Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

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TALKS ON HEALTH. -1 sf By A FAMILY DOCTOIL ?- BEST FOOD FOR INFANTS. The only real food for an infant it toother's milk. A moment's thought would convince you of it. The universe is so well arranged; the human body is such a marvel; the ear, the eye, the bram, and all the organs of the body are such marvellous pieces of living mechanism—how could the demands of the growing infant be forgotten or arranged on an inferior plan? Of course, Mother's milk is the best. Do not be put •off with something that is "just as good." ikli inquiry was carried out a few years ago au a large town in France into the health of a thousand babies. The babies were divided into two groups, those who had been nursed by their mothers and those who had been brought up on some substitute. It was con. clusiveJy proved that the mothers' babies 'Were much healthier than the chemist's shop babies. o: THE NEXT BEST. I know quite well that there are mothers Who cannot nurse their little ones, and then the growing infant is deprived of the one food which is necessary to give it full 'vigour and health. The next best thing to toother's milk is cow's milk. Infants are such peculiar little mortals that it is not always possible to hit on the right kind of fixture to suit them. It is best to begin with a mixture of one part of milk to three of water, and gradually increase) the amount of milk and decrease the water. If many Undigested curds of milk are passed/through the body, the amount of milk should be slightly decreased. Unfortunately, the milk supply is not always satisfactory. Milk is often tainted, and it is safer, unless you know exactly where the milk comes from, to raise it to the scald in a water-jacket sauce- pan. -:0: SLEEP A GOOD TONIC. If you want a good tonic when you are feeling wearied out, try going to bed two hours earlier than is your usual habit for a fortnight. The extra rest, even if you do Ziot actually sleep, is bereficial. It relaxes your nerves and your whole body to lie quiet on your back, and it aids digestion to rest quietly after a meal, and so you get all the goodness out of the food you have swal- lowed. If you do manage to sleep the extra time, it will do you a lot of good. Sleep is the panacea for all evils. I ought to add that the sleep should be natural; the sleep—■ or, rather, stupor—produced by powerful drugs is not nearly so beneffcial, and such a sleep may be followed by a headache on Wakino, lso many of the drugs used for sleeping draughts are harmful in other ways; some weaken the nerves in the end, others are dangerous to the heart, or upset the digestion. I am always very careful about ordering sleeping draughts. It is a real calamity when a patient, especially if ghe happens to be a highly strung woman, is trained to depend on drugs for sleep—her j"«t state is worse than the first. A doctor knows when to order a soothing draught, and he exercises due discretion, but the in- d^'riminate use of mixtures and tabloids to induce sleep cannot be too stronglv con- ?mned. A TEST FOR FLAT-FOOT. There are many causes of aching feet, but a very common one is flat-foot. As is well- known, the foot is really an arch, specially adapted to give sprang- and elasticity to the gait. When for any reåson tho arch-fallg, the condition is known as flat-foot. There may be every degree of flat-foot, from an almost imperceptible defect to the most ad- vanced cases when the sole of the foot is as flat as a pancake. To test yourself for flat- foot try the following simple method: Make the -le of your naked foot wet, and then Plant the foot on the dry hoard or oilcloth, and examine the impression left behind 1Vhen the foot is taken up. If the foot is in a normal healthy state there should be a broad patch in front for the ball of the big t-ot- and other toes, and a large patch behind for the heel, and between the two patches there should be only a narrow line running along the outer side of the impression. o: ARCH SUPPORTS. It ia this narrow connecting line that is the important one. If the arch is high the line is very narrow. If the arch has fallen the line is broader, and if the foot is so flat that the arch has entirely disappeared there be a broad mark between the toes and heel, so that the impression looks more like the mark of a boot than a naked foot. For a slight degree of flat-foot it is not neces- sary to wear any instrument; the foot should be strengthened by rubbing and mas- sage with oils, and by giving the foot as much rest as can be managed. In the more advanced cases it is necessary to wear a support to make on artificial arch. These pads consist of steel covered with leather, and they are worn inside the boot. It may be found more comfortable to wear boots a size larger than the ordinary pair, as the steel arch takes up some room. TEMPERANCE AND LONG LIFE. So much in the way of fanatical exaggera- tion has been written on the subject of tem- perance that it is refreshing to turn to the calm judgment of an insurance company on this important question. When a man pro- poses to insure his life with a company, a careful inquiry is made into his health and habits, and, by reference to various statis- tical tables, an estimate is made of the prob- able length of his life. A recent report ishowa that total abstainers much longer than they are expected to do in ac- cordance with the table's of statistics. The death-rate its fairly constant, and it is quite possible to predict with accuracy the num- ber that will remain alive out of a thousand lives at the end of a given number of years. In the class that includes everybody, the number works out at what was expected; in the class that includes total abstainers only, the number alive was largely in excess of the expectations. FIGURES AND FACTS. This is a perfectly impartial judgment based on figure* and actual facts, and it is a comfort to those who advocate temperance that the figures should speak so forcibly in favour of their cause. A man who can de. clare that he is a total abstainer can obtain better terms from an insurance company than any other man. We must all be reasonable and temperate in all our opinions, but there is no harm done if we tuck away in our memories the fact that the hard-headed business men on the governing boards of life insurance companies regard the lives of those who abstain from alcohol as healthier and longer than the lives ol ot hers.

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