Symud i'r prif gynnwys
Cuddio Rhestr Erthyglau

11 erthygl ar y dudalen hon

. is* futo Cirmpnitri


is* futo Cirmpnitri 4Mm « right to state that we do not at all tint] £ S**g £ f i with «ur Cesrespendenf s opinions. J As the month of July progresses, the glories of the London season begin gradually to wane. When the eun is not shining with an intense heat, the atmosphere is close and stagnant, and all who have the means turn their thoughts towards the country and the Continent. Religious, charitable, and philanthropic gatherings, which for weeks previously have taxed the energies of prelates and noblemen, grow less in number, the distributions of prizes by Royal princesses become fewer, and by the end of the month the blinds are closely drawn in thoroughfare after thoroughfare of of the West-end. I may here say that the season which has now seen its last days has by common consent been the most brilliant witnessed in London since the death of the Prince Consort. To say nothing of the presence of the Shah and Czarewitch, it is a matter of notoriety that the various mem- bers of the Royal family have worked most ener- getically in endeavouring to fulfil the numerous de- mands upon their time. The presence of a Princess at a bazaar for a charitahle purpose, or of a Prince at a dinner for the benefit of the funds of a hospital, is a very great attraction, and the invariable result is a con- siderable addition to the receipts. No wonder, then,, that the managers are so anxious to secure the attend- ance of a member of the reigning House at their annual meeting, and there can be no question that the Royal family are increasiDg their hold upon the respect acd affection of the people by the ready response which they give to the invitations which pour in upon them to lend their aid towards the advancement of the cause of charity. It has been said that the affairs o some of our great metropolitan hospitals are not in so satisfactory a con- dition as might be desired. Mention has been parti- cularly made of St. Thomas's Hospital, which, as many of your readers will probably remember, was originally built at the foot of London Bridge. When the extensive alterations made by the South Eastern Railway Company were carried out there, the proposi- tion of the governors to erect the hospital upon its present site, opposite the Houses of Parliament, was strongly opposed by the City Corporation, who objected to the institution being transferred to a district which was already sufficiently aervedby Westminster Hospital. The op position was, however, in vain, and the new build- r'iÍ1g was erected in seven blocks upon the south side of Westminster Bridge, not far from the Archbishop of Canterbury's ancient palace at Lambeth. The site and the erections have cost about £ 600 000, and as the total accommodation is 500 beds, it follows that each bed will have cost more than £1,000. A statement has been issued, showing that 150 beds are now closed for want of funds, so that accommodation for only 350 patients is now available, as compared with 600 in the old hospital. It is hoped that the share of this noble institution in the proceeds of the Hospital Sunday col- lections will enable the Governors to make more provi- sion for the mass of suffering humanity which is always to be found in the metropolis. Another institution of a different character is in a far more promising way. In the year 1619 a charitable gentleman, Edward Alleyn by name, founded a school for the education of a limited number of boys, and endowed it with an estate at Dulwich, one of the most charming suburbs of London. At first there were only twelve boys in the school, but as the land gradually Increased in value, the income was proportionably augmented. The consequence is that the Dulwich estate of to-day yields an amount which 200 years ago would have been deemed perfectly fabulous* Three years since a magnificent new college was built at a cost of £100,000, and 650 boys are now educated within its walls. It is about a quarter of a mile from the Crystal Palace at Sydenham, and stands in the midst of a beautiful and fertile country. Dulwich is to the south of London what Highgate is to the north -a lovely spot studded with villas, and apparently as far removed from the noise, the bustle, and the smoke of the vast capital as though it were a hundred miles away from it, instead of being, as the case really is, only about twenty minutes' distance by rail. The con. trasts between the crowded city streets and the suburban delights of such a place as Dulwich can only be ap- preciated by those who witness th"m daily. Under the auspices of the Social Science and the Howard Societies, an inquiry has lately been made into the condition of the police cells of London, and it has been conducted with the sanction of Colonel Henderson and Colonel Fraser, the chiefs of the Metropolitan and City forces. From this it appears that the police cells of the City, which are under the control of the Cor- poration, are generally superior to those in the metro- politan district. They are better lighted consequently there is less difficulty in securing decent order. Mr. Tallack, whose name is well known in connection with this question, and who was one of the committee selected to carry out the investigation, is of opinion that com- plete isolation is not desirable. One weighty reason is that when drunken prisoner? have been left alone Miieide has often been the result. On the whole the result of the Inquiry is such as to convey a favourable impression of the management of our police cells, an impression which has not at all times prevailed. All who know Waterloo Place in Pall Mail will remember the collection of statues and monuments which there abounds. One of the latter is an emble- matical figure representing the victories of the allied armies in the Crimea while one of the statues is to the memory of Lord Clyde, and another to that of Benjamin Franklin. A few days ago a statue of Sir James Outram, the great Indian general, who was buriod in Westminster Abbey just this time ten years, was added to the existing group of figures. It is by Mr. Foley, the well-known sculptor, but it is not to remain permanently in its present position. Its desti- nation is an open space opposite Government House, Calcutta, and so excellent has been the treatment of his subject by the artist that many will regret that it is not to stay longer upon its present site. Amongst the attractions of the International Exhibi- tion is a collection of drinking implements, and a very curious one it is. There are found old drinking horns, which were so much used by our Saxon ancestors, the Goths, the Romans, and even the Greeks. To make an examination of this singular array, and to contrast it with the splendid assortment of pottery in the exhi- bition of 1871, is to obtain a very comprehensive idea of the extraordinary progress which has been made in civilization sinoe the days when the Romans were mastem of the known world. Time was when horns were considered treasures worthy to be bequeathed, and they are often mentioned in early wills, and noticed in the list of effects belonging even to Royalty itself, for many of them were worked in gold and silver, and ornamented with carving and elaborate devices. Thanksgiving Day, the 27th February, 1872, is not to be allowed to pass without some substantial mark of remembrance of the day when the Queen went to St. Paul's to return thanks for the recovery of the jSrince of Wale. It has long been a matter for obser- vation, and indeed for regret, that although neaily two centuries have elapsed since the building of our great metropolitan cathedral, it has practically re- mained unfinished according to the designs of its eminent architect, Sir Christopher Wren. Contrasted with the embellishments lavished upon some of the .structures upon the Continent, St. Paul's has never shown to advantage, considering the enormous wealth of the English nation. Subscriptions to a large amount have, however, lately been raised towards the completion of the internal decorations, and amongst these is a window in commemoration of Thanksgiving Day. The designs are nearly ready, and are to be laid before the Dean and Chapter. Although London has been, for a long time, com- paratively free from large conflagrations, a fire occa- sionally breaks out, demanding the utmost exertions pn the part of the Fire Brigade to master it. The number and efficiency of this important body have lately occupied the attention of the Metropolitan Board of Works. and although there is no doubt re- specting its capabilities, many have urged that its numbers are insufficient for the protection of such an immense area as that occupied by the British capital. Sometimes there is a fire which renders it necessary for the w ole of the brigade to be concentrated at one spot-sucb, for instance, as that at the City Flour Mills last November; consequently, at such a time the rest of the metropolis is left unprotected. Those who argue in favour of increasing the Brigade contend that this ought not to be, and that there should at all times be a sufficient reserve to deal with any emergency which might arise. Two great fires occur- ring simultaneously at opposite ends of London, or even one following immediately after another, when the energies of the Brigade are spent, and the men are exhausted, is a contingency for which so vast a city ought not to be unprepared. Chicago was destroyed because its firemen were wearied out in suppressing a conflagration only a few hours before the breaking out of the fire which swept like a whirlwind over the place. Both the Court of Common Council and the Metre, politan Board of Works have within the past few days taken decisive steps for the prevention of an outbreak of cholera. Seeing that the dreaded plague has appeared in ports trading with the United Kingdom, and that it is not only in the eastern part of Europe, but also in many cities of the United States, it is evident that all the efforts of the sanitary authorities will be required to keep it out of Great Britain. There is no doubt that in the Austrian and Russian dominions its presence has been felt all the winter; in the beginning of Jane it showed itself in Western Prussia; it'afterwards travelled to DantStc and to Peeth; it is stalking through Bohemia and Gallioia; and the fact that it has manifested itself at Vienna has connderably increased the public anxiety. In the autum of 1871, when it was hovering upon the shores of the Levant, a joint committee of city and pert amthorities framed a scheme for the inspection of all vessels coming into the Thames. It was estimated that £1,200 a year would suffice to maintain a com- petent staff, but the money could not be had, and the plan therefore collapsed. The Court of Common Council has, however, now voted JE400 a year for a medical officer of health, and JE120 for an inspector of shipping; and should any farther appointments be necessary, they will doubtless be made. Meanwhile great stress is laid on the importance of direct ventila- tion in houses. Where there are skylights they should be kept constantly open, and the dwelling is thereby thoroughly aired from the top to the bottom. Un- questionably fresh air is one of the best preventatives against the attacks of the disease. The Wimbledon competition opened under a sky clear as that of Italy, and with a burning sun pouring down its rays upon the marksmen. On the same day there was a review of the troops at Aldershot, witnessed by the Prince and Princess of Wales, the Cesarewitch and the Cesarevna, the Dukes of E iinbnrgh and Cambridge, and Prince Arthur. It is odd, but true, that reviews generally happen on daya of blazing heat like that of last Monday, when the small amount of breeze which does blow is hot and stifling, and when any exertion with even the lightest of garments is felt to be oppressive. What the experience oi the troops must be on such a day, with their tightly- buttoned coats, and closely-fitting stocks, can be known only to themselves. However, it is felt by the military authorities that, as the army cannot select the weather in which they would prefer to go to war, neither should they choose the day on which to go through the fatiguing exercises of a mimic battle. The figure of the Cesarewitch has by this time become familiar to the habituta of London Society. As the heir to the Throne of all the Russias, and a connection, by marriage, of the Prince of Wales, he is everywhere received with great deference, and was included in the list of distinguished guests at the banquet lately given by the Trinity House Corporation.


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