fALKS ON HEALTH. ax A FAMILY DOCTOR. SOME CAUSES OF INSOMNIA. When you cannot get to sleep, and the same thing- happens night after night, you must first find out the cause, and then cure yourself. Try altering" the time of your last meal; it may be your supper is too close to your bedtime. Possibly you are hungry, on the other hand. Your last meal may be too early: many folk find that eat- ing a couple of biscuits acts as a producer of sleep. Wind and indigestion will keep a man awake, arid in that case the treatment of insomnia becomes the treatment of indi- gestion. Probably a little common sense in the way of having- the teeth seen to and eating very slowly will cure him. It is only the chronic C::IS:. S where a man has had bad teeth a-id has gobbled tiis for thirty or forty years that art- so difficult to cure. But if a man is so stupid as that he deserves to lie awake at night. There is no fool like the old fool, who began to suffer from indigestion at the age of eighteen, and has taken no trouble to cure himself be- tween that age and his present age of forty- eight. -:0:- A WORRYING DISPOSITION. A worrying disposition will keep anyone awake. Never take a worrying disposition lying down. Fight it. All day Ion,, make a deep resolve that you will not worry. It is remarkable what success this mental effort meets with. Never give up hope; never say you have always been nervous and you always will be. Cure yourself. Do not wait to be cured by the suggestive powers of Christian Science or mesmerism or Indian Mahatmas. Some people are HO weak-minded that they are incapable of making1 a rewlution; they must have an Indian with a turban on his head to wave his arms in front of them and tell them they will not worry any more but will sleep soundly to-night. "Yes, my dear, and do YOU know, the first nizht I went home to bed after the Black Man's miraculous treatment, I slept much better. I must go again; his eyes are wonderful to look into." I THE CREDULOUS PUBLIC. I I know I wliait cc:r,e to it one day. Here I am I, a poor old common or garden English- man. painfully trying to do my duty on simple lines, and 1 hnd myself in competi- tion with All Jibberjabber. who has large advertisements in the local papers. He can cure anything from cancer of the gall- bladder to -1 knee, if you will only go into a darkened room and gu:œ at the blue light. I know I shall come to it, ,bul-, I make up my mind whether to d-r,oss up a an Indian or a Chinaman: I don't know which would appeal to the dear old British Public with the greater effect. All my experience teaches me that there is j:0 quackery too stupid to attract the public. It is pitiful to observe the belt of e ducation non the lvorkers; they seem to I have no power at all to discriminate be- tween right and wrong, and falsity* In politics and religion neither £ o tney hnOW I much enlightenment, but in medicine the ignorance of the people is appalling. I am going to preach common sense treatment for six month s more. it at the end of that time I am beaten and in financial distress, I am coming out as the Great Chinese Phy- sician of the East, with my picture on the walls. Then my fortune will be assured. A BILIOUS ATTACK. I I recommend the starvation treatment for a bilious attack. The liver, the intestines, the stomach and the whole digestive appar- atus are out of gear solely from over-work. Too much food breaks the heart of the most willing liver and stomach. Anything in reason, they can manage. Enough is as good as a feast. Badly-cooked food throws a needless strain on the stomach; it has to work ten times as hard to digest tough food. Even if the food is well cooked it must be well chewed, or else the juices of the stomach cannot act on it. No wonder there was a rebellion on the part of the stomach; too much food, badly cooked and not masticated. But still, the damage is done and we must do our best to rectify it. Give the wretched insides a complete rest. Turn them out to grass, so to speak, and let them roll in the meadows instead of doing hard work. -:0:- i THE STARVATION TREATMENT. < Mother puzzles her dear head what to give dad when he has a bilious attack, but the solution of the difficulty is easy. Give no food at all. It is helpful and comfort- ing to give hot water to drink: it washes out the insides and clears the breath. A mouth-wash of very weak potassium per- manganate, faintly pink in colour, is useful. It is a ccmmon mistake to use this sub- stance in a strong solution; a tiny pinch of solid to a tumbler full of water is the pro- portion. Xo fear of death from starvation need be feared. A man can live several days without food. It is no good saying, Shall I give him a large bowl of broth, or shall I administer a plate of arrowroot to soothe his poor stomach? Fer twenty- four hours give nothing; a large bowl of nothing at all will soothe the inflamed in- sides best. Natural appetite will return in due course. —:o: E E. I AN INJURED KNEE. If you injure your knee, you must not go to work if it is swollen. ou must compare the two knees; put the injured one next to the uninjured knee, and then you will soon see if there is any difference. A swelling generally means fluid inside the joint. Every joint contains a little lubricating fluid, but only just euough to oil the move- menttf. When injured, a joint throws out a quantity of this fluid as the eye secretes tears. Take a measurement with a tape round the knee opposite the middle of the knee-cap, and you will find a greater measurement for the injured knee. As the cure goes on, you ought to find the measurement getting less and approximat- ing to the size of the uninjured knee. You will make a mistake if you walk on the. knee while it is still swollen with fluid. It does not give a chance to the knee to be cured. Wherever inflammation occurs in the body, rest is the best treatment. -:0:- A WORRY-BOOK. We have quite enough real worries with- out adding imaginary ones. Have you heard of the plan of Keeping a worry-book? You write down to-day all the things you are worried about, and next week you tick off all those worries that were unnecessary. You were worried because you thought Bill would not get any work; you almost wor- ried yourself into the graye; you could count the grey hairs. When Bill was at last demobilised and got a. splendid job, you realise that vou need not have worried at all. Your life in full of worries that never come. Do not meet trouble half way. You were nearly killed with worry when your little bov was ill; you thought he would die, and yet here he is playing about at the present moment, borne people make life a perpetual thunder-cloud of threatening disaster; they always go out carrying a mackintosh, golosnes, and an umbrella, even on the finest day, because they are so worried about the possibilities of it raining. Laugh and grow fat There are no coupons needed for a good laugh. We really must cheer up: the doctor says 60, and you dare not disobey the doctor.
Treasury windfalls through big wills during the past week amounted to £ 102,200. While marching in a hall at Leicester with his unit, a C.L.B. officer, Lieutenant W. Crosa, wos seen to fall, and his death oc- curred immediately afterwards. For holding on to the side of a tramway- car, a Feltham (Middlesex) boy cyclist was placed on probation. Wandsworth is advised by a eommittee tc accept from the War Office 10 German heavy grins, 10 fiekl guns, and 6 machine guns. Yorkshire breeders have sent 22 pure-breo Leicester &beep from Driffield as a gift tc farmers in the war-stricken areas of France.
THINGS THOUGHTFIJL If a man be free, he must believe, or hi will lose his liberty.—De Tocqueville. EDUCATION. What we call our root-and-branch reforms of Hlavery, war, gambling, intemperance only medicating the symptoms. We must beg-in higher up, namely, in education.— Emerson. One great trouble with unkind thoughts if that it is so very difficult to keep them only thought. sooner or later they find utter- ance. We may fancy that we are keeping our uncharitable opinions to ourselves, but they are almcst certain to express them- selves in look or tone, if not in word. The c-illy way to be really kind is to be kind clear through. Friendship must have its foundation in faith. If we open the door of the heart to all whispers and slanders, loyalty cannot abide. Love without trust is torment. THE ENCHANTED ISLAND. Be not afraid: the isle is full of noises, Sound and sweet air, that give delight, and hurt not. • Sometimes a thousand twangling instru- ments Will hum about mine ears; and sometimes voices, That, if I then had wak'd after long sleep. Will make me sleep again; and then, in dreaming, The clouds mothought would open and show riches Ready to drop upon me; that, when I wak'd I cried to dream again. —Shakespeare. A little thing is a little thing, but faith- fulness in little things is a very great thin, —St. Chrysostom. FACING FACTS. We ought not to overlook the fact that those methods which have produced the most perfect national organisation in the history of the world are a lso responsible for orgie.s of brutality without narallel among civilised peoples.—Cambridge E¿>5ay. The Dust is often in the Face Of him who learns to win the Race. MEDITATION. Men seek retreats for themselves in houses in the country, sea-shores, and mountains; and thou too art wont to desire such things very much. But this is altogether a mark of the most common sort of men, for it is in thy power, whenever thou shalt choose, to retire into thyself. For nowhere, either with more quiet or more freedom from trouble, does a man retire than into his own soul, particularly when he has within him such thoughts that by looking into them he is immediately in tranquillity. Know then to enjoy every day this retreat, and ther. renew thy strength.—Marcus Aurelius. CHILDREN OF THE LIGHT. There is one creed, and only one, That glorifies God's excellence; So cherish, that His will be done, The common creed of common sense. It is the .crimson, not the gray, That charms the twilight of all time; It is the promise of the day That makes the starry sky sublime. It is the faith within the fear That holds us to the life we curse;— So let us in ourselves revere The Self which is the Universe! Let us, tho Children of the Night, Put off the cleak that hides the scar! Let us be Children of the Light, And tell the what we are! —Edward Arlington Robinson. TRUE DIGNITY. True dignity is never gained by place, and never lost when honours are withdrawn.— Massinger. This day is before me. The circumstances of this day are my environment; they are x the material out of which, by means of my brain, I have to live, and be happy, and refrain from causing unhappiness in other people.—Arnold Bennett. THOUGHTS ON MARRIAGE. Marriage is the great sea of an unknown life, a new pilot, and a ship untried.—Mrs. Oliphant. Marriage is like life in thits—that it is a field of battle, and not a bed of rcised.R. L. Stevenson. When before all they staii,i-the hWY vow and ring of gold, no fond illusions now, bind her as his. Across the threshold led And every tear kissed off as soon as shed. Hie house she enters, there to be a light Shining within, when all without is night. A guardian angel o'er his life presiding, Doubling his pleasures, and his cares dividing. Winning him back when mingling in the throng, From a vain world we love alas too long. To fireside happiness and hours of ease, Blest with that charm the certainty to please. How oit her eyes read his: her gentle r mind To all hie wishes, all his thoughts inclined. Stil! subject—ever on the watch to borrow Mirth of his mirth, and sorrow of his sorrow. —Rogers. The true love-story commences at the altar, when there lies before the married pair a most beautiful contest of wisdom and generosity, and a life-long struggle towards an unattainable ideal. Unattainable! Ay, surely unattainable, from the very fact that they are two instead of one.—R. L. Steven- son. GREATNESS. No one ever went seeking after greatnes9 and found it; it is essentially a by-product. Fame of a certain sort may be acquired by direct effort, wealth can be won by those who place its po.sscs.-ion first, and notoriety is not hard to compass; but real greatness comes to those who are not busy seeking it. DO WHAT YOU CAN. No one is responsible for more than he can do—until he does what he can do: then he will have more power to be responsible for. ACCORDINGLY. In all things throughout the world, tne man who looks for the crooked will see the crooked. and the man who looks for the straight will see the striiqlit-Ruikit. It 1? alo:? the path of faithful ?ork that mo?t of earth's STeat discoveries ?? I11' Not the seeker after ?rcat things, 3U ■, faithful doer of common things i;1,6 ?'? .L..?o_ wonderful opportunity and m?'' ?'
In accnŒi;:n.dc:rt:1king to re- ?? raifwa" vme? sume negotiations -v?., tll the rail"? after full resumption ?? Work bv tbl, strikers, the Govcriune? 18 meeting th, men's representatives. ildcr-s were A post ofHce and ??tjj in the ? burgled during the week-cnù H1 the ouù- ford district (Essex)- ?? Du d deston, Mr. Eldred II??\?i. for Dl1ddeston. ha. de?cid,?, lot to?e is has decided ?t? "???1 IX?ocratic secession from the P'MM?i Tom *Iann has been clefed' J'5 Mi. To!n L i-lanti lias (,Iceted, I)v 1)?illet ,-e(!"Otq,r y of the secured a tar? "ociet? of f iFMuiogi infecceriss IIo secured a largo majority over his opponent, :&11'J. Kavior.
OUR CHILDREN'S CORNER. I THE MAoKr PEAS. And now there was the noise as of many folk, all talking together. But only the children heard it, for the old and middk- tjrown ioik were all fast asleep. And it was a white night, with a moon and plenty 01 btars, and snow upon the ground, and the clock striking twelve. And without waiting to put their clothes ou, the children ran out into the snowy streets. The sound of the talking was very loud now, and they fol- lowed it into tne square. But there they found only cue old man, and he a cripple, jabbering like mad. And all the children stood about him wondering what it could mean. And this is what he seemed to say when you could disentangle the words from the middle of the voices: "The magic pear is outside the Castle of the Gottenbergs, and one bite of the pear will make you able to do whatever you like for a whole year, but you must bite it quickly this very night." It took the children some time to make out all this, because the old man would gabble it all so very quickly, and in so man"y voices, high or low, thick or clear. But when at last they had got the meaning plain, of course nothing would do but they must go at once to the Castle of the Got- tenbergs, and begin the biting of the pear. Now, in this castle there lived an old and untidy giant who was as horrible and wicked as ever he could be. And his great delight was to entice children and rabbits into his castle and have them hashed up small and made into pies. And to help him in thin naughty game he had a bad, bold butler called Blubble, who used to go about pre- tending he was a poor oid cripple who would not hurt a hv. So now here he was telling all the children there was no time to lose, and watching them greedily and grasp- iugly out of his naughty little eyes. When he had iinished he hobbled away over the snow and hid behind the town pump, to see which way they would go, and when he saw them sotting out for the castle. instead of going tack to bed, he hugged himself tightly with delight, and thought of all the delicious pies there would be on the castle dinner-table for many and many a day. But it happened that there was a sharp í little fairy boy called Nipping Ned, who hated the giant and Iilubble with all his might, and who overheard Blubble telling H<? wicked lie. So when the children came eagerly to the pear, there was Nipping Ned I sitting upon it and telling them to run back fast to bed, or they would be made pies of in a trice. I lz: the children scuttled home as hard as they could; and when at last the giant, growing impatient, looked untidily over tho wrul so as to make a grab at the plumpest children, he found nothing but Nipping Ned, winking with delight as he sat upon the pear. For the clever little elf knew that the giant's power was broken, as tho children would never believo Rlubble's talcs < ——— WHAT HAPPENED IN THE NURSERY. i The Comb heard such a noise one night, I So, pricking up his spike ears, |j He ran and saw a. dismal sight: His friend tho Sponge in floods of tci,-s The Bath was laughing teasingly, j And ?ajd. "Do have another I)Iuncel" j No, n?' Oh, .Com b, he scalded me, I That's why I'm crying!" sobbed tho Sponge. The Powder Puff gave his whip a crack, j At which the Towel Horse galloped by; j The Hair Brush rode upon his hack Quite firmly, though the llorse would shy. The Night Light bowled his hoop with glee. But soon his pleasure turned to woe; The clock came up-" Be off," said he, "It's eight o'clock, so out you go!" ———— I i THE BROWNIES. Once upon a time there lived three Brownies, and one of them happened to have a very beautiful kind of beard. And one was called Thison, and the other was called Thaton, and the one with the beard via,4 called Omywordon, and they liked the riarne-, that they were called very much. And one day there happened to be a ho!' dav, and they made up their minds that thev would do something very interesting and nice. And Thison thought it would be very nice to go and catch tadpoles and make them into pies and things, and Thaton thought that it would be very nice to seo who could jump highest into the air to win prizes; but Omvwordon smiled with his beard and said he had quite settled that he would play golf, and that they should come and help him. And Omywordon hit very hard with his club, and the ball went away very quick and whizzily; and it went on and on till it came to a very cross-looking Gnome that happened to be sitting on the grass eating I gooseberries. ) And when the ball saw the cross-looking Gnome it thought that it would be very nice to hit it; so it hit tho cross-looking Gnome very hard on its face. Then was the Gnome very angry, and it jumped up on its feet and chased the I Brownies very far indeed. And presently they got away, and Omywordon was very- surprised and sad, and he thought that ho wouldn't plav golf any more, but he would ¡ go on with the ethers and sec if he could had anything elso to do. I And the Brownies happened to come upor. a very big-looking pipe, and they thought ) that it would be very warm and comforting I if thev lit a fire in it; and so they put j stuhs a,cl thingJ and made a very bright and crackling lire. j And just as the fire began to crackle. Omywordon put a very dry kind of stick on r; it And just then a very big ilamo leaptt Qut of the pipe and it burnt all the beard of Omywordon off Then were the Browiiies very surpried. and fltictered, and the-, left Off making fires, and thought that they would do something else. And they thought that they would go out into the garden and dig for things. And they dug and dug and dug, and they cnly found artichokes. And then suddenly it began to rain, and it rained very hard j and very spikily: and they had to wait. very "patiently under an old kind of hat A_ that was hung up as a scarecrow, but which did very well as an umbrella, and kept the I hard and spiky rain off them. And the Gnome person that the golf ball hit happened to pass, and he thought that it would be nice to chase them again, bccausc the hit that the golf ball had given him was stiil stinging. And just as the Gnome person was going to catch them he happened to fall down a rabbit hole, and the Rabbit person smiled with his face and asked if he wouldn't' like to stay to tea. So the Gnome forgot all about the Brownies, and had a very nice tea with the Rabbit person instead. And the Brownies went home, and they were very glad and thankful that they* weren't caught. Then they dried them- selves in front of the bright and crackling fire, and jumped about in the room, because Thaton said that was what he had wanted to do the whole of the day. And they caught a lot of fat tadpoles, and then because they were all very dirty and wet again, they went back to the house and they changed their clothcr and had hot baths, and snored with their noses when they went to bed. And they were very happy bccausc they had all done the things that they wanted to do.
Sent to prison for three months for em a su- ing the mayor's shop windows, J. R. Lowther complained at Weymouth that he could not find work and had to go into the e6r khouse. Herr Haase, who was shot a few days ago as ho was entering the Reichstag, is worse. Because a. boy was punished for disobedi- ence in school at Cogher Head, County Louth. his father and brother knocked down and kicked the schoolmaster, for which the father was- fiiied E5 and the SOD. sent tc prison for two months. Mr. William Rufus Lee, famous towel manufacturer, known all over the world, died at his residence, Plumpton Hall, Bum- ford, near Heywood, aged 74.
HOME DRESSMAKING. I A COMFORTABLE PYJAMA SUIT. Our pattern this. wk. is a very plain, and prosaic affair, but it is one that, I think, most careful housewives will be ex- ccedingly glad to have. Labour has risen so j enormously in price during the last two or three years that all ready-made garments are very much more expensive than they were some little time ago, consequently there is a real saving to bo effected by making such garments at home. Moreover, you can obtain much better material when you make a garment yourself than you can get in the ready-made article—another [Refer to H. D. U0 £ .] .-eonomy. And, last but not least important, when you make the garment yourself you always have nice pieaes of material left over that" come in splendidly for patching and mending, the life of the garment being thereby indefinitely prolonged. The pyjama. suit ill our sketch is. really an excellent model; it is so simple in sha pe, so easy to make, and eo very com- fortable to wear. There are no froggings down the front or trimmings of any kind, for these add greatly to the labour of making the garment, are not inexpensive, and soon wear shabby, giving the pyjamas a worn look when they are still comparatively new. However, if you like froggings down the front. you have only to buy them ready- made and sew them on to the coat cut by this pattern. THE MATERIAL.—First as to material. The best material. for this design are Yiyella, 1 Union, Aza, Ceylon cloth, pyjama -ilk, pyjama flannel, or flannelette. If, however, you want to make a cool, thin pyjama suit ) for hot-weather wear you might use one of the many open-necked cotton fabrics now shown, soft, coloured cambrics, matelasse, or soft gingham. You will need about 6t yards of 32in. material for a man of average size, or its equivalent in narrower material. THE PATTERN.— There are seven pieces in this pattern, all of which are quite to cut. In addi- tion, you will need two straight strips of material about 2in. wide for facing up the fron ta and the wrists of the coat, and the front opening of the trousers. Be- fore cutting out, lay the pattern against the man who is to war the pyjamas, and make any little alterations that may be necessary. It is much simpler and more satisfactory to do this in tho pattern than in the cut-out garments. Remember that no turnings a.e allowed for in the pattern, therefore you should leave about lin. on all seam edges and ample material wherever a hem has to he turned up. Do not cut the pyjamas to fit too closely—they are very much more com- fortable when they are "quite easy fitting everyw here. THE CUTTING OUT.-Fold the material in such a way that the selvedges come together, and lay upon it the back of the coat, the under-sleeve, and the collar, placing the straight edges of collar and back to the fold of the material. If you prefer to do so you can cut the collar out first in folded paper-so that you get the entire collar without a break down the middle—and then lay this paper lengthwise on the material, and cut it out. This will make the stripes run as they do in the sketch. In any case, the collar must be cut out twice. Now open the material out to its full width, fold it double, so that the selvedges come together down each side and the fold is at the bottom, and lay upon it, the remaining pieces of the pattern—the trousers, the coat front, the upper sleeve, I and the pocket. THE MAKING. THE TROUSERS: Join together first the curved leg seams, and then the back and front seams of the trousers, leaving the front seam open for 6in. from tho waist down—this is to form a sort .of placket. You may join these seams by French sewing or by running and felling, but the latter is much tho neater and flatter, in my opinion. Now face in the left side of the front opening with a fiat facing of the material, and put a neat wrap facing on* to the right side. Turn a deep, double hem down round the waist and sew, leaving the ends of the hem open. Through the slot thus made thread a proper pyjama girdle- these girdles being sold for a few pence by any good draper. Turn up a double hem at the bottom of each trouser leg, and sew neatly. THE COAT.—Join together the under-arm and shoulder .seams in the same way that you have joined the leg seams. Now face in each ede of the front opening with a 2in. wide strip of the material. If you prefer it you can make a wide hem down each front, but the former method is the neater and more professional. Turn up a narrow double hem at the bottom of the coat. Lay the collar and its* lining right isides together, and sew round the outer edges. Then turn to the right side. Turn in the remaining ravr edges of the collar, and sandwich the neck of the coat between them, and sew. Now sew on the buttons and make the buttonholes. Do not forget that the button- holes in a man's garment must be made on the left side and not oir the right. Turn in the edges of the pocket and sew on the left breast. Join the sleeve ccam,4 and face up each sleeve at the wrist with a strip of material. Stitch into the armhole and bind the raw Pdge, noativ.
HOW TO OBTAIN Paper Pattern of t:ic above I PYJAMA SUIT. Fill in this form and send it. with remittance in stamps, to MISS LISLE. 8, La Belle Sauvage, LONDON, F-C 4. Wn»ecleariy, Name — I Address _———— PATTERN No. 309. PAPER PATTERNS, Price 9d. each. post free. PATTERNS cut to special measure, 1/6 each. MISS LISLE will be pleased to receive iiigfjestions and to illustrate designs of general use to the HOIon: DRESSMAKEX. I
FASHION OF THE WEEK A CHARMING JUMPER BLOUSE. [E. 273.] A walk along any of the big West-End thoroughfares is one long temptation just now to the woman who loves pretty things, there are so many lovely new models shown in every shop- wllldow Oile passes. Though, generally speaking, the garments shown for the autumn and winter of 1919 arc very simple in style there is an extraordinary amount of originality and ingenuity dis- played in the design, and, above all, in the decoration of these garments-little touches that seem the merest trifles in themselves and yet that mako all the difference in the world to the effect of the finished garment. I have spent some considerable time during this last week in looking over the new autumn and winter models, and have come away, I frankly own, distinctly envious of a great many of the charming garments shown. I was particularly attracted by several of the new jumper blouses, which struck me as prettier than anything I had seen for a very long time. One model specially caught my fancy; it was so simple, ¡ so smart, and so original in treatment. Our sketch shows this most tempting jumper blouse. It is carried out in a ratner thick and beautifully lustrous crepe de Chino in a most exquisite shade of pale, smoky grey, a lovely tone that is delicate in effect and yet not too fragile. The jumper is cut round at tho neck and is .slit down the middle of the front to the depth of about four inches, the edges being finished by a I narrow binding of very fine, thin cloth in a most uncommon shade betweon tomato rust-red. Loops of the cloth were arranged down each side of the front opening, the outer ends being caught down by buttons. A heavy plaited cord of silk was laced through the looped ends and tied in a knot at the bottom of the opening A belt of the cloth "held the jumper in the merest trifle at the waistline. It was carried across the front, taken through a slot on either side of the front, carried round to the back underneath the jumper, brought out again through similar slots, and fastened across the back. The wide sleeve-s were cut- in one with the jumper and came a little below the elbow. They were finished by a sort of fringe made of loops of the cloth, each loop being caught to the sleeve by a button. A fringe of similar loops trimmed the bottom of the jumper. Paper patterns can be supplied, prico Is. IA, Enclose remittance and address to Miss Lisle, 8, La Belle Sauvage, London, E.C. 4. Note: The price may vary from week to week.
I TO MAKE GLASS TRANSPARENT. I It i.,i well d cail It is well to rote that frosted glass caa. bo made transparent by first washing clean, allowing to dry, and t.h'Mi coating evenly with best trausp>~varnish. The glass will be almost perfectly transparent, and, except for a slof siirlace, as good as a clear pane of glass.
Lord Curzon is better, and able to attend to his duties at the Foreign Office again. Handcuffed Sinn Feiners in Mountjoy Prison have gone on hunger strike to en- force their denfand for" political" treat- ment. Nine are in hospital. Delegates of 51 nations were present at the opening of the World Cotton Conference at New Orleans. Captain David Simpson was presented at j Liverpool with Lloyd's silver medal in re- I mgllition of the sinking of a German sub- marine by the steamer Wandby in Apri!, 1917. The laboratory of Harland and Wolff's Queen's Island shipyard, Belfast, has been destroyed by fire. j
I I MOTIHER AND HOME, Useful and Economical Hints on Domestic Management. )jj( It is a rvell-known fact that late suppers of anything; that takes a long time to digest are injurious, for the simple reason that when they are eaten the digestion of the eater must be at work during the greatei part of the night, although he or she may be fast asleep. During sleep every organ of the body should be at rest as far a" possible; the digestive organs cannot rest ii ,-iven a pork chop or a tough steak to work upon, for the digestion of such things takes five hours, or even more. The reason that doctors often recommend tripe as a supper dish is that it takes only an hour to digest. So always be careful of your nocturnal meal if you would keep in good health. How TO MAKE TEA. I It is a mistake to suppose that a high price need be paid in order to secure tea that it worth -drinking. One retired tea- taster never pays more than 2s. 6d. a pound for his own regular use, declaring on the authority of many years' experience that the resulting liquor is as good as anyone can reasonably want. The fact is that the method of making tea is as important as the quality employed. The best results are obtained by withdrawing the tea from the leaves after the proper time for infusion— three to five minutes—has elapsed. It should be noted, moreover, that the blend of tea used should be suited to the particular cha- racter of the water supply of the district. ———— 1 To REVIVE SILK. I When black silk begins to get shabby and dull-looking, sponge it over in the water in which potatoes have been boiled. This method freshens it up beautifully and makes it quite glossy-looking. To CLEAN VARNISHED PAPER. I First wash with soap and hot water. Put into a jar two parts of vinegar, one part of sweet oil, and place in the oven to get hot. Shake well, and rub it over the paper, when the latter will shine like a glass. Then rub over with a dry duster. WORRYING WALL-PAPERS. I Speaking generally, plain colours are to be preferred to figured patterns, and for bedrooms in particular light, restful tints should be chosen if only because of the worry caused to invalids by wall-papers of fantastic pattern. Moreover, since light is reflected from the walls in proportion to the tone of their coverings, whether paper cr some kind of distemper, it is advisable, especially for rooms on the shady side of the house, to select very light colours. Dining and smoking rooms are often decorated with darker tones but not drawing-rooins or bed- rooms. Sunlight is a powerful destroyer of disease-germs of various kinds, and for this reason should be given its full chance of doing its beneficial work in rooms where about one-third of every ta-eity-four hours is spent. BRASS PLATES AND KNOCKERS. In cleaning brass plates, knockers, etc., on doors there is often a dirty mark left round each, which looks most objectionable: if a Bmall piece of clean flannel, inoisteied with a little paraffin, rubbed well round each it will be removed at once and no mark leit. To CLEAN BLUE SERGE. < Brush the material, then thoroughly dia. solve a few thin slices of soap and enough washing-blue to make a dark-blue wash in a quart of boiling water. Make a pad of any old pieces of blue serge, dip into the lathei; while lukewarm, and well rub into the suit, always keeping to the way of the grain. While still damp, press with a moderately hot iron. A. SUCCESSFUL HOSTESS. I The successful hostess is islte who bringø out the good points of her guests, subordi- nating her own gifts or using them only to draw out those of others. Often the best way to bring out a bright story i6 to tell one yourself; or if you want to get vour guests to talk on music, literature, or home affaire, or any other subject, it is easy to steer the conversation that way; but when once the talk is well under way, let the hostess not attempt to shine too much her- se.f. Always she should have in mind the pleasure and recognition by her guests of what is best in one another. CLOTHES LINE. I It will be found a. great saving in kitcnen clothes-lines to wrap fine twine evenly and firmly for about three inches round the parts of the rope that are subject to the most strain and friction, such as the parts that rest on the pulleys and immediately below them. To REMOVE OLD STAINS, FROM FURNITURE. I (1) Dirt, grease, or furniture paste can be removed by carefully washing with ¡,oda, warm water, and powdered pumice stone. In difficult cases oxalic acid can be added. If a larger surface has tc bo treated the fol- lowing mixture should be made up. I-lb. American potash, 12-lb. soft soap, alh. rock ammonia, lib. washing soda, 3oz. nitric acid, 1 gallon water; apply with a scrubbing brush. Do not let the acid como in contact with the hands, and finally clean with plenty of clean water. (2) Wash the surface of the article with stale beer or vinegar; the staina can then be removed by rubbing with a rag dipped in spirits of salts. To re- polish, proceed as you would with new work. If the work be not stained, wash tho surface with clean spirits of turpentine, and re- polish it with furniture oil NEW WALLPAPER. When choosing new wallpaper for a room. remember that large patterns and dark colours will make the room appear smaller, and a plain or striped paper of a light colour will make the room look much larger than it really is. I CLEAN LINEN. A little pipeclay dissolved in the water employed in washing linen cleans the dirtiest clothes thoroughly, with a great saving of labour and soap. It will also im. prove- the colour of the linen, giving it, if used regularly, the appearance of having been bleached. I GAS BURNING POORLY. Probably the mantle is black. If so, re move the -globe, get a salt-shaker, and with it sprinkle salt on the mantle-as much as wilt cover it. Then light the gas and let it burn till all the black is off. Then replace the globe. The mantle should then be as good ae Grated lemon or orange peel adds a delicious flavour to boiled puddings. If the stair brusli has worn badly. try using an ordinary rll h bing brush for sweeping stair carpets and small mats. Soak the -mick of a smoky lamp in strtrg vinegar, and dry it well before using-it. Fruit and vegetable diet, as exclusive as possible during pre-natal motherhood, in- sures loss suffering and healthy offspring. To clean flat-irons, rub them when hot on a damp rag that has been rubbed over with Boap. If you peel onions under a running tap, you will find that your eyes will not water. To clean varnished paint, rub the paint with a leather dipped in a weak solution of vinegar and water. Before marking linen, etc., write the name in lead pencil, then write over in ink. The pencil prevents the ink "running." This is a useful "tip" when addressing wooden boxes for post. A. GOOD FURNITURE POLISH. I Shred a quarter of a pound of beeswax into an old jar, pour on about half a pint of turpentine, cover with paper tied over, and set aside for about twenty-four hourti. Then rub on with a piece of old rag, and polish well with a soft cloth. WHEN EGGS ARE SCARCE. I Take two taUe-spoonsful of self-raising flour, add a pinch of salt and enough milk to make into a stiff batter. Fry a spoonful at' a time in the fat after frying the bacon, and serve with the bacon. It is quite a good substitute for, eggs. AN IRONING TIP. I When ironing blouses or frocks with largo buttons sewn on, use several thicknesses of blanket to iron them on. Turn the garment, button side down, and press on the wrong side. The buttons stick into the soft pad- ding, leaving a, smooth surface for the iron. TORN GLOVES. I Torn kid gloves are often difficult to mend without tearing them further, but if treated in the following way there will be no chance of this happening. First of all, buttonhole all round the edge of the rent (not tluite so close as to make a buttonhole), then over- cast, taking up tho edge of the buttonhole, and draw the two edges neatly together. To CONVERT FAT INTO SOAP. I Save all pieces of fat till you have a little over 4lb. Put lib. of cautic soda into 11 pints of hot water, stir occasionally till quite cool, by which time the soda will be dissolvod. Melt down the fat, and pour it into a vessel large enough to allow constant stirring; pour this into the soda and water very slowly, and let it stand for 24 hours, when it will be ready for use. It is splendid for cleaning purposes. A pair of old gloves should be worn during the making of this soap. SAVE YOUR PILLOWS. I Housewives will find it an excellent plan, when making' now pillows, to cover the tick- ill- with an outer cover of calico. These can easily be taken off and washed three or four times a year, and then replaced, thus keep- ing the ticking always clean and fresh. If these covers are not used, it is found neces- sary now and again to take out the feathers so as to wash the tick, but by use of these covers this great trouble is entirely obviated. USE OF TURPENTINE. I A cheap disinfectant to use in scrubbing or washing utensils in tho sick-room is made by adding a toaspoonful of turpentine to every bucket of hot water. Turpentine is a powerful disinfectant, and will disperse all bad odours. A tablespoonful of turpentine placed in the boiler with clothes will whiten them beautifully. SOME USEFUL RECIPES. J A NUTRITIOUS SALAD.—Mix a pint and a half of cold boiled haricot beans with a quarter of a pint of chopped nuts or olives, one tablespoonful of chopped parsley, and a litUe diced beetroot. Serve on crisp lettuce leaves with salad dressing. MIKUTE PUDDING.—Pour a quart of milk into a stewpan, .set over a clear fire. Make a batter of a large teacup of flour and enough cold milk, add a teaspoonful of salt. When the milk begins to boil stir the batter into it gradually, continue to stir it until it thickens and the flour is quite cooked. Dip a mould or 13aiii into cold water for a few minutes, then pour the pudding into it and allow it to cool sufficiently to keep its form when turned out upon a dish. Serve with treacle or jam or melted "nut butter." GALANTINE OF RABBIT.—Partly boil th< rabbit, remove all the meat, and boil th( bones for stock. Pass the meat through th< mincer, add two-thirds of its weight in sausage meat, 3oz. of bread-crumbs moist- eiiod with stock, a little chopped parsley salt, pepper, and a beaten egg. Mix all wel' together, and form into a roll; tic in t cloth and e-team for three hours. When cold, brush over with melttil glaze, and serve garnished with parsley. BROWN BREAD PrDDIN.G.-Take 6oz. oi brown bread-crumbs, 6oz. of apples (sliced) Grease a pie-dish, well cover the sides anc bottom with the crumbs, and lay a thir slice of bread in the bottom on the crumbs then put in the apples, sprinkle sugar ovei the top, and cover with crumbs. Beat ur one egg wifh half a pint of milk, and poui into the dieh; dot with bits of butter, anc hake in a moderate oven for three-quarters of an hour. VERMICELLI MOULD.—Cook in slightly salted boiling water Soz. of vermicelli which has been crushed in the hand quite small. Cook for ten minutes, stirring often to pre- vent the cereal sticking to the pan. Cut three gravy Cll he" into thin slices, add to the vermicelli; if not liquid enough, add a little milk or vegetable stock. Cook until the cereal has absorbed all the liquid; put into a mould previously wetted with cold water. Turn out when cold. Serve with nicely boiled potatoes; add a dish of green vegetables. If a hot dish preferred, add a little more liquid. Send to table with a dish of fried potatoes and braised onion. As these cereals do not contain any fat, it is always best to serve "fat" in some form with them whenever possible. c