THE DEAN OF BANGOR ON EDUCATION IN WALES. On Monday evening, in the presence of the members of the Menai Literary and Scientific Society, an address was delivered by the Dean of Bar gor, in the Assembly-room of the Bangor People's Cufe, in regard to the college for North Wales. The chair was occupied by Colonel the Hon W. E. Sackville West. The P""n of Bangor, after some preliminary observations in reference to the recent conference at Chester, said :—I think that most Welshmen will agree in the belief that the conference acted wisely in accepting the Government grant for a North Wales College. Public opinion has been divided upon this point during the last dozen years. S /me have held very ttrougly that the best way of promoting higher education in Wales is to strengthen the grammar schools, to found a large number of exhibitions for the maintenance of poor students, and to send young Welshmen to the English universities. Mr Cornwallis West and Mr Darbishire enforced this view with ability and fairness at the conference. But they commanded very few adherents. Popular opinion has for years been in favour of a Welsh University College. For years I was a doubter. But after reading the report of the Departmental Committee, and tha evidence by which they have supported their conclusion, I can no longer doubt. The benefits that may be expected from university colleges in Wales have been so often described by educational enthusiasts that I will only dwell very briefly upon the subject. That the influence of two or more national colleges, ultimately united under a syndicate empowered b7 charter to confer degrees, as suggested in the report of the committee, would be very great can hardly be doubted. The benefits upon which I set the highest value are the three following:- L The preservation of Welsh nationality. 2. The termination of Welsh exclusiveness. 3. The promotion of unity of spirit. The distinct nationality of the Welsh people is a fact. It is very refreshing to read the wise and generous language in which the Departmental Committee have recognized its significance as entitling Wales to the educational treatment adapted to the distinct character of her people The Welsh are loyal, contended, proud of their position as fellow-citizens with English, Scotch, and Irish, in this great empire (applause). But they have their own type of character and distinctive gifts (hear, hear). If they case to be Welsh, they will fail to be English, but will probably become the nobodies, known as the des- picable family of Die Shon Dafydd. No race in the world is more in- tensely national than the Scotch. Their system of education has been a mint into which the best ore of the Scottish nature has been brought from generation to generation, to be refined and purified. and to receive the distinctive moral and intellectual stamp by which Scotch nationality is known throughout the world. We may cherish a hope that in the course of ages Welsh university colleges will, in the words of the committee, while preserving the national type, improve and elevate it, and at the same time giv > opportunity for the development of any literary tastes or intel- lectual aptitudes which may be characteristic of the nation." But while Welsh nationality is a gift of God, to be cultivated, Welsh isolation is an evil to be lamented, and, if possible, terminated (hear, hear). The Welsh peasantry are in their own language as cultivated, morally and intel- lectually, as any peasantry that I know in the world (hear, hear). I love the Welsh language (applause); but it is the language of only a million of people (hear, hear). To know no language but Welsh is to be confined on a beauti- ful, but small and somewhat barren intellectual island, on which the scent of wild flowers is more abundant than the corn and wiae of literature and science. I have always held that, while a million of Welshmen live, whose minds and hearts can be reached by no language but Welsh, those who profess to be their guides should have a real and cultivated command of that tongue. But I have also always held that any man who could be guilty of excluding one Welshman from the knowledge of English would be guilty of a crime (hear. hear). Now, it is a marvel that there are hundreds of thousands of people livine within an eight or ten hours' journey of the capital of the British Empire who are ignorant of its language. Why is this? It is due to the fact that the popular leaders of the Welsh masses have had no means of higher education withing their reach (hear, hear). There is one greatly needed blessing Jhat collegiate education may help to give us far more effectually than the grammar schools. I mem the blessing of social -And spiritual unity. We are divided in our religious life. It is true that our divisions are more in form than in doctrine, and that underneath the divided sur- face there lies a broad common ground of funda- mental truths upon which all tike their spiritual stand. But divisions that are only format have many evils, and it is desirable that those evils should as far as possible be lesaened. How can that be done ? All will admit that absolute unity is an attribute of the ideal church. If the church on earth were pefect, without human infirmity or corruption, there would be no divisions. But human nature has in all ages been present to mar the Divine ideal. In Wales, perhaps, there has been as much of human nature in the church as anywhere else. The result is that there are two great forcesin our religious life-the force represent- ed by the Church and the orce represented by the Nonconformist bodies. If the Church iuWales were suddenly blotted out of existence, the Noncon- formist societies would miss an influence that modi- nes their beiug and which they cannot afford to lose. If the Noncomformitt societies were to disappear in a moment, the Church would lose an inpatus that is necessary to her health. Without the Church there would be danger of spiritual anarchy; without Nonconformist societies there wculd be danger of spiritual lethargy (hear, heir). As then both these forces must exist for generations, whatever may be the important changes that probably await the external life of the Church, it is of supreme importance that the evils of their co-existence should be lessened, and f \e benefits developed to the utmost. The evils f e strife, j alousy, bitterness, and an internecine rvalry in multiplying operations whereby ofteii the aergies of one side are devoted to neutralizing:the energies of the other, instead of being directed to 4-hat enlightenment and elevation of souls which both profess to seek. It has long seemed to me that a far greater degree of spiritual, if not ex- r, srnal unity might be realized. It may be a dream, vat it is a dream which I have cherished for years, r :lat religous unity might to a very great extent 3 renewed in Wales without the sacrifice of order a the one hand or of liberty on the other(hear,hear). have faith that the Church and the other Christ- ian bodies in Wales might be brought, not into tniformity, but into fuller spiritual unity, by a Tse and generous concordat of mutual recognitions :nder which the blessings of order would meet the blessings of liberty, and each side would derive ftom the other, in a happy union, those influences that it needs for the perfecting of its life. Why ao I speak of this to-night ? Because I am con- inced that no power is so likely to break down vails of separation and to reunite Welshmen in .eart and mind as the gentle, softening, humaniz- ing power of higher education. I take it for grant- ed that, in the course of time, if the university colleges are established, the great majority of the aligious teachers of Wales, in every denomination, will meet ia them for instruction in arts and sciences, and will drink, side by side with lay xtudents at the same stream of intellectual jife. rhe training of its religious minister is a work of the utmost importance to the country, and it is a work which the grammar schools, however devel- oped, will not be adapted to accomplish (hear, hear). The question which at present concerns us St tbis- Where is the college for North Wales to be ? What kind of college is it to be ? In answer to the first questioB, i venture to say that the college should be placed in such a position as to tring its influence to bear upon the inward life of what may be called Welsh Wales. The population of the three border count) 's that touch Bngland is, to a considerable extent, Anglicised, and is, at the same time, within reach of the edu- cational advantages offered by the colleges in Man- chester and Liverpool. The special work which Ae college for North Wales, has to do lies in the .^tneues of Welshisolation, and that work cannot be accomplished if it is placed too near the borders I of England. In answer to the question—What kind of college ought it to be ? I will say that it must be national, and, in order to be national, it I must be unsectarian. The college cannot be national unless every section of the community can avail themselves of all its advantages on equal terms. The religious difficulty, that is an obstacle I to such equality, must be overcome without en- dangering the religious earnestness of the people. How can that end be secured? By strictly con- fiuing the work of the college to instruction and examination in secular subjects, and separating the domestic from the educational life of the students. If a number of students are to live within the walls, under the government of the principal, who stands to them, for the time, in loco parentis, the college becomes their home. Every such home in a Christian land must have its family worship. It is obvous that the form of that worship, whatever it may be, cannot be acceptable alike to Jews, Roman Catholics, Churchmen, Orthodox Nonconf rmists, Unitarians, and Agnes- tics. However colourless it may be, the religious worship in the college will make it sectarian. In order therefore to secure religious neutrality with- out irreligion, and absolute equality of collegiate position for all, the university college must have no resident students, but be simply a place of secular I instruction and examination (hear, hear). Super- ficial critics have supposed that it is not consistent for an opponent of secularism in the elementary schools to be an advocate of un sectarianism in col- leges. The two cases are not analogous. In the elementary schools thousands of children are gathered together from houses in which negligent, ignorant, irreligous parents may have neither the will nor the ability to give them moral and spirit- ual instruction. If religious knowledge is not offered to them in the schools there aye many who fear tbat they may never obtain it elsewhere. It seems to many of us practically impossible to make effectual provision for their religious instruction outside of the school. But the difficulty that we think insuperable in the case of hundreds of thousands of children between the ages of five and thirteen, does not exist in the case of a few hun- dreds of youths between seventeen and twenty. To exclude religious instruction from the elemen- tary schools is, in the judgment of many of us, to endanger the religious life of coming generations. To confine the colleges to secular teaching is prac- tically compatible with the fullest security for the religious training of the students (hear, hear). The next question I will notice is this, How many colleges is Wales te have? The Depart- mental Committee ia their report recommend the erection of two colle!es, one for South Wales and another for North Wales, and that each shall re- ceive from the public funds a grant of ;t4000 a year. They suggest that the Aberystwith College, "whether retained in its present position or re- moved to Carnarvon or Bangor (page Ixvi.), must be accepted as the college for North Wales." I cannot express any surprise that the gentlemen who have taken so great an interest in the Aberys- twith College should have wished to save it from extinction by inducing the people of North Wales to accept it as sufficient for their wants. Their views were entitled to the utmost respect. But I also think that the North Wales delegates would have failed in their duty if they had consented to refer this question to the uncertain decision of a large but very imperfectly representative committee, the constituent elements of which I shall presently notice. The objections to the acceptance by North Wales of the Aberystwith College were so evident and sufficient that any delay in giving a negative answer to such a proposal was unnecessary, and must have proved injurious, by exciting false hopes on the one side and unfounded fears on the other. What, then, are the objections? It seems to me that there are three objections, based upon expediency, principle, and experience, all equally fatal to the claims of Aberystwith to have the college for North Wales. 1. The present situation is inaccessible to the most populous and important districts of North Wales. From Anglesey, Car- narvonshire, Denbighshire, and Flintshire, the Liverpool and Manchester Colleges, and even the Dublin and Oxford Universities,' are more easily reached than the Aberystwitu College. The total number of students attracted to the college from North Wales in the ten years of its existence is less by sixty-one tha-:2 the number drawn from the small county of Cardigan, iu which it stands, and which has in fact supplied more than two-fifths of all its alumni. To ask North Wales to accept in satisfaction of its educational demands a college which experience has proved to be inaccessible to its youth is hardly reasonable. 2. But there is another objection, which, in my estimation, is still more fatal. The Aberystwith College has hitherto, owing to special circumstances, being endeavouring to progress on lines that cannot possibly lead to the fall success attain- able by a college really national and unsectarian. The college, instead of being a place for secular instruction, became also a home. That home inevitably derived its religious character in the eyes of the country from the tenets of the princip,al who was within its walls pater familias. The institution thus became liable to all the weakness without enjoying the strength of a sectarian col- lege. Notwithstanding much popular enthusiasm, the college has had but a languid existence. A large, intelligent, and wealthy section of the community has been compelied to withhold from it the support and sympathy that would have been accorded to a national and unsectarian movement, 3. But there is aoother objection that justified the vote of the North Wales delegates. The Aber- ystwith College has been unsuccessful. Without attempting to decide the exact degree in which it has failed, we can safely say that the failure has been sufficiently marked to justify the Chester Conference in finally declining to accept the Aber- ystwith College as the college for North Wales. But what is to become of an institution upon which so much money and labour have been ex- pended, and in which the people of Cardiganshire and the adjacent counties have a living interest? It has been suggested that it should be retained as a third college for Mid-Wales, and receive £1,200 a year out of the £4,000 apportioned to the North Wales College. If no more satisfactory arrangemeat can be made to save the institution from collapse, such a compromise may be deserving of favourable consideration. It is true that North Wales would lose £ 1,200 a-year. But it would not be unjustly treated if we bear in mind the pro- portion of its population to that of South Wales. I think, however, that a far better solution would be attained if the Government could be induced to make an additional granttof £ 2,000 a year to Aberystwith, as a college for Mid-Wales, leaving the grants of £4,000 a-year each for the North Wales and South Wales :colleges intact. The Welsh members of Parliament ought to be able to secure such a concession. Wales has not been treated with excessive liberality. After the neglect of many generations large arrears are due to her. No grants for buildings have been made to her. While Ireland has received a building grant of £100,000, and Scotland £ 140,000, it is hardly self-evident that this small and long deferred grant of £8,000 a year for the main- tenance of colleges ought to be accepted in satisfaction of the educational claims of the Welsh people. Although I have the strong and definite objection that I have described to the present residence of students within its walls, still I earnestly hope that the Aberystwith College in an improved form may be maintained by an additional grant of £ 2,000 a year from the Government. However this battle of the sites may be decided, I hope that the decision will have been so arrived at as to leave every section of the community in a temper to contribute liberally to the erection of college buildings worthy of their high purpose. If a national and unsectarian character is secured for the institution, I feel assured that the wealthy landowners of the country, who have hitherto held aloof from the movement, will recognize their responsibility and munificently discharge that duty which their high position prescribes, and the occasion requires. If the sympathy and co-opera- tion of all classes can be assured, the money re- quired will ba forthcoming in a few weeks. Should North Wales consent to sacrifice £ 1,200 or J61500 out of the JE4000 a year for a college in Mid- Wales I am sanguine that a college, genuinely national and unsectarian, will be rapidly enriched by the gifts and bequests of the lovers of high education, and that exhibitions and scholarships will not long be wanting to aid and encourage poor but meritorious students, the ablest of whom, after success in these local colleges, will, of course, find their way to the great universities to beek new worlds to conquer I (hear, hear). It will be well not to form too high expectations. It is possible that for some years the colleges may not attract any great mul- I tirude ot students, or realize more than a modest degree of success. But we may fairly venture to hope that, as time flows on, the colleges will pro- foundly influence the inner state of Wales, develop I the intellectual powers, and elevate the moral character of our people, and so erab'e them to win among the races of the earth that honourable posi- tion for which I believe them to be qualified by their natural endowments (applause).
THE PROPOSED UNIVERSITY FOR NORTH WALES. CONFERENCE AT MENAI BRIDGE. A meeting of delegates from Carnarvonshire and Anglesey was held on Wednesday, at the New Hall, Menai Bridge, to consider the composition of the North Wales Sites Committee, elected at Chester; the suggestion that the whole question be referred to a tribunal of three persons entirely unconnected with North Wales; and for the con- sideration of other matters connected with the question of establishing a college for North Wales. Mr W. A. Darbishire presided, the attendance including Mr R. Davies, M.P., Colonel West, Archdeacon Evans, the Dean of Bangor, the Mayor of Beaumaris (Colonel Hampton Lewis), the Mayor of Conway (Mr W. Jones), the Mayor of Carnarvon (Mr G. R. Rees), Messrs J. H. Roberts (town clerk of Carnarvon), J. B Menzies, Hugh Pugh, W. J. Williams, T. M. Baker (Aber), Robert Parry (president of the North Wales Quarry men's Union), J. Gill, J. Morgan ( 'adnant), Hugh Savage, S. D. Orme (head-master of Beaumaris Grammar School), T. Jones (Bryn Owen), J. P. Roberts (Portmadoc), H. Bulkeley Pryce (The Moorings), R. Morris (Bethesda), Thomas Lewis (chairman of Bangor Local Board). J. R. Davies, W. C. Davies, J. Price (chairman of Bangor School Board), W. Eliott, J. Wil- liams (Holyhead), Dr R. A. Pritchard (Conwav), Dr Bold W ll,ams, W. Hughes (Llanerch- ymedd), J. Lloyd Griffith (clerk of the peace for Anglesey), W. Bevan (chairman of Llandudno Commissioners), R. S. Chamberlain, T. Marks, Canon Richardson (Corwen), Revs W. 0. Edwards, M.A. (rector of Menai Bridge), E. Herber Evans, W Lloyd (Holyhead), S. Fraser, Rowland Williams (Hwfa Mon), T. I. Morgan Beaumaris), T. Cynffig Davies, D. S. Davies (Bangor), &c. Letters of apology were read from Mr Nanney, Mr Jones-Parry, M P., Mr Morgan Lloyd, Q.C., M.P. (who advised that the question of site should be left to the largest subscribers), and Mr H. L. Squire (Conway). The Lord Lieutenant of Angle- sea (the Hon. W. O. Stanley) wrote :—" I am un- able to attend, but two geutlecneu from Holyhead will be there. The composition of the North Wales Site Committee was very imperfectly con- sidered at the hurried meeting got up at Chester. The proposition from Bangor for referring the situation of the site for North Wales College to three independent persons—like in South Wales— as the most likely to give a fair consideration to the question. For my part, I consider the build- ing a college for North Wales premature, but that does not seem to be the prevalent opinion." Lord Penrhy-i wrote:—"I quite agree with the feeling that the decision ought to rest with members who are qaite independent of, aid unconnected with, any local feeling on the subject." The chairman, in opening the proceedings, said that although he did not wish to criticise the con- stitution of the Site Committee appointed at the Chester Conference, nor the waf in which the pro- ceedings of that conference w°re carried au, it was evide t that the feeling of the whole of North Wales was clearly in favour of one college for the nortnern part of the Principality. There was,how- ever, a general impression that the appointment at the conference of a committee to deal with the question of the site of the college was slightly hurried (hear, hear). The appointment ought to have been such as would satisfactorily elicit the opinion of the whole of North Wales as to the question of site. His feeling was that this ques- tion was not the first which should have been con. sidered at Chester, but that the nature of the college shou d have been first sketched out (hear, hear). Colonel West and the Mayor of Carnarvon having explained the reason why th;) pre cut conference was convened. The Dean :of Bangor said that in one of the Welsh newspapers a letter had appeared in which it was intim-vted that tIe pretent meeting of dele- gates was due t) the sinister machinations of some ecclesiastical body at Bangor or Carnaivon (laughter). He hoped that the presence in the chair of a gentleman who was |kuown to be a Liberal be, ond all suspicion,was a practical refuta. tion of that charge (hear, hear). An attempt h-d also been made to lead the public to think that he (the speaker), with other?, was particulary anxious that the college should be fixed at Bangor: but he could honestly say that both himself and the members of the Bangor com- mittee we e desirous that the college should be established in that position which would be for the greatest a v ntage to the peop e of North Wiles generally (hear, hear). They had no ocal or selfish interests in view in moving in the present matter. As his name had been t ifcen in vaiu, an i ai it had bee, intimated that he was particularly nxi >u8 u, hav the college at Bangor, .'perhaps he w 'uld be 11 wed tosvy a few wo ds respectiugthe question o the sit of th college. He h ped he w s s loyal to the interests of B ngor as any of ts iJiba itants but as a:mat er of ract, the were gentlemen f om that town hocou d test fy that his prepossession had not been from the first ve"y favourable to Bangor. Some weeks a o he ex- p eased his opinion that a place very d sti t from Bangor woul be more c ntra: and in many respects more a vantageous for the college site. P haps some one wou d be surpr sed t.) fin i th t the p ace he advocated for tae establishment of tae coile e was Bala, a town wh ch ha c inside aVe advant- age having in adlition to a beautif al lake-suit- able for those aquatic ree eations wirch. accordi g to un versity t aditions, were absolutely indispens- able for a college-three theol .gical colleges. It seemed to him of the greatest importance that such a number of stu ents who were al oady gathered at Bala should so avail themselves of the advantages of that secular e ucation which the proposed college "ould afford to them. The movenent in behalf of referring the question of si e to arbitration <ii I not 'owe its origin to alleged siniste ecclesiast cal m chinations. "The com mitt e proposed at. Cheste as the chairman remarked, was very suddenly ant unexpectedly proposed. It was ell known that the order of the procee ings of the Chester committee was intended to have been quite different from the order which was carried out. What were the motives which induced the promoters of the conference to make such a sudden change in the order he could not say no doubt they acted with the best of intentions, but it was certainly very inconvenient to the delegates that they should have had no opportunity of Htudying carefully the constitution of the committee to whose judgment so important a matter had been entrusted. Although men of very high and august position had been appointed on the committee, to his mind that committee had very fatal defects. In the first place, there was no certainty that some of the members would consent to act, whilst, in the second place, it was absolutely certain that a few would be unable to act. There were others, on the other hand, who would probably be un- willing to attend, and the result would be that, even if all the counties had their fair share of re- presentatives, the absence of those members would give undue advantage to those localities whose re- presentatives were able and willing to attend. The tribunal which ought to decide the question ought to have one or two characteristics, the chief of which was that it should be truly and fully repre- sentative of the views of the whole country (hear, hear). One of the gentlemen whose letters had been read expressed an opinion that the number of representatives ought to bear due proportion to the number of the population represented; but if they only examined the constitution of the Sites Committee appointed at Chester they would find that no such proportion existed. A large committee 0(40 members was not a proper tribunal committee ofJ40 members was not a proper tribunal to decide the question. Moreover, certain mem- bers of the committee had expressed themselves opposed to the college, some had taken no interest in the movement, whilst others were pledged to I certain vievs wi ich were not accep cd at tke Chester Conference. The committee wts not re- il presentative, and therefore could have no judical qu Jificition to commend it. The qaestiou ought 11 be Ciimly argued and fought out before an inde- pead( nt tribunal of gentlemen entirely unconnect- 11 be Ciimly argued and fought out before an inde- peddt nt tribunal of gentlemen entirely unconnect- ed with North Wales-men of national eminence I and importance, such as Mr Goshen, Mr Forster, I and Mr E. Gibson, the member for Dublm University. (Hear, hear). If the question [lad to be settled by a large committee the result would be that the minority would allege that they had not been beaten by fair argument, but by wire puiling on the part of the .ajority. Ill feeling would thus be engendered, half North Wales would complain that they had not hd fair p ay in the qaesti n of the site, and thus th jre was a danger of support being withheld from:the college khear, heir). The decision must be such that people could not decently complain or question it, and threaten to withhold support. Therefore, he strongly urged that the decision should rest with an independent ani impartial tribunal, one which would be free from any suspicion of manoeuvring, pressure, or backstairs influence. When the decision was made known-no matter where the site would be—he hoped rich and poor would put their shoulder to the wheel, and, sinking all differences, endeavour to e-tabliah an institution which would be a glory and a strength to the Welsh nati n (applause). He proposed the following resolution: —"That inasmuch as the Sites Committee was nominated at Chester without due consideration and discussion, this meeting expresses its con- viction that, in order to secure a judicial decision, and subsequent unity of action, the final selection of the site tf the college for North Wales should not be maje by a large end locally-constituted committee. The Mayor of Conway seconded the resolution. Dr Bold Williams asked what relation the de. cision of the meeting would have to the resolution p g ed at Chester when the Sites Committee was nominated. The Dean of Bangor said it would go to the Sites Committee, who would be asked not to decide the question of site themselves, but to refer it to an independent tribunal (hear, hear). Dr Arthur Pritchard complained of the non- representation of Conway at Chester, owing to a misunderstanding between the secretary (Mr T. Marchant Williams) and the town clerk. Conway had now sent in a claim,which he hoped would be considered by the committee. Mr J. Prica was averse to any endeavour to up. set a decision errived at Chester. But, unfortun- ately, the resolution was passed without fair and full discussion, hence there was no disloyalty in re-discussing the question (hear, hear). The Rev S Fraser was opposed to'any inter- ference with the composition of the Chester com- mittee. The resolution would prejudice Anglesey and Carnarvonshire in the eyes of the committee, who would look upon them as declared enemies. He had great faith in the selection of Carnarvon- shire, as Bingor and Carnarvon were tha only towns named ia Lord Aberdare's Departmental Report. The chairman pointed out that Anglesey and Carnarvonshire were not singular in their dissatis- faction with the composition of the Chester com- mittee, as Ruthin and; Rhyl were also finding fault, although not through the media of con- ferences like the present. Captain Verney said that the Lord-Lieutenant of Anglesey had not been invited to the Chester meeting. The Sites Committee were not respon- sible to the Chester Conference, which had dele- gated its full powers to deal with the question to the committee, who, when their unfair composition was placed before them, would, as patriotic men, accept the resolution and act upon it (hear, hear). The resolution was then put and carried unani- mously. The Mayor of Ca -narvon proposed, and Mr T. Jones Iseconded, That the Sites Comoiittee be respectfully requested to refer th- question of site to three arbitrators of national eminence uncon- nected with North Wales." Mr R. Davies, M.P., said thatjthe Sites Com- mittee would be glad to be guided by expressions of opinion from all parts of North Wales, and they would do their best to meet; the views and wishes of the country (kear, hear). The committee had to select the site, but who was to take the subse- quent proceedings now that the Chester conference had dissolved ? He would be very glad to have a voice in the selection, but fortunately Anglesey would be independent and impartial, as she had made no claim for the college. Had the Anglesey representatives known that Wrexham would be proposed, then they would have urged the claims of Holyhead. Mr Orme, Mr Hugh Pugh, tho. Rev E. Herber Evans, Mr J. R. Davies, and Mr Williams, Holy- head supported the resolution, which was opposed by Captain Verney (who objected to a committee admittedly non-representative delegating its powers to arbitrators) and Mr Chamberlain. Mr r. Price suggested that the committee should diss01v" and call another conference to nominate a truly representative body. Captain Verney proposed, and the Rev S. Frazer seconded, an amendment calling upon the Sites Committee not to decide the question of :site before reconstituting itself on a thoroughly repre- sentative basis. Dr Bold Williams proposed, and Mr Chamber- lain seconded, That the Sites Committee be re- quested to re-summon the conference for further taking iato consideration its own constitution." On a division, four voted for Captain Verney's amendment and eight for the amendment proposed by Dr Bold Williams. The original resolution was carried by a large majority, and ordered to be sent to each town claiming the site and to the members of the committee. A vote of thanks to the chairman closed the proceedings.
There is nothing more nourishing and warmiing in cold weather than a cup of really good Cocoa, but 4he difficulty has been to obtain it pare. This may be secured at a cost of one halfpenny for a large breakfast cun by using Cadbury's Cocoa, which goes three times as far as the adulterated and starchy compounds ordin- arily sold, the smallest packet making fourteen break- fash cups of strong Cocoa. Kernick's Vegetable Worm Lozenges are the most efficacious remedy ever introduced for Worms. Being innocent in their characte they may be taken by children of all degrees and con- ditions with perfect safety. They are most useful for children of delicate stomachs and pale com- plexion, as they streugthen the system by giving in appetite. E 376 THROAT AFFECTIONS AND HOARSENESS.—All auf- fering from irritation of the throat and hoarseness will be agreeably surprised at the almost immediata relief afforded by the use of Brown's Bronchial Troches." These famous lozenges are now sold by most respectable chemists in this country atlaHd. per box. People troubled with a hacking cough," a "slight cold," or bronchial affections, cannot trr them too soon, as similar troubles, if allowed to pro- gress, result in serious Pulmonary and Asthmatic affections. See that the words Brown's Bronchial Troches are on the Government Stamp arcund each box.-Prepared by JOHN 1. BROWN & SONS, Boston, U.S. Earopean depot removed te 33, Farringdon- road, London. Q IS RHEUMATISM CURABLE? Yes, if you take WOODCOCK'S RHEUMATIC MIXTURE. Speed- ily cures Rheumatic Pains in the Limbs, Rheumatic Pains in the Head, Rheumatic Pains in the Joints, Lumbago, Sciatica Rheumatic Gout, Rheumatic Swell- ings and Stiffness in fact, every phase of Rheumatism no matter how acute or long standing, it never fails. OBSERVE—This is not a quack remedy warranted to cure everything, but a genuine SPECIFIC FOR RHEUMATISM only. Of any Chemist. # In bottles, at Is 9d, and 2s 9d, or sent free to any railway station in England for 25 or 38 stamps. (Three 28 9d bottles, carriage paid, for 102 stamps or P. O. Order.) By the Proprietor, Page D. Woodcock, High-street, Lincoln ADVICE TO MOTHERS!—Are you broken in yowr rest by a sick child suffering with the pain of cutting teeth ? Go at once to a chemist and get a bottle of MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP. It will relieve the poor sufferer immediately. It is perfectly harm- less and pleasant to taste, it produces natural, quiet sleep, by relieving the child from pain, and the little cherub awakes "as bright as a button." It soothes the child, it softens the gums, allays all pain, relieves wind, regulates the bowels, and is the best known remedy for dysentery and diarrhoea, whether arising from teething or other causes. Mrs. Winslow's Soothing Syrup is sold by Medicine dealezi everywhere at 11, lid. per bottle.
SUNDAY DRINKING IN WALES. I A return was issued on Wednesday giviog the number of convictions from the 29th September, 1881, to the ,29th September, 1S82, cf ali persoi s arrested for drunkenness in England and Wales arrested for draukeuness in Eugland and Wales stating, where possible, the number of bona fide residents in the particular district in which they I were arrested, and the population of each district. In order to show the comparative number of ar- rests in each local district, we have computed and added to the table the number of convictions per 10,000 of the population:- S In o w o d k! ft O -r- -T* d 2 So.2 « oga «g Oo WALES. | §5 ITS §A§ wcs § (2 w b w b Anglesey—Oouucy 50.964 i| i ;i9 Brecon—County 51 488 6! 3 l'l Br ■con—Bo ough 6 247j 2 2 3 2 Cardigan—Cou ty 70,228 2| i -28 Carmarthen—Countv 114,349 2! l *18 Carmarthen—Borough. 10 512 — — — CarnarvO' —Coun'y. 119 195 24 11 *2 Denbigh—County 108.931 7 7 *64 Flint 80 373 7 3 "87 (ilamor 'an— Count/ 352.108 161 131 4*5 Catdiff—Borou-'h! 85.378 16 13 l'H7 Neath—Borough 10 447 9 1 8'6 Swansea—Borough 63,739 44 35 6"9 Merioneth—County 54.793' 7 1 1"27 Montgoin-rv—County 65.7931 4 — '6 Pembr k — County 80.6:321 2 1 24 Haverfnriwe,>t-Boro' 6.393; 11 9 '17 Tenby—Borough 4,7831 1 1 2"09 Radno —County 23,539 3 3 1 27 Total Of Wales 1,359,895 309 224 2"27 Monmouth—County 175 992 47 29 2-69 Newport—Borough 35,382 36 22] 101 Total—Engl'd & Wales 25,96S286 15,921 10,90lJ 6 1 This return only giving the number of convictions up to 29th September last, the action of the Sun- day Closing Act is in no way indicated.
MR RATHBONE ON LOCAL GOVERN- MENT The Nineteenth Century for this month contains the first of two papers on Local Government in England and Wales," by Mr William Rathbone, M.P. for Carnarvonshire. The object of the pre- sent paper is to show how fatal would be any protracted neglect in dealing with the question of Local Government, to examine the defects of our present system, and to point out the mischief to which those defects give issue." The writer says "The vices of our present system of Local Government are ultimately reducible to three and these may be stated as follows 1. The needless multiplication of local authorities and of the areas under their control; of authorities sometimes ill- constituted for, and of areas often ill-suited to, their respective purposes. 2. The excessive and unsystematic subdivision of the functions of Local Government. 3. The disorder in local finance, and the unfair incidence of local taxation." In his second paper Mr Rathbone hopes to suggest the direction which it appears to him that a scheme for the reconstruction of local government should take. These pipers cannot help but be of great value, and we hope they will be carefully and extensively read.
VALLEY. PETTY SESSIONS, TUESDAY.—Before General Hughes and the Rev J. Richards. Pocket-picking on Board a Stcam.cr.-Eclward Pink, a discharged soldier from tha 2,d. Battilion, Rifle Brigade, was brought up on remand, charged with havens; at )l"n a purse, containing 18s, and a railway tick t, the property of Mrs E izabcth Ke^ney, 1, Havelock square, Dublin. F m ,th evidence it appeared that the c mplainant and iefen ant were "pas enters from Dubl n to Holy- head by the ste mer Lily un Fri Jay last, and w ile on the passage complainant, who was sitt nnei the def jn ant, It hiS hand touch her, n ar h r jacket pocket. She did ,.ot sasp ct him < f th ft at the tim^, but when she reached Holyhead she missed her ".purse and at once n- ormed t ►; mat of th v ssel, and the man was g veu int custody. While be n ? s arched t the Pol,ce-st,tt on by Serjeant To hill, he admiftted hav ng stolen fie pu(se. The prisoner, who pro- duced excell-nt :test monials a to cha acter from the commanding officer and acting adjutant of his late regiment, pleaded gu lty, and was sente ced to be imprisone fo fourt en days with hard labour. Dislocating a Woman's Finger.—"Mary Mor. is (30), Llai ,-goch, Holyhead wis charged witit assault. ing an old woman nam-d ary Jo e f, living at the same place, on th. 7th i «t- The wome had beei disputing, when the defendant got excite i Rond rush" at th" complainant, aud cau, ht hold of her left han i, wreuchi g the little fi ger so s ver y as to cause a compound dislocation of that membe The case was adj u'ne 1 to enable the defenda t to bring forward some wit esses whom she had expected to giv • evidence in her favour, but ho d d not put in an ap earance. Breach of the Employers' and ^Workmen's .dct.- Richard Jones far .n labourer, Ceryg Myna, Aber- ff aw, was s mmoued y Wil ihom Wil ams, Ty Newydd, erffraw, for having left bis employ- ment co .trary to a reement, and was ordered to pay complainant £2. Non-repair of Higlttvay. -Thomas Owen and John Williams, surveyors of highways in the parish of Llanrhyddlad, were charged by P.C. Griffith Griffiths with neglecting to repair a certain high- way under their care. Some short time ago an accident occurred at the place indicated, a cart having fallen into a deep ditch, the driver being killed. The coroner's jury recommended that the ditch should be covered and the surveyors were ordered to have it done, but had neglected to do so. The case was adjourned for a month and Superintendent Davies ordered to inspect the road and report.-Thomas Hughes an4 Charles Hughes, surveyor of highways at 13 Jdedern, were charged by P.C Hugh Jones with neglecting to repair a certain road near Bodedern. This case also was adjourned for a month, and Superintendent Davies was or- dered to inspect the road and report upon its con- dition at the next petty sessions. Drullkenncss.-Hugh Hughes, Pig-y-llyn, LIan- fihangel-yn-nhowyn, charged by P.C. John Ro- berts with being drunk and riotous at Bodedern on the 15th of December last, was fined 5s and costs.-Richard Roberts, Trefechan, Glanmorgan- shire, was charged by P.C. John Roberts with being drunk and riotous at Holyhead on Saturday night last. The prisoner, who had been locked up ever since, was dismissed with a caution.-Robert Pound, Manchester, charged by P.C Alfred Wes. ton with being drunk and disorderly the night previous, was ordered to be imprisoned for seven days with hard labour. Breach of the Prevention of Crimes Act.-Richard Hughes, Holyhead, who is under police surveil. ance, was charged by Superintendent Davies with having left Holyhead without first informing the police, contrary to the provisions of the act. The prisoner, who pleaded ignorance of the regulation, was dismissed with a caution.
If you suffer from Head-Aches. Bilious Com- plaints, Indigestion, Costiveness, Rheumatism, or lie Doloreux, try Kernick's Vegetable Pills. They are easy to swallow, being very small; re- quire no confinement indoors, strengthen the system, and have been tried by thousands, wht pronounce them to be tb best Medicine in the World. &376 Fl.OBII.INB !—FOB THE TEETH AND BREATH a few drops of the liquid Floriline sprinkled on a wet tooth-brush produces a pleasant lather, which thoroughly cleanses the teeth from all parasites or impurities, hardens the gams, prevents tartar, stops dec"y, gives to the teeth a peculiar pearly-whiteness, and a delightful fragrance to the breath. It removes all unpleasant edour arising Troui decayed teeth or tobacco smoke. "The Fragrant Floriline," being composed in part of honpy and sweet herbs, is delicious to the taste, and the greatest toilet discovery of the age. Price 2s 6d, of all Chemists and Perfumers Wholesale depot removed to 33, Farringdon-road London.
LLANDUDNO. A Boy BURGLAR.—On Monday, a boy named Edward Thomas Evans was brought up charged with breaking into the shop of Mr A. T. Hodgetts, jeweller, and stealing therefrom a watch. He was remanded. ST. JOHN'S AMBULANCE ASSOCIATION.-On Tues- day evening a public meeting was held at Llan- dudno for the purpose of hearing an address from Surgeon-Mdjor dutton on Firet Aid to the In- j ared." -Dr Nicol, who presided, opened the meeting by a few remarks on the necessity of knowing what to do in ases of accidents pending the arrival oi a medical man; and Dr Huttoa then explained at length the system of instruction al, 0 atedby tho tt J, h i's Ambulance Assoiiation. -It was unat imously resolved by the meeting that ambulance classes for men and for ladies should be formed, and a large number of persons gave in their names as desirous of joining the classes, which will be started forthwith. No doubt other towns in North Wales will follow the good example set by Llandudno.
HOLYWELL. LOCAL BOARD.-At a meeting of this board, held on Monday, Mr H. A. Cope presiding, a letter was read from the Nati nal Provincial Bank (Limited), asking for the payment of the eum of £ 33 12s 6d, interest, &c on an overdraft of JE250, which had been running on for some years. Mr Lloyd Price said very little improvement was to be seen, and they were continually in debt, although the rates were 3s in the pound. It was explained that a 3s rate produced £ 817 19s, but of that sum about X300 was taken up to cover the deficiencies on St. Winifred's Well and the Market Hall. It was resolved to refer the matter as to the bank payment to the clerk, who was also in- structed to apply to the Local Government Board for an order to pay Mr Stephen son, gas engineer, Chester, the sum of jElO 10s, which he had agreed to accept in discharge of a claim of twenty guineas for services rendered some years ago in connection with an application to the Board of Trade for powers to supply the district with gas. A VIOLENT FELLOW.-At the Holywell Police Court, on Tuesday, John E. Thomas, a young man residing at Mostyn, was charged with assaulting Miss Smith, the daughter of the landlord of the Mostyn Hotel, and with being drunk and disorder- ly. The prisoner entered the hotel on the evening of the 27th ult, and being in a quarrelsome mood, was refused drink. He became very di orderly, attempted to strike Miss Smith with a glass, and when being turned out of the hotel (which he kept in a state of turmoil for about two hours) he fell down a. d feigaed to be dead. He afterwards ran amongst the crowd which had assembled, bitting everyone who came within his reach. The prisoner, who had been repeatly imprisoned for assaults and drunknness, and who also had fifty lashes with the "cat" at Kuutsford was committed for a month with hard labour.
PWLLHELI. LAW.—We are glad to sea the name of Mr G. Pugh Jones, son of Mr Robert Jones, Plas-tan- 'rallt, among the successful candidates who have passed the "Intermediate Examination" which was held on the 18th ultimo at the Law Society's Hall, London. Mr Jones is articled to Mr R. Ivor Parry, the present mayor of this town.
MOLD. PETTY SESSIONS, MoNDAY.-Before Messrs P. B. D. Cooke, E. Thompson, and C. P. Mor- gan. The Allejed Case of' Criminal Assault.—Thomas Edwards, of Pant-y-braith, miner, was charged on remand with committing a criminal assault upon Elizabeth Williams, aged 51, widow, residing at Brynglan, near this town. The case beemed to excite a good deal of interest, as the court was full during the hearing.—Mr W. H. Churton (Chester) appeared for the prosecution, and Mr G. E. T. Roper (Mold) was for the defence.-The prisoner Was committed to take his trial at the next quarter sessions, bail being accepted, himself in £ 100 and two sureties in £50. COMPLIMENTARY DINNER.—On Monday night, Mr J. Daniels, who has been bailiff on the estate of Mr Thomas Wvnne Eyton, of Leeswood, Mold, for several years past, was entertained,by the tenantry and a number ef friends at a dinner at the Star Hotel on the occasion of his departure for Sussex, where he has received an appointment as agent for an estate. Mr E. P. Edwards, chairman of the Mold Local Board, presided, and Mr A. J. Brere- ton was in the vice. chair. The usual loyal and patriotic and other toasts were duly honoured, and Mr Daniels's health was drunk with enthusiasm. The tenantry contemplate presenting Mr Daniels with a token of their respect and esteem towards him, and of their good wishes for his future wel- fare.
OLWYN BAY. DEBATING SaCIETY.-Under the presidency of Dr Shaw the usual meeting was held on Monday evening, when Mr Leathley read a paper on the railway accommodation for Colwyn Bay. The present arrangement of passenger trainsy the ex- cessive rates for luggage and parcels, and the miserable station, were very effectively dealt with both by the essaiest and in the discussion which followed. The following resolution waj unani- mously passed:—"That the railway accommoda- tion for CJlwyn Bay is totally inadequate for the requirements of the place."
HOLYHEAD. THE HOLYHEAD LIFE BOAT.-The brig I.B.S. of London, from Liverpool for Natal, with coals, and which put into Holyhead Harbour on Sunday evening, during the height of the gale, after have- ing let go both anchors found that they would not hold, and gave signals of distress, which were heard, and the life boat at once put off to her assistance, and got alongside about midnight, and found her in a very dangerous position, one cable having parted. It was found necessary for the safety of vessel and crew to slip the other anchor and proceed to'sea,which was done,four of the life boat .crew, Robert Jones (5?en.), and Robert Jones (Jun), William-Ower), and Owen Owens,;volunteer- ing to go with the vessel to assist in working her, three of her own crew being disabled. When off the South Stack a very heavy sea was shipped, which made a clean sweep of the deck, carrying off almost everything, including the binnacle, the crew narrowly escaping being swept overboard. Not being able to return to Holyhead, the vessel was put before the wind and run for the nearest port which could be made with safety, she at the time making a deal of water, and got into Barrow on Tuesday afternoon. With her shortened crew such was the severity of the weather that the life boat was five hours in returning to Holyhead. MISSION WORK IN THE HOLY LAND. On Wed- nesday, the 7th inst., an English lecture was de- livered to a crowded audience in Bethel (B.) Chaptl, Edmund-street, by Youhannah FI-Kareyt the subject being his Mission labours in Palef- tine." On the platform were the RevsR. Thomas, W. Lloyd, W. R. Jones, D. Price, R. Jones (Glan Alaw), J. R. Davies, and J. C. Jenkins, Bodedern- THE NORTH WALKS COLLEGE. — At a special meeting of the local board, held on Friday last, Mr W. P. Elliott presiding, it was resolved that SO many of the members as could make it convenient should attend the conferee c tcon*isting of delegate* from Carnarvon and Anglesey, convened by the Mayor of Carnarvon (Mr Gh R. Rees), to meet iu the New Hall, Menai Bridge, on the 14th inst.
VALUABLE DISCOVERT FOR THE HAIR.—If yonr hair is turning grey or white, or falling off, use The Mexican Hair Renewer," for it will positively restore in every case Grey or White hair to its original colour, without leaving the disagreeable smell of most "Restorers." It makes the hair charmingly beautiful, as well as promoting the growth of the hair on bald spots, where the glands are not decayed. Ask your Chemist for THE MEXICAN HAIR RENEWER," sold by Chemists and Perfumers everywhere at 3s. 6d. per Bottle. Wholesale depot removed to S3, JferrinirdoD Road. London. printed and Published at the CARNARVON PaornNfl Works, NEW HABBOTTB, CAR VABVON in the Count t of Carnarvon, by D. W, Davies and Co. Published also at the Establishment of air Ellis Roberts* Fourcrosaes, Festiniog, in the Coupty of Merioneth; at the Establishment of Mre Ellett Williamsr Llantrefni, In the Ccunty of Anglesey; at the Establishment of Mr Robert Lloyd, Ruthin, iJI the County of Denbigh; at the Establishment of Mr C Kerfoot Evans, High-street, Holywell, in the county of Flint, and at the Establishment of Vtt Evan Jones, Machynlleth, ]* tbe County o< Montgomery, on Friday, February 16, lira. j