AMUSEMENTS. SW,IN- s in ib6 ♦ TO-NIGHT! Messrs. F. 4 H. Reeves present a Musical, I, Revusical, Laughette, entitled— m EXPLOSIVES In Five Explosions. Guaranteed to Kill with Laughter and Wound Nobody. Cast includes ROBERT REILLY, HARRY MAXAM, KITTY EMSON, Lulu Copping, Regirra Williams, Ernest Ball, John Mc- Mahon, Louis Bland, Russell's Eight Fire- crackers, and a Shrapnel of Feminine Beauties. Latest News and War Films. THE MAPLES, Comedy Duo. JEN LATONA, In Light Comedy Songs, self-accompanied on Concertina and Piano. GRAND THEATRE SWANSEA. MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 4th, 1916, Six Nights at 7.30, and MATINEE SATURDAY at 2.30 p.m. C. W. Somerset in the Great Drama, THE SILVER KING. Next Week.—Return Visit of the George Edwardes Co. in BETTY." THE PICTURE HOUSE. High Strats. Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. TOM BROWN'S SCHOOLDAYS, A Picturisation of Thomas Hughes's Immortal Story. The Diamond From the Sky, Chapter 15: Desperate Chances." A Janitor's Wife's Temptation A Triangle Keystone Comedy. CASTLE CINEMA (Adjoining Leader Office). Mon., Tues. and Wed., 2.30 to 19.30. MARY PICKFORD In a Four-Part Drama, THE ETERNAL GRIND, A Pickford Classic, Grave and Gay. The Story of Three Sisters in a Sweater's Factory. (Above picture will be shown all the week) The Janitor's Wife's Temptation, A Triangle-Keystone Comedy, in Two Parts. CARLTON CINEMA DE LUXE, Oxford Street, Swansea. TO-DAY and During the Week, 11 a.m. till 10.30 p.m., CONTINUOUS PERFORMANCE. THE BATTLE OF THE SOMME. WELSH FUSILIERS and other Famous Regiments in Action. ELYSIUM, High Street, Swansea. Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. William Fox present Anna Nilsson in REGENERATION (4 Acts). See the Great Steamship Fire- The Night Club Rict-Seven Hundred Scenes of Wonderment. Thtis Subject will be shown in addition to the usual All-Star Programme. Coming Shortly.-PEG 0' THE RING, In 15 Weekly Episodes. ROYAL THEATRE, Wind Street. Continuous Performance Daily, 2.30 till 11. Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday. Great Póthe Drama, "AT BAY," In Five Parts, featuring Florence Reed. DIAMOND FROM THE SKY. A KNIGHT ERRANT, etc. Coming-THE BATTLE OF THE SOMME i — -■ ■■■ PUBLIC NOTrCES. DON'T FORGET THE I CRAND CHAIR EISTEDDFOD at TREBOETH, on SATURDAY, SEPT. 30th, j 1916, illi AID OF THE LOCAL SOLDIERS' AND SAILORS' SUCCOUR AND RECEPTION FUND. NUMEROUS ITEMS. CHAMPION PRIZES. See Programmes, lid. each, post fiee. Sec.: Geo. Smith, Post Office. Tirdeunaw; Assist. Sec.: E. Lloyd. Bryngelly-row, Tre- beth. EDUCATIONAL. GOWERTON INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL. The NEXT TERM will commence on TUESDAY, the 12th day of SEPTEMBER NEXT. Prospectus and Application Forms may be obtained from the Headmaster at the School or from JAMES H. BLAKE, Clerk to Governors. Goiierton, 24th August, 1916. JEENCH TAUGHT BY NATIVE TEACHER. The old methods of teaching foreign lan- guages involved long and tedious wo.rk. A NATURAL METHOD IS EMPLOYED AT The Swansea Commercial School whereby the proper atmosphere Je created, 80Dd rapid progress assured. Write for particulars to the Principal, CASTLE BUILDINGS, SWANSEA. (Tel. 567 Central). Or The De Bear Schools, Ltd., SW92, Queen-street, Cardiff. 'l'UDÉNTS Sncoeæful}y Prepared for Pm ERTNE in PITMAN'S Shonhand. Local ficie7? e BOARD and Civil Service. LES- SONS sriven in Arithmetic, English. Book- Keeping, etc. Satisfaction guaranteed.- Mr. HarMs. 56, Oxford-street. Swansea. Day m Evening Tuition. OTiJJ, SALES BY AUCTION. i SlES BY AUCTION. In. PARK WBRN ROAD. SKL=I Sale of Household Furniture, Billiard Table, etc. J. Barron Pascoe, F.S.I., F.A.I., TTAS received instructions from the Executor of the late Mrs. M. A. Richards to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION at the above address, on WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6th, 1916. the Valuable Household Furniture AND EFFECTS, Comprising: — Handsome MAHOGANY BOOKCASE, Substantial Mahogany Side- board with Mirror Back, Mahogany Cir- cular Dining Table, Mahogany Pembroke Table, 6 Mahogany-frame Dining Chairs, 2 Easy Chairs in Tapestry, Mahogany Card Table, Brass-rail Kerbs and Fire Brasses, Cuckoo Clock, 2 Aneroid Barometers, Music Cabinet, several Gilt Pier Glasses, Hall Table, Mahogany Hall Chairs, Carved Mahogany Cheffonier, Mahogany Pedestal Desk, Desk Cabinet with Slope, Iron Safe (by Withers), Letter Press, Sun- dry Engravings and Oil Paintings, Brus- sels Carpets, Cushions, Antimacassars, Couch in Horsehair, Umbrella Stand, 2 Four-fold Screens, Sundry Ornaments, Jardinieres, magnificent Spanish Maho-1 ganv Wardrobe, Massive Mahogany Cliect of Drawers, Rosewood Bureau Chest of Drawers, Commode, Brass-rail and Iron Bedsteads, Hair Mattresses, Feather Beds, Blanket Boxes, Chairs, Toilet Ware, I Washstands, Dressing Tables, Sewing Machine, Kitchen Dresser, Tables, Mangle Steps, Crockery, Steel-top Fender, Kitchen Cupboard, Filter, costly selection of Glass, best quality Cutlery, E.P. Tea and Coffee Service, E.P. Biscuit Box. 2 E.P. G-bottle Cruets, E.P. Breakfast Cruet, E.P,Fish Slice, handsome Tea Service, 2 Brass Stew Pans, Several Sea Chests, Old Welsh Hat, etc., etc., also Quarter size Billiard Table, with Marker, Cues, Ivory Balls, etc. On view morning of Sale from 9.30.. Sale to commence at 11.30 o'clock a.m. prompt. Terms cash. Auctioneer's Offices: Cardigan Cham- bers, 6, College-street, Swansea. Docks Tel. 593. SHAFTESBURY HALL, ST. HELEN'S ROAD, SWANSEA. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6th, 1916. Mr. Joseph Harris HAS been favoured with instructions to SELL by PUBLIC AUCTION, at the above Hall (where the goods will have been removed from a gentleman's residence for convenience of sale), a large quantity of Superior and Well-Preserved Articles of Household Furniture AND OTHER EFFECTS. the chief items comprising:—HANDSOME CRIMSON PLUSH SUITE, with solid Mahogany high-back Chairs; Walnut- framed Suite in Leather, PITCIIPINE BEDROOM SUITE, Dark Walnut ditto, Small Oak ditto, Wire-wove Mattresses, Wool Overlays, Solid Oak Sideboard, with plate-glass mirror back, Solid Walnut do., Oak Telescope Dining Table, INLAID CHINA CABINET, Oil Paintings, splen- did E.P.N.S. Tea and Coffee Service, ex- cellent 400-day Clock under glass shade, Walnut Overmantels, Walnut Octagonal Table, Brass Fenders, Fire Brasses, Hearthrugs, Carpets, Carved Satin Wal- nut Bedstead, Brass and .Black ditto, OAK-GRAINED DRESSER, Dinner and Tea Services, Toilet Ware, &c., together with the usual Culinary Utensils, Child's Handsome Basiliette with canopy (equal to new), as well as a full-oompasfsed iron- fraawd PIANOFORTE, MAHOGANY KNEE-HOLE WRITING DESK, RQLL- TOP DITTO, YOST TYPEWRITER, and other articles too numerous to particu- larise. Goods on View Morning of Sale. Sale to commence promptly at 11 o'clock a.m. Terms—Ca-sh. Auctioneer's Offices: 1, George-street, Swansea. Tel. No. 4C9 Docks. Freehold Business Premises In the Centre of the Town of Swansea. No. 6, CRADOCK STREET, SWANSEA Iu the occupation of Mr. Taylor, Fruit- erer, under a lease for 21 years from 25t11 March, 1904. Present rent £5Q per an. num, rising on 25t £ March, 1918, to £551 until 1925. Lessee doing all repairs. Leasehold Dwelling-houses For investment or occupation. No. 72, ARGYLE STREET, SWANSEA In the occupation of the Vendor. Con- taining 8 rooms, and held with other pro- perty under a lease for 75 years fromi 25th March, 1875, and offered subject to the benefit of the under-leases, leaving a ground rent of S3 10s. fid. payable on this property. Poseteseion on completion. No. 14, PAGE STREET Private Dwelling-house, let at an annual rental of S28 per annum, tenant paying rates. Held under an under-lease for 96 years from 23rd of March, 1862, at a ground rent of S2 13.s. 3d. per'annum. This property is most conveniently situ- ated for residence, being near the centre of the town. MUMBLES: Noe. 1, 2 and 3, MYRTLE TERRACE Centrally situated in the village, close to the Police Station, and each containing 5 rooms and bath-room. Let at weekly I' rents of 8b. 6d. each, including rates. Held for a term of 99 years from 25th Decem- ber, 1907, at a ground rent of S:6 3s. for the whole. The above Valuable Properties will be offered for SALE BY PUBLIC AUCTION by Henry F. Hood, F.A.I., at the HOTEL CAMERON, Swansea, on WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 6th, 1916. Sale to commence at 3.0 pan. Particulars and conditions of sale can be had of A, J\ Pun tan, Esq., Fisher- street, as to the Freehold Property and Page-street; and of Messrs. Da vies, In- tgram and Harvey, Goat-etreet, as to Ar- gyie-etreet and the Mumbles; or as to all from the Auctioneer, at his offices, Ar- cade Chambers, Goat-6t, Swansea. Tel. 513 Central. GORSEINON. Sale of a Leasehold Dwelling-bouse and Premises in the Centre of Górøeinon. Messrs. Poole and John 111 AVE Received Instructions to Offer for SALE By PUBLIC AUCTION (Subject to Conditions of Sale to be Pro- duced), at the MARDY HOTEL, GOR- SEINON, on THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14th, 1918. at 7 o'clock in the Evening, the Very Desirable LEASEHOLD welling-house and Premises, Known as BRON HAUL," Alexandra- road, (iofteinon recently in the octupa- tion of Mr. John Daviee. The Property has been recently erected and occupies a Commanding Position on the Main Road, near the Cross, and con- tains on Ground Floor: Three Large Rooms, Scullery, Pantry, and ulStml (Offices; on the First Floor: Four Large Bedrooms; and is held under a Lease for 99 Years from December, 1898, at the Low Annual Ground Rent of 46a Possession can be Given upon Comple- tion. For Further Particulars, and to View, apply to the Auctioneers, Swansea-road, Loughor. and Coldstream Villa, Llanelly; or to Mr. C. H. Neweom beL, Solicitor, 'L Wind-street, Swansea. PRIZE COURT SALE. IN PR I ZE. TO be SOLD by PUBLIC AUCTION, by Order and for Account of THE MARSHAL of the ADMIRALTY (by direction of MESSRS. CHURCHILL and SIM, London, Brokers to the Marshal), at THE BALTIC SALE ROOMS, St. Mary Axe, London, E.C., on WEDNESDAY, September 6th, 1916, at ONE-THIRTY o'clock precisely. Ex BEEKBBRGEN," lying at London. Ex OOSTERDIJK" „ London. Ex BALTO" „ North Shields. Ex ALEXANDRA „ Newcastle- on-Tyue. Ex MODE London. Ex NOORDAM" „ London. Ex HERCULES" „ Liverpool. Ex "ROTTERDAM" (per H DATA V mR IV. "), lying at London. Ex LOCH TAY (per NANNA "), Ex KONG INGE lying at London. Ex KONG INGE" „ Leith. Ex ALBANIA" „ Glasgow. About 2m Barrels LUBRICATING OIL. 22 Empty Barrels 20 Barrels LUBRICATING GREASE. 453 „ FISH OIL (Cod Liver Oil and Train Oil). 26 „ TURPENTINE. 25 Casks STEARINE. 6 Barrels FISH STEARINE. 50 Casks COD STEARINE. 26 „ SPERM OIL. Buyers will he required to ented into a bond to comply with Government restric- tions as to Export. Goods are offered subject to all faults and defects and errors of description. Catalogues and all further particulars can be obtained and samples seen on application to GOODLAKE & NUTTER, Brokers, 78, Cornhill, London, E.C. Telegrams: Goodlako, Baltic, London." Telephones: Avenue 2689, 1276, 1277. Central 8516. SALES BY AUCTION. PRELIMINARY ANNOUNCEMENT. THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1916. CORNER HOUSE FARM, KILLAY. Mr. Frederick F. Meager, TS Favoured with Instructions from Miss Margaret Ann Williams to SELL By PUBLIC AUCTION, a Grand Herd of SHORTHORN and JERSEY Milch Cows, TWO-YEAR-OLD & YEARLING STORE CATTLE & CALVES, SHIRE and OTHER HORSES, Modern Agricultural Implements, and a Quantity of Well-Preserved Household Furniture, on the above Date and Place. Further Particulars will appear later in Bills. Auctioneers' Office, Melbourne House, 7, Melbourne-place, Swansea. PRELIMINARY NOTICE. FORTHCOMING SALES. Mr. Astley Samuel, F IAII. Sept. 19.—Furniture, Queenr-road, Sketty. Sept 21—Household Effects, Bryn Derwen. Ailtwen, Pontaidawe. Sept. 27.-Household Appointments, St. Alban's-road, Swansea. Auctioneer's Offices, King's Chambers, Swansea. Telephone: Docks 266. SENNYBRIDGE. (Close to Devynock Railway Station.) 2,005 Sheep, 51 Cattle. THE ANNUAL SALE of FOREST I LODGE DRAFT STOCK, the pro- perty of Mr. W. S. Miller, will be held at SENNYBRIDGE, on MONDAY, 18th SEPTEMBER, 1916. SHEEP.—35 Pure-bred Shropshire, Rye- land and Kerry Rams; 60 excellent Cheviot and Cross-Cheviot and Cardie Rams; 800 strong Store Ewes (Shropshire, Ryeland, Kerry, Cheviot and Cross-Cheviot and Welsh, about 300 of these are one, two and three-year-old Ewes, raddled on head!; 100 one and two-year-old Wethers, and 500 three-year-old ditto; 250 Ewe Lambs (Keriy, Cross Kerry, Cheviot and Cross- Cheviot) 250 Wether Lambs, ditto. Note.—The Rams are a fine lot, and the Kerry and Crosa Kerry Ewes and Ewe Lambs are specially nice. CATTLE—30 Grand Dairy Heifers (Shorthorn, Jersey and Ayrshire), most of which are to calve from August to Xmas, 1916; 3 Hereford Cows and Calvee; 1 well- bred Hereford Bull Calf; 14 good Barren Shorthorn and Hereford Heifers, mostly fat. Three Months' Credit on Approved Security for sums over £10. Discount at the rate of 5 per cent, per annum. Lunch at 11. Sale at 12.30, beginning with Rams. Brakes will leave Llandovery Station at 10 a.m. to 10.30, and return after the Sale. For the convenience of purchasers from Monmouth and Glamorgan, a Motor 'Bus or Train will leave Sennybridge for Brecon in the afternoon to meet the 5.10 p.m. Brecon and Mcrthyr Train. Sun Rises 6.19, Sun Sets 7.40. Lightlng-up Thrsa, 8.10. Subdue Lights visible from the sea at 8.10. Subdue other Lights at 9.40. High Water To-day, 18.47 a.m., 11.7 p.m. King's Dock—35ft. 9in. a.m., 55ft. Oin. p.m. To-morrow, 11.32 a.m., 12.2 p.m.
FROM THE SOMME TO SWANSEA. From the Somme to Swansea is. given fair travelling luck, a journey of not much over twenty-four hours. It is possible, even under the present railway time-table in France, to hear from a railhead the opening of the evening strafe on the new front, to listen to the mes- sage of Grandmother hurtling over to the German lines, and to sleep-as soundly as disordered nerves will permit—the next even- ing amid the great peace and in the Egyptian blackness of Swansea. The transition is from one world tc another. Between life on what ws call the Somme front (as a matter of i t, at no point in our fighting area do we touch the river) and the calm ways of our home town, there are no points *of resemblance. There, guns keep the air quivering day and night and man realises that his life may go at any moment; here, al- though one knows that not a family is without its tragedy, that few homes are without agonised mothers and fathers on the rack because of sons &t the war, here, there is a normality in the ways of living that is positively startling tor one who has spent some time at the line. He comes from scenes of strain and stress, from nights of hellish noises, into an atmosphere of lightness and summer-time joys. He comes out from a devastated country-side, from soil forever precious to Britain because of the blood that has en- riched it, into a land where life seems not greatly different from that of the old time. And, in the immediate contrast, he is apt to ar- rive at wrong conclusions. He is in danger of missing the subtle changes which even a few days will show him have transformed Britain. The first impressions 'of the hom2 comer have to be quickly revised. In the dead of night he may be troubled by tho silence, he will miss the throb of the guns and the vivid lights of the front. He will wonder at the free life of our towns, at the signs of pleasure-seeking, at the theatre programmes and the cinema bills, at the throng of people tak- mg holiday. Presently, however, ho will get to understand that the great mass is as serious-minded, that its purpose is as concentrated, as that of the armies on the long front from the Yser to the Ancre. What are one's impressions after four months in the war zone, after nearly two months at the line ? They are confused, and jostle one another. A week ago the writer was in a town just behind the front that has suffered terribly from the guns of the Bosche. Its cathedral is in ruins. The statue of the Virgin that used to command the country side hangs over the street. The in- fant Christ in her up-stretched arms looks down upon an appalling wilder- ness of desolation. A few women, who risk much for money, still live in the cellars of the town, but speaking generally, it is a place in which there is no civilian life. There is not a thoroughfare which has not been smashed by shells. It is a pitiable pilgrimage to walk the grass-grown streets, to look at gaps where once Were fine shops, to inspect the twisted steelwork where once were busy factories. An awful picture of devastation—a pic- ture which is not yet completed, for the town is still subjected to bom- bardment, day and night, and at no time is life healthy there. Whilst the writer and a companion walked about it one afternon, the sound of what seemed to be the opening strafe quickened their pulse, and hastened their footsteps; it was fortunate that they did not consult their dignity in leaving, and that they did not linger late, for that evening another rain of shells was sent in from the enemy lines. Leav- ing this ruined town, one thought: What if this had been Swansea? What if the German bad been en- trenched in Gower, or on the lower ridges leading to Mynydd Ddu, and had been pouring metal into our streets for over a year? How small, how miserable, would then appear to us the controversies in which we have been engaged!' How petty our internal squabbles How trifling our quarrels about wages, and after- war conditions! Another picture flashes into the mind out of the many which will never fade. A village close to the old line. A German trench runs at the side of the main street (for this ground between the Ancre and the Somme has been fought for savagely since those days, before the mercy of the Mame, when a French Territorial division, seeking to stop the German advance on Amiens, was helped by a detach- ment of British troops which arrived out of the nowhere; and the road to Bapaume has been the scene of hard-fought. encounters before we took over the sector)—a trench now radiant with wild flowers. There is not a whole house in the place. Some barns still stand, but, they seem drunken, aijd their walls are shattered. The 6hurch is battered almost to a shapeless mass; oddly, the front wall of the tower is erect still over the debris, about the only sound piece of masonry in the vil- lage. Shell-holes mark the fields around, and the bye-roads. Truly it may be said that is not." A little further on is Fricourt, with its blasted wood, and the pile of stones which is its monument. A little behind, a cafe, of which only a wall or two, and the board bear- ing its name, remain. Here and there, sometimes at the side of the trenches, the cross-marked graves of French soldiers; among them, one noticed curiously, the grave Qf a woman who had been killed during an early bombardment. What re- flections swept over the observer as he walked through this ruined ham- let! But for the mercy of God it might have been our own beautiful Killay, or some other village in the neighbourhood. Surely we have been greatly spared. We have paid heavily, heavily, for victory, but what would be our thoughts had we to pay also that which France,has had to? What if our towns and villages were under daily and nightly bombardment? And so one comes home with at least one impression fairly clear. It is that there ought to prevail in our land a great thankfulness that we have been spared the awful calami- ties of shell-fire upon our habita- tions. It is true indeed that Scar- borough has been smashed and that aerial visitors have committed some damage, but these things, gravely as we must view them, cannot count in comparison with the havoc —senseless, meaningless havoc— wrought by the Bosche in Flanders and France. And contemplating our mercies, the conviction sweeps over one that thankfulness should more and more be translated into action; that we do not want demoniac. energy at the fighting front alone, but in civilian life; thge, as is the case all over Northern Fiance, the people should have thought for nothing else but the war and the ways of ending it vic- toriously and speedily. Over there, one occasionally picked up an Eng- lish journal and read of a trade dispute, of a contemptible squabble between public men, of fervent ap- peals to postpone holidays. And with these pictures of ruined towns and villages in one's mind, particu- larly with the picture of what re mains of Fricourt as one gazed at it a mile or two away, a great wonder arose that we could waste our ener gies on such immaterial things, on such unnecessary appeals, when, twenty-four hours away, our lads hourly hold acquaintance with death amid the shattered houses or in the open fields. Could, by some magic power, the squabblers, the hagglers, see what life at the line really means, could they but visualise what a ruined town is, they would for shame's very sake, cease their clamour, bury their grievances, however well-founded and acute, and work feverishly for the common cause. One knows that difficult problems are arising among the men who have to abide by the stuff," that hours are long and conditions harsh, that the increasing cost of food is making life a bitter struggle for many. -Let them all, even those most heavily hit by war-prices, let them compare their lot with that of their lads at the front, with that of the peasants who still cling to their homes where the sound of shells al ways fUls the air, and they will see how greatly blessed they are, how providentially preserved from hor- rors it will not do to more than hint at. Assuredly the grousing spirit should be exorcised from Britain to-day. The grumbler, whatever his excuse, should not be tolerated. We know of the greater privations which assail our wonderful soldiers in France. We hear of the perils of the trenches and the villages behind them. There are others with which the public is but indifferently ac- quainted. Sanitary science has done marvellous things in France'. The accomplishments of the Sani- tary Section can never be over- praised. It has fought epidemics. It has warded off plague. It has cleansed villages where sanitation has been unknown since the great clearance of the Flood. But the sanitary section cannot work miracles, and great as have been its achievements, it cannot banish the odours of no-man's land, it cannot provide every village with a '.com- plete.. drainage system, it cannot conquer with full success the fly problem, the rat peril. It is impos- sible to convey to the reader an ado, quate notion of the plague of flies which prevails at the front. The pests are in the billets in clouds. They have a fertile home in the manure hftaps with which each farmer decorates his yard. They are a never-ceasing affliction. They swarm upon one's food, they are in one's drink; they make sleep impos- sible after dawn. And the rats! Our lads laugh at this visita- tion-as indeed they laugh at more serious things—but oftentimes when one heard the vermin at their gnaw- ing, or felt their bodies, laughter was far from one! Add to these plagues, the intolerable white dust of the Picardy roads, the dust'which hi in thick layers everywhere, and produces a dreadful thirst after one has been tramping over it long—dust which turns in rain to the stickiest mud over which progress is slow and laborious. Of these things, the in- evitable accompaniments of war, however well sanitary science 's lused, the British public thinks little, for it has been told little of them. One of the memories which will re- main with the writer undimmed is of a mgiment—a Welsh regiment— coming back from the trenches, sadly reduced in numbers, caked in grime, and marching through an ever-present cloud of white dust. The men were singing Pack up your troubles in your old kit bag And smile! smile! smile! Not a heroic melody perhaps for men who had been in High Wood, and had left many comrades there; but a heartening melody. We might, to our benefit, put on the mood of this Welsh regiment as it came out of the line. One or two other convictions must be mentioned. The first is that the spirit of British daring is vigorously alive. The cheerfulness of our soldiers is am axing. They laughl and joke at the greatest ordeals. But their courage is be- yond description- It was a fairly ¡ stiff ordeal to come, straight from the peace of a little French village where one only heard the muttering of the guns, up to the line where the nights were an inferno of noise and one was subjected to the minor risks inseparable from an advanced position. One got to know what Fear was—that fear which for a few minutes left one without command over nerves. We had our alarums and excursions in the villages just be- hind the line. But when one thought of the hell into which the soldier went—it is a pity that there is no other word sufficiently strong; and there is hone—when oiie listened with fast-beating heart to the awful evening orchestra whinh I played around him on that rising ground above us-when one saw tne barrage over Thiepval,' and saw the smoke over High Wood-then one put his own little troubles aside, and marvelled greatly at the spirit which took untried men into this land where death become their familiar. For they went up singing and jok- ing—aware of what was before the-m, and yet undaunted and bright. The courage of our- lads is something to be remembered with ————————————————————————— 44.- ￼ awe. Unconsidering writers feave said that they do not know fear! The marvel of it is that, knowing fear— 1 and no man can hear or face modern shell fire without fear, unless he be ab solutely neneless-he, abates not a jot of his cheerfulness, laughing at trials, and making light of the big- gest difficulties. Our soldier boys are wonderful, wonderful. I The other, and perhaps the strongest conviction of all, is that there is a solemn duty thrust upon all who are privileged to write con- cerning the war in the public press. Some books have been placed upon the market in which this carnage of nations is pictured in romantic hues. Men skilled in language have cast the beauty of words as a veil over the scene. They have care- fully shaded the horrors of war. They are doing a dis-service to humanity. When there is an in- creasing tendency among many to glorify war for its own sake, to hail it with Bemhardi-like enthusiasm as the revitaliser of drooping peoples, as the great moral doctor of the universe, it is the "plain obligation of all who have seen war, near or afar, in its nakedness, to picture it as it is, stripped of romantic phras- ing, of glory, of beauty. Patrick t McGill has done it, Philip Gibbs is doing it daily. Herein is the hope of peace for an exhausted world. The terror of war will never stop nations engaging in it, but if they realise well its meaning, in life, in misery, in suffering, they will at least pause. We are in the war be- cause we could do no other, but for the sake of our heroic lads, to do them full justice, let no one cast glamour over the business in which they are engaged. There is no romance in it, no glory, no joy, Men out there refuse to speak of its worst horrors. And whilst there is much transpiring daily that cannot be told, it is owing to our armies that the men who write of their tasks shall paint a plain and clear picture of them, and that the set- ting is truthful. It is criminal tc attempt to cast beauty over war. War is an ugly, a cruel, unromantic thing. It must be presented as such if we are to leave for our children an inheritance of peace. For the present we must leave the military position on the Somme front untouched, although the great gains reported early this morning by G.H.Q. may be noted with deep thanksgiving. Briefly, it may be said that those who have hitherto been disappointed in their expecta- tions, those who looked to some sweeping spectacular move forward, had a small realisation of the task our soldiers undertook two months ago. It has been, in more ways than one, an uphill fight. The ground has been very difficult. The weather has not been propitious. But Sir Douglas Haig has worked according to programme; and to have won the ridge in eight weeks, to have wrested from the enemy the ,forts he had laboured for nearly two years to make impregnable, and to have,at last captured Guillemont, is a real achievement. To-day we look down the other side of the hill. We have got to the top of the plateau overlooking Albert. We are astride the long straight road which runs steadily up to the on-, virons of Pozieres, and then falls slightly to Le Sars and Bapaume. It will be a mistake to make too much of the advantag es we have gained, for the descent is not great; but, after all, to have reached the ridge shows to the world that we are superior in man and gun power. The Bosche knows that he is beaten cn the Somme. We dose him daily, and nightly with heavier metal, and more metal, than he can send over. When he starts a strafe, we take up the tale and out-gun him. Grand- mother is without a rival. Our air- craft have an almost unchallenged supremacy. Our sausages hang impudently over the curved front; rarely are they assailed. Rarely does the enemy venture over the line, and still more rarely does he venture and return. The writer was-witness the other day of a big aerial fight, quite an unusual fea- ture now over our lines; for our air- men have to seek trouble, and but infrequently does the, German take an excursion out of his territory. What the month will show us on the long Western front, it is not for journalists to predict. One thing they know who have been privileged to be near the line: the enemy is dis- couraged and weary. He still fights valiantly, but he knows that our machine is better than his, that our men have the superiority, and that the end cannot be too long delayed. The capture of Guillemont is the most significant news we have had since the communiques of early July. It reveals the cheerful fact that, although the German has ac- cumulated ,all his available material on this front, although he has massed in his greatest force there, his strength can be'broken when it suits our plans to test him severely. The enemy Press will have to be ex- ceedingly ingenious to-day if it at- tempts to prove that the Allied offensive on the Somme has been stopped.
BREAKING THE NEWS. Victory Postponed to Far Distant Future." Amsterdam, Monday.—The Kreuzzer* tung" writes: "When reviewing the Military events of the past week, we be- came this time in a special manner awaro of the seriousness of ',the 6ituatioik for our Fatherland and its Allies. Though there is no reason for pessimism, especi- ally as the appointment of Hindenburg and Lindendorff will greatly strengthen our confidence in victory. We must not forget that the entry of Rumania, with a not inconsiderable and well-equipped army, which has learnt from two years of war, and has the, advice of the be.51; ofkcer,g of our great enemies, is a consider- able aggravation of the general situation, and moreover a factor wihch again post- pone our victorious peace into the far dis. tant future."
Lord Halsbury, who is staying in Devon* shire, received a large number of con- gratulatory messages on Sunday on the occasion of his 91st birthday. Corporal William Jesse Wilson, of Wel- ford. near S traitford-ofi-Avon, wasj drowned while bathing in the wm at Dovercourt. àndSergeaDJt Hirchcliffe lost Jiis life while bathina at Great Vermouth.
Application has been made by the Rail- way Clerks' Association, on behalf of. 45.000 members, for an increase in wages equal to 20 per cent, of the existing amo-Lints for all qualified members of the clerical staff, including women clerks. A verdict of accidentally drowned was returned on Saturday, at Yarmouth (I.O.W.) in the ease of one of the three young servant-girl. Hilda Nelson, who was drowned on Thursday while bathing in the Solent, near Fort Victoria. The bodies of the other two girls have not yet been recovered Queensland Parliament has passed a Bill providing for the closing of hotels at six o'olock; the Bill to operate until six months after the termination of the war. The Viotorian Parliament is now discuss- ing a Bill to provide for the taking of a I referendum on the subiect.
ITALY'S SMART MOVE., ————— 0 -————— Albanian Enterprise Just in Time. From a Beaumont special correspon- dent of the Press Association and "Daily; Telegraph." Milan, Sunday (received Monday).—' The Greek situation was discussed at the Italian Cabinet meeting held in Rome yesterday. Whether the Bulgarian move- ment across Greek territory into Albania was facilitated by treachery, or not, its was met promptly by the Italian advance, last week from Vlona, and not a moment too soon. Bulgarian outposts have showa themselves at Klissura, only about eleven miles from Tepebeui, the point now oc- cupied by the Italians, and this fully confirms the wisdom of Italy's early move. The fact that the Bulgarians had been allowed to traverse Greek territory west o' Fl<)riua unc h a l l-en, of Florifia unchallenged was, according to the latest reports, one of the motives for the revolutionary outbreak at Salonika. The torrent of indignation which for some days had been swelling, burst its barriers, writes one form Salonika. The revolutionary movement, which seemed first to be limited to Salonika, is spread- ing rapidly over all Greek Macedonia. It is the natural result of a succession of scenes durinc the last month which shook the nerves of military and civilians, among whom patriotism and hatred of Bulgarians is more vivid than among the inhabitants of Greece. The German 'Government had given a pledge that the Bulgarians would not cross the line be- tween Fiorina and Katerine, and this pledge, like many others, had been broken by the Bulgarians. At the same moment the remnants of the 3,000 Greeks who had made the only resistance re- corded by Greek troops, straggled into Salonika. It was more than the Greeka of Salonika could bear. The 17 forts thus handed over .to the Bulgarians in Mace- donia had cost the Greek Treasury more that 100,000,000 francs, and they had be- sides abandoned to the Bulgarians more than 100'guns, including several batteries of heavy artillery from the works of Crecsot, together with all their ammu- nition. 7 ITALIAN SUCCESS. Rome, Sunday.-To-days official report says:— On the Trentino front hostile artillery activity continues. On the northern slopes of Cauriol our- Alpine troops engaged the enemy, inflict- ing considerable losses. More than 100 dead were counted and 34 prisoners were taken.-Press Association War Special. BOOTY AT GORIZIA. Rome, Saturday.—The following semi- official statement has been issued here:— At Gorizia and on the Carso the number of prisoners captured amounted to 393 officers and 18,3(35 men. The guns cap- tured number 30, besides 63 bomb- throwers, 92 machine-guns, and 12,225 rifles. The booty in artillery material and ammunition is very rich, and comprised about 3,000 shells, 5,000,000 cartridges, 10,000 bombs and hand grenades, 3,000 bombs for bomb-throwers, 190 boxes of ammunition, 378 small cases of grenades, and 44 cases of rockets and fuses.-Reuter.
£1,000 AND A CANARY. Mr. Henry Franklin, of Frampton Park- road, Wallington, Surrey, who died on August 3, and left property of th3 valuo of £8,7,1,8 13S. lid., made the following in- teresting bequest:— To his faithful servant, Julia Anna Strafeton a.nd Elizabeth Stratton, £ .500 each, enough furniture to furnish a house, two freehold houses in Parsons Mead, »: Croydon, a quantity of silver, and a canary j and cage. J
KING'S NAVAL CADETS. It is announced by the Admiralty that successful candidates for the Navy who ara the sons of fallen officers may be appointed as King's cadets, and they, will be entitled where help is needed to a £,to outfit al- lowance, remission of fees at Osborne and Dartmouth, and private and tuition allow- ances. Where dead officers' sons are already in the Service, the Admiralty may authorise the remission of future training fees and private and tuition allowances.
COULD NOT SAVE HIS WIFE. J A man named Brooks, the husband of one of the two vitims of a :the at Romford last Thursday, was asked at the inquest on Saturday why he did not make greater efforts to rescue his wife. Brooks, who was the first to discover the fire, said that he went downstairs, found the room burn- ing, warned others, and was then unable to return to his wife, who was partly paralysed and unable to help herself. The foreman of the jury said be saw the father of the little girl Ollev, who was suf- focated, bring another child out, while j Brooks did nothing, and the inquest was adjourned for further inquiries, as it was stated that this was the second fire which had occurred in the house.
CHARITIES TAKEN OVER. It was announced on Saturday that the Charity Commissioners had taken over the control of five war charities. The chari- ties are: The French Relief Fund, formerly car- ried on at 83, Pall Mall, and now at 3* Saekvilie-street, W. Our Own Boys' Day Fund. The Counties Rest Homes for Britiek, Soldiers. The Belgian Soldiers' Fund, lately car- ried on at 17-19, James-street, Oxford- street, W.; and Le Berceau Fund. Inquiry is now being made by the Com- missioners into the administration of these charities. The Joint War Committee of the Britisbf Red Cross Society and the OrdèT of St,. John, whose offices are at 83, Pall Pallv wish it mode clear that neither their com- mittee nor the Anglo-French Hocrpitalg Committee has any connection with tho French Relief Fund.