. A fortnight ago,when the subject of the town's water supply was introduced by one
BUSINESS ADDRESSES. At ER Y ST WYTH. IMP O RIANT! If you Want Good Boots, If you Want Cheap Boot, If you Strong Boots, If you Want Light Boots, Jf you vVant Summer Boots, If you Want Fashionable .Boots, If you White Boots, If you Want Bronze Boots, If you Want Men's Boots, J If you vVant. Women's Booti¡, I I f you Want Boys' Boots, If you ant Girls' Boots, If you Want Children's Boots, If you vVant Guttapercha Bottomed Boots, If you vVant Solid Leather Beets, If you Want Boots that will Wear, If you Boots that will give satisfaction, If you Want Boots to keep the Feet dry, If you "yyant Boots you can recommend, If you Tyrant Boots repaired with Leather, If you Want Boots repaired withGattapercha, If you Want Boots repaired N eatly.and Cheap, If you VALUE FOR YOURJMONEY, GO TO DIe K" S" 16, GREAT DARKGAT^-STREET, .ABERYSTWYTH DICKfS M AENGWYN-STREET, MACHYNLLETH DICK'S, HIGH-STREET, LAMPETER;" DICK'S, CHURCH-STREET, BARMOUTH; DICK'S, VICTORIA BUILDINGS, DOLGELLEY. SHOPS IN NEARLY EVERY TOWN OF THE UNITED KINGDOM, IRELAND, AND THE' CHANNEL ISLES. THE GREAT FIRE AT SPRING MILLS, LLANIDLOES. SALVAGE STOCK, £5,000. THOMAS AND JONES BEG respectfully to inform the Public at large that they have purchased by Private Contract, at a Great Discount, the whole of the above SALVAGE STOCK from Messrs. THOMAS JONES & Co., and shall be prepared to OFFER THE SAME FOR SALE AT THE PUBLIC ROOMS, LLANIDLOES, ON SATURDAY, J £ AY 11, 18, AND 25, 1878, And on the Intermediate Days. THE STOCK CONSISTS OF 2,550 yds. Real Welsh Woollen Cloths, Plain and Fancy Suitings. 16,059 yds. do. White Flannels, low, medium, and Super 2,093 yds. do. Coloured ditto, Scarlet, Pink. and Blue 14,431 yds. do. Fancy Shirtings in Great Variety and Patterns 5,766 yds. do. South Wales Shirtings well known for their Durability 1,935 yds. do. Home-made or Caerphilly, well known for their Durability 2,018 Real Welsh Ready-made Shirts, in various Qualities 867 yds. do. Aproning, in various widths 1,858 jpds. do. Grey Flannel (Charity Flannel) t 514 yds. do. Webbs and Serges, in various qualities 759 yds. do. Blanketing, in Single and Double Widths 163 Pairs Real Welsh Stockings, Plain and Ribbed. 673 Ibs. do. Stocking Yarns in various shades and qualities. f 129 do. White Severn Valley Shawls. "S Well 207 do. Coloured do. I known 514 do. Fancy do. r to the 89 do. do. Shawlets. ) Public. 1,775 do. 5-4 handkerchiefs in various designs. 4,850 do. 4-4 # do. do. (great variety). 537 yds.do. Remnants, plain and fancy Flannels.. We have every confidence in recommending the above stock to the notice of the public, as the goods manufac- tured by Messrs. Thos. Jones and Co. are celebrated throughout Wales for their purity and durability. This Stock is not in any way damaged by fire, and only a small portion of it is slightly soiled. We therefore anticipate a speedy elearance owing to the extraordinary and Unprecedentedly low prices at which we shall offer the stock. All goods marked in plain figures. Parties unable to attend the sale may have samples sent post-free. TEKMS: CASH ONLY. NO SYSTEM OF CREDIT RECOGNISED. jJSr* On Saturday, May the 11th, the Cam- brian Railways Co. will issue cheap tickets from Machynlleth, Oswestry, and intermediate sta- tions to Llanidloes by ordinary trains available to re- turn on day of issue by ordinary trains, and by a special leaving Moat Lane for Machynlleth and intermediate stations at 8'15 p.m. in connection with the 7*35 p.m ordi- nary train. —The Midwales Railway Company will also issue cheap tickets from Brecon and intermediate stations to Llanidloes available to return on day of issue by ordinary trains. SUMMER NOVSLTIBS.—Our Mr. Jones has, within the last few days, visited the London Market, where we have made extensive purchases of the leading novelties of the season in all the different departments, which we shall be prepared to submit for the inspection of the public at our premises in Long Bridge-street, Llanidloes. THOMAS & JONES, Wholesale and Retail Drapers, LLANIDLOES. JUST PUBLISHED. PORTRAITS OF THE LATE MYNYDDOG." CARTES-DE-VISITE 6d. and Is. each. CABINETS 2s. „ IMPER.48. Free by post for one extra stamp. N.B.—THB TRADE SUPPLIED. J OWEN, BROAD STREET, NEWTOWN. J PORTMAPOC. W. IJIITTERTON, BILL POSTER', PORTMADOC. BUSINESS ADDRESSES. .r.I.J.w' a I imwwh may be described as the birthplace of Chemical Manures. JOSEPH FISON & CO-Y IPSWICH, MANUStCTURERS OF ft SULPHURIC ACID AND CHEMICAL1 MANURES. (One of the Oldmj Firms in the Trade.) QUALITY Messrs. JOSEPH TtrSGls & Co., having established a Depot at Swansea, are now prepared'^ deliver their Manures free by Railway 0;; any Station in South W&lecj and the neighbouring counties. ,To Farmers;— These Manures have bsen found not only to produoe>a large yield, but also t» improve the quality «5the crops tor W.iich they are applied, to 'Strengthen the soil, and to'fcenelit succeeding crops. Full particulars may be obtained oil application to any of Agents of the Firm, or to- the Head Offices. 2*o Merchants, leurge Farmers, and others having a coMMction with Farmers Messrs. Joseph Fison & Co. are prepared to appoint'Agents for their Manures m districts in whiehffchey are not already represented, and gentlemen "of position and infiuencet who may wish for such agencies,^are* requested to apply by letter to the Head Offices. Early application ic particularly requested, as many agencies have.>aiready been fixed in the Prindpality, s likely that the whole 4istriet will soon be fully occupied. WORKS: IPSWICH AND BRAMFORD. HEAD OFFICES: EASTERN UNION MILLS, .'IPSWICH. N.B.-No SUB-AgenL- ere appoinw, but all Agents being in direct communication, with, the Firm, order received throughthem will haw- the. same attention as if hantied to: the principals. DEVIL'S BRIDGE HOTEL AND WATERFALLS. THE DEVEL'-S BRIDGE HOTEL AMD WATERFALLS, with the sur- -L roundiugcerter, have been so well ftnd,-completely set forth in guide books to Wales that noflurther attempt at description adhere necessary. The Hotel has recently passed under new management, and will now be found a cheap, healthy, ,and desirable Residence. Special arraitaments will be made with. faaaieesstaying for a week or upwards. Carriages runrfrom Aberystwyth Daily. Ti&eUito view the Falls, which front It the Hotol, are issued at the bar at la. each. Visitors may gamble about the pleasant district,, or they may hire horses and carriages at the Hotel, and drive to more distant places of interest in the neigh- bourhood such ac .Parson's Bridge (two miles); Ponterwyd (three miles); Hafod Church, to see the Marble Mhnument by Chantrey totfihe memory of Miss Johnes (five miles) PKnJimon Mountain (nine miles), ihe Jiigbest peak is 2,463 feet; Strata Florida Abbey Ruins (eight miles), and otter places. GOOD STABLER. POST HORSES AND CARRIAGES FOR HIRE. "——————'—————"—' 2, LITTLE DARE-GATE STREET, ABERYSTWYTH, APRIL 20TH, 1878: HUGH R. PUG-HE, BEGS to inform the Geetiy, and Inhabitants of Aberystwyth and its vicinity,J that he has opened the above citd established premises (lately in the occupation of Mr. J. P. Jones, deceased) with a CHOICE SELECTION OF DRAPERY GOODS, «HE LATEST NOVELTIES IN MOONSHINE, RAINBOW, AND SILK TRIMMINGS, FRINGES, RIBBONS, ANob EVERY ARTICLE IN THE DRAPERY TRADE. RESPECTFULLY SOLICITING YOUR KIND SUPPORT AND PATRONAGE. ALL GOODS MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES. .¡' CROSSE & BLACKWELL'S MALT VINEGAR, PURE PICKES SAUCES, POTTED MEAT. AND FISH, PREPARED SOUPS, CALVES' FEET JELLY, JAMS AND' ORANGE MARMALADE, ALWAYS BEAR TRElR NAJjES AND ADDRESS ON THE LABELS, Ald may be obtained of Grocers and Italian Warehousemen throughout the Worll CROSSE & J3 LACK WELL, PURVEYORS TO THE QUEEN. SORO SQUARB, LONDON. J*- PUBLIC NOTICES. SUMMARY of RECEIPTS and DISBURSEMENTS on account of the "Public Health Act, 1848 S and Local Government Act, 1858," fop the year ended 25th day of March, 1878. £ a. d. £ s. d. Balance in hand from last account:— Balance overspent on last account 247 11 3 RECEIPTS. DISBURSEMENTS. To amount received from— 1st, in respect of PUBLIC WORKS OF General Distnct Rate of 36d. in the £ .1,074 14 5 Sewerage 19 t OTHER RECEIPTS 238 12 1 On account of improvements, interest, sale ways 107 is 7 G^ E6srtyand inddentak » Sca/enging and Loans upon security of rates—at 4i per cent. 4,500 0 0 m Lighting2 r°ad.8 13? Miscellaneous worlqj 64 5 5 N 728 2 2 3rd, in respect of GEXKRAL EXPENSES— By- Salaries of Officers 112 17 0 Collector's poundage 39 18 9 Law and parliamentary pro- ceedings and purchase of gas works .4,694 12 3 4,847 8 0 4th, on account of LOANS on 4 847 8 0 MORTGAGE of RATES— Instalment of Loan 43 0 10 Interest 65 14 2 108 15 0 Total receipts .6,050 5 8 Total expenditure .5,93116 5 Balance overspent (if any) Balance now in hand 118 9 3 Total receipts and balance £6,050 5 8 Total Expenditure and Balance C6,050 5 8 DEBTS NOW OWING Bonded or mortgage debt. £ 1,834 6 7 at 3i per cent. £ 4,500 0 0 at 41 per cent. Length of highways and roads n miles or thereabouts. Assessable value of District 29,480. JOB THOMAS, Clerk to the Local Board of Ynyscynhaiarn. PIANOFORTES AND HARMONIUMS ——————————————.— ———————— FOR SALE OR HIRE, AT SECOND HAND MACHINERY W. K. WHEATLEY & SONS' DEPOT. Music WAREHOUSE, NOTICE TERRACE ROAD, ABERYSTWYTH. To Mine and Quarry Proprietors, Agents, &c. f ———— rvrTTT A IT N.B.—SEVERAL INSTRUMENTS RETURNED Mc lliVj U xiAiVl, FROM HIRE, TO BE SOLD CHEAP. MACHINE BROKER, ABERYST- ——— WYTH, NEW AND POPULAR MUSIC FOR 3D A COPY. HAS always Mine and Quarry Plant and Machinery for sale, and is TONING AND REPAIRING IN Towjf AND COUNTRY, open at all times either to purchase or sell the ———— same on commission. Wanted wrought scrap <« j h mtich pleasure in stating tnat Mr. W. E. iron, condemned hemp and Manilla ropes, «n,A .1 „ „ » metal, &c. Now on sale^ Wheatley is a very excellen pianoforte tuner. Waterwheels, 2, 30ft. x gft. breast; price, A 8 BRINLEY RICHARDS. £ 70 each, where they stand in Carnarvon- August lotn, io<<. shire. 1, 60ft.x3ft. breast; price, £ 150. 1,18ft. x 3ft. breast; quite new, price £ 40, as n < ,fT!1)T. „ TT __a xt stands in Carnarvonshire. Alargequan- CAMBKlAN RAILWAYS. tity of good second hand India Rubber Strapping. 50 tons new Bridge Rails from TOURIST ARRANGEMENTS, 1878. 14 up to 23 lbs, at £ 6 10s. per ton, in not less — yX2th?n A^.rntityaSof' nir^pfpes THIRST, Secondh and Third Class TOURIST borers, miners' tools,, &c. &c. Several good TICKETS, available for two months, will be issued second hand Steam Engines, Boilers, &c., from May 1st to the 31st October, 1878. second hand Steam Engines, Boilers 'te. from May 1st to the 31st October, 1878. &c. Draining Machine. For particulars see Time Tables and Tourist pro- < grammes issued by the Company. HENRY CATTLE, Traffic Manager. AT°™E.-TW ,re- 80me BAGS of SUGAR May X»t, 1S78. WarehLe? CWmedORDEKS FOR days from this date will be Sold to Defray Expenses. PRINTING AND BOOKBINDING May 14, 1878. W. JONES, Secretary. RECEIVED BY J. GIBSON, 3, Queen's-road, Aberystwyth. lEl CAMBRIAN HOTEL, BORTH. SEASIDE RESORT. rpHIS commodious Hotel, which commands the JL finest Sea View and Safest and Most Extensive Beach, in the kingdom, will be RE-OPENED on the i 1ST JUNE next, after having undergone thorough repair and decoration, and been re-furnished by that eminent firm, Messrs. E. and J. Jones, Cabinet Makers and Up- holsterers, of Oswestry. All communications to be addressed to the MANAGER. NEWELL'S MILLS, TOWYN, MERIONETH. PURE AND WHOLE- SOME FLOUR MADE FROM CHOICE ENGLISH AND COLONIAL WHEATS, SUPPLIED to Consumers, director through Agents, in sealed bags, or sacks of various sizes, as below, at. proportionate and uniform prices, which plan the Pro- prietor feels confident will in every respect be found erf great advantage. 35 Ibs. Bag or i Sack. 70 lbs. Bag or I Sack. 140 lbs. Bag or Sack. 280 lbs. Sack or 1 Sack. CLASSIFICATION OF FLOURS. NSWELL'S TOP BRAND FLOUR. NEWELL'S HOUSEHOLD FLOUR. NEWELL'S SHEAF FLOUR. NEW ELL'S ENTIRE WHEAT FLOUR. PREPARED FEEDING MIXTURES. Lbs. Lbs. B.o.rse Feed, in sealed Bags of 100 and 200 Cattle Feed, in do. do. 110 „ 220 Calyes'Condiment, in do. 100 If 200 Sheep Jeed, in do. do. 100 „ 200 Sharps, in do. do. 200 Bran, in do. do. 100 „ Indian Meal, in Ao. do. 120 „ 240 Poultry Feed, in do. do. 50 „ 100 SOLE AGENT FOB, ABERYSTWYTH AND CARDIGANSHIRE— MR. JOHN JAMES, LONDON AND PROVINCIAL STORES, ABEBYSTWYTH. Mr. RICHARD NEWELL will attend the following weekly Markets:— ABERYSTWYTH ON MONDAYS. MACHYNLLETH ON WEDNESDAYS. DOLGELLEY.ON SATURDAYS. Applications for Agencies to be Addressed— MR. EVASr NEWELL, BODTALOG MILLS, TOWYN, MERIONETH. EDE'S, EDE'S, EDE'S, The Cheap Provision Merchant of Aberystwyth, HAS taken the large premises known as MADOC HOUSE, PORTMADOC, where he in- tends to sell all kinds GROCERY and PROVISIONS of the very Best Quality, a.t the Lowest Possible Prices Wholesale a.nd Retail. BACON, prime quality, 6kd. per. lb.; do. Cumberland American, 4d.; shoulders (Alkington Patent), best quality, fíd. and Atkinson's patent mild-cured hams, 6!d. and 7. Finest American.CHEESE, 8kd. per lb. BEEF, in 2-lb. tins—Best quality, 6!d. per lb. MUTTON, do. do. do. 7!d. Finest Welsh BUTTER, Is. 4d. per two pounds, 2s. 6d. Good Salt do. Is. 2d. per lb. SWEETS IN EVERY VARIETY, FROM 6D. PER LB. One pound and a-half of Lump Sugar and a quarter of a pound of Excellent Tea for One Shilling. BISCUITS OF EVERY DESCRIPTION FROM 4!D. A POUND. 100 Pounds of Splendid Irish Rock Potatoes, for 6s. 9d.. A LOT OF SEED POTATOES, 100 POUNDS, 7s. 9d. The Business, carried on as usual, at— 12, CHALYBEATE TERRACE, ABERYSTWYTH, AND BLAENAU fFESTINIOG. Any of the above Goods will be carefully packed and forwarded to any address on receipt of P.O.O. to EDE'S NEW SHOP, PORTMADOC. CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS. CHEAP RETURN TICKETS are issued daily from BORTH to ABERYSTWYTH, and ABERYSTWYTH to BORTH, at the following fares for the double journey :— First Class 2s. Second Class ig" Tickets available by any train the day of issue only. ø- These Tickets are only issued to holders of Tourist Tickets, or to parties of Six First Class or Ten Second Class Passengers. Tickets not transferable. Tickets and bills, and every information to be had at the above-named Stations. I SEA SIDE EXCURSIONS. EVERY MONDAY and WBDNESDAY until further notice, CHEAP DAY EXCURSION bookings to BARMOUTH at the following time" and fares Fares for the Double Journey. • From a.m. p.m. First Class. Third Class. Dolgelley dep. 11 55 2 20 ) Baunouth arr. 12 37 2 50 ) • *s- Children under Twelve, half-price. The Tickets are not transferable, and are only available to and from the Stations named upon them, aisd by the Trains specified on the bills. Returning from Barmouth at 5 45 and 7 10 p.m. CHEAP TICKETS TO ELLESMERE. ON and after SATURDAY, JUNE 1st, and during the Summer Months, CHEAP DAY RETURN TICKETS wiU be issued fcom the undermentioned" Stations to ELLESMERE by the ordinary trains on week days, to parties of not loss than Six First Class or Ten Third Class Passengers, at the following fares:— First class. Third class. »• '<<• «• Oswestry ) «, Whitchurch f. I ls- Tickets not transferable. Tickets and bills every information to be had at the above-named Stations. HENRY CATTLE, Oswestry, May, 1878. Traffic Manager. PUBLIC NOTICES 1 LLANYCHAIARN CHURCH, NEAR ABERYST. WYTH. THE Committee are desirous to obtain Tenders for -L re-building the church in accordance with the draw- ings and specification which may be seen upon application to the Rev. David Jenkins, vicar, and any further pacj ticulars required may be obtained from A. Ritchie, Esq., architect, Chester. Tenders to be delivered to the Rev. David Jenkins, at Llanychaiarn, on or before Saturday, the. 25th of May. The Committee will not necessarily acceptf the lowest or any tender, neither will they be responsible for any ex- pense incurred in the preparation of tenders. Llanychaiarn, 26th April, 1878. TO MASONS. TENDERS are required for building the FOUNDA. -L TIONS and ABUTMENT WALLS of TRE- CEFEL BRIDGE, near TREGARON. A plan and specification of the work can be seen at the County Surveyor's Office, Aberystwyth, or at the Talbot Hotel, Tregaron. Sealed tenders, endorsed Trecefel Bridge," to be sent to the County Surveyor, Aberystwyth, not later than Wednesday, the 5th June, 1878. CAMBRIAN RAILWAYS COMPANY. THE Directors of this Company are prepared to -L Receive Applications for Allotments of the Balance Unissued of their Irredeemable Five per cent Pre-prefer- ence Debenture Stock, authorised by the Company's Act of 1877. For particulars, apply to the undersigned. GEO. LEWIS, Secretary. Company's Office, Oswestry, 9th May, 1878. TO CONTRACTORS. PERSONS desirous of Tendering for the Erection -L of a Masonic Hall .and attached Buildings at Port- madoc, Carnarvonshire, may see the Plans and Specifica- tions on application to the Secretary of the Building Committee, 77, High-street, Portmadoc. Tenders may be sent in for— 1. Masonry and Excavations. 2: Remainder of the Building, And must be received on or before the 7th June prox. The lowest or any Tender not necessarily accepted. MEETINGS. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES. A GRAND FANCY BAZAAR WILL BE HELD ON WEDNESDA Y, THURSDAY, and FRIDA Y. JUNE 19, W, and fl, in the EXAMINATION HALL OF THE COLLEGE UNDER THE .PATRONAGE OF LADY PRYSE, of Gogerddan, and Mrs. L. PUGH PUGH, of Abermaide. The proceeds will be applied towards jthe purchase of AN ORGAN FOR THE COLLEGE. Contributions, in money or work, will be gratefiully re- ceived by the following ladies, who will preside at the stalk —Mrs. EDWARDS, Mrs. GRIMLEY, Mrs. PARRY, Mrs. ETHE, Mrs. E. P. JONES, Ladies' Collegiate School, Miss ANNIE WILLIAMS, Miss HATTIB DAVIBS, and the FEMALE STUDENTS OF MUSiC. There will also be a Refreshment Stall. "Tan nawdd -Duw "Y gwir yn erbyn y dangnef." A byd." "Iesu na'd gamwaith." /V\ Calon wrth galon." A laddo a leddir." Duw, a phob daioni." THE BIRKENHEAD ROYAL NATIONAL EISTEDDFOD, CADAIE ARTHUR, A GORSEDD BEIRDD YNYS PRYDAIN, SEPTEMBER 17, 18, 19, & 20, 1878. NEARLY £1,000 will be given in prizes.. The Compositions to be sent in by August 1st; the names of candidates for Degrees, Examinations, and Musical Competitions, by the 20th August. A Complete and Revised List of the Subjects for Competition may be had, on receipt of two penny postage stamps, from the Secretaries, namely— OWEN JONES, General Secretary, Birkenhead. GWILYM ALLTWEN, Literary Secretary, Birkenhead. TKEGARON CHURCH. A BAZAAR In aid of the Restoration Fund of the above Church will be held on AUGUST 9TH AND 30TH, M ABERYSTWYTH, Contributions will be gratefully received by Col. POWELL and Major PHELP, of Nanteos, and by Mrs. DAVIBS, The Vicarage, Tregaron. As a whole, beyond comparison, the best tourists' handbook to Wales yet published.— Chester Chronicle. NOW READY. GOSSIPING GUIDE TO WALES. Is. 6d. POPULAR EDITION. Five Maps, 176 pp. 28.6d. HALF-CROWN EDITION, Cloth, Five Maps, Routes, and Panorama from Snowdon (3 feet long), specially drawn for the work. 5s. CROWN EDITION, Cloth Gilt, 12 Maps, Routes, Geological and Botanical Chapters, and Coloured Snowdon Panorama. 246 pp. A model in its way."—Daily Newt. By far the most amusing guide we have seen."— Standard. One of the most perfect productions of its kind ever issued." —South Wales Daily Newt. Sure to become a favourite with the multitude."— The Field. Not only a, trusty guide, but a most genial companion."— Liverpool Dail1l Post. This most useful, book. A thorougly good Welsh guide."— Birmingham Daily Post. Full of interesting and intelligent gossip."—.Spectator. Not only amusing, but instructive."—Era. Remarkably accurate."—Figaro. "Supplies all things needful to a stranger." Liverpool Courvtr. We have not seen a book about Wales more useful than this gay and clever guide."—Public Opinion. One of the most accurate and complete text books for tourists in the Principality we have ever seen."—Manchester Examiner. There is scarcely anything an excursionist would care to know, that is not to be found 111 Mr Askew Roberts's worlt. Birmingham Daily Gazette. # It gives all the information necessary for getting about, and it is moreover, written in an attractive style that gives birth to a desire to get about."—Mayfair. We strongly advise all visitors to North Wales to provide themselves with the Gossiping Guide to Wales." -Notes and Queries. As near perfection all possible."—Welshman. Chatty and amusing as well as useful."—Leisure Hour. The writer touehes scarcely a spot that he does not re-ani- mate with life."— Y Cymmrodor. A large amount of useful information as wen. as of entertain- ing gossip."—Archceologia Cambrentis. LONDON: HODDER AND STOUGHTON. OSWESTRY: WOODALL AND VENABLES.. Sow ready; PRIOE 3D. A REPRINT OF THE REPORT OF THE CHURCH CONFEREJS CE. MEsSRS- WOODALL and VENABLES pub. lish this day a complete report of ,the recent Con- ference, in pamphlet form (uniform with the Reprint they issue in 1874 of the Re-opening of Oswestry Church), which extends to 46 quarto pages, double columns, and is embellished by an engraving of the Old Church. Orders should be given immediately. Oswestry, May 15, 1878. SPECTAOLES, SPECTACLES. C. B. RADCLIFFE, Esq., M.D., 25, Cavendish Square, London, Consulting Physician to the Westminster Hospital, writes:—"No Spectacles could possibly suit better than HENRY LAURANCES." EDWARD KNOCKER, Esq., J.P., Dover; late Mayor of Dover, writes:—"My sight has imprpved since using HENRY LAURANCE'S SPECTACLES." JOltN DEATH, Esq., J P., Cambridge, late Mayor of Cambridge, writes :—" Mrs. Death's sight has been much strengthened by the use of HENRY LAURANCE'S SPECTACLES." T. SMITH ROWE, Esq., M.D., Margate, Senior Surgeon to the Royal Sea Bathing Infirmary, Margate, wrires I regret that I did not use HENRY LAU- RANCE'S SPECTACLES long since." HENRY LAURANCE'S SPECTACLES Are the CLEAREST, COOLEST, and BEST for the Sight. Thousands have been benefited by their use when all other Spectacles have failed. A list of the Testimonials can be had from the agent, from whom these Spectacles can only be obtained. All Spectacles stamped H.L. AGENT FOR ABERYSTWYTH— A/MAJOR, JEWELLER AND OPTICIAN.
AGRICULTURE. I (No.6.) THE GROWTH OF ROOT CROPS. I UNTIL farmers ia Wales recognize far more vividly than at present the advantages of growing I root crops, it is hopeless to expect any great I change.for the better in their condition. With- H out turnips and mangolds it is simply impossible I to fatten stock, and one important question for H every farmer to consider is whether land in the H Principality is of such a nature as to make roots H a profitable crop. There can be no doubt that I Wales, owing to its moist climate, is admirably I adapted for roots. This, happily, is abundantly I proved in different parts of the Principality by I farmers who, clearly understanding the nature of H their business, carefully prepare the land for this H indispensable crop, and make arrangements for H consuming it on the most advantageous terms H with the view of converting it into beef and mutton. The farmer who rafuses to grow roots does not openly venture to say his land is not suitable for them, but shields himself under the assertion that feeding stock doas not pay, and H consequently growing root crops must be an un- H profitable undertaking. It is almost impossible H to contend successfully, against a general asser- H tion of this kind. The fact that only respectable H well-to-do farmers feed stock is urged on one side to prove that feeding can only be undertaken H in Wales by "fancy" farmers, whilst on the H other side the contention that they are well-to-do because they feed cattle, and thus reap the full I fruits of fheir labour, is received with cynical in- credulity. The old rule in Wales was to sell off H stock in October when grass began to fail- Thirty years ago, when white crops were more popular in England than they are now, farmers- from oyer the border came in autumn to purchase stores in order to utilize straw, &c., grown them under agreement. The methods of cropping: in England have greatly changed. The demand H for cattle in autumn has- fallen off, whilst H the spring demand has greatly increased. H Notwithstanding this change, however, many farmers still persist in keeping stock through the H summer to be sold in autuinn for £2 a head less than could have bean obtained in spring, in addi- tionHo the loss of-five months' keep. Some of the- shrewder aort of Welsh farmers purchase store stock from their neighbours in spring and autumn and feed them at great -profit. If cattle must be sold as stores they ought to be parted with in spring when they are two years old, and not in autumn jvhen they are eighteen months, nor yet a year later when they are two years and a half.. H For the reasons already explained prices in- autumn do not rule as. high as in spring, and H therefore farmers ought to be in a position to keep H cattle through the winter and bring them into the H market in May when the demand is often far H greater than the supply, and prices are favour- t able to the seller. Of course, hitherto it has been taken for granted that Welsh farmers must M sell store stock, but this is not by any means the case. There is no reason why most of the ani- mals should not be sent out of Wales ready for the butcher, if farmers generally gave to cattle feeding that attention which is given, to it here and there bj individuals who do not by any means possess- spr cial advantages. Seeing that roots are H indispensable to the farmer who undertakes the H fattening of cattle it cannot be out of place briefly H to canvass the reasons why in Wales this crcp ■ is not more popular, especially as it is generally admitted. the soil and climate are well !■ adapted for thtU. To begin with, land intended ■ lor swedes or mangolds should be sufficiently well ■ fenced to secure it from the of sheep and cattle. This preliminary condition is well H known to every farmer, but unfortunately thou- sands of them are utterly, unable to comply with it. To put down five or six acres of turnips every year would entail considerable expense in fencing.- Apart from turnips, good fences would be advan- H tageous if they would not convey to landlords H such an idea of prosperity that the tenant's rent H would, he fears, be raised just in proportion to the sum he seemed to have at his disposal for- fences and the indulgence of new fangled notions about fattening cattle which his father sold as stores." One of the first consequences of growing root crops would be that appearance of -order and prosperity which the yearly tenant ■ dreads more than anything lest it should induce ■ his landlord to. demand more rent. This dread of increased rent paralyzes the yearly tenant at H every turn, and especially when considering the advisability of adopting methods of cultiva- tion which it is well known entail some reserve i^H of capital, however smalf. He firmly believes that nothing enables him to keep "down his rent at its present figure but the. maintenance oi a con- viction in his landlord's mind that he is absolutely too poor to pay more. How "remarkably Welsh farmers succeed in this object is well known, nor can the fact that they frequently train their sons for the learned professions be taken as proof that they hoard money, because nothing is so well known in the Principality as that very poor people make great sacrifices in order to train their sons for the ministry. Besides the difficulty of fences, there is the much greater one of the expense en- tailed by the preparation of the land for root crops. The average farmer has neither the labourers nor the horses to prepare the land for swedes or mangolds as it should be prepared. While he is ploughing and cleaning these five or six acres everything else is at a standstill. Of course just when he is wanted on the land he is most urgently requir ed m the .buildings to chop food for his animals, and as everything on the farm must be done with the least possible assistance he is always trying, with poor success, to eatch tbe tail end of the seasons. When his opportunity is clearly lost he consoles himself with the reflection that next year he will succeed where he has failed this. Sometimes the seed is sown in land more or less carefully prepared and after- wards the erop is spoiled for want of cleaning, or deteriorated for want of sufficient thinning. Turnips require space in order that they may grow, but when the plants are small the temptation to leave tli0m too thick in the ground is £ reat indeed. From first to last the green crop teats the farmer very severely at every step. His thoroughness is put to the proof in the preparation of the land; his cleanliness and punctuality by the way he attends to tbe young plants and his business capacity by the way he harvests and uses his crop. In many districts the neglect of cattle feeding is so great as to be tbe rule, and throughout Wales it may with safety be said that root crops are not culti- vate<i as they ought to be.